How to make a plasterboard arch?

Arches are an ancient architectural element. They were actively used in the first states of the Ancient East. Arched architecture was extremely popular in ancient Rome, both in the exteriors and in the interiors. In modern design, arched structures are experiencing the “Second Birth”. They are increasingly used not only in expensive apartments, but also in ordinary apartments.

Such popularity of the Arch is connected with their practicality and at the same time decorative.

For what is needed?

As a rule, vaults in apartments and other residential premises are used instead of doors. In the apartment in a frame house, such structures will look especially advantageous, since this construction technology provides for lightness, lack of massive partitions (doors) and air saturation.

Although some spaces are originally designed under the arched element, often the idea of ​​using such a flooded is born much later – then the arches are replaced by the already existing doors in the interior.

Using vaulted overlaps allows you to solve several tasks at once:

  • Expansion of space. Arches allow you to make a room visually more open. In addition, they give and quite real savings, since the doors, both in a closed and open state, not only limit the viewing angles, but also occupy a physical space that can be used for other purposes. Interior archings make it possible to achieve significant savings, especially in small-scale apartments.

  • Decorativeness. Doors, of course, can also be beautiful, but with arched structures in the wall they still do not compare, especially in terms of the ratio of aesthetic and geometric diversity. Vaults can have different overlaps and shapes, from classic to ultra technological.
  • Additional feature. A vaulted elements can also be used in rooms in which doors or similar designs are generally not applicable. For example, in long corridors, which using the archer can be divided into diverse interiors, make them more expressive and stylish. Such overlaps are an excellent solution not only in the hallway, but also for the kitchen – the entrance to it often does not make sense to make isolated. Extra partitions, especially in small apartments, in this case will only interfere.

Vaults with all the advantages have very little disadvantages, and they are very subjective or refer to the number of prejudice. For example, a misfortune of the myth that redevelopment of an apartment under the arch can destroy the balance of carrier structures. In fact, overlaps, as a rule, do not affect the reliability of the bearing walls, and such redevelopment is absolutely safe.

Another more objective drawback is the impossibility in any way (without redevelopment) to overlap the arch to create an absolutely isolated room. Theoretically, you can use various drapery or curtains, but this will not solve the problem of sound insulation. Thus, the arches are unlikely to suit connoisseurs of silence and privacy and can significantly limit the personal space of residents. However, if necessary, you can always return to the classic doors.

And one more important point. Open overlaps are good, but not always and not everywhere. The main criterion that determines the feasibility of their use – the height of the opening. He ideally should be at least two meters, better – 2.5 m and above.

Otherwise, instead of expanding the space, the arch will limit it.

Views

Arches are different species. Each of them is suitable for a certain style, type of interior. The main criterion of differences is a form that affects, in turn, the complexity of manufacture, determines the effect of the effect of expansion of space and generally forms the geometric rhythm of the interior. The main varieties of overlaps are as follows.

Classic option

The arches are symmetrical, have a semicircular dome form and, as a rule, a permanent radius. One way or another, in shape they beat the semicircle, part of the circumference (up to half). This is the most common option. The use of such arches visually expands the space, saturates the room with air and adds classic decorative interior.

This is also a very universal choice, because with a competent approach, such overlaps can “wake” and in modern entourage, whether High tech or others. Not always harmonize with the loft, require serious refinement when decorated in colonial style.

Modern

Side surfaces of such floors are longer, respectively, the radius of the arc circumference is less. It creates a feeling of slim and sophistication. We will not forget that modern as the style implies, on the one hand, the return to the ideals of the classics, and on the other – the desire for new forms.

The arches are very elegant, but there is a sufficient height of the room for them (preferably a little more medium necessary, which was mentioned above). Modern overlaps require increased attention to the decor of lateral surfaces.

Suitable for both classic and modern styles, including the loft, but the interior must match.

In some cases, it is not recommended to use too heavy furniture, dark color combinations with such arches, however, the airlessness should not “be used” – it is desirable that a part of the interior objects as it were equilibrated the direction up of the vaulted design.

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Close to modern and elliptical forms – something average between classics and modern (with respect to the length of the side surfaces). It is less aesthetically radical style with this features of refinement and sophistication.

Portals

Rectangular or even square loops. Often, the confusion arises in terminology, because under the “portals” understand all the arches. As part of this article, we will consider “portals” by the structures with straight corners.

Historically portals have the most saturated ornamental flavor. Their task is not easy to expand the space, but also emphasize the monumentality of the entrance, to make it a majestic. Often portals were used as entrances to government or religious institutions and consisted of several repeatable (to enhance effects) of overlap elements.

In modern portals interiors, unlike many other arches, are closest in essence to ordinary doors, which makes it difficult for designers with regard to the disclosure of the main advantages of the room in the room.

It is better to pay special attention to the stylistics with the independent manufacture of a portal from plasterboard, because there is a risk that the doors, of course, will not be in the room, but also the portal does not work, only the feeling of eternal repair and incompleteness will remain. Help can ornamentation and moderate decor. Often used with sliding doors.

Trapeze

Has the form of this geometric shape. Something cross between portal and classic arcuate arches. An interesting form may emphasize the constructivist ideas in the interior. It is suitable for the loft, other modern styles, unusually (but curious) will look in classic interiors.

Not so common as previous options. No on a trapezium now and special design fashion, so its use can emphasize the original tastes of the host. More complicated in manufacturing than previous types.

Gothic

The arch has the highest point – this is a bright attribute element. Such a dictionary, although it is able to cause various medieval associations with cathedrals and other religious structures, is now a very original element of the interior. You can find it infrequent, it will be suitable for stylization under the classics, baroque, even Rococo. Sometimes used in creative studios engaged in the popularization of artistic culture.

Creates a feeling of aspiration up, but at the same time and creative liberation. When decorating and decorated in bright colors, a feeling of artificiality and playfulness also appears.

In small rooms, gothic is difficult to perceive as seriously as possible – hence another scope of application – children’s rooms.

Openwork

Measure the decorative saturation of the side surfaces that may have different holes in the form of geometric shapes. These are very wide forms, winning in large interiors. Add a sense of cosmic – a good option for richly decorated modern styles, including High-tech.

Half a day

The most economical in terms of the cost of materials option. In fact, it is half the usual classic arch in a bit elongated (stretched). Maybe openwork. Half and half aim are suitable for almost all interiors, especially for modern – loft, minimalism, high-tech, as well as modern. Successfully fit into small apartments.

Multi-level

This is already design sizes. May consist of several surfaces of overlaps, each of which has its own shape and height. This is a radical contemporary option, suitable for the premises of a large pattern and a peculiar decor. In other housing conditions will look strange, and even just comical.

Multi-level arches are often designed in bright, bright colors using a large number of colors palette. Of course, do not suit the classic interiors.

We add that the choice of a suitable view of the arch should proceed from a number of the main criteria, namely, the placement of the room, preferences for styles and color flavor, as well as technical skills and capabilities (with independent manufacture).

Tools

For independent manufacture of the arch, not only skills will be required, but also the corresponding tools and materials. We call the main, without which it is not worth starting.

First of all, this is measuring instruments – rules, roulettes and other. Do not do without working tools – knives and scissors, self-tapping screws (better in metal), drill, screwdriver, hammer, nails, dowels.

Among the main materials, in addition to drywall, the primer will be needed, perforated corner (to improve the extreme parts of the design), paints, wallpaper, putty.

Do not forget also about gloves, workers gloves and other elementary technical equipment that can be useful in the work.

Features of the material

Gypsum Carton is the most suitable material for creating vaulted compositions at home, especially if you do it on your own. It is common, relatively inexpensive and durable.

Tree-layer plasterboard structure: two layers of cardboard and a core of dense gypsum kneading with various additional ingredients. More than 90% of the mass just falls on plaster.

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You can buy plasterboard in various options. The most common forms of size from 2000 to 3000 mm per 1200 mm.

The material is soft enough and plastic, so that of these sheets will not be much difficulty Cut the appropriate precisely for a specific door design form.

We add that plasterboard is quite environmentally friendly and safe material. Nevertheless, he and very technologically. The history of the appearance of plasterboard is associated with the paper business in the USA XIX century. Then there was about 10 layers of paper covering the thin layer of gypsum. Patent close to modern drywall belongs to the American engineer Clarence Utsman.

How to measure?

Before engaged in self-making arch (in our case, plasterboard) should determine the dimensions of the doorway – its height, length and width. They should be measured as accurately as possible, after which make a sketch on paper with a pencil and circula. The next step is to check the accuracy of measurements. To do this, it is better to make a paper or cardboard arch – a preifune of a future design of plasterboard, and try it to the doorway.

Please note that the dimensions of the doorway are calculated excluding the dimensions of the door. Ideally, the door at this point is already needed to remove and correct all damage to the walls that can distort the results of the calculations.

Measure the indicators preferably using accurate and flexible tools – better roulette, not a ruler. Alone to spend all the preparatory operations is easy, but the maximum accuracy is very important – this will help competently calculate the proportions of the future arch, so that there are no linings when working directly with drywall, and subsequently constructive defects.

Manufacturing technology

Make it yourself an arch of drywall or plywood, and also to decide the design is quite real, but this will require certain skills and skills, as well as competent step by step instructions. Consider the main stages of the overlap.

Make a model from drywall is needed based on the measurements made after dismantling the door. It is necessary to make three parts of the future arch – two side surfaces and one arcuate – it will, however, will also be rectangular. For side parts it is better to use thicker plasterboard (up to 12 mm. ).

Next, you can make a gradual assembly of the frame of the future design. You can collect it from wooden elements, MDF. The plasterboard element of the Arch itself should be placed by determining the middle, and attach to the appropriate place in the doorway.

The cutout of sheets of plasterboard, taking into account the existing dimensions, is better to implement a special jigsaw. The resulting rectangular sheet will need to “round”, based on the dimensions of the doorway. For this purpose, an improvised circulation is used – a nail stuck in the middle of the doorway on a plasterboard sheet. They can safely break through the surface of the material.

The length of the “Circular” should be varied depending on the preferences associated with the form of the arch. Scheduating the contour, you can do the cutout.

We add that the above operations when assembling for maximum accuracy is best done on the prepared doorway. After dismantling his door, as a rule, you need to pre-put, close damage and potholes in the side surfaces. Do not forget to also clean it from the cutting plaster.

How to bend GLC?

This stage in the work is the most difficult and responsible. There are two main ways to bend drywall: dry and wet.

Dry technology is suitable for beginners: a sheet (it, of course, you need to pre-cut) should be bent when attached it. This should be done gradually, without harsh and strong movements, taking into account the thickness of the sheet, which determines the possible bend radius.

To simplify the task (sometimes this method is even considered alternative) can be made on drywall small cuts-cuts every few millimeters.

Cuts must be transverse, but not too deep – you can not damage the sheet of cardboard. As a result, when fastening in separate sites, the plasterboard will be reduced, which, however, will give the design of some “stepwise” specificity. To bring it at the same time the method will be more natural.

Wet mode is more complicated, time- and energy consumption.

Only for drying material will require almost a day (at least 12 hours). Washing drywalls need from the inside, and better after perforation roller. Wetting produced by a sponge or spray. The essence of this method is that the sheet over time under its own weight will change the form to the desired. The angle of leaning such a drywall to the vertical wall can vary from 40 to 50 degrees.

How to install?

After the plasterboard sheets are ready, you can engage in design. Install, mount the arch should be on the frame (as an option – metallic). Installation of the frame is easy – it can be attached to a dowel with self-reserves at a distance from the wall, calculated in accordance with the thickness glass thickness thickness. Holes for fasteners can be drilled perforator. Depth – up to 6-7 cm. Distance between them – 30-40 cm.

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Next, the carved sheets of plasterboard can be fixed on the frame of self-drawing. The main profile must be attached to the walls from the inside and bend (how to exacerbate the sheet, we have already been considered higher, and the actions are dependent on the selected method).

Add that the front panels on both sides should be the same. If necessary, they can be aligned with knife or other tools. A small “drowness” is allowed by one of the panels – it will be possible to eliminate it at the decoration stage. After that, it remains only to make cosmetic work – putty, painting and other.

Do not forget that you can deliver not only homemade, but also ready purchased design. The process itself is its installation, it will be essentially the same, but it is important when you buy nothing to confuse with the size, and it is better to have a stock

Decor

Installing the arch is not all. But the most difficult behind. It remains pleasant and interesting, and most importantly, creative occupation – decoration.

There are several ways to decorate the arch:

  • Stick out. The easiest and most obvious option, and taking into account the large selection of products, perhaps, and one of the most variable. Wallpaper You can choose almost any color and drawing, and, it means, to find harmony with the interior (furniture and the common style of premises) will be easy. Do not forget about photo wallpapers, three-dimensional products – they will give the arc special decorative properties, chic and color, add new contrasts to modern styles.
  • Bite stone. The most expensive, factory option. It is hardly suitable for modern interiors, if only is not worth the task of creating a special corner of a large apartment. The stone is perfect for classic interiors and different historical stylization and improvisations.

  • Painting. Color the arch can be by any paints, including watertic emulsion (for special reliability). Paints will need a little, so you can significantly save or, on the contrary, to acquire a small amount of expensive composition, also not particularly losing in money. In addition, paint allows you to experiment: you can draw ornaments, patterns and decorations solely on your taste.
  • Sheaving. The finishing of the arch of the fabrics is not new, but still very sought-after concept. You can use various materials – from jute and flax to viscose. Separate the arches with cloth is not difficult, but it will give the room an additional feeling of comfort.

Clarify that the decorative framing of the arch should also be practical. Do not forget that the arch is the entrance, that is, the place where they will often walk and may often be transferred through it.

Therefore, choose the material, be it fabric, wallpaper or paint, should consider their quality and durability.

Beautiful ideas in the interior

And finally, consider several beautiful use options for the arches in various interiors.

In the old-fashioned classic interior will be great to look a standard rounded arch. It can be lined with gray, bright stone and paint paint, as well as pick up furniture. This option is especially wins if the arch leads to the living room in which the fireplace is installed. The interior itself can also be issued in bright colors to avoid connotations with “dark centuries”. It turns out in saturated, vigorously and stylish, and no one considers the owner of such an interior to be retired from fashion.

For modern interior, High-tech is perfectly suitable for the original arch, consisting of geometric shapes. You can use almost any color, vary colors from light blue to bright purple. Emphasize the winning composition minimalism – a large free space in this case it is better not to clutch the furniture.

And one more idea – for the bedroom. At the entrance to her in a small apartment you can use a half and a trapezium. This, on the one hand, is very economical, and on the other, – a stylish version. The use of such a design will make the entrance to the bedroom more natural, and will also save and even increase the feeling of comfort, so much needed for a good rest or sleep. In addition, it will solve the problem with airing room – air in the bedroom will always have a lot.

We add that the arches will be favorably look at almost any interior, both in chamber and in the spacious, most importantly – pick them up to the place, to make it high quality, and install it, beautifully decorate, and then enjoy their aesthetic advantages – air and openness.

In this video, you are waiting for information how to make a plasterboard arch.

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