- Authors: Kazakh Fruit and Viticulture Research Institutes
- Taste: sweet, acid is not felt
- The weight of the fetus, g: 150-250
- Yield: For 5 years it is possible to receive up to 25 kg annually
- Timing of ripening: Lateness
- Removable maturity: at the end of September
- Bleed: I’m at home
- Purpose: Universal
- Regions growing: Siberia, Chernozem, Middle Stone
- Appeared when crossed: Aport x Golden Delisheshes
See all the characteristics
Apple tree is a fruit tree that grown almost everything on their household plots. Special preference is given to varieties with high yield rates that do not require special skills for growing and leaving. This includes the Ainur grade.
History of removal of varieties
The place of origin of this apple variety is Kazakhstan. It is there by crossing Golden Deliches and the Aport that was received by all the beloved variety of Apple Ainur. Working for a long time, Kazakh breeders achieved the fact that the Ainur apple tree is well adapted to different climatic conditions.
Description of varieties
Ainur is an apple tree of medium sized, growing up to 2.5-3 meters in height, while its rounded crown is quite compact, moderately spread, so the tree does not occupy a lot of space. The active growth of the branches is observed in the first few years, and then slows down.
Features, pros and cons
Ainur variety is the king of winter varieties, which is characterized by a good winter hardiness, the unpretentiousness of the care, abundant harvest and the long preservation of fruits, due to which tasty apples can be enjoyed until spring.
The advantages of the varieties are good survival rate of seedlings, immunity to fungal diseases and excellent taste of apples. There are practically no disadvantages of this species.
Ripening and fruiting
Blooming of wood begins with the second half of May and lasts for 7-10 days. It is later that flowering has a positive effect on the abundance of a crop, because in the end of spring frosts no longer observed. Ripening of fruit begins with the second half of September. Creeps apples at the same time, which simplifies their collection. Despite the abundance of fruits on the branches, they do not appear, which is positively reflected in the appearance of fruits.
Thanks to the excellent adaptation to different weather cataclysms and drops, this variety can be grown in any climatic zone, whether it is the middle band of the country or Siberia. In addition, the apple tree Ainur is actively grown at home in Kazakhstan, in Belarus and Ukraine.
The first harvest is going on the third year. Under the observance of elementary rules of leaving the tree for the period of fruiting, up to 30 kg of apples. It is possible to increase the yield by putting the apple varieties of pollinators, which bloom in the same period as Ainur.
Fruits and their taste
Apples rounded shapes with severe sweet taste are characterized by yellow color, creamy juicy flesh and rich aroma. The weight of the fetus can be 140-250 grams. Apples have practically no. The peel of the fetus is thin, not tough, while the preservation of the integrity of the apples is very high, which guarantees high-quality transportation. Apples are used in fresh, as well as massively used for cooking juice, since the sort of variety is very high.
Features of cultivation
For cultivation, it is necessary to choose a suitable place, prepare it according to the standard rules, as well as to comply with the norms of departure and dates. Landing seedlings is performed early in spring during the period when the soil is already enough, but the kidneys have not yet blocked. The plant for the cultivation of the apple tree should be illuminated by the sun and protected from drafts and strong winds. Soil is pre-drunk and cleared by weeds. An ideal place is a drum and samp soil, moderately moisturized.
Apple tree Ainur is self-pollized variety, however, to increase yields, you can land out trees-pollinators, which bloom at the same time with this species. Specialists as an apple-pollinator recommend grade paradise apples or other species with abundant pollen.
Fertilizes Saplings should be organic fertilizers. The drawing scheme consists of 4 stages: March-April, beginning of June, August-September and October. The feeding occurs in the way of deep outlet and bookmark fertilizers. Along with feeding, do not forget about watering.
The grade is resistant to frosts, however, in the regions with severe winters it is worth a number of activities for the preparation for cold. After a short trimming of damaged branches, it is necessary to whiten the trunk, destroying all insects settled there, and then wrap it with paper, rubberoid or reed.
Diseases and pests
Despite the high immunity to diseases and invasion of pests, an apple tree is sometimes subject to malicious organisms such as a wave or hawker. Fight with such phenomena helps processing with special means. Fruit rot and pulse dew is removed by spraying.
Since the grade is delicious and unpretentious, it is massively grown by gardeners in cottages and farmers on an industrial scale. It is recommended for landing, characterized as a variety with an abundant harvest, incredibly tasty fruits that are not tremended, and the ability to quickly adapt to any conditions.