Rattan is Calamus Plant Stems. Other His name – Rotan palm. Growing in tropical areas of Asia. Long stems are used to produce braided products or design of individual interior elements. Of these, furniture and decorations make items. Modern production uses an artificial imitation analogue.
Pros and cons
To the pluses of this material You can attribute:
- environmental friendliness;
The importance of environmental properties of materials from which certain interior items are manufactured, long ago was noted by specialists. Rattan is one of these materials. It is non-toxic, does not emit harmful substances in contrast to plastic equivalents. With tactile contact does not cause allergic reactions. Allergenic can only be paint coatings applied not to him.
Rattan products organically fit into rooms decorated in different stylistic directions. It will be equally good to look at the Scandinavian style background, Hi-Tech design. The properties of the material make it possible to expand the list of variations of forms and modifications, which makes it possible to effectively combine furniture objects with interior design and expands the framework of the creative approach to design.
Products woven from rattan look expensive and prestigious. Furniture items, such as chairs, often use in living rooms, hallways and reception rooms. They are intended not only to perform their target function, but also to improve the visual perception of the room.
Rotan chairs are practical. They are less susceptible to abrasion, pollution and more resistant to destructive loads. Since the structure of the rattan of the elastic, and the weaving creates depreciation, the products can be loaded in excess of the average load exerted on the production furniture on ordinary technology.
The most common items made from the rattan are chairs.
For the combination of visual characteristics and technical parameters, they can significantly differ from each other, which determines their target purpose.
Types of material
The main difference in modern wicker seats is the composition of the material from which they are manufactured. The variety of materials is divided into two groups: natural and artificial.
Natural rattan is a palm tree stalks that can reach several meters in length. In its composition, the material is close to the structure of the wood. At the same time, it has an extremely high flexibility threshold, which makes it possible to make a chair from it with elements that have an incorrect shape.
To use stalks in the production of seats, they are collected during a certain time of the year and are subjected to preparatory measures to bring to suitability. As part of the technology of rattan preparation, hot ferry processing is the main production process. Stems are placed in a high cylindrical container, which serves hot pairs under pressure. The molecular structure of the billets softened, acquiring elastic properties, after which it becomes suitable for use. Under the conditions of manual processing, stalks are not tapped, but cooking in hot water with the help of the same cylindrical container.
In the manufacture of seats can be used stems both with the bark and without it. The presence or absence of a bark gives the product with individual external characteristics.
Modern models of wicker chairs are made of artificial material, as this reduces the process of harvesting and production, which will reduce the market value of products. Thanks to this, more consumers can afford to acquire this type of product.
To preserve the approach of the properties of natural rattan and artificial, manufacturers use a combination of natural and synthetic components. To do this, use cellulose and kapron. At the exit, it turns out raw materials, close by characteristics to the original.
Rattan, created in production, practically does not differ from what grows in a wild environment. Differences can be noticeable only in appearance and in resistance to the effect of aggressive media.
Artificial material can be washed, clean, handle household chemicals and other means whose action could negatively affect the same product produced from rattan of natural origin.
Types of weaving
Harters woven from rattan may differ not only by the characteristics of the material used, but also by the method of weaving. Main types of weaving chairs:
Openwork weaving involves the use of rod dressing technologies in various geometric sequences and combinations. For example, the drawing can be rhombid, spiral, ring. Popular openwork weaving is a rosette when the pattern applies to the center to the edges.
A solid interlacing is a layer-by-layer bait across each other with step-by-step interleaving. Eventually The structure of the product can be performed in a straight, round, diagonal or zigzag variations.
Combination of weave methods gives the product the original type and special stylistic characteristics. When choosing such technology, all individual elements of the chair are performed in their own, completed. The use of two technologies when weaving one element is not appropriate and advantageous in terms of design.
Among the entire model diversity of rathanes can be noted the main directions.
These are chairs having a standard design style and a list of compound elements: one or more legs, armrests, back, headrest. In one or another design of the chair, individual elements of standard destination may be present or absent. Such a product can be equally used both garden and as an apartment interior item. Due to the presence or absence of a specialized support mechanism, the chair may be stationary or spinning.
Similar chairs on the form of a design similar to classical modifications. Their main difference is the presence of a semiconductor of a semicircular or other form. Mechanical swing can be independent of the method of weaving.
The hanging chair has a characteristic hard frame, to which the retention means is attached – rope or chain. Such a chair can be suspended on the spring, which creates special sensations during operation. A distinctive feature of such products is the lack of supporting legs. Depending on the method of suspension, it can be rotating or converted only to one, selected side. In shape they often resemble the halves of eggs or a bird’s nest, which also gives the interior a special character.
Garden multi-seat swings can be performed by a similar principle.
The dimensional parameters of wicker seats vary depending on the models and can significantly be varied both in terms of width and other indicators. Generally accepted standards are always preserved (this refers to the size of the height of the seating above the floor level, height of armrests, the minimum width of the landing opening).
These size values are derived experimentally and standardized. The retreat from them, even dictated by designer solutions, can lead to the creation of inconvenience during the operation of the product. In order to avoid such problems, Manufacturers strive to optimize the combination of stylistic characteristics with practicality parameters.
The stylistics and design of the wicker chair are largely determined by the similar characteristics of the entire room. Depending on the direction of the selected design, the color, shape and model of the product may differ.
If it is suspended, then in most cases is equipped with a suitable pillow, as it makes operation more comfortable. In those cases, When it is installed on the veranda or in a certain area of the country area, a softening bed is most often not used. This is due to the fact that the open space of the street has an influence on a chair in the form of humidity, sunlight and other factors, and the cushion is most susceptible to this kind of influence.
Wicker armchair can be made with an initially soft seat. Such modifications do not imply the possibility of maintaining the litter when removing or replacing it. In such cases, it is advisable to use special covering mats that serve to preserve soft seats in proper condition.
An important role in choosing a chair plays his color. The shade must correspond to the total color range of the room. For example, if a white color prevails in the room, then the chair that will fit well will be white.
Firms producing wicker chairs and implementing them under the brand Brand IKEA, offer a wide selection of these products that differ in model characteristics, the presence or absence of mechanisms for transformation and other parameters.
Care and operation
The procedure for the care of a wicker chair depends on the material from which it is manufactured and its intended purpose. If the rattan is natural, it is necessary to minimize its contact with moisture, open fire and other unwanted factors of influence.
Such products, if you allow the characteristics, it is possible to periodically process with protective means to which varnish, paint, veneer and other types of impregnation are.
Armchair made of artificial materials also needs a proper approach to operation and care. It can not be used with loads exceeding the leading level prescribed, as well as keep near the fire or in the open sun.
Tips for choosing
The choice of such an interior item should be carried out on the basis of the user’s preferences, depend on the stylistic characteristics of the interior and the target: the use of the house, in the country or in the apartment.
Also, when choosing, it is necessary to consider the following list of parameters:
- The chair should not be too heavy;
- It must be strong and safe for both adults and children;
- The material of its manufacture should be designed for long-term use;
- External characteristics should fit well into the design of the room;
- The model must be comfortable.
Furniture manufacturing secrets from rattan See next video.