- Authors: BUT.IN. Isachin, N.IN. Agafonov, B.N. Vorobjev (Moscow Agricultural Academy. TO.BUT. Timiryazeva)
- Synonyms names: Prunus Cerasifera Zlato Skifov
- Year of assumptions: 2005
- Type of growth: middle-resistant
- Ripening time: Early
- Self-velocity: Self-visa
- Full size: Large
- Yield: Middle
- Purpose: Universal
- The weight of the fetus, g: 36
See all the characteristics
The article presents material about the features of the variety of Alychi Zlatto Scythians. This is a unique variety that in recent years is gaining increasingly popular among gardeners.
History of removal
The variety was led in 1997 by the breeders of the Moscow Agricultural Academy named after. BUT. Timiryazev. In 2005, he was included in the State Register. To obtain a new variety used Alych, felt cherry, Ussuri, American and Chinese plums. Tree is grown mainly in moderate latitudes and in the south. The variety received recognition and popularity at the presentations of crops of agriculture.
Description of varieties
The advantages of Alyci include an aesthetic appearance, original taste, unpretentiousness in care, frost resistance. A special advantage of a variety is the early harvest. Plant successfully applies for landscape design of household plots. Especially aesthetic appearance it acquires during flowering. The abundance of gentle flowers, translisions in the light of different shades, attracts insects. And also Alycha looks exotic during fruiting: a tree as if it was covered with gold from bulk fragrant fruits.
In height, the plant reaches up to 3-4 meters. This variety of Alychi is frost-resistant, puts out frosts up to minus 30 degrees. At the same time, the quality of the crust of frosts does not suffer, but the village is sensitive to repeated spring frosts, and flowers are especially sensitive to the cold. Tree is resistant to fungal diseases.
Fruits are large, in the form of oval, each weighs 35-40 grams. Golden color. The bone is average, separated with the effort. Abdominal seam is visible weak. On dense leather visible wax raid. Fruits can be stored for two or three weeks at a temperature mode from +5 degrees.
Fruits have special taste: the flesh is sweet, but with a notch kissing. Fruits are used both in untreated form and as ingredient of different dishes. You can cook jam, jam, compote, jam, pasteil, stuffing for cakes, marmalade and much more.
Ripening and fruiting
Variety brings rich yields. Fruiting is entering into late June – mid-July, which refers to the earliest indicators. Ripening fruits uneven, consists of 2-3 phases, which alternate after 5-7 days. Fruit plant begins in 4-5 years.
Tree brings about 20 kg of harvest. Under optimal conditions, you can collect up to 30 kg of fruits.
Self-duration and the need for pollinators
The plant refers to self-visual. The following varieties are recommended for pollination: Rubinovaya, Pavlovskaya Yellow, a gift from St. Petersburg. It is also possible to pollinating other varieties of Alychi, the Chinese plum. It is necessary coincidence of flowering periods in pollinators. Formation of colors in the described Alychi falls on the last decade of April – the first half of May.
Growing and care
Fruit culture is pretty unpretentious in care. Good growing in neutral loaming soil. The variety is a warm-loving, Alycha will better grow on the warming sun and protected from the wind place. Planting seedlings should be engaged in April, after the end of strong frost and cold. If the seedlock is purchased at the end of autumn, then it should be shipped before wintering, and planted in the spring. In southern latitudes, autumn landing is acceptable.
Initially, a pit should be prepared, the depth of which is about 60 cm, and the diameter is 65-70 cm. Then you need to prepare the soil consisting of humus, peat and sand. A pit for landing should be organized in a week or two. Also, add organic and mineral fertilizers.
The position of the root neck when landing should be 5 cm above the ground surface. Next, you need to fill the well prepared land and intensively compact. If the seedling is weak, it needs to be attached to the peg set. The trunk should surround the embankment. Then there is a rich watering of 2-3.5 declined water buckets. Next it is important to clue the soil, for this straw or peat.
Watering the plant should be soil. Moderate watering should be provided by a plant during flowering and fruiting. In the rainy seasons you can do without frequent moisture. Irrigation rate is 50-60 liters under the tree. Note that the recommended water temperature is about 25 degrees. With stable hot weather, watering should be limited to 3-4 times per season.
In the process of life cycle, fertilizer should be regularly. Before the appearance of the flowers, the soil feed the potash salt (40 g) and ammonium nitrate (25 g) at the rate of 1 m2. Under the plant spend a peroxide. In May, under the plant, it is necessary to make a carbamide in the proportion of 10 g on 5 liters of water. After flowering, make a navigation with a solution with a solution of 1: 3. Next to this mixture should be added superphosphate: 10 liters of 50 g (1 m2 goes 2 liters). In the first decade of June, the plant should spray 4% urea.
In the fall of Alych, you need to pour the prepared composition of fertilizers. For this prepare a solution of 2. l potassium sulfur, 3 st. L Superphosphate and 10 liters of water. Fruit tree watered 20 l of the resulting solution.
The necessary step to increase yield is the formation of a crown. In March they conduct sanitary trimming. The crown scattered form is a suitable option for trimming. In the first year, it is necessary to arrange three branches with a distance of 20 cm between them, the required angle of inclination from the barrel will be 45-60 degrees. Among themselves in the branches an angle is 120 degrees. The remaining branches cut down the rings. The central conductor is cut at the level of 3 skeletal branches. Slices neatly lubricate garden ward. The crown must be formed for 3-4 years from the second year after landing.