Rooming violet is widespread and very popular with flowers lovers. Interest in it is explained by beautiful bloom and varieties. We are often visible on the window these amazing flowers: purple, purple, blue and red. Many varieties are registered. Among them, the yellow violet, derived by the efforts of breeders, is highlighted. Color saturation depends on cultivation conditions. In this article you will find a description of the most popular varieties of this plant and learn how to care for them.
For the first time, the violet was found in Africa, in the territory of East Tanzania in the Uzambar mountains, the French Baron Saint-Pole. Therefore, the Uzambar violet and SENPOLIA – this is the name of the same flower. In some countries it is called African. Based on the natural violet, various species were derived called hybrid sensipolines. Of all the names of this plant, the violet is more familiar to us.
Yellow violet – Plant Indoor, Perennial and evergreen. The stem is shortened, the leaves are covered with vintage with heart-shaped base and pointed or rounded riding. Cashechka violet consists of 5 petals and chashelistic. Fruits pose a small box with seeds. Size Satpolia socket ranges from 20 to 40 cm in diameter.
But there are large with a diameter of up to 60 cm and small up to 15 cm and even 6 cm.
Natural violets have a small color spectrum: Blue, Burgundy. Yellow violets in nature does not happen because of their lack of a gene responsible for this color. But if the violet has its signs: light yellow spots, rays or touches on the petals, then it is already called yellow or yard. Yellow pigment appears at violet not immediately. First, coloring looks light lemon, pale yellow or creamy. Only in adult plants it is done brighter.
Features of the species
The root system of this type is poorly developing in length. So it performs his work for a long time. With the growth of the roots of the roots updated: the old are replaced by new. As a result, the violet should be planted in slightly sized pots, which limit the roots and provide maximum air access to the flower. The drainage layer and the presence of holes in the pot also contribute to this.
Variety of varieties of violets amazing. In appearance, they are different: with a border on the edges and without, in the form of a star, corrugated or simple species. On the leaves are divided into female and male type.
Male type of leaves are the same green, and in female on the top of the sheet there is a light spot.
Types and varieties
Very interesting variety. Small Fixy Flowers with Bright Yellow Rays. Wavy petals make a violet very attractive. Light green leaves with uneven gear edges. The first flowers are almost white. The older the plant, the yellowness becomes brighter. It manifests itself much earlier than others. The first flowers are larger, their diameter reaches 3 cm. The following is already smaller – from 1 to 2 cm, quickly faded. This type is not distinguished by lush flowering, exposed to frequent diseases.
Warm Sunshine (LLG / P. SORANO)
Small lush flowers are similar in shape on the lotus. They are picturesque allocated on the background of green foliage. Leaves with uneven edges. White petals, with yellow spots appearing on them. The middle of the flower is yellow, with each blooming yellowness awesters everything brighter. Buds bloom slowly. The flower holds fresh until he blossomed completely, then begins to warm and loses the view.
Blossom Long due to constantly appearing buds.
Possesses large white flowers with golden fringe. Skillfully curved wavy petals with yellowish spots give them to some extent a fantastic appearance. By the middle of the flower coloring becomes almost yellow. Light green foliage with wavy edges. Flowers long, with an interval of 2-4 months.
Flower is quite large and beautiful shape, terry with lemon color rays. Young rosettes smooth, almost white. Yellow they become after several blossoms. They have a flaw – quickly faded. It is difficult to catch a massive bloom, since some have already been blowing away, while others have not yet blocked.
Flowers are large, almost white with a fringe pinkish shade. Standard bright green and wavy socket. Leaves narrow to base.
Fluffy huge white flowers, by type resembling a star with a ray of lemon tone, walking from the center of the flower. Strokes gradually pass into yellow spots, covering the whole flower. Not very bright wavy leaves. Yellow begins to manifest stronger from the second flowering. The size of the first colors is 8-9 cm in diameter, the following less. Pasyankov a lot, kids grow slowly. In case of insufficient lighting, the leaves are almost vertical. The variety needs constant rejuvenation.
This type, yellowness does not go into a brown shade, like most yellow-flowered.
“Violet av – rose”
Kind of fascinates with its beauty. Terry roses with white petals and yellowish tint. At the edges of the intermittent pinkish crossing. The edge of green leaves with jar, typical outlet.
Miniature light yellow flowers having a shape of bells with strokes pinkish painting on them. Petals with light winding edges. Some bells are revealed. Buds a lot, blooms often, but the bloom occurs moderate, as the bells quickly flow. A large number of buds makes blooming up to two weeks. Growing rapidly, blooming early. Through 2 blossoms, it is necessary to transplant the plant in another pot, as it pale is pulled out, and blue stripes may appear on colors.
Miniature violet, reminiscent yellowish color bells with lilac strokes. Leaves have a heart shape. Lemon shade manifests itself during flowering. The older the plant becomes, the fact that it is made brighter. The first uneven small flowers look not very beautiful. In the following flowering, they become larger and attractive to the eyes. Flowers can bloom both simple and similar to the star.
Growing and maintenance
The best place for violets – on windowsill windows that go to the Western or Eastern side. For better lighting, they periodically rotate. So that blooming is constant, apply non-road artificial light. This sensitive colors are contraindicated sharp change temperature. With the onset of cold weather so that the violets do not weaken, they are cleaned with windowsill.
Yellow Satpolia – very delicate flowers. It is necessary to water them carefully and necessarily water room temperature. It is impossible to dry out soil and excessive moisture. It will hurt the plant.
Watering is carried out along the edge of the flower pot so that the water does not fall on the petals. In winter, watering can be limited.
Feed Satpolia is enough once every 2 weeks during flowering. The plant is facing simultaneously with watering. The feeding is applied mineral with the predominance of phosphorus. Spraying is not recommended. To create sufficient humidity for a flower, a pot with him is put on a moistened saucer with fillers.
Modifying violets at home in two ways:
- leaf cuttings;
- daughter outlets.
Cuttings – the simplest and most common method. A good and strong piece with a length of a stalk to 3 cm is in the water before the formation of the roots. Then it is planted into the soil on a small depth (up to 2 cm) and watering with warm water. Frequent transplant required (1 time per year). Soil base for cultivation of violets is purchased in specialized stores.
Protection and prevention
When not enough lighting, yellow spots may appear on the top of the sheet. This is a sign of rust. In the hot summer period, bacteriosis is possible. In this case, brown spots arise on the stem and leaves. They become soft and darken. With pulse dew on stuffs and leaves A white flare appears. With false dee, the flight appears on the bottom sheet.
In case of such signs, it is necessary to remove all damaged areas of the plant. Soil and the rest of it are processed by fungicides. For prevention, it is necessary to monitor the balance of fertilizers in the soil. Before planting the soil to treat fungicides. If you have decided to grow by cultivation of violets, it is better to give up from large and beautiful exhibition grades, as some difficulties may arise during growing. It is better to start with small miniature violets.
They are original, unpretentious and unusually beautiful.
Tips for a physical care specialist See in the video below.