Amur grapes

  • Authors: VIERUL, MOLDOVA
  • Purpose: Technical
  • Berry color: Dark blue with a strong pruin rode
  • Taste: simple
  • With bones: Yes
  • Ripening time (filter): late
  • Ripening time, days: 165
  • Frost resistance, ° C: -28
  • Synonyms names: VI-39-71, Zhuravel VI-39-71
  • Weight bunchy, g: 250

See all the characteristics

Amur grape variety enjoys considerably among gardeners. It also has other names: VI-39-71, Zhuravel VI-39-71. This technical variety is distinguished by late ripening period. It is considered pretty resistant to the temperature differences, to various diseases and attacks of pests.

History of removal

Amur variety was removed in Moldavian Nihiviv when crossing the seedlings (Nyrang x Michurin’s memory) with interspecific hybrida to give de Saint Valle. The resulting variety in the end turned out to be pretty fruitful, in the future he received a high tasting rating (7.5 points).

Description

Grape bushes of this variety have large sheet plates round or a little oval shape. Most often they are three-blade, wavy. Their lower part has a light green color, the downside on the leaves is thick. Flowers are routine.

Ripening time

The period that lasts from the beginning of the blown of the kidneys and to the full maturity of the fruit is 165 days with the amount of active temperatures of 3000 degrees. The variety will begin to join the process of fruiting 3 years after landing, but a full-fed yield is obtained only for the fifth year. This type of grape is characterized by a significant increase in growth. Ripe berries will be fully prepared for the collapse in the second half of October.

Brozdi

Breakdi on such grape bushes have medium sizes, the form of them is conical, but sometimes the winged. The total mass of one such branch with berries is approximately 250-300 grams. All the bunches are quite dense.

Berries

Ripe fruits have a weight of only 3-4 grams. The color is blue. On ripened berries you can see a spin. They have a soft and dense, juicy flesh.

Taste

This grape variety has a simple taste. It is perfect for both easy-to-use homemade wines, jam and other products.

Yield

Cupid variety has a high level of yield. From one hectare you can collect about 160-175 C mature fruits, so it is often used for planting on an industrial scale for the manufacture of various red wines.

Selecting planting material

Gardeners with experience recommend newcomers to take cuttings and seedlings for those who made them from their vine and is engaged in the production of such material professionally.

Amur grapes

Cherenci

You can evaluate the quality that cuts a small amount of bark. When growing a bush from a cutting and compliance with agrotechnology rules, the survival rate is about 90%, high quality plants are practically guaranteed. There is the ability to control the development of grapes at all stages.

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Amur grapes

Saplings

Under the compliance with the Rules of Agrotechnology, the survival rate is about 100%. Saplings must be healthy. Pay attention to the absence of fuses, growths and other signs of diseases.

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Features of cultivation

So that such grape bushes have been able to fully develop and grow, it should be paid special attention to the process of cultivation, including it should be properly selected for the landing, to make the necessary feeders in a timely manner.

Landing

Before planting young grape seedlings, it is worth picking up a suitable place for this. For this variety, the optimal option will be weakly acidic or neutral soils.

Landing Pits should be prepared for about a month before landing. Their depth should be at least 60 centimeters. At the same time, the drainage layer must be poured at the same time, then immerses the ground from river sand, peat and humus.

In the ground is also recommended to add some superphosphate and wood ash. Before boarding the material, a small hole should be made, where vegetation with the root system will be placed.

Amur grapes

Landing

In order to 3 years old, the vine gives a signal harvest, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors – from the type of soil on the plot to the nearby plants.The best time for landing most varieties – autumn, and in the cold regions, preparations for landing start in August. Saplings are transferred to the ground at the end of September or in 1 decade of October. For autumn landing, only plants with ridiculous vines are suitable, with a developed root system and with 8-10 eyes.Tips for beginners will help to figure out the optimal schemes for the location of seedlings and cuttings, as well as in other subtleties of this process.

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Amur grapes

Type of soil

Grapes grown on sand, black earth and clay soils. For each of the options for the composition of the soil, the preparation process will noticeably differ.

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Amur grapes

Planting vegetative saplings

The basic rules are the same for weird and vegetable seedlings. Vegetable call seedlings obtained by a greenhouse.

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Amur grapes

Landing Cherenkov

Cuttings – processes without its own root system. They are always rooted in autumn. The procedure is starting after the foliage will be.

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Amur grapes

Plants-neighbors

The following plants have a favorably affect grapes: Siderats, cucumbers, strawberries, onions and garlic, roses, Early grades of white cabbage and greens.

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Pollination

Diva grape variety will not need artificial pollination. With such a task, the bees, which attract the scent of inflorescence.

Trimming

So that the plant normally develops, it is necessary to periodically produce trimming. They are held every year. In the process of such treatments, all patients and dead processes from plants are removed. This procedure also allows you to attach the right form. It should be remembered that during the first year after landing the trimming is not needed.

Watering schemes

So that the berries are large and juicy, it is necessary to organize a full watering and feeding. All standards need to be adjusted to weather conditions and the rate of evaporation of fluid.

Amur grapes

Fresh iris

With a frequent watering scheme, the moisturizing is recommended once every two weeks (that is, twice a month during flowering and the appearance of berries) so much so that the land is impregnated by 50 cm deep into the plant so that the plant does not switch to surface (dewn) roots. This amount can be reduced if the straw is mulching.

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Amur grapes

Rare Polish

With a rare watering scheme, choosing the age and time of ripening grapes, you can use the standards presented in the table in another article.

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Frost resistance and need for shelter

Amur grape variety refers to frost-resistant varieties. It can withstand rather sharp temperature differences to -28 degrees. At the same time, he still will need shelter before the winter period.

Diseases and pests

Cupid variety is considered rather resistant to various diseases and pests, but at the same time grape bushes can still be affected by fungal infections, most often they appear due to excessive moisture.

And sometimes this variety may be affected by Mildew. At the same time, spots of white-gray plates will appear on the sheet records. To get rid of them, it will be necessary to carry out the processing of fungicides.

In addition, regular preventive processing should be carried out. To do this, you can also use all sorts of fungicides.

Amur grapes

Overview of all diseases and pests

If grapes are exposed to any disease or insect, it is always reflected in its appearance. May suffer both separate parts of the plant and the whole culture as a whole.Grape kidneys are usually most of all suffer from leaf-making parasites.Berries damage mainly appear in the presence of fungal diseases. Leaves are always affected to a greater extent, many diseases are immediately recognized by them.

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Mildu >>

The most important feature of the disease is the presence of white fluffy wave in the lower part of the sheet plate.

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Oidium >>

Symptoms of the disease are manifested from the top of the sheet – yellow spots with an ash-gray bloom appear, even with a whitish tint.

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Gray Gnil >>

The main signs of gray rot: the appearance on foliage and berries of brown spots and gray plaque, the occurrence of brown divorces and gray spraying on the vine.

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Antraznosis >>

On the leaves there are brown specks with dark color casing. Over time, due to the fact that the fabrics of the plant die, holes appear on the leaves.

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Storage

With long-term preservation of berries on the bushes, they can become much sweeter. In the collected form, the ripe fruit is better to store in wooden boxes, you can put them in the cellar, basement or just in the refrigeration chamber. In addition, fruits can easily endure transportation due to the presence of dense skin on the surface.

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