Autumn Currant Transplantation In some cases, the culture is much larger than the Spring. It is carried out with the observance of several conditions, the main of which is toolting the deadlines: to have time to come before the onset of the first frosts.
The need to transplant currant in the fall to a new place arises for many reasons. For example, it may be justified by the fact that culture feels badly at the originally selected area – sick or little fruit, despite regular care. A rather common reason is the depletion of the soil, devastated both the very currant and its neighbors. It happens that the autumn procedure is carried out in order to rejuvenate the old bush or the fight against thickened landings, when some growing copies begin to interfere with others. Finally, the transfer to another place turns out to be necessary if the occupied territory is required for other needs, for example, construction.
The younger transported plant, the faster it adapts to the new place of residence. However, only an adult plant is suitable for transplantation: in cuttings and young bushes, the root system is so poorly developed that it is not enough for rooting in a new place of time. So that the culture is able to take care faster, it is necessary to comply with its root system the temperature of the soil – that is, the earth should not be promissory. Another important condition for the autumn landing is to preserve the integrity of the root system.
The choice for the procedure of the final stage of the season allows you to count on the harvest of the next summer. However, the autumn movement is categorically not suitable for regions, famous for the early arrival of cold.
Month and number when a shrub transplantation will be carried out, it is usually determined by the gardener on their own on topical weather conditions and the observed temperature. For example, in the middle lane, including in the Moscow region, it is possible to move bushes from the second decade of September and to the first decade of October. The time of the procedure in the southern regions, as a rule, is shifted closer to November.
Too late time threatens the fact that culture will not be able to root before the onset of frosts, and it will die, but also an early earlier procedure, before the second decade of September, may be no less problematic. In the second case, currant due to intense irrigation will quickly release fresh foliage, which with the arrival of cold weather will get out of cold, including fruit kidney. Again, all the forces will be aimed at growing new shoots instead of strengthening roots, and all the death of the plant in winter will end.
In order to move the culture to a new permanent habitat, successfully passed to the procedure should be properly prepared.
The berry bush will feel well in the sunny moistened area, but with the presence of a small shadension. In principle, the plant will survive the transplant and in the half, but then its yield will suffer significantly – it is especially important for a light-chapter red berry.
Currant should be planted on a flat surface or on a small elevation. The presence of low-rise will lead to cold air and water after precipitation or melting of snow, and hence the root system. Hill and slopes, on the contrary, will lead to insufficient moisture flow, plus such places are very blurred and well heated, and moisture from the roots evaporates too fast.
Groundwater should not clutch close to the surface – their minimum depth is 1.5 meters. In addition, it is important to withstand at least a two-meter gap from existing fruit trees. Plus for the culture will be protected from drafts, for example, in the form of a fence.
Well, if it is the southern or south-western side of the site located in a distance from large trees. Optimal precursors for currants are considered beans, corn and potatoes.
Soil and Yama
For a berry culture, a suicide soil is suitable, abundant organic. Basically, Suitable for plants of chernozem and loams, which are also fed by organic and mineral fertilizers. The dimensions of the pits are determined depending on the size of the root system – on average, the depth is equal to 50 centimeters, and the width with a length is 60 centimeters. Previously for a couple of weeks, the Earth is drunk to the depth of the bayonet shovel and cleaned from weeds and old roots. If you are transported, several bushes are planned, it is important to leave about one and a half meters free.
Heavy soils necessarily require the organization of the drainage layer of pebbles, pieces of bricks or crushed stone. This is especially important for red and white currant. It is allowed to even fall asleep a third of the deepening sand, which will accelerate the removal of excess fluid. The bottom of the dug hole is also necessarily covered with a nutrient mixture of turf, compost buckets, 250 grams of superphosphate and liter of chopped wood ash. Some gardeners are immediately filled with the well of this composition.
Before boarding, you can not forget about the inspection of the acidity of the soil. The pH indicator should be either neutral or weakly alkaline, otherwise additional deoxidation will be required.
Crimping the currant bush is held a few weeks before its transplant. During the procedure, remove damaged shoots, patients and weakened, as well as those whose age switched to the mark of 5 years. Long branches additionally stands up to length equal to 50 centimeters. Such a solution will allow the Kuste to direct all its strength to the development of the root system. The height of the cropped bush should reach 50-55 centimeters.
Digging currants will also be required in a certain way. The first thing on earth is acknowledged by the circle of projections of the crown, which is then expanding for another 15-20 centimeters. The plant is drowning on the markup to a depth of 40 centimeters, and then the earthen com, in which the roots are hidden, it is easy to bayonet. The shovel must be placed under the tilt to improve their roots and lift them together with the soil.
At the same time, you can pull the currants for thick threads, at the base. If after removing the sample from the soil, it turns out that the root system has fallen, it will be necessary to clean it from the ground, and after being released from damaged areas. The roots would be fine for a third hour to dip in a bucket, in which the weak mortar solution is divorced. In addition to him, you can use the growth stimulator.
If necessary, at the same stage, a bush is divided into several independent. As a rule, 2-4 parts are formed, each of which has healthy shoots and developed kidneys on root process. First, the bush carefully examines, and then a pointed tool is divided into desired fragments. The roots are washed and processed in the same way as with a conventional change of currant.
To properly transplant adult currants, dug holes will need to fill a pair of water buckets. When all moisture is absorbed, in the center of the deepening it will be necessary to form a small holmik. The bush is installed directly on it, and the branches of its root system are evenly spaced ones. It is important that it is located on the parties of the world as well as on the old place.
Naturally, if the culture has been transplanted together with an earthen room, the additional elevation will not need. The plant will be simply lowered into the pit, covered with soil and irrigated with water. Transplanting with an earthen room more suitable for healthy bushes. After removing the currant, it is placed on a piece of film or in a basin. Elimination of the Earth Koma is necessary if there may be disputes of fungi or pests in the soil, or when the bush is digging in order to divide.
While one person fixes the currants in a fixed state, the other fills the hole with a loose substrate. In order to avoid the emergence of air emptiness, in which water can accumulate, the plant will need to shake several times without raising. The soil around the transplanted bustle. It is extremely important that the root cervix in the end of 5 centimeters rise above the ground level. The trunk is surrounded by a medium-sized RV, which is filled with 20 liters of water. Upon completion and trench, and the space near the trunk is murdered by straw, peat and dried foliage.
Further care for black, red and white currant slightly different. Plant, fruiting black berries, loves liquid, and therefore requires heavy irrigation. Every day watering begins immediately after transplanting, but continues until the bush continues – at least 3 buckets for each copy. In the future, currants will require moisture once a week. Above the bushes should not hang out the branches of other trees covered with leaves, otherwise the likelihood of infection with fungal diseases.
Red and white culture Also in the first two weeks will require a good watering. However, in contrast to black, they react poorly to wetlands, and therefore it is impossible to forget about the preliminary arrangement of the drainage of small pebbles. By the way, the red currant hole is digging larger than for black, due to the differing root system device.
Pouring culture should always be accompanied by soil loosening, accelerating the flow of oxygen to the roots. Near the bush itself, the shovel deepens with 7-10 centimeters, and near the trench – by 15-18 centimeters. With frequent sediments, the amount of moisture introduced is reduced, otherwise the plant will move. Feeding after autumnal culture is not required. However, it will be correct to carry out preventive treatment with a single-survive mortar of a burgue mixture providing protection against diseases and pests, or a fungicide. In front of the winter, the rolling circle will need to close the fresh mulch from peat or straw, forming a layer of 20 centimeters thick.
Branches of the bush should be tied in a bundle and hide. With the fallout of the first snow, it will be possible to use for additional warming of the crown.