All about grapes

To grow a strong and healthy grape bush with high yield, you need to regularly feed it with fertilizers. The grape feeder is of great importance, it is one of the main points of development of culture. If you approach him with knowledge of the case, then breed grapes can be practically in any soil. If you feel good for the land when landing, you can not think about feeding over the next few years, but a regular feeding is required to be a regular grape bust. Let us dwell on how to feed grapes in different periods and how to properly make fertilizers.

What to fertilize?

The grape feeding begins with landing, when mineral fertilizers and the body are laid in the pit, so that the young plant is enough for several years. To do this, it is prepared for soil from humoring either overrevised manure (for example, 2 buckets), to which the superphosphate (200 g) and potassium sulphate (150 g) are added. The last element can be replaced with ash solution (1 liter). This composition is enough for several years, but already matured bushes need a full-fledged nutrition from inorganic (mineral) and organic fertilizers.

Mineral can consist of one element (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium), can be of several (complex), for example, phosphorus-potash fertilizers, as well as complex consisting of concentrates of minerals and microelements.

Consider in detail that it should be exactly in the “Menu” of grape culture from minerals.

  • Potassium. This element is needed for rapid growth of shoots, timely aging of the vine, accelerating the process of ripening berries, increase their sugar. In addition, without potassium, the grape bush fell badly, and in the summer, it will not be for sultry weather. If there is no potassium, we can say that the bush will disappear.
  • Azophoska. This complex consists of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium. He attaches a strength to a good yield.
  • Carbamide (urea). This nitrogen mineral fertilizer is needed by a grape bush to extend the green mass, the rapid growth of the vine and the strengthening of the slurry. Put nitrogen fertilizers recommend at the beginning of the growing season.
  • Boron. This element is needed to form grape pollen. If there is no boron in the menu for this culture, you will not get high-quality fertilization of uncess. The most simple feeding of boron is an extraordinary, but made before flowering, is capable of a quarter to increase yield.

But it is necessary to carefully observe the proportions of the use of boron and boron-containing substances, because, as experienced grapes say, excess boron causes even more harmful culture than its deficiency. That is, use it strictly according to the instructions specified on the package.

Now consider which organic fertilizers should be in the grape menu. However, to feed the grape bushes with organic or not, to solve only you – this question has opponents, and supporters. Some found the golden middle and use the organic as a “snack” between the main feeders. Consider what belongs to organic fertilizers.

  • Manure. It has a lot of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium – everything is needed by culture for normal development. Mostly use horse manure and korovyan. The reworked manure fertilize the soil around the bush or watered with a solution around the roots – dilute manure in water in a ratio of 1: 3, give it in a tightly closed container and then 1 liter of concentrate is bred by 10 liters of water. Such feeder is preferably combined with watering.
  • Bird litter. It is laid in compost either make infusion for example with manure and watered in a break between the main nutrition. You should not interfere with the indoor and litter, you can alternate them or better choose something one thing so that there is no overdose.
  • Wood ash. This component is considered an ideal feeding for grapes, it contains a large calcium percentage (40%), potassium (20%), as well as magnesium, phosphorus, silicon and other elements. The ash has a property of alkalin, so it improves the composition of the soil. It is indispensable to handle heavy soils – in such a soil ash add twice: in spring and autumn during the rescue, in other cases – only in the spring period.
  • Eggshell. This is also an organic fertilizer, by 94% consisting of calcium carbonate. So collect the eggshell, grind and use the grape bush for the soil deoxidation. Consumption – 1 square meter will require 0.5 kg of egg powder.
  • Yeast. They are absolutely safe for a person rich in proteins, carbohydrates, they contain vitamins of group B, other useful trace elements. Infusion for grape feeders make both dry yeasts and raw bakery. In the first case, 1 grams are dissolved in 1 liter of warm water, 1 teaspoon of sugar sand is added and allowed several hours, after which it is diluted with a mixture with 10 liters of water and fertilize grapes. Similarly, with alive yeast, only 50 grams are taken. Another option is made from fresh yeast and bread drums kvass, and after dilute 1 liter of such kvass 10 liters of water and feed the culture during watering.
  • Another good natural fertilizer is herbal infusion. Barrel on a third is clogged with fresh vegetation, poured almost to the top of water and leave for 3-5 days. Sometimes the contents need to stir. Then the solution is filtered and, diluting the resulting concentrate in a ratio of 1:10 with water, feed grapes. With the residues of grass from the barrels are entered as follows: they are laid in compost, and after the overload, they will re-prove useful.
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How to get down?

During the growing season, grapes fertilize at least 7 times, two of these feeding will be extractive, the remaining five – root. Power diagram depends on phases development. To make the main nutrition (root feeding) there is the following chart:

  • early spring – when the vine is still in sleeping condition, but the thermometer already shows +16 degrees; It is important not to miss this period;
  • In the late spring or early summer (May or beginning of June), it will definitely depend on the state of the kidneys; It is important to make feeding before flowing;
  • The end of flowering is the beginning of the formation of the first berries on the bunches;
  • about 10 days or two weeks before harvest (August or September-October – it all depends on the grape variety);
  • deep in autumn – after opal foliage; In fact, it will already be the preparation of the vine to wintering, after fertilizer will follow its shelter for the winter.

As you can see, almost all year round you need to take care of the feeding of grapes for the good development of the vine and the increase in fruction.

And now consider detail the seasonable feeder.

Spring

Spring soil treatment under the vineyard begins early in the spring of potash salt. It may be a complex fertilizer consisting of ammonia nitrates or urea, superphosphate and potash salt. Such feeding will fill the stock of minerals after resting. Mineral solution is made according to the instructions, and the feeder itself is carried out as follows:

  1. If there are no drainage pipes, you need to make small pits or trenches half a meter from the bush and pour fertilizer in them;
  2. Close the pits or trenches of bevelled grass.
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At the beginning of the spring, grapes and nitrogen are usually fed. To do this, you can use the organic and fertilize the soil with chicken litter or wood ash. At the end of May, the procedure is repeated with mineral composition, only with a smaller fertilizer concentration. This time it is carried out to improve the pollination and formation of large clouds.

Summer

In the summer, Line begins to form the fruits and especially needs high-quality care and feeding. So that the berries are ripened and typed compatibility, it is necessary to constantly replenish the reserves of nutrients in the soil, otherwise the berries on the bunches will be acidic and not enough. Here it is necessary to approach dry dressing with caution, dry elements go in concentrated form and can damage the roots, causing a burn. Before fertilizer, you need to explore all the use information that is placed on the package.

If grapes grows on acidic soil, then fertilizer contributes, which contains a lot of calcium. Phosphorus contributes in June, and before harvesting in August – Potassium. By this point, the soil is depleted, and potassium is simply needed by a plant after ripening berries. The grapeters with experience during this period give preference to the Organic: Askow is used for feeding, liquid infusion of chicken litter either humus, watered bushes and a solution of overworked compost.

Culture reacts positively to organic feeding, as its nutrient elements are absorbed immediately by the plant, and not soil.

In autumn

Early autumn for better pouring berries apply feeding with boric acid. This element increases the sweetness and size of grapes, after such a treatment they do not burst and can be kept longer. With such a feeding, yield increases by 20%.

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The solution is prepared as follows: take 1 liter of warm water and dissolve 1/2 teaspoon of boric acid in it (powder). The composition produces a spraying of a bush. In the first week of September, you can step up the earth around the bustle of grapes and make compost or manure, and you can pour in the infusion of chicken litter. In November, it is already necessary to prepare the soil and bushes for winter, for this you make phosphoric-potash fertilizers, as well as magnesium. Granules are scattered under the bush, dripped, watered.

These elements strengthen the immunity of plants and help them transfer the cold.

After harvest

After fruiting, the bushes need to replenish nutrients. Sulfate potassium and superphosphate are suitable as fertilizers. Besides, Every 3 years before shelter for the winter, late in the fall, it is recommended to make compost or humus under step (1.5-2 buckets per square.m).

Every season after harvesting it is necessary to mulch the soil under grapes. This is not a time-consuming occupation, it is possible to make it quite quickly, but the benefit will bring a large culture. Since October, liquid compositions have no longer contribute to the soil, because due to autumn frosts, the root system can freeze, and mulching is safe. Mulch (in the form of humus, compost, peat) slowly makes feeding roots and at the same time protects them from frosts.

At least 2 times between the main nutrition you need to spend extraxanlety feeders, it is desirable immediately before flowering and before the urging. They are carried out in dry windless weather late in the evening – there is a chance that the solution will remain longer on the leaves.

With this method, a weakened bruise can be urgently assisted in obtaining nutrient elements, therefore even those grapeters that are skeptical about this method, they do not at all refuse it, but are used as an addition to the main nutrition.

Common mistakes

When grape feeding, it is desirable to comply with all the rules, dosages and rules, otherwise the errors will lead to the weakening of the bushes and fault. Denote the most common mistakes.

  • Enhanced attention to young bushes. In fact, when landing (if all the rules are observed), young seedlings receive the necessary elements for 2-3 years. Therefore, all efforts need to be directed to an adult plant. Mature vine needs food more.
  • Do not constantly steal only complex compositions. At each stage of development, the vine needs various elements, and in complex fertilizers the composition is the same.
  • No need to throw plants, Because of the excess of trace elements, grapes may get sick, delay the period of fruiting and so on.

About how to feed grapes, look in the following video.

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