Each era brings new technical revolutions, new technical inventions. Once a person tied the elements of his dwelling with the help of natural girlfriend materials. First, nails, and then screws, self-tapping screws were considered advanced and better attachments for various types of finishing materials. However, the type of buildings itself was not ideal because the places of compounds were visible – due to the appearance of rust from corrosion of the metal, because the material itself was cracking when finished. Then new connecting elements appeared – Kleimers.
What it is?
Kleimer is the same bracket, with which a secret connection is fasten with various panels for finishing works. As a result, a plane is obtained without visible connection elements. Kleimer connect laminate, terraced board, porcelain stoneware, timber, block house, wooden lining, PVC panels, Wall and MDF panels.
One of his face is inserted into the part of the panel, where there is a groove, and the other side of the self-tapping screw or nails is attached to the crate or specially prepared wall surface or ceiling. therefore This mounting fastening itself becomes invisible on the facing surface and is off the inside.
This compound is made of spring steel or galvanized iron and aluminum. Consists of a platform with a nails or a self-tapping screw and a protruding part, lowered at right angles. This protrusion is called the tongue, the distance from the foundation will depend on the fastening of which material is used kleimer. Depending on the application, there are 6 types of marking, they are measured in millimeters and show the height of the fastening from the platform.
The tongue itself is solid or split. This so-called tooth is inserted into the slots of the lamella and holds it on the surface.
Types of this mounting attachment.
- Special. Apply with one specific type of finishing. So, there are roofing kersamers or klyamimers for porcelain stitches. Stressed mounting fasteners made of steel can withstand load up to 25 kilograms. Special kleimers also include glass containers. The glass holder is a plastic transparent fastening system for fastening glass in the facade of cabinets.
They are of different shapes. But everyone has a notch under the glass and a hole for self-sufficiency. They are attached with the inside of the facade without sampling.
- To work with plastic panels.
- To work with wooden facing: Lining, block house.
In appearance, the design of the kleimers are divided into 2 types.
- Private ordinary. They help to connect two boards with each other. These klyimers have four teeth.
- Starts. They connect elements on the side, top or bottom. Have 2 tongues. Sometimes instead of starting use ordinary, collapsed into two equal parts.
The size is determined by the height of the tongue of the kleimer, so depending on the thickness of the finishing material distinguish 6 species.
- Number 1: For fastening vinyl or plastic panels, no more than 5 mm thick.
- Number 2: For fastening vinyl, plastic and MDF panels with a thickness of no more than 8 mm.
- Number 3: for attachment of the chipboard of wall and eurry.
- Number 4: for fixing standard eurovale.
- Number 5: for fastening moisture-resistant wooden lining.
- Number 6: For fastening a block house
Most often for the manufacture of these mounts, galvanized steel and aluminum are used. They are not subject to corrosion for a long period of time, strong and plastic. therefore Fasteners from galvanizing can be used to work on the street and in rooms with high humidity. For example, cladding inside the bath is applied. And if it is mounted using a kleimers from high carbon galvanized steel, then this will not only create an aesthetic effect of a beautiful and smooth wall without visible nails, but also more appropriate due to durability of galvanizing to temperature drops, to high temperatures and high humidity.
If the wooden wall is chosen by the outdoor wall of the house, then you need to purchase hardware from stainless materials. This will create a neat view of the house, as the tree absorbs moisture well, which can lead to fast corrosion of the connecting parts and the formation of corrosion slots on the wall surface. For fastening plastic PVC panels, any variants of hidden fasteners are suitable, since the plastic does not need to protect against moisture and does not rot. Therefore, the material for the manufacture of kleimer will suit any: and aluminum, and galvanized, and stainless steel. To attach the plinth from the tree, you can also use mounting on the kleimers, and the fasteners of polymer materials are used here.
In the manufacture of windows from the PVC profile and wall decoration with plastic panels, along with a variety of plastic fittings, special plastic cleaners are also used by plastic crate.
Under each type of facing material, you can choose the required type of kleimers. The size, as mentioned above, is determined by the highness of the protrusion. For plastic and MDF panels, an attachment with a height of 1-2 millimeter is used for plating walls. For panels made of wood and conventional eurvagra, taking fastenings with a size of 3-4 millimeters, and for heavier wooden panels, such as linden or aspen, pick up fasteners with a height of more than 5 millimeters. When the walls are trimmed by a block house to simulate a bar, then hidden fasteners will be required with the distance of the tongue to the platform from 6 millimeters.
You can find out which size of the installation clips will be needed for the lining: you need to know or measure in millimeters the thickness of the rear groove at the panel. By its size, the desired fastener number is selected. Special technology is used to cover the walls from the street – cladding of the ventilated facade. Previously, only 2 types of special fastening systems were used to install a porcelain stoneware for the fastened facade – Private Kleimer and Starter. And they were an open type, that is, the clamping system was visible in vertical lines of porcelain.
Then they were added to the developed mounts for angular tiles – End kleimer with 1 bracket, another kleimer final, has 2 brackets for fastening vertical and kleimer in its design, which is needed to properly install the stove exactly in the center and to hold it in the horizontal plane, regardless of the severity of the material and the wind power. All these are open-type fasteners.
Most recently, hidden kleimers began to apply hidden kleimers for the walls for the vented facade. They are made of stainless steel and insert into the propyl porcelain stoneware. But the use of such a type of fasteners is very time consuming and costly, as it requires a high level of work on the supply of porcelain stoneware stove. Receptions should be smooth, neat and the same shape thickness on all tiles, otherwise the kleimers will not be equally impressed on the entire vertical, and the porcelain stoneware will not be smoothly and neatly installed on the facade.
In addition to the curvature of the wall itself visually, it can lead to cracking facing plates and their collapse.
For the ventilated facade, the simulation of kleimer with a hidden fastening is also used. These staples for porcelain stoneware are not visible at a distance of 10 meters, which is suitable for finishing the upper floors of high-rise buildings and buildings located in the depths of the site. This type of fastener is called a bilemer. It is intended for vertical fastening for porcelain stoneware. Two types are used here – ordinary klyamimers Anchor and starting – Single seed.
For a terrace board or other than the deck board of larch, a special type of hidden fastening in the form of a butterfly is used. Testers on it are located on both sides and snap in the form of clips on the lower protruding edge of the board. Such a connection allows you to create a surface with natural technical longitudinal holes, which does not allow the terrace board to clog tightly, and therefore moisture and snow cover are not delayed on its surface, but to flow through these grooves. Typically, this specific type of fastening is sold together with the main material as an accompanying product and does not happen in a free sale in the store.
For laminate pick up galvanized fasteners of two types: with cloths in the tongue and with a flat protrusion. Fastener with teeth mounted first chalkboard from the end to the crate system. Subsequent panels are fastened with a flat-tongue connection, which allows you to snap the lock systems on the laminate itself and connect the boards without junctions. For PVC panels most often use klyimers number 1, where the height of the fastening tongue is 1-2 millimeters. They are screwed to the crate of wood or metal products or directly to the wall or ceiling.
The clapboard is fastened to the ceiling as the same rules as the walls. First, the lamp is done, and then with the help of Kleimer the lining is nailed. And the choice of kleimers will depend on the material used to finish. Fastener size, from what it is made, you need to select on the basis of what you make a ceiling – wooden wallpaper, plastic panels, MDF panels or laminate. For glass in furniture facades, plastic glasses-glass containers are used for mirrors. They are transparent and colored. They are fixed with self-tapping screws. With their help you can attach the mirror and on the wall, and on the door of the cabinet.
It is convenient to use them in the bathroom, because the humidity and temperature regime is not terrible.
How to kp?
Installation of cladding starts with fastening of the crate on the desired surface. Even if the surface of the wall, the ceiling, or the floor is quite smooth, the lamp allows you to create a flat and verified plane makes it possible for ventilation, and also provides space in which a variety of cables and insulation will be placed. The crate can be made of wooden bars, and you can collect metal, as for mounting drywall. For mounting a wooden lining, a tree cutter is better suitable, especially in the bath and sauna, since the wooden lamp “plays” with the wall and does not give the material from the tree cracking when the sweetener and swelling depending on humidity and atmospheric conditions.
You need to decide in advance with the direction of the walls of the walls. There are 4 options with which you can fasten the panels on the crate: horizontal, vertical, diagonal, combined. It is necessary to consider that the direction of the lanes of the crate should be perpendicular to the direction of the lamellae of the finishing material. When horizontal installation, the first plate must be secured by self-draws or nails horizontally at a distance of 1-2 mm from the floor or ceiling.
This fastening will later close the ceiling or outdoor plinth. In the groove of this board, we set the tongue of the kleimer, and it is screwed to the basis of it with self-draws or nails nails to the crate. All the following panels insert the grooves in the comb of the previous and reliably fix the clamps to the brushes.
For a more reliable connection, you can fix the trim, the tight attaching the boards to each other, slightly driven them into the grooves with a hammer-inquita and a picking board. The last bar, if necessary, trim in size to the required width. With horizontal laying of panels in a steam bath Baths, they are starting to install from the ceiling so that the pitching of the wallboard is directed up the wall, and the groove down. It is necessary that condensate does not accumulate in the lining, and freely glasses on the wall down.
With a vertical mounting, the starting board is nourished vertically from the start of the trim, having it close to the crate and scoring a nail into the comb shaping. Hats nails on the first board can be removed using booming or cover with decorative straps. In the groove of the first board you need to set kleimers and secure them with nails or screws on the crate. Install the crest of the next board in the groove of the previous.
We use a rubber hammer for a more dense entry of the panels of the wall panels in each other. And then with the help of kleimers, we produce the installation of the entire finishing material. The last panel is also cutting under the size. With this installation, you need to check the correct vertical installation using a plumb every 7-10 panels. Vertical facing is suitable for rooms with high humidity – saunas, bath, veranda, for upholstery from the street, because it does not give to accumulate moisture in the groove of the lining.
With diagonal and combined laying, sufficient skill and professionalism requires, so such a cladding is better to entrust the specialist with sufficient experience. This type of facing is most often used to design walls and ceilings indoors.
When the combined location of the panel can be nailed in different directions and create a variety of fantasy patterns.
All kinds of kaymers, for which they are used and as attached, look in the video.