- Taste: Sweet, there is an acid
- The weight of the fetus, g: 130-160
- Yield: At the age of 6 yield – 15-20 kg
- Start of fruiting variety: for 3-4 year
- Timing of ripening: Lateness
- Removable maturity: in early October
- Duration of consumer period: October-March
- Purpose: Universal
- Regions growing: Middle Strip of Russia, Western Belarus
- Synonyms names: Kashetel, Polish sugar
See all the characteristics
To get a good harvest of apples, the trees require proper care. A little patience, and a few years after landing on an apple tree, a cat’s varieties appear delicious, amazing marketable fruits.
History of removal of varieties
Unknown full history of removal of the described variety. For the first time about the tree it was written in the chronicle of Yana III sobular, who, in turn, was the Polish king. He ruled in the middle of the XVII century, so the cat’s variety is more than 300 years.
You can find small differences in names, if you study different sources. The most correct is the apple tree kashetsky or Polish sugar.
In Russia, the variety began to actively cultivate at the end of the XIX century. How the Cosatete Trade Grade was grown until 1948. Now he is not zoned, therefore there is no information in the state registry.
Description of varieties
This is not a decorative tree, the maximum height is 3 meters. Krone is formed wide and spread. This is the average plant.
Features, pros and cons
Sort has many advantages:
grows in any conditions;
Do not often watered and feed fertilizers;
Large apples rich in ascorbic acid.
If we talk about disadvantages, then this is the late period of fruiting.
Ripening and fruiting
At the variety the lateness of maturation, removable maturity comes in early October. The duration of the consumer period from October to March.
Fruit tree starts only 3-4 years after landing.
Apple tree of the cat grown in the middle lane of Russia and in the West of Belarus. A plant in the Bryansk and Ryazan regions is not bad, you can meet it in Moscow and the Moscow region, as well as in the Leningrad region. There is a variety and in the North Caucasus, in the Crimea. As can be seen, the geography of distribution at the variety is rich.
The degree of yields should be assessed when the tree is already an adult. Such maturity comes 6 years after landing. From one plant can be collected from 15 to 20 kg of ripe, delicious fruits.
Fruits and their taste
Apples of this variety are perfectly transported. This is a moporic plant of the universal purpose of fruits. Apples are green, even in a spine condition, have a rounded form. Mass of each of 130 to 160 grams.
Skin in fruit smooth, there are multiple light dots under the skin. Inside hiding green, dense pulp, which is moderately sahary.
Taste is pretty sweet, there is a small acid.
Features of cultivation
Apple trees need a lot of sun. Minimum 8 hours a day.
For successful cultivation of the variety requires fertile soil. It is better to make a soil test before landing to make sure that the trees will feel comfortable and will not need nutrients. For apple trees, the pH level must be in the range from 6.0 to 7.0. It is advisable to put in the soil the compost, bone flour.
Without pollinators, the gardener will not receive delicious apples, so it is better to plant trees next to the site, where there are a lot of bees and butterflies.
Undercalign is a concentrated dose of nutrients. Nutrient management is a long-term solution that allows you to get a constantly good harvest.
If there is little phosphorus or calcium in the soil, the ground is sprinkled around a mixture of bone flour with a compost. Through the thick layer of mulch. Suitable straw or wood chips. It helps prevent the growth of weeds around the trees and keeps moisture in the ground.
The described variety is high frost resistance, so it grows in many regions of our country.
Diseases and pests
Among the frequently affecting an apple tree insects are moth larvae. These are small worms that are burned into apples. Adult Butterfly lays egg on the fruit, the worm hatches out of it. When the affected apple falls, the insect crawls out of it, crawling to the tree and finds a secluded place. There it spins the cocoon to turn into mole.
In the spring you can fill the tank bait and hang on a tree:
one piece of apple vinegar;
a third of a dark molasses;
1/8 teaspoon of ammonia alcohol;
Two cups of water.
Another problem – the word. It is better to use biological protection from it, namely: attract beetles that eat it. If the young tree is strongly infected, it is sprayed with a mixture of mint and rosemary oil.
Against any insects you can use insecticides. But, this is not the only problem with which you have to face gardener. Often on the trees a black rot appears.
As follows from the name, this fungus makes apples to black and rot. Fallen fruits and leaves should be immediately removed away and burn. On infected shoots, red ulcers appear on the branches. Such shoots do not put in compost, but otherwise it is not to avoid distribution.
This variety has a high resistance to the pasche.