Alycha Lama

  • Appeared when crossed: SEASTING 9-250 (PR. Cerasifera Var. Pissardii) x mix of pollen promising hybrids from crossing P. USSURIENSIS X (P. Salicina X P. Cerasifera)
  • Ripening time: Medium Power
  • Self-velocity: Self-visa
  • Full size: Large
  • Yield: Jammer
  • Purpose: For consumption in the fresh form
  • The weight of the fetus, g: thirty
  • Form form: rounded-oval
  • Painting fruit: Dark purple, almost black
  • Skin : with a strong wax raid

See all the characteristics

Selection works constantly replenish catalogs of fruit and berry crops all new varieties with unusual properties. This includes the universal variety of Alyci Lama, which has a high decorativeness. Received by connecting seedlings 9-250 (PR. Cerasifera Var. Pissardii) and mixtures of pollen promising hybrids from crossing P. USSURIENSIS AND (P. Salicina X P. Cerasifera).

The grade immediately fell in love with a gardener due to high winter hardiness, strikingly large harvests, excellent taste. The sphere of use of fruits is quite extensive – they are consumed in a fresh form, they are suitable for deep frost, after which they do not lose their qualities. From Alychi boiled jams, compotes, jam, jam. Apply in confectionery production (marmalade), in cooking (sauces, pastries).

Description of varieties

The average (1.5-2 m) Tree with a sprawling flat-headed crown, prone to thickening, has high decorative qualities at any time of the year and powerful fruiting. Crown covered with saturated red shades with a full set of blue-purple tones. The burgundy-reddish tint of the young bark of the plant with time darkens. Flowers Lama fragrant rich-pink flowers.

Fruit characteristic

Large (30 g) rounded-oval fruits painted into a dark purple palette, almost black on a bright sun. Skin with a set of subcutaneous points of gray color is covered with a dense twist of Pruis, the bone is well separated from the pulp.

Taste qualities

Juicy dark red pulp has a fibrous consistency, has an amazingly sweet taste, a balanced moderate sourness. The variety received a relatively high evaluation of taster – 4.4 points out of 5 possible.

Ripening and fruiting

Lama refers to the medium-variable category of ripening – the beginning of the harvest is falling on August. Fruption begins for 2-3 years after eyewings in the nursery.

Yield

The declared yield of the variety is average – up to 25 tons with hectares, however, practice has shown that ideal agrotechnical conditions can raise the yield of adult to 300 kg.

Regions growing

Thanks to the selection of Alycha Lama, he has a striking for the Yuzhanka in winter hardiness and the ability to give a crop even in a short summer, the area of ​​its cultivation expanded from the Central Committee and the middle strip to the Urals, South-West and Southeast Siberia.

Self-duration and the need for pollinators

Independence of Lama requires a neighborhood with varieties of pollinators – Mara, asalaza.

Growing and care

So that the tree developed well and gave full-fledged crops, you should pay attention to the neighborhood with a number of growing cultures. Alycha facilitantly refers to “cooperation” with currant and chamber, since shrubs successfully oppose the spread of weeds. Flowers like tulips, primulous and other primroses, not only adorn the rolling circle, but also a lot of much earlier Alychi, do not compete with it in the struggle for nutrients. But the antagonists are walnut, flashes, birch, conifers, poplar, pear. All of them consume a lot of organics and trace elements, as well as substances, poorly carryable by alchy.

Plant plant in spring and autumn on well-lit southern sections with fertile, breathable earth. For a variety contraindicated acidic soil, marshy lowlands, neighborhood with groundwater (no closer than 1.5 m to the surface). Elevated acidity is neutralized by dolomite flour, chalk, limestone pulp at the rate of 2 kg per square meter.

The landing pit is prepared on the basis of standard sizes – 50x50x60 cm. At the bottom arrange a drainage layer of at least 10 cm high. Simultaneously install support for young seedlings. An outlined fertile layer enriched with organic (humid, compost), river sand, add leafy ground. Free space in the pit is filled with a mixture with the resulting mixture, they set the seedloves, gently paint the roots, if it is an ox, and fall asleep with the remaining soil, sealing it and watering 20 liters of warm water. After the moisture was absorbed into the ground, the rolling circle should be covered with a 5-centimeter layer of peat mulch. Peat can be replaced by straw or beveled grass. Further care for the culture lies in timely irrigation, feeding, preventive treatment and trimming.

  • Watering a young plant spend with an interval of 1 time in 2 weeks, excluding the tightened rainy weather. Plant older than two years needs additional irrigation only during drought period. Regular overvocation threatens the appearance of aphids, sprinkling the bark and a weak fruit. Unlike many fruit trees, Alychi do not watered for the winter.

  • The introduction of additional nutrients is carried out three times during the season:

    1. In the spring, the culture is fed by nitrogen fertilizers, stimulating the extension of the vegetative mass;

    2. Before the start of flowering, Alych is fed by a sustained infusion of a cowboard (1: 10), conducting a procedure after watering so as not to burn the roots;

    3. Autumn – it’s time to make integrated mineral fertilizers developed specifically for fruit and berry crops.

  • Forming trimming is used to increase yield. At the same time remove up to 10 skeletal branches, the shoots are shortened every year, achieving well-formed bush. Remembering that Alycha is inclined to build a large number of shoots, it is impossible to force the crown of the crown – the plant must be provided with free access of sun rays and air.

  • Sanitary trim is carried out in spring. At this time, the frozen, damaged, broken, deformed and dried shoots.

In the period of the protracted drought, it is necessary to take care that the rolling circle is covered with a thick layer of mulch. During the change of mulch, the preceding layer is drunk together with the ground, immersing the spade bayonet no more than 5 cm, since the root system is located quite close to the surface. In the fall of trunks and part of the skeletal branches of whites specially prepared composition – a mixture of lime, copper sulfate, casein glue. Such a reception will help to cope with part of the pest, will save the early spring bark from burns with aggressive sunny rays. The thin bark attracts rodents in the winter, so it is necessary to organize the protection of the lower part of the trunk. To do this, you can use a special mesh, woolen cover, wrapped on top of iron sheet and wrapped burlap. Standing should be immersed in the ground.

Resistance to diseases and pests

The variety opposes fungal diseases and pest attacks. It is noticed that the fruits of Alychi are not damaged by Pernate Lands. A little worse Lama resists abstrainosospieriosis. Special danger represent such aggressors as:

  • Alyuchevaya TLA;

  • brown fruit tick;

  • Lapticket and Flapshitovka.

Insecticide and fungicides and fungicides will help with them.

Stability to soil-climatic conditions

Alycha Lama has a high winter hardiness (up to -36ºC), it copes well with temperature differences, change of thaws and frosts, zero, heat-resistant (up to + 40ºC).

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