Interior doors are installed in the long-awaited completion stage of repair in the apartment. In most cases, use locking locks for such doors simply does not need. Therefore, latches are crashed into the door leaf. The article will be told about the features of the design and installation of door latches with the lock.
Features and varieties
Devices with a retainer for interior door mounting are outdoor and mortised. The latches of the first type is much easier to install, collect and disassemble if necessary. The minus is that they significantly spoil the look of the door canvase. Therefore, precisely fixing mechanisms are used in the greatest demand.
Such latches for interior doors are presented on the market in a large assortment. Depending on the wishes and destination, you can easily choose the optimal view of the fixing device. According to the principle of operation and features of the design of mortise door latches are divided into several groups.
Locking door The device consists of two parts: metal plate and magnetic element. Magnet and plate are placed on the side of the door leaf and on the jam. The principle of operation of such a retainer is very simple: when closing the magnet attracts a metal element, thereby holding the door in a fixed closed position. For opening doors with a magnetic locking element, a fixed handle is used.
The second type of settresses of this type are models where the magnet is made in the form of a moving tongue. The advantage of such a latch is that it is almost silent. It is also very in demand and convenient for its characteristics as smoothness of work, long service life.
Such a mortise mechanism has a movable retractable tongue with sloped circuits. The plate is attached to the jammer with a groove. When closed, the tongue enters the groove and fixes the door position. Opening occurs when pressed on a movable handle, which leads to the nomination of the tongue from the groove of the release of the door leaf from fixing.
Instead of tongue in such latches, a spring-loaded roller is used. When closed, it enters a small recess and prevents the door opening. Such latches can be driven by motionless handle with a certain effort. There are also models, the opening of which occurs when pressed on the handle-lever.
Latch with locking lock
Typically, the mechanisms of this type are installed on the door in the bathroom or bathroom. Their feature is that they are equipped with a special blocking element. When turning the block key, the retainer stops open when you press the door moving handle. Thus, the room is protected from unwanted penetration at a certain time.
How to choose?
To purchase a high-quality fixing device for interior door, Attention should be paid to the following criteria.
- The quality of the latch says smoothness of work. During opening and closing there should be no hotels, clicks.
- It is best to choose a device with high rigidity springs. Weak springs can over time to stop hold the door leaf, especially if it is quite heavy. And mechanisms with tight springs will require applications effort to open the door.
- Carefully inspect the product and appreciate its appearance. There should be no scratches, cracks, chips, traces of chemical damage, rust, painting defects.
- Evaliable is the tactile perception. The handle should be pleasant to the touch, convenient to go in hand.
- Try to choose specifications that are most suitable for operating conditions. For example, if the door canvas is very heavy and massive, you should choose a latch of particularly durable materials. Data on the fixing mechanism can be found in the product passport.
- Best of all, if in the apartment or house handles and latches will be performed in a single style. It is also important that this element corresponds to the design of doors. Interior designers do not recommend putting latches, handles and loops of different colors.
- Decide the function that the locking mechanism should perform. To install on the door to the bathroom or the bathroom, it is best to stay on the lock with the retainer. For sleeping and children’s room, a good option will be a silent magnetic retainer.
Installation of the latch in the door canvas is almost identical to the process of cutting the conventional door lock. This work can be done with your own hands. The mechanism is put at the door at a distance of 1 meter from the floor. It is at such a height in the door of the door there is a wooden bar in which the fixing mechanism is installed.
To embed the device into an interroom door, you will need the following tools and materials:
- Drill and drill set (feathers, on wood);
- Crowns on wood;
- Electriculover or manual screwdriver;
- The chisels, medium and narrow in width, a good alternative to spend the sampling under the bar is a milling driver, but it will be far from every home set of tools;
- a hammer;
- ruler or square;
- knife for carpentry or sharp stationery.
At the first stage, it is necessary to make a markup on two sides of the door canvase. First, the height from the floor is measured 1 meter. Then the distance corresponding to the sliced latch is postponed. Most often, fixing mechanisms have a standardized height of 60 mm or 70 mm. For greater accuracy, it is better to attach a fixing device to the door and mark its extreme values.
Next you need to drill a wooden timber. To do this, select a featured drill, corresponding to the size of the latch mechanism. You need to drill to the depth of the blade blade. The next step is to spend the potholes for the plank. The procedure is performed using the chisel. Pre-veneer from the door cannon need to be removed by a sharp stationery knife.
For the handle you need to do the through hole in the bar. For this, the crown on wood. From the end of the door is made pothole for a tongue or roller retainer. The chisel neatly align the made cuts. The device is installed in the door leaf. Do it need from end door. The whole mechanism is fixed with screws or screws.
Door handle mounted in the installed and fixed mechanism. Previously need to disassemble. Next, you can install decorative overhead items. The final stage of the installation of the door latch is the mount on the cant of the response. To do this, you need to cover the door and mark the position of the fixing tongue or roller on the jam. This mark must be transferred to the box.
You also need to measure the distance from the bottom edge of the vehicle bar to the latch center. Size transfer the opening box. Cutouts for tongs and retirement. Planck is attached to the doorway with self-draws.
There are situations when dismantling the locking door mechanism. Such a need may occur in the case when the castle itself came into disrepair, as well as when it is replaced by external, aesthetic reasons. The procedure for disassembling the door locking mechanism, including silent magnetic, is completely easy to spend.
First you need to hold the spring element well and gently move the pin. Pull the handle on yourself, but do not make a lot of effort. If the spring is squeezed with sufficient force, the handle will easily come out of the hole. Next latch shale and handle with overlays need to be removed. After the manipulations carried out, the fasteners will not be difficult. All device is easily removed from potholes in a bar.
How to install door handles on interroom doors, look in the video below.