All about cropping currant in spring

In most Currant gardens, it takes an honorable place. This is partly due to the fact that it is easy to care for these bushes. As a result, dachas often get several species of currant at once. An important point in the cultivation of this culture is the proper formation of the bush.

The need for procedure

Criming currant in spring is a very important procedure. Quite often on old shoots, you can see traces of diseases, as well as the presence of pests. It is worth noting that the main volume of fruits give branches whose age does not exceed three years. Preferably, it concerns the varieties of black currant, since the red crop has four year old branches and older.

Also, spring trimming will allow to redirect food inside the bush, which leads to an increase in young shoots. As a result, currants give more abundant yields.

It should be resorted to removal of unnecessary branches also due to decorativeness. Neat and well-groomed currant bushes are always nice.

Timing

Currant currant in the spring is best in March or April. Of course, it is important to take into account weather conditions. To carry out this procedure, the time is best suited, as soon as snow cover has come down, and the temperature rose slightly above the zero mark on the thermometer. Early spring remove unnecessary shoots on the bushes is recommended at a temperature of 5 degrees. At this time, the currants still “sleeps”, and the risks of damage to the branches are minimal.

Depending on the climatic features, shrubs cut into different months.

  • In the southern region, the most beginning of spring is considered optimal time – the first half of March.
  • In the middle strip for trimming allocate the first two spring months (March and April).
  • In the suburbs, it is recommended to remove the extra branches in the second month of spring.
  • In Siberia, in the Urals and in the Leningrad region, starting the pruning is not before April, and better even in early May.

It should be borne in mind that these time limits are approximate. More accurately select the date you can only consider the weather. For example, if in the south of winter was soft, then you can cut the bushes and in the middle of winter. However, it is worth ensuring that strong frosts will not be. In the northern strip often there are return freezes, so it is better to wait for snow until snow comes.

You can not engage in trimming, if the kidney began to bloom on the currants. It can greatly injure shrub. Of course, he will most likely not perish, but the plant will spend a lot of strength to heal cuts. As a result, this will affect the crop, both in terms of timing and volumes.

Views

In the spring period, cropping currant is carried out for rejuvenation and formation. It is advisable to get acquainted with each of the types of trimming separately to form a healthy and beautiful bush.

Forming

This type of trimming must be carried out every year. It allows you to safely remove unnecessary shoots to activate the growth of new. As a rule, the forming trimming consists of four stages.

  • After the currant is planted, it is necessary to cut off the shoots slightly above the fourth kidney.
  • After the year, the shoots that have grown, you need to shorten by a third.
  • In a year it is necessary to remove branches that interfere with stronger.
  • Next year, stealing escapes.

In subsequent years, trim branches that were among the first and reached the age of four. Bush in them no longer need. As for the rest of the shoots, the care of them is conducted according to the plan of the first four years. As a result, you can get a beautiful currane bush, consisting of ten or more branches.

The main thing is not to forget to regularly get rid of outdated shoots and leave young.

Rejuvenating

This procedure is necessary only if the currant is very old, but continues to give a crop. It is worth noting that the bushes age for more than 10 years should be subjected to a rather hard trimming (it is left by about 3 centimeters above the soil level). After that, hemps that remained, we must immediately scream with hot water.

Younger shrubs rejuvenate, removing shoots aged four years. This procedure is held annually. As for the rest of the branches, they are shortened by about 25 percent.

How to cut different bushes?

Before carrying out the cropping currant in the spring, it is necessary to inspect the bushes and determine whether they need this procedure. For beginner gardeners, the best option will be the removal of shoots that have mechanical damage or amazed diseases (pest insects). You can define branches under trimming in a number of signs:

  • cracked bark;
  • education on the surface of lichen branches and other extraneous inclusions;
  • dry, as well as durable shoots;
  • appearance on the crust of black sites;
  • drooping branches, as well as lying on the soil.

When the worst shoots are removed, the age of those that remain. To currant gave an abundant harvest, the bush should include branches of different ages.

  • The shoots of the first year are quite thin, have a green color, the side branches are missing.
  • Two years old branches are similar to warnish, but the bark on them already becomes brown.
  • Three- and four-year shoots have dark brown color and side branches.
  • On five-year-old branches (black currant) and on seven-year (red), the cracked bark and lichen can be observed.

After determining the age, you can safely remove all branches, except for five young and five age escapes. It is very important to cut a branch of age 5 and more. You need to leave the most healthy shoots both on old and young bushes. It is necessary to safely remove the branches that are directed inside the shrub.

Experienced gardeners have a number of rules that allow you to achieve maximum efficiency when cropping currant.

  • Application of high-quality and well-sharpened tools.
  • Cut the escape is necessary so that no interference on the course of the juice.

When it becomes clear for which trimming is carried out – for the formation of a bush or its rejuvenation – you can move to the selection of the trimming method.

  • Prikorno is used to complete shoot. This is necessary if it is affected by the disease or parasites. At the same time, it is impossible to leave hemp so that the residue of the branch does not hesitate, and the root did not receive infection. The cut must be as accurately located at the point of branch from the root of the neck.
  • The cut of the tip of the escape on which there is one or two kidneys, activates the branching. Taking advantage of this method, it is worth considering that the best plant nourishes three top kidneys. Therefore, it is important to leave the untouched part of the branch, on which the kidneys are oriented outward. It is necessary to remove only the tops that grow branches leading to the center of the shrub.
  • Removing all lateral shoots (trimming “on the ring”) so that the bush is better updated. Most often, this method is used for ferrous currant. At the same time, the cut should be done only perpendicular to the direction of growth of escape and place along the isge. It is important not to hurt the last and not leave the pencils during the removal of escape.
  • When thinning, shoots are cut off, which give the bustling of excessive density. All branches that are sent outward should be left. Between the isva escape and the cut place the distance should not exceed five millimeters. This will make it possible to make a penalty as small as possible and will not damage the remaining kidney.

The simplest cropping of the currant bush includes the following rules that are desirable to follow:

  • A bush is formed out of ten – twenty branches;
  • old shoots should be three less than young;
  • Crimping currant shoots is carried out in the spring months (before the deployment), summer (after harvest) and autumn (after foliage fails);
  • Spring trimming must necessarily include the removal of branches that interfere with the bustling normally develop;
  • To obtain a large number of kidneys, patching.

When black currant is cut, beginners it is advisable to follow follow-up steps.

  • First of all, cutting patients, dry branches, as well as with damage.
  • Next you need to remove all shoots from 4 years old and older. They are very little fruit, but at the same time the plant falls on their content to spend a lot of strength.
  • The next step is to trim the shoots lying on the ground, since they will not even receive a sufficient amount of the sun in the summer.
  • After that, you can cut internal branches that make a bush too thick. So, the currant will be normally ventilated and lightly light. This in turn will positively affect the taste of berries.
  • Next, you should choose the five strongest young shoots and leave them. So that they are better branched on to shorten them by a third.
  • The last step is the trimming of two- and three-year-old branches. It is necessary to remove all the shoots that compete. Also should be cut off the tops on the branches, longer than 40-50 centimeters.

Spring trimming of a red currant bush looks somewhat different, since new shoots from her appear not so actively as in black. Novice gardeners should be better followed by a number of instructions.

  • Remove old or sick branches, as well as those that do not give fruits or grow inside the bush.
  • At the next stage, you need to remove young shoots that give a bad harvest.
  • Next you need to choose from three to four strong branches and shorten the increments on them.
  • If the tops of the shoots dried, then they should be cut.

Old

Shoots aged five years and older are cleaned completely if the plants need to be rejuvenated. After such trimming, the bush will definitely release new branches.

Young

Branches that live no more than two years are not completely cut. Just pinch the tops. This will make it possible to form the right crown, and the shoots will start growing in the specified side.

Launched

Quite often occurs that currant bushes are growing at the site over the years, but without proper care. As a result, they become launched. In this case, it is worth a rejuvenating trimming of a bush. To do this, you need to remove dry, as well as infected shoots. This will be enough for spring trimming, and more thorough cleaning is carried out already in the autumn months.

Subsequent care

After trimming the currant bushes need special care. First you should collect and utilize remote branches. It is impossible to stay in the garden. On cut off shoots there may be a wave, ticks, as well as fungal disputes that can be moved to healthy plants. It is necessary to burn the whole garbage.

It is important to process all the wounds and cuts. This will help the bushes recover quickly after stress from trimming. This procedure applies or special paste, or garden var. Such drugs can be both purchased ready in specialized stores, and make yourself. For example, it is possible to mix rosin, animal fat and sunflower oil to obtain the necessary putty. However, experienced gardeners recommend using purchased tools. Their cost is low, they are definitely suitable for cutting cuts, and there are enough of them for a long time.

Also, after trimming, it is important to draw a feeding of currant bushes. The optimal option will be complex mineral fertilizers, as part of which will be nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. In the extreme case, you can use superphosphate or ammophos.

Organic fertilizers, such as reworked manure (cow or horse). However, when they are used, it is important not to burn the roots of the bushes.

Common mistakes

Gardeners having a small experience sometimes can make some errors. However, knowing about them in advance, you can correctly form a healthy bush. Therefore, it is worth considering the most common.

  • Conducting the procedure for an inappropriate time. Often it happens when it is still very cold or when the kidneys are already swollen.
  • In the process of lying, hemps appear. Through them may be infected with bushes with various infections.
  • No processing of the wound and cuts properly to avoid diseases.
  • Conducting trimming tools that can leave chips or damage the bark on branches.
  • Pruning without compliance with certain schemes.
  • Removing young branches instead of old. Often it happens because of the error that large shoots give a more abundant harvest.

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