Upholstery sofa

Upholstery sofa

It is impossible to present any room without comfortable and cozy upholstered furniture. In the office, its presence contributes to successful business negotiations. In the home atmosphere, comfortable soft sofas and chairs help relax after a heavy working day. Choosing upholstered furniture needs to pay attention not only to dimensions, design, but also on the material used for the upholstery of the model.

Upholstery sofa

General quality indicators

All types of fabrics used as upholstery of upholstered furniture, in addition to an attractive appearance and compliance with a particular interior, should also meet certain quality indicators. The main characteristics defining the quality include several factors for which it is necessary to navigate:

  • Composition of fibers. Any upholstery material has any fibers in its composition – natural, synthetic or artificial. Their combination is possible in different percentage ratio.
  • Wear resistance. The stability of the tissue to abrasion, stretching, friction, the ability to restore after compression.
  • Fire resistance. The ability of upholstery material to resist fire.
  • The color resistance of the upholstery material is characterized by its ability to maintain color when exposed to various factors, such as UFL, humidity, mechanical friction. This factor depends on the dyes used to give color.
  • Crimprint. The ability of the tissue during mechanical exposure to form folds, as well as the possibility of their recovery.
  • Under strength, understand the ability to resist breaks. This factor is more than others affects the quality of upholstery. The strength of the material is in a direct relationship with fibers, more precisely, with their density and composition.
  • Air permeability. The ability of upholstery material to pass air. It depends on the method of weave the fibers, with which through pores that promote air pass are formed.
  • Availability of additional coatings or impregnation. To give up the upholstery material of certain properties, the fabric is treated with a certain composition. Teflon coating fabric has not only water-repellent properties, but also with dirt-repellent. Teflon impregnation is applied either by spraying, or by drying the material to the composition. With this processing of the fiber of the upholstery material is covered with a protective sheath, while the material does not lose its original properties, but it becomes more practical in everyday life.
  • To give up the upholstered material of a special strength, to prevent excessive stretching and shrinkage, the additional basis is manufactured.
  • The possibility of cleaning upholstery is not only a dry method, but also a wet way, as well as using foam. Washing fabric has the ability to quickly clear from various contaminants using one of three cleaning methods.
  • Pillingability – fabric ability to form kat. Upillarness of the upholstery material is an indicator of high-quality fabric.

Using various indicators of the upholstery material, the category of fabric is determined.

Upholstery sofa

Upholstery sofa

Upholstery sofa

Upholstery sofa

Upholstery sofa

Upholstery sofa

Species, pros and cons of furniture upholstery fabric

Modern upholstery materials are distinguished by a great variety. In addition to the main quality indicators, there are other factors that allow them to take them to a particular type of material.

Flock

This type of finishing fabric is obtained by connecting the fibers of polyester, cotton and nylon. Woven base or canva is impregnated with glue, and then placed in an electrostatic field for applying small porcelines. Upholstery Flock has a number of undoubted advantages that allow it to hold a leading position in the production of upholstered furniture. In addition to an attractive appearance, this anti-vandal fabric has special strength and durability. It is resistant to the effects of sun rays, moisture and does not require special care, while maintaining a great appearance for quite a long time.

But there is a small minus of this upholstery material – he strongly absorbs extraneous odors.

    Upholstery sofa

    Upholstery sofa

    Shenille

    Characterized by a special thread structure. Externally, the thread resembles a caterpillar, pile bundles woven between two particularly durable threads, which in turn twist. With the help of this structural thread, various drawings are created, giving fabric velvety compound and some openness. The composition of Shenill may be different and depends on the type of raw materials used. Cotton, viscose, polyester and acrylic are used most often. As a rule, these types of fibers are mixed in various percentage ratios. Upholstery material is distinguished by special strength. Dense and wear-resistant fabric at an affordable price Easily lean dry cleaning.

    The minuses include low Shenilla resistance to moisture and sensitivity to animal claws.

    Upholstery sofa

    Upholstery sofa

    Velveteen

    Has a velor texture of fabric. Velvety surface is formed by different arrangements of fluffy fibers. Fibers can be completely natural and consisting of their cotton, and can be completely synthetic. There are samples with the addition of viscose. Durable and wear-resistant fabric has a low thermal conductivity, which is especially comfortable for skin. Fabric is resistant to pollution and jamming. Elastic and relatively durable material is easily cleaned by a simple soap solution.

    But there are also disadvantages. Upholstery fabric does not tolerate coarse mechanical impact, undergoing the appearance of the appearance of furniture. In addition, the fabric is sensitive to the effects of UFL, it burns out. Too active cleaning spoils fabric structure.

      Upholstery sofa

      Upholstery sofa

      Microfiber

      Visually resembling a flock and consisting of polyester fibers, is known for its strength and practicality. The dense arrangement of the Village gives this upholstery material to repel the liquid and a variety of pollution, not giving them to penetrate inside. Such a feature makes the microfiber is very popular and in demand by the fabric used as a upholstery material. In addition, this material has an antiquity effect, which is an undoubted plus, especially for home pet owners. Hypoallergenic fabric with high resistance to abrasion.

      The high cost of the fabric is the main minus. In addition, it requires specific care using special means.

        Upholstery sofa

        Upholstery sofa

        Tapestry

        The basis has a big percentage of cotton. Durable and durable material very resistant to moisture. There are minuses and this material. Increased abrasability is directly dependent on the number of cotton threads. The higher the percentage of cotton, the faster it comes to dissent. In addition, tapestry burns in the sun.

        Upholstery sofa

        Upholstery sofa

        Jacquard

        It is based on a smooth, nonversible structure. The original ornament is based on large rapport, it is created by a sophisticated weaving. Jacquard fabric, due to its strength and long service life, is quite often used as a upholstery for upholstered furniture. This woven material does not fade into the sun and has increased wear resistance.

        Tissue flaws include slippery surface and high material cost. In addition, this upholstery material poorly tolerates wet cleaning, as a result of which the original color of the fabric can significantly fade or change the shade at all.

          Upholstery sofa

          Upholstery sofa

          Linen

          Natural material of plant origin has a lot of advantages. Pleasant to the touch material, perfectly absorbing moisture and transmitting air. Natural fibers are well perceived dyes, so that this cloth can be painted in any color. Durable and resistant to abrasion The fabric does not limit and does not fade into the sun, and when a small percentage of synthetic fibers is added, it is less susceptible to fminity.

          For people who prefer eco-style in the interior of an apartment or house, the most suitable option will be flaxed furniture. It perfectly transfers mechanical effects, such as wet and dry cleaning, as well as drying with iron. The only negative of this fabric is a high cost.

            Upholstery sofa

            Upholstery sofa

            Sackcloth

            Eco materials also belong to the burlap, which can consist of either cotton or linen threads. In appearance, the fabric resembles a lodge with the same characteristic chess weaving. Its coarse fibrous structure is distinguished by increased wear resistance, so the upholstered furniture, covered with burlap, will serve quite a long time. Practical durable and wear-resistant fabric is pretty simple in care. Of the minuses of this upholstery fabric, you can call high cost and exposure to rotting during excessive humidity.

            Upholstery sofa

            Upholstery sofa

            Leather and its varieties

            For the manufacture of high-quality upholstered furniture used genuine leather. This material has a presentable appearance. Furniture covered with genuine leather is not only durable in operation, but not afraid of long loads. The high cost of this material is almost the only minus.

            An alternative to genuine leather artificial. Leather – this is a rather wear-resistant material externally very similar to genuine skin, but, in fact, it differs from her. Pleasant to the touch material resistant to loads and pollution, does not absorb smells. It’s easy for him to care. But there are also its drawbacks and the leatherette: fade under the influence of sun rays and is afraid of high temperatures.

            Eco-eco is a kind of artificial leather, but with improved qualities. In appearance resembles natural skin. The surface of this material perfectly passes the air, is not afraid of high temperatures and is very wear-resistant. In addition, the price of this material is much lower than genuine leather.

            Upholstery sofa

            Upholstery sofa

            Artificial suede

            Durable, wear-resistant and resistant to abrasion. Modern material. It has a low pile and has a structure with a multitude of micropores, due to which it has such operational characteristics. After processing the material by Teflon impregnation, it becomes resistant to UFL and various pollution.

            Upholstery sofa

            Upholstery sofa

            What is a fabric companion?

            Very often, the sofa, chair, sofa or ottta are not made from one type of fabric, but from two and even three. The main upholstery material, as a rule, prevails, that is, it takes a large area of ​​the product. Used for tosing seats and backs. Fabric-companion occupies a smaller area and, as a rule, is localized on the front panel of the sofa under the seat. It is tightened by armrests if they are presented, as well as it is used in the pillows located under the back or side.

            Fabric-companion should be combined by texture and color with the main option. As a rule, the main fabric has a bright pattern, and a companion is a neutral calm shade.

            Upholstery sofa

            Texture, color and print

            The structure of material with a characteristic relief is smooth or rough called the texture responsible for tactile sensations. The texture of the upholstery material is considered visible drawing or pattern. Each type of fabric has its own texture, which, as a rule, wears a homogeneous nature. In the darous fabrics, it is formed due to various tilt of the pile.

            Depending on the technologies used, a different surface is obtained:

            • velvet texture – with perpendicular arrangement of the pile;
            • Curly – when the pile has different heights and caused at various angles in relation to the base.

            Drawing on a ductile cloth is applied using dry or wet print. The second method is more preferable, since due to it the color of the fabric is characterized by persistence, saturation and durability. In addition, to give a porous fabric of a certain drawing, this method is used as embossing. Roller rolled on textiles and leaves recesses that form the pattern.

            The texture of genuine leather has a natural origin and depends on the type of animal.Artificial skin can be given any texture inherent in natural material. For this, PVC coating is applied to the woven foundation. As a rule, artificial and genuine leather are one-photon. Most popular such colors as black, white, plum, brown, beige.

            Upholstery sofa

            Upholstery sofa

            Upholstery sofa

            Fabrics that are based on a smooth, nonvilous structure, such as jacquard, scotchgard, tapestry, flax, cotton are characterized by the presence of texture formed by the weave of the threads. The fabric can have a smooth surface or with a color pattern, or without it. The textured surface is also found for which the pattern formed by the combination of threads of different thicknesses is characterized.

            For tapestry used as upholstery material, as a rule, abstract and floral prints are typical. The abstract composition can be represented by geometric shapes of different values ​​located in chaotic order. Flower themes are represented mainly drawings with various roses, daisies, orchids and many other flowers. The drawing on the tapestry is applied by woven way through the filaments of the threads of various color.

            Upholstery sofa

            Upholstery sofa

            The drawing of jacquard fabric consists of an original ornament, which is based on large rapport, created by a sophisticated weaving. For this tissue is characterized by a rich range of colors.

            Upholstery sofa

            Upholstery sofa

            Shenille – another representative of lounge fabrics. Soft texture of Shenilla can be in a variety of colors and patterns. The color scheme is represented not only by such traditional colors as black, brown, white, green, but also less common shades: terracotta, crimson, red, emerald. Prints of this type of fabric are characterized by a huge variety. Especially popular as upholstery in striped drawings, flower topics and abstract theme.

            A wide variety for today, textures, textures, colors and prints of upholstery tissues makes it possible to choose to choose upholstered furniture in accordance with your taste addictions and financial capabilities.

            Upholstery sofa

            Upholstery sofa

            How to choose Material?

            The service life of any kind of upholstered furniture directly depends on the quality of the upholstery. Therefore, buying a sofa, chairs, a ottoo or sofa, it is necessary to determine how you plan to use furniture.

            Installation of upholstered furniture in the living room involves everyday use not only for recreation, but sometimes, and for making food, viewing an interesting film or cognitive transmission. Therefore, besides an attractive appearance, the upholstery must be resistant to various types of pollution and mechanical damage. This is especially important if there is pets, loving soft sofa no less than their owners.

            Upholstery sofa

            Choosing a sofa or sofa for a nursery, you need to adhere to some other criteria:

            1. Upholstery fabric on upholstered furniture intended for installation in children’s, should be safe, hypoallergenic and resistant to various types of pollution.
            2. The safest are tissues that have natural fibers in their composition. Hypoallergenic tissues are considered to have synthetic fibers in their composition, not attracting dust. Pollution resistance is achieved using special coatings.
            3. More preferable for children’s rooms. Combined furniture upholstery option: Natural fibers in upholstery tissue must prevail over synthetic threads, and for resistance to pollution fabrics are treated with teflon coating.
            4. Sofa pillows located on upholstered furniture perform not only a purely practical function, but also aesthetic. Fabric for pillows choose, taking into account the stylistics of the interior, color and texture of upholstered furniture. In addition, it is necessary that the material intended for the pillows was safe and cleaned well.

            Upholstery sofa

            Upholstery sofa

            Upholstery sofa

            Upholstery sofa

            Upholstery sofa

            Upholstery sofa

            How to refresh the upholstery at home?

            Upholstered furniture is a favorite holiday destination for the whole family, so the upholstery is often dirty. To give her a presentable view, you can use several ways, depending on pollution.

            • From dust you can get rid of a vacuum cleaner. If there is a special nozzle, cleaning will pass much faster and more efficient. For refreshing the color of the upholstery fabric on a special nozzle, you can throw a gauze, moistened in such a solution: 2-3 salt spoons are added to the warm water. Except for such a method of cleaning is fabric with velor or velvet upholstery.
            • Another way allows you to put up the upholstery tissue – knocking up with a wet fabric moistened in the solution: 2 spoons of salt and 1stol spoon of vinegar are added to 1 liter of warm water. The rag moistened in this liquid is laid on upholstered furniture and knocked out the dust using sweater, periodically ridiculed. As a rule, dirt settles on wet cloth.
            • You can refresh the upholstery using Vanish. To do this, in 9 parts of the water dissolve 1 part of the product and beat the resulting solution to a strong foam. Last apply to the upholstery and clean, give to dry some time upholstery, and then spend.

            All about cleaning the sofa at home, see the following video.

            How to change your own old trim?

            Over time, the appearance of any upholstered furniture becomes not very presentable and a material replacement is required. Outdated upholstery can be changed at home and do it yourself. Although the process is not a quick and very labor-intensive, but to shelter a favorite sofa or sofa is quite for everyone.

            First you need to prepare the necessary tools and, of course, a new upholstery. From instruments need wrenches, anti-strip, large scissors.

            Upholstery sofa

            Upholstery sofa

            Upholstery sofa

            In order for the result to meet expectations, it is necessary to comply with step-by-step recommendation.

            1. To begin with the sofa. If the design of the furniture is very complex and replete with a variety of parts, it can be numbered to facilitate the subsequent reverse assembly. In order for fastening elements not to be confused, they can be folded into the box.
            2. Next, we begin to carefully remove the old upholstery, breaking carefully all the seams. As a rule, the upholstery is attached to furniture with the help of a bracket, and in obsolete models with small carnations. Tear up the old upholstery from the bracket or carnations is extremely undesirable, because the error even in several millimeters will lead to an undesirable result.
            3. After the old upholstery will be removed, you need to inspect all sofa mechanisms. This will help to identify broken items, if any. If all the details and mechanisms work, you can simply lubricate all compounds with machine oil.
            4. After separating the upholstery material from the design it is necessary to disappear. This is done to accurately cut all the elements.
            5. Getting to pattern. To do this, on a flat surface, we settle a new upholstery material and lay out the elastic elements of the old upholstery on it, for reliability, attach them to pins. Then I describe each part with a piece of soap, remove the locking pins and cut out. Now we are wearing parts and you can start tensioning the finished upholstery for furniture.
            6. To fix the upholstery material on the frame, you must use the stapler. So that the material sat down exactly, at this stage it is better to attract the assistant: one will stretch, and the other attach material. When all items are attached, it will only be rejected by the result.

            Video lesson on this topic we suggest see further.

            Options in the interior

            In order for upholstered furniture well in the interior of an apartment or at home, if it is selected, it is necessary to adhere to some rules:

            • Upholstery fabric should be harmonized with an existing interior in color, texture and texture. The upholstery should be not only beautiful, but practical.
            • The combination of color upholstery and interior style exists in several classic versions.

            Upholstered furniture in dark blue or red tones will look great in the design room decorated in the style of constructivism and techno.

            Upholstery sofa

            Upholstery sofa

            Upholstery sofa

            In the Gothic and minimalist style will fit upside furniture in black, white and gray colors.

            Upholstery sofa

            Upholstery sofa

            Upholstery sofa

            Brown, white and golden colors of upholstery fabric will look good in the room, decorated in Baroque, Renaissance and Ampire style.

            Upholstery sofa

            Upholstery sofa

            Red, black, yellow, beige and blue tint of upholstery fabric wonderfully combined with art decor style.

            Upholstery sofa

            Upholstery sofa

            Bright upholstery shades are suitable for High-tech style. The upholstery with the image of colors and patterns is perfectly combined with baroque styles, modern and classic.

            For a harmonious general picture of the room, it is necessary for the print and color to be repeated in other elements of the interior.

            Upholstery sofa

            Reviews

            For most buyers today the most popular material chosen as a upholstery remains. Positive feedback Fabric deserved due to its operational properties and reasonable price. The anti-vandal properties of the FLOK mark many buyers containing pets.

            The second most popular material – Shenille. His durability, wear resistance and environmental properties appreciated many buyers.

            3.4 and 5 places are jacquard, velor and tapestry, respectively. These upholstery materials like a huge number of buyers for durability and originality of coloring.

            Such a tissue rating takes into account the optimal price and operational characteristics of each type.

            Upholstery sofa

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