Abundant harvest of strong crispy cucumbers – the dream of any gardener. It happens that the plant blooms abundantly, and the fruit brings quite a bit, and it remains at all the green decor on the beds.
To avoid disappointments and false hopes, you need to know the features of blossoms of cucumbers.
Regardless of the variety, the cucumber flowers have 5 bright yellow lucid-shaped petals. They are aligned with the outer edge and can be slightly curved out. All petals together form a whin. From the outside, it is supported by consistent green leaves, which are called a cup or a sewer.
At the base of the whisk, from his inner side, is a blossom on which such plants such as pestle and stamens are located. Their presence or absence is determined by the floral floor.
Stamens are male bodies. They consist of a stitching thread and anther, inside of which pollen is located (microsporengius). The flower that has this organ is called a styling.
Pestik – Female Plant Organ. It consists of a stall, a column and maritime. After entering pollen on the stitch (the process of pollination) from the planting begins to develop the fruit. Depending on the grade of cucumber, the marking may be top (located inside the cup) or bottom (located outside, between the stem and flower). Such flowers are called pistol.
Cucumbers do not form inflorescences. Flowers of these plants are single, although they can be located on the stem close to each other. But each of them has its own pedals, and, depending on the floor, it differs in length. Where you can expect the appearance of the fetus, the flower make will be short with a noticeable thickening. The so-called “emptiness” grow on long stalks to actively attract insects.
By how the flower looks like, and which organs are present, the floor and value in the life cycle of the plant determine.
Distinguish men’s, female and oat steps (hermaphroditic) cucumber flowers. Each species is characterized by the features of the structure and its biological task.
Men’s flowers inside the whisk have only stamens. Their task is to participate in pollination of female plants. They do not form the ovary and flow pretty quickly. Shortly after pollination, pestile flowers dry and disappear, on their place on the stem only thin flower.
Women’s Flowers – Pistory. Most of the modern sorts of cucumbers are developing marking at the same time with the beginning of flowering.
Even before the start of pollination before the female flower, a tiny cucumber is already visible on the stem, which will later develop in a full fetus. After the female flower performed his biological function, he dries out and disappears, and the cucumber remains on the stem. It often happens that at the end of the mature fruit, dried flower petals.
Hermaphrodites have a complete set of organs – and pestle, and stamens. They have zerovy, and they form fruit. As studies have shown, it is such a bloom of cucumbers is primary in an evolutionary plan. However, in the garden economy, the plant-hermaphrodites did not find applications. They have a low harvest, and fruit are distinguished by unsatisfactory taste.
Hermaphrodites cucumbers are now used primarily for scientific purposes and in breeding work. Distinguish flowers by floor does not represent difficulty. Just see which organs are inside his cup. According to the fact that the flowers are prevailing, you can determine how rich yield should be expected. Give fruit only female plants.
The need for pollination
Depending on which flowers are dominated on the plant, its gender is determined. Most of the modern cucumber varieties – dwarm. This means that on one plant there will be predominantly female flowers, and it is from it that will be shifted in the future. And in order for the fruit to be much, it is necessary to have the presence of a male plant with a predominance of sticky colors. Harvest it will not give, but will participate in pollination of female plants.
It happens that there are many female flowers on the bushes, but for some reason they do not attract insects, and pollination does not happen. This is a direct threat not to get a crop. Hope for pollination by the wind does not have. Cucumber pollen is relatively heavy and pretty sticky, and the structure of the plant is such that its transfer of air flow is almost impossible.
In this case, it is necessary to perform the role of bees and bumblebees, touching the soft tassel alternately to the anthers of male colors and women’s stilts.
But if only men’s flowers have grown on the bushes, the crop will be very scarce or, in general, absent. Fix it at the flowering stage is already very difficult. It is better to take measures to stimulate plants to acquire signs of female. Low yield occurs during stressful situations – drought, overheating, bad adaptation in the soil. After disembarking into the ground, the cucumbers should be shaded and abundantly water, provide additional mineral feeders. In such conditions, a biological program will work for reproduction, and women’s flowers, and later the fruits will necessarily appear in large numbers.
Modern breeders have brought self-pollized plants, women’s bushes do not need the side of men’s plants. Such varieties are called parthenokarpic. About such an ability can be found from the description of the variety. A feature of such fruits is the absence of seeds in them. Experienced gardeners prefer varieties of this type, most of them relate to early and allows you to get a rich harvest.
There is a certain relationship between the type of variety, yield and gender. Women’s plants of short-populated varieties give approximately 1 male flower on 10 female. Such bushes are distinguished by very high yield. During long-fledged cucumbers, much less pestle flowers are formed, of which the fruits will appear – not more than 2-3 per 1 sticky.
Rushing to determine the floor of the bush and evaluate the need for additional pollination should not. Women’s and men’s inflorescences are developing at different rates.
Therefore, it is necessary to estimate the situation when there are almost no buds on the plant, and you can see the structure of most colors.
Because of the flowering process, you must carefully observe. If the flowers began to push and shuffle, and at least a little finger with the size of the size is not yet formed, is a disturbing signal. The plant gets rid of inflorescences and refuses the production of fruits, saving forces in serious diseases, attack insect pests and stress. Next should be done: immediately detect and eliminate the factor that threatens health of garden crops.