All about landing in autumn

Know everything about landing in the fall, about how to care for seedlings, useful to all gardeners of various Russian regions. It is necessary to figure out when to plant them in the Moscow region and the Leningrad region, in other places. It is also worth considering other recommendations of professionals and experts on autumn landing.

Advantages and disadvantages

Attempt to land plums in the fall has solid benefits. This approach allows you to lose a whole year, if suddenly the plant does not come true. And the likelihood that it critically suffers in autumn or during the winter, quite large. Another advantage is that in the spring it will not be necessary to hurry. Normal spring landing is possible only at the moment when:

  • the kidneys have not yet appeared;
  • The soil has already warmed;
  • Freezing at night they are impossible.

But all three conditions do not always coincide in time. It creates serious additional problems. In addition, a number of other works will have to be held in the garden, in general, spring is hot. And at the end of the vegetative season, landing is easy to combine with other agricultural work. At the beginning of the next season, the plant can immediately start developing, especially since the double fertilizer will receive. However, in the fall inevitably, some problems arise. Planting the plant is very difficult. As accurately it is rooted, whether it develops well, you can evaluate only after the start of thaw.

It should also be borne in mind that when it is too cold or overly warm winter, the situation is only aggravated. In areas with the impermanence of winter weather, insure against the death of a sapling can only be through the spring landing.

Timing

Oriented when determining the landing time on the lunar calendar or not – to solve the gardeners themselves. But besides him, there are a lot of instructions that allow you to quite accurately determine the deadlines for work. In any case, it is better to complete the autumn manipulations for 30-45 days before the start of frost. In each region, this is a strictly defined point. Long-term weather forecasts helps to determine it.

In the suburbs planted plums in October – but usually no later than the 15th. Even if it is relatively warm weather, it is not unnecessary to dedicate anyway. It is more correct to give culture an additional chance of rooting. The same rule acts in other parts of the middle strip of Russia. But in Siberia, the Leningrad region and other localities of the North-West, in the Urals, the landing should be made strictly in September.

Selection of seedlings

Kennels can offer a huge variety of landing material. If you take into account the offers of shops and individuals, the choice is even more difficult. In addition to the variety, it is necessary to take into account other circumstances. So, the appeal to the same nurseries is much more practical than buying on the market or by the announcement of the hands. In any case, you need to look at such parameters as:

  • dwarf either semi-class dive;
  • The awesome branches and fired roots (the other should not be);
  • The height is at least 1.4 m and the cross section – from 13 mm (first grade);
  • height – at least 1.1 m, cross section – at least 11 mm (second grade);
  • strains with branching high high 0.5 m (branches are not shorter than 0.2 m);
  • lack of obvious signs of illness;
  • Inadmissibility of traces of lichens;
  • Inadmissibility of any broken and split branches.

Choosing a place

The soil

Plum need light loose land. For her, the neutrality of the reaction is important or a weak alkalinity of the soil. This corresponds to the hydrogen indicator from 6.5 to 7.5 units. The saturation of the selected areas of organic substances is relevant. If the plum has to be planted in lowlands with precipitation and melt water, it is recommended to form the formation of a height of 0.4-0.5 m to compensate for possible problems.

Compatibility with other plants

Immediately it is necessary to take into account that even the plums themselves can conflict among themselves. This is usually provoked by too dense landing, when it has to compete for moisture, light, nutrients and just for the place. The more urgent compatibility, when instead of monoposodacs form a sophisticated garden. IMPORTANT: It is necessary to keep plumplates away from lilac, barbaris, viburnum and other rapid growing bushes. Those may be too actively applying for a useful place.

Any cultural plants, not excluding the plum, must be grown apart from walnut. This culture is also conflicting with a pear and an apple tree. But next to the cherry it is just the place (although some farmers hold other opinions). Good neighbors will still be elder, maple, gooseberry bushes, Malinnik and black currant. Under the ban hit:

  • Birch tree;
  • coniferous trees;
  • fruit trees;
  • Mixing manchurian and Russian plum varieties.

But there are other subtleties that should also be taken into account. In addition, every gardener has its own experience, and the general standard rules do not work. According to part of the experts, near the plums are not a place of hazelnut, fir and topol. Apple and pears can sometimes be allowed at a decent distance. And even the joint growing of plum springs next to the black currant is also sometimes allowed. Not bad results for many years gives the neighborhood with the chamber. This grass also suppresses weeds. Great satellites can be primrose, daffodils, tulips and other plants with an early flowering period. Proximity with Polenova is unacceptable. But the grapes are quite good: both by itself and in the neighborhood with cherries, apple trees.

What distance should be between trees?

The gap between separate plums is less than 3 m is undesirable. The same at least there must be aisle. In the case of colonum varieties, these indicators decrease to 0.4 and 1.5 m, respectively.

In some cases, the gap in the cultivation of ordinary varieties can be reduced to 2.5 m. However, if there are tall fruit trees nearby, then the distance of 3 m should be supported flawless.

Training

The depth of the landing pit on fertile areas should be 60 cm. It is recommended to maintain the width of the recess 80 cm. Soil at the bottom should be thorough to thoroughly and fill with water. In case of uncertainty in the fertility of the Earth and the inability to choose another location, the pitted 100×100 cm. In it, it is always up to half a height of a fertile land, mixed with a thoroughly overworked compost or by humus.

If you clearly prepare the land in this way, to make fertilizers or add homemade nutritional mixtures will not need from 3 to 4 years. But at the end of this period of a favorable growth, culture will necessarily need to be filled. You can improve the clay land by impurities of coarse sand. If, instead of the autumn procedure, the planting of plums in the spring is planned, the pit must be prepared from the autumn of the already described principle. It is allowed to do this before the onset of strong frosts.

Technology

To plant right into the open soil in the country’s cottage, a plum tree, first it is necessary to get planting material. Cheaper to use the bone. True, training will take about 2 years. The procedure is as follows:

  • The washed seeds are soaked for a period of 3 to 5 days;
  • everybody interfere with them and replace water;
  • dried seeds;
  • put them in a glass tank;
  • 6 months before landing, stirring the planting material with wet sand and stratify it;
  • sow seeds at a convenient moment;
  • After 2 years, use the resulting stroke for rooting on the site.

Other rules are valid if it is decided to plan the cuttings. They are harvested at the moment when redness begins. Cuttings must be taken from uterine bushes and have a length of about 0.3 m. Better if there will be 2 or 3 real sheets. About a week cuttings hold in water. When it takes 7-10 days, they are transplanted into a special soil made from peat and sand. Next, the soil is watered with water in which superphosphates are dissolved.

By the end of the autumn, the cuttings sprinkle peat. This significantly increases the chances of success. But it is easiest to use a seedliness from a proven nursery with a closed root system. It is best to plant in June. Then the tree will have to be rooted and not freezed. Along with water for watering, substances are used, insect pests.

So that there is no emptiness, the soil is recommended as it should be trusted. Recruit circle advise to mulch peat.

Recommendations

Experts strongly advise chosen seedlings of zoned in concrete terrain varieties. Beginner gardes are better to stay on varieties, which are known for at least 10-15 years. They are unlikely to prevent unpleasant surprises. If there are no places for 2 seedlings, you can instill 2 or even 3 grades on 1 dotting. However, it is rather difficult – without the help of more experienced gardeners can not do.

If the weather deteriorates sharply, you should not risk. It is more correct to postpone the landing until spring. At this time, the seedlings are cheered horizontally and covered with snow or plant in a bucket and put in the basement until heat. If any possibility for plums, you need to choose an elevation. To exclude the destruction of natural or bulk hills, their perimeter is strengthened with boards or plant a lawn there (as professionals say, “darken”).

Soft twine applied for garter. Strong tightening and transmission of wood contraindicated. Peat mulching increases moisture retention in the ground. Planting a plum better in the morning or in the evening, excluding the impact of the bright sun.

If sunny weather is expected, the sapling is priest for 2-3 days.

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