Onions are the most popular vegetable, which is grown on the household plot. In order to get a good harvest, a place for landing is recommended to prepare in advance. It is important to take into account which culture was cultivated on this site last year.
The fact is that some plants are taken from the soil useful substances, while others, on the contrary, enrich the ground. Having studied the basic rules of growing onions, in the fall, you can get a really good crop.
The best predecessors
There is a category of gardeners who have a specific place on the site for each culture, that is, every year after Luke on the same Groke, they plant onions again. In this case, there is no good harvest to expect for sure – even with the most correct care. The onion depletes the soil and accumulates in it certain types of diseases of diseases. Onions after onions suprately impossible. Best of all this area to give under the cultivation of such cultures as:
There is also one important feature here. It is necessary to decide for which goals onions are grown: per feather or on repka. In the first case, it is most often planted under the winter, that is, they are drunk in the fall of the garden and already plant the north.
From the summer season, the plot has not yet rested, so the most favorable predecessors for onions in this case are: plant-sites (exception is clover), legumes, cereals and mustard.
A good option is plants related to the category of fast-growing: radishes, dill and other greens.
On the rope onions can also be planted after the Siderators. Their advantage is that They enrich soil with nitrogen, raising the deep nutrients to the upper layers of the soil. A good crop will be able to plant onions on the plot where legume cultures were grown before.
The ideal option for planting under the winter will be:
- Beans and beans.
For winter landing, the most favorable predecessors are considered: tomatoes, cucumbers, salad and cabbage of different varieties. You can put onions after potatoes, but in this case you need to be as cautious. The fact is that these vegetables have common diseases. therefore, If the potato was susceptible to them, the high risk of oil infection remains. As a result – bad harvest.
There are neutral variants of cultures, after which they can safely grow onions on the garden and hope for a good harvest. These plants include strawberries. As a rule, it is considered a perennial, so gardeners do not hurry to move berry bushes from one place to another.
But if it happened that the strawberry for the next year for some reason had to “move” to another site, then on this garden, you can safely grow onions of different varieties on the feather or repka. It is only necessary to completely free this space from the bushes and the roots of strawberries, breathing well, to make a bed smooth. If desired, it is allowed to introduce nitrogen-containing fertilizers. After these events, you can plant onions in the autumn or spring period. With proper care, a very good harvest will work.
Also onions, it will be nice to feel good on those beds, where radish, radish and other similar roots were grown before. If we talk about a suitable neighborhood, then here the most favorable options are again Strawberry and strawberries. Near these crops onions feels perfectly. In addition, they do not have common diseases, so no way can affect each other’s yield.
A good neighbor for beds with a bow will be carrots. The fact is that this vegetable is wonderful fighting onion fluff, which can spoil yield. That is why when choosing a bed in spring or autumn, it is necessary to take this circumstance.
After that you can’t land onions?
With incorrect crop rotation, the harvest will decline several times every year. If you do not comply with the rules, then soon the crop of Luke will be scarce, and the vegetables themselves are small and poor-quality in taste characteristics.
As already mentioned, it is strictly forbidden to plant onions after Luke. This requirement has a number of explanations.
- Identical nutrients are closed from the ground. In one year the soil can not fill them on their own, nor with the help of feeding.
- The predecessor can get sick. The causative agents will remain in the ground, and some of them will not die even in the winter. If the new onions fall on the same place, then, most likely, it will also be subject to the same disease.
The same rule concerns garlic. In its properties he is similar to the bow. Both crops are subject to attacks of the same pathogens, so it is extremely not recommended as a subsequent landing and the neighborhood. About garlic in some gardeners. They believe that he scares onion mum and weevil. This is actually so. Still, there may be competition between two identical cultures: one of them will begin shirt and fad. It is not recommended to plant onions after sunflowers.
But not everything depends on the correctness of the chosen neighbor and the predecessor. The quantity and quality of the crop are largely related to the soil in which the north. Onions are a fan of warm soil, so initially for the landing it is necessary to choose those areas that are well warmed by the sunny rays throughout the day. You should also take care of the characteristics of the Earth. For this vegetable, an ideal option will be moderately sulfur, loamy and moderately moistened.
It is strictly not recommended to plant this vegetable:
- in lowlands, where there is always damp and cold because it will rot and grow badly;
- in cold soil;
- in acidic soil.
If a suitable sunny section is selected, but measurements showed too high acidity, then this indicator can be changed by hand. To do this, you need to perform a lime procedure. It is necessary to do this 2 years before the expected landing of this culture on the site. The process of preparing the soil is as follows: Grokes need to thoroughly switch to the bayonet shovel, pull out all available weeds, introduce fertilizer soil.
The calculation of the paid fertilizer will be like this: 5 kg of overworked manure or some other humoring to mix with 1 kg of ash. TAThis volume will be needed for each square meter of soil. Next year the procedure is recommended to repeat. And on the third year, the garden will be fully ready for Sevka. In such a soil, a vegetable can be grown both on the feather and on the rep. In the process of fertilizer it is very important not to use fresh manure. The fact is that for onions, such feeding is practically destructive. If the soil once feasured in this way, this site will be unsuitable for onions over the next 3-4 years.
Onion requires moderate irrigation. When drying the soil feather will be yellow, and the repka – flabby and shallow. If too much and often water the culture, it will start rot. If you observe all the conditions of crop rotation, it is properly to prepare soil and careful for the culture, you can have a good harvest every year.
Also should not forget about high-quality seeds. Sevov is recommended to purchase only proven manufacturers and specialized stores.