Gloxia is in demand as a room plant due to its unique coloring and spectacular flowering. To create buds, the flower spends a lot of strength, so he takes some time to remain in a state of rest, and from the crop, it is required to prepare gloxinia to this state.
Preparation for wintering
Any Gloxinia, which has already bloated at least once, goes to the winter. The more the tuber, the better it is going through the storage process. Young plants that first year may not be immersed in rest.
Experienced plants do not advise you to send a room flower forcibly on peace at home. Young tubers have a small size, that’s why it is better to leave the flower on the window and continue to water it, otherwise he can just dry.
During the winter months, young gloxins require special care, it is necessary to keep the previous temperature regime in the room. The ideal conditions consider air temperature +18.20 ° C, not higher.
If it is hot in the apartment, then the stem will go into growth, which will adversely affect the growth of the tuber, since all nutrients will be spent by a plant on the development of not the part.
In winter, watering the house is carried out less often, excess of moisture leads to the appearance of rotary processes. Artificial lighting is installed as additional support around the plant. Lamps must provide Gloxinia at least 12 hours of light during the day. You can immediately determine the shortage of light, because then shoots become too long and elongated. You can prevent the process if you lower the air temperature in the room to + 18 ° C, some rabbing cuts the stem in February, leaving only a few lower leaves.
In the period from November to December, when the flower does not bloom anymore, reduce the frequency of irrigation, the pot with gloxinia is moved to a darkened and dry place with good ventilation and air temperature from + 12 ° C to + 14 ° C. Do not be afraid when the above-ground part will die, it is a completely natural process, you only need to remove it. It is at this stage that the flower is immersed in the state of rest.
Before sending to storage, tubers are digging out of the ground, purified from soil, washed under water or in an antiseptic solution and dry well. It is worth remembering, the remnants of moisture can lead to the formation of rot, so careful work during the preparatory stage is so important.
Period of rest
Gloxinia goes to peace usually from September to October. It is during this period that the drought season comes in South America, the biological clock of the flower works as needed even in culture. But at this time the plant still does not sleep, the period of preparation comes.
If you do not remove the gloxy on peace on time, next year should not be surprised that flowering time has shifted. Buds will appear not in the spring-summer period, but significantly later.
If the gloxia blooms for a long time, no need to speed up the process, you need to wait until the last bud. If everything is done correctly, the flower will wake up in January or even February.
It is very important to pay special attention to the viability of tubers. The process of proper training includes several important points.
- From September to October, the flower moves to a less illuminated place, you can simply be rearranged on the windowsill on the north side. Air temperature drops to + 15 ° C, irrigated not immediately, just slowly reduce the amount of moisture. Portions are becoming less, water is made only once a week. When foliage starts to dry, watering stopped and at all.
- The above-ground part is not cut, it must die independently, because only the nutrients available in the leaves and stems will go into the tuber, and will help him at rest survive. If you cut the tops, then a new stage of vegetation will begin.
- The tuber can be kept stored in the ground in a pot or remove it and sprinkle with sand. When storing outside the soil, they advise spraying the “phyto-position” tubers, it will help protect them from fungal diseases.
Gloxinia is stored in a polyethylene pack in the sand or sawdust, but a couple of times in winter a mixture is slightly moistened. Some rabbies use a mixture of substrate and vermiculite, others – simply ground peat moss. The perfect storage location will be the cellar, the lower shelf in the refrigerator.
When buying tubers from autumn, they are not stored in the ground, otherwise the plant can wake up a previous time. Even if it happened that the plant was awakened from sleep, the volume of moisture is required to immediately cut, young shoots cut off.
Young plants should be stored, without taking out the tubers from the ground, this reduces the risk that Gloxinia will die due to lack of moisture.
If many flowers planted in one pot, then you should choose neglent storage.
Package with a plant will be required to periodically check for the presence of rot. With a soil method of storage to moisten the soil better than ice pieces. In both cases, Glocking is winter without harm to further growth, if the rabbing complies with the necessary requirements for storing tubers. The main thing is not to give a flower to awaken before the deadline, but even if it happened, the situation is non-critical and out of the situation is.
When you wake?
Glocking from rest is required at the beginning of spring. After wintering, the tubers are placed in tanks with a new substrate, containers exhibit on a sunny window sill or street. It will take after a hibernation more to give light, if it is missing, then it is necessary to install artificial lighting. Ideal fit luminescent lamps. If this is not done, then after rest, removing the flower from a dark place, but, without giving it a proper amount of light, you can get a depleted plant.
If it happened to wake up the gloxinia, but incorrectly, the stalks became thin and unattractive, it is worth cutting up the top, leaving the lower several sheets. It’s time to put it on the light and wait until new shoots appear. So far, it is impossible to increase the air temperature, it is enough to raise it to + 18 ° C.
What to do if the gloxinia woke up early?
Healthy tubers most often wake up without additional support in winter in January and February, less often in December, but it happens that it may be necessary on the part of a person. If a novice crown does not know how to wake up Gloxinia, then he should comply with the required stages.
- Take a simple polyethylene package and laid into it several spoons of soil with a large peat content.
- The soil mixture is wetted with water, reach the Gloxini tuber and check it for rotting and other damage. If everything is fine, immerse the flower inside the package, then well tie.
- Clean Gloxinia in a warm place with a lot of light, you can under the lamp with artificial light. After a few weeks inside it will be possible to notice the condensation, which will start to accumulate on the walls. Already during this period, small shoots make their way from the tuber.
Now that the root woke up, it can be planted in a pot. In the future, it is easy to care for Glokoxinia at home, you must always remember that the more light, the faster the flower awakens and goes into growth. It is equally important to ensure the plant with the necessary amount of moisture, but it is impossible to moisten the soil, which is not ceased to repeat experienced crops. With a very high level of temperature around moisture, it may cause problems.
Possessing the ability to blossom at any time of the year, Gloxia is an exceptionally cultivated flower that will not be successfully growing outdoors. Flowers Plant 4-10 weeks after landing.
Starting to water the flower stands in the spring, immediately after the tuber placed in the ground.
Although the plant loves moisture, too much water or wetlands becomes the first cause of the appearance of fungal diseases, including root rot, from which not so simple to get rid of.
During the active flowering period, it will be necessary to regularly check the soil before irrigating – if it dried up for several centimeters, you can make the following portion of water.
For irrigation, it is better to use distilled, rain, well water, but when they are absent, you can take a simple plumbing, only to defend it for several days.
Water must be warm, it is desirable for several degrees to its temperature above the ambient temperature. Watering is made abundantly until the moisture is leaving through the drainage holes below. The pot is not removed immediately on the window, wait until the excess water stalks into the container under the container, then it is empty.
Watering is carried out only the upper, with the help of watering can be made moisture under foliage. If the drops fall on the surface of the leaves or stems, then it is worthwhinking them with a paper towel. Many crop materials use a wicking method of irrigation, when one end of the wick is installed in the ground, and the other is placed in the water capacity at this time. Roots absorb so much moisture as required, while the soil remains dry. Even with this method will need to moisten the soil once a month to make feeding and remove accumulate salts.
Planting stands with the onset of heat so that it can be even on the windowsill provide a plant with the necessary amount of light.
The best place is the southern windowsill, but it is worth remembering that the straight sun rays should not fall on the foliage, because there may be burns. It is best to move the pot from the window for several centimeters or put for the curtain.
From time to time, Gloxinia will need to turn the other side to the Sun, if this is not done, then those leaves that will miss it will begin to grow stronger, the compact form will lose, the bush will become ugly, will look careless.
Humidity in the air also has a considerable meaning. Dry air causes the appearance of brown spots on the plant. The easiest way to comply with the required level of humidity is to use automatic installations. Often rabbing places near the flower containers with pebbles and water, others use the sprayer twice a day, but it is required to spray water not next to Gloxinia.
Fuck a flower is a better complex, water-soluble fertilizer, which is made during the landing in a small amount and after the root system gets strength. The best means are those in which the packaging indicates formula 10 * 10 * 10. In this case, the manufacturer says that the mixture contains the same amount of phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen.
For large colors, feeding must be made every 2 weeks using water-soluble phosphorus fertilizers. The ideal is considered to be the formula 15-30-15, where the first number of nitrogen, the second – phosphorus and the third – potassium.
From time to time, the shootings are pruning, but only to do this should be a sharp tool, which is treated with alcohol or a solution of activated carbon in front of each slice.
Such a precautionary helps to avoid possible subsequent infection of fungal or bacterial infection.
Like most indoor plants, Gloxia is susceptible to diseases, and the best way to prevent problems is prevention. As preventive measures:
- Lower watering;
- moderate humidity indoors;
- Processing with a clean tool;
- the use of disinfected soil;
- Compliance with polisov regime.
If fungal infections, such as root and stewed rot, rust and phytophtor can be pulled out with the help of fungicides, then bacterial infections are not treated, and the flower in most cases die completely.
It is enough to comply with the conditions of care, and Gloxinia will feel healthy. Inside its foliage, there should be no moisture for a long time, especially at low ambient temperature. You can detect the disease in the first stage if the surface of the leaf surface is timely inspection. With the appearance of rotten processes from the flower begins to smell unpleasantly. If it is a root rot, the process of treatment longer and requires more forces.
If the roots are damaged, it is necessary not only to delete immediately dead shoots, but also change the soil, pot, handle the roots of Fungicide.
Insects also love gloxy. Get rid of them very simply, if you use the oil of NIMA, you can handle a bush with a solution of insecticidal soap or wipe the shoots and foliage with alcohol.
In order for flowers to look better, you always need to remove flashing flowers throughout the growing season. Over time, it is difficult not to notice that the plant ceases to produce buds.
This is a sign that it enters the hibernation and a signal for a crop reduce the amount of moisture, reduce the temperature and stop feeding the flower.
If it is properly to ensure the care of Glokoxin during its growth, flowering and subsequent hook, then from year to year on the windowsill will delight the view of the flower with amazing flowers. It is impossible that Gloxinia does not fall into a state of sleep, otherwise she can get sick and eventually die. This plant belongs to those room flowers that must be resting after a long and intensive flowering, this is how Gloxy is gaining strength for the future.
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