The honeysuckle is one of the most popular plants among the gardeners and gardeners of Russia. Such wide fame of the bush gained his unusual, but at the same time useful berries. The honeysuckle refers to the early-flowing plants, and therefore it is necessary to plant it in the spring, observing all the rules and precautions. It should also be noted that the article will talk about edible honeysuckle, the fruits of which can be eaten.
People who have not faced with this plant often ask when it is better to plant the honeysuckle. Plant plant as fall and spring. However, for beginners, it is best to land in one of the spring months. This option will be considered in the article.
To be more accurate, landing the saplings of the honeysuckle to the open ground should occur early in the spring, immediately after the snow began to melting.
So, Saplings are capable of growing at temperatures up to -10 degrees Celsius. At this time, it is necessary to hurry, because the most important thing is to have time before the kidneys dissolve on the shrub. By the time the plant will enter the growing season, it should already be in the soil. If we talk about specific timing, it depends on the region where landing will have. In the south, it is preferably preferably in February or in April, in the suburbs – better in April, and in Siberia – in the last days of April. You can plant the honeysuckle on the usual dacha.
It is also important to remember that the landing is best to spend on days considered the most favorable for this. For example, in March it is to plant 5 and 6 numbers, in April 9 or 10, and in May 6 to 8.
Choosing a place
Not all gardeners are well versed, how to choose the right soil, as well as how to decide on the right place to land. In contrast to many other country plants, the honeysuckle has its own characteristics, and therefore should be paid to this item. The most sunny part of the site in the country is best, which you need to protect in advance from the North Wind, because the shrub does not tolerate the cold.
However, it is also worth remembering that the honeysuckle is a forest plant, and therefore it is desirable that it has access to the shade.
Do not put bushes in lowlands, because there the plant will be stated. It is worth noting that The choice of the right place of landing is the key to the long and healthy life of the plant, because in the future it will avoid the set of problems associated with this bush. So, he will be safe from pests and diseases, and the gardener itself will not need to pay him so close attention.
As for the choice of the soil, according to the honeysuckle research, it is best for seedlings a black mill or loose soil. In no case can not be a bush in sour soil. The land should not be clay or, on the contrary, sandy, because in both cases the plant simply dries or rotates.
Preparation of saplings
To begin with, it is necessary to purchase seedlings itself, and in this case you should immediately buy several seedlings of different varieties, putting them in the most suitable places in the garden plot. Since the honeysuckle brings fruit only in 3-4 years, it should be purchased by seedlings that have already reached a two-year-old age, not limited to one copy.
The reason for this lies in the fact that the honeysuckle needs persogent pollination by other similar plants. Therefore, if a bush is one on the whole site, he simply will not bring a rich harvest. For that To do everything right, experienced gardeners simultaneously plant several bushes at a short distance from each other.
It is not necessary that they all belong to one class.
It is also worth noting: if the plants were purchased in containers, then most likely they relate to seedlings with a closed root system. This means that it is possible to plant them from the container at any time of the year.
Deciding with the number and variety of seedlings, you can start landing in the most suitable days for that. However, it is important to remember what to do everything you need according to the instructions. The honeysuckle edible is an unusual plant, and it needs to be put correctly so that it does not only bloom, but also gave a rich harvest. To do this, you must follow the rules and recommendations listed below.
Placement scheme Sedenty
As already mentioned, in order to raise a bush of the honest at home, it is necessary to simultaneously plant all purchased seedlings at once. It is important to remember that they should be at a suitable distance so that they can pollinate each other. Most often gardeners plant bushes within two meters among themselves. The distance between the rows should be from two to three meters. It is impossible to plant them closer, because in the future they will grow and can interfere with each other.
A pit, where the honeysuckle will be planted, must be prepared, given the further growth of its roots. Experienced gardeners recommend the following dimensions that are suitable for most varieties of this plant, namely: up to 50 centimeters in depth and 50 centimeters width. If seedlings are planted in a container, the pit itself should be two or three times the most of the container itself.
After the pit is dug, it must be refilled with high-quality mineral and organic fertilizers.
It is also worth remembering that Fertilizers should be thoroughly stirred from the earth and humus, after which the finished mixture is neatly falling asleep into the pit for planting. The most appropriate fertilizers for honeysuckle – compost or humid, coniferous opead, as well as fertile soil layers remaining after the preparation of the pit. To all this, up to 100 grams of superphosphate or up to 80 grams of potassium sulfate should be added. Can be limited to nitroammophos. And finally, if possible, it is worth adding forest land so that the plant felt more comfortable.
First of all, you need to fill the planting hole by half the nutritional mixtures and fertilizers mentioned above. In the center of the resulting wells you need to form a small holmik. It is also worth remembering that if the seedlings were purchased in a container, then in this case there is no need for. You just need to put it in the hole, and this will be enough.
If some of the roots of a seedling are longer than 30 centimeters, then they must be cut in advance, and then to dip in the clay bolt.
The sapling should be planted right in the center of the hill, and the roots should be packed down. It is important to remember that in no case cannot be allowed to stick up up. Finally, the hole falls asleep earth. You can use for this both fertile soil and coniferous opead. During this process, the seedling is needed slightly raise so that the earth will fully pass through the roots. The soil itself should be sealed after that. It is necessary to do it carefully, watching the root cervixity of the honeysuckle to be immersed with a maximum of 5 centimeters in the soil. But if the soil is heavy, it is enough for three centimeters.
The plant will be needed including a hole for watering. The seedlove itself needs to be abundantly. From one to 2 liters of water is quite enough. You need to pour water gradually, waiting for soil the soil absorbs all moisture, and then add more. The wells left after watering should be dissolved, and the soil thoroughly break. And you can also cover all this peat or humus literally for several centimeters to immediately supply the plant with all the necessary nutrients. If you have too long shoots, they need to trim neatly.
Since the honeysuckle is growing only in forests, then for it, as for a forest plant, a special approach is needed. The honeysuckle loves moisture very much, and therefore it is necessary to water it regularly and much, especially if she is planted in a place where a large amount of sunlight penetrates. It is desirable that the plant is as long as possible in a wet state. However, if the landing site is most of time in the shade of trees, then moisture from them will be enough. And also you can not forget from time to break the soil, parallel to get rid of weeds.
A bush needs regular feeding organic fertilizers. To do this, just once a year to plug as a plant as a plant or humus.
As the honeysuckle will figure out new shoots, it is necessary to cut the bush from time to time if he began to smallest. During the first four years, the growth will be slow, and the gardeners do not need to do so often, because during this period the root system is just beginning to develop. However, in the future, the shrub will turn to the stormy growth phase when timely pruning becomes simply necessary. It is best to crop the plant immediately after it began to frig. At this time it is easiest to notice what shoots have become too weak or dried.
If the honeysuckle takes on the garden, then in the future it will be possible to propagate. The bush is well drawn up, which greatly facilitates the reproduction, allowing the whole garden consisting of these colonous plants in a relatively small time frame.
In order not to experience any problems with the cultivation of the honeysuckle, it suffices to remember that this plant originally grew in the forest, and therefore it is capable of growing independently, if we provide it to the right landing and attentive care. If the landing stage was passed without any errors, then in the future the plant should not bring any problems.