Vriezia is an excellent unpretentious plant (the most unpretentious bromelia), which is characterized by the fact that it does not require complex and continuous care. However, this does not mean that it does not need any actions for its growth and healthy development. Of course, in a certain way, you need to care for a ripening and do it should be correct. Even an inexperienceful flower dealers who do not have rich knowledge in this case will be able to independently grow this chic tropical beauty if a number of important rules will follow.
Vrienesia is recognized as one of the most striking and decorative representatives of the family of Bromelia. This is a beautiful herbaceous plant that grows on the trees. Wet harassment in wet tropics – in South and Central America. If you consider the habitat of this plant more specifically, then you can find out that here are Brazil, Argentina, as well as West India.
The main feature of this beautiful plant lies in his amazing accositious inflorescences, What are present directly on the flowers. In natural conditions, the latter may well reach one meter. Very original and attracting flower attention typically have a characteristic yellow or red. However, sometimes it is possible to meet such copies that have flowers have a non-standard color – Green, White, Bright Orange. Can be stumbled even on multicolored copies that never go ignorant.
Flowering tropical Vrizii can be admired long enough – This is another feature of this plant. Bracts of this beauty can stay from 4 to 5 months. However, the flowers themselves “are shown” in just a couple of weeks. Vrisey flowers are usually very long. Due to this distinguishing feature and bright color of bracts in the people, this plant is called “Burning Sword”.
As for the direct leafy plates of Vriziii, they differ in that they are leathery and remune. As a rule, the edges are characterized by a smooth surface, and the form is usually bent. The color of foliage is mostly close to a bright green shade, but some subspecies have a characteristic scalyness and specks with a contrast color. Foliage is going to a peculiar funnel. In its central part, moisture will be copied, which is designed to feed the plant itself.
The fruit itself of this tropical plant itself is a kind of box. Inside it there are seeds having special wings. Outwardly, they are very similar to the Khokholok. After the ripening period, the fruit is simply bursting, and seeds are scattered. Next, Vriesia inevitably fade, leaving behind the offspring presented in the form of roasting sockets (in other words – kids).
In natural conditions, this Spectacular and bright flower can vegetate on other sprouts, why rhizomes are able to serve only for utilitarian purposes. With their help, the flower can be held on the surface of the rocks, trees, corping and hemp.
The function of moisture absorption and absorption of nutrient elements from the soil of Vrienesia almost lost.
In the room conditions, Vriezia feels quite comfortable. That’s why It can be bolden to grow not only in the greenhouse, but also in a simple urban apartment. This is an original plant, despite its homeland, perfectly gets used to sufficiently dry air.
If you create a proper microclimate for a ripening, it will multiply very actively, gladly blossoms several times in the year.
There are several varieties of this bright and original flower. Each of the individual species of Vriesia has its own distinctive features and the characteristics with which it is worth familiar with, if you plan to plant this flower. We will analyze in detail the most common options.
Incredibly claimed among the flower water, the wonderful Vrizia “Splenient”. This is a unique decorative grade. He Ideal for growing in room conditions. Wrames of “Splenient” grows exclusively in the rainforest of South America.
For this creation is characteristic Extra long, Musaid foliage plates having a characteristic light green color and dark marble print. Foliage is usually going to a kind of funk-like socket.
The flower of the plant of this variety can reach a mark of 40 cm. Inflorescences, as a rule, have a rich red color, are blissful. The flowering period of this flower falls on the spring.
If you provide the tassel of this variety due care, it is quite capable of blooming also in the fall.
This culture variety is positioned as abundant blooming. On one such verise can At the same time, to bite up to 5 color seals (each meter each). Inflorescences on them usually have a characteristic bright red color. Flourished this spectacular flower closer towards the end of the winter season. The period of his flowering continues for the next four months.
Liste plates usually have a dark green color, glossy texture. Their thickness rarely is big. More often the leaves of this plant are thin and even can be slightly twisted, creating interesting lines.
This tropical plant variety is more compact. It is obtained solely due to a sufficiently long selection. As for height indicators, this flower can reach up to 30 cm. His sheet plates usually feature a lean surface, a sword-shaped shape and a light green color.
Davina flower flower can not boast of big size, as a rule, it is small enough. It grows from the center of the sheet outlet. The inflorescences of this plant most often have large sizes, flat shape, and their shade is very bright (like the variety “Energy”) and close to the yellow-red.
This Vrisey variety differs from the above has an unusual branched bract. Inflorescences are more often obtained by flat, blissful. Their shade is close to red, and the ends are cream.
Color leaves – Dark green. Their texture is smooth and the length is quite large. In addition, the flower leaf plates of the Elan variety is removable and form a socket with a characteristic funnel in the central part.
The culture described is able to bloom closer to the completion of winter or in the spring period.
This variety of spectacular tropical flower usually has not too large dimensions. Lancel foliage forms a socket. Usually foliages have a characteristic light green color and is a striped – transverse strips are viewed on the records. The blooming of this plant may well reach 50 cm. Inflorescences are Saturated bright red shades.
Sharp odor from Vrizii “Era” does not proceed, Aroma of her pleasant and barely catch. Most often this culture blooms in the summer season.
Motherland Vriziii this variety – South or Central America. This plant leaflets are distinguished by the fact that they grow sword-shaped, long enough and hard. Their color is close to bright green color. As in most other cases, the leaves of this rreezia are inserted into a rosette with a funnel located in the central part.
It is from the latter, as a result, a rather long and branched flowers, having a flat bobbling inflorescences of a standard red shade. In most cases, this culture blooms in winter.
SPLENENS (brilliant rreezia)
The flower of this variety is growing in the forest plates of Venezuela. It is both epipheitis, and landlands. Leaflets of this plant are lancertoid, long and sockets. Their color – gently green with special marble splashes. Coloros in length can reach 1 meter mark.
Inflorescences are usually accositious, having a yellow or white characteristic shade. The bloom of this culture is happening for the first time in February, and the next time – in May.
“Style” is a plant that has long and hard leaf plates with bright green color. In the upper part of the leaflet leaked, forming a standard outlet with a funnel in the middle. During flowering in the central part of the outlet formed Branched flowers with saturated almy inflorescences, Surrounded by bracts.
It should be borne in mind that the flowers of this plant are withering in a short time, there are not enough them for a long time. Bracts are held over several months, making the plant even more spectacular and beautiful.
“Mix” is a variety of revision, characterized by monophonic leaves, like a Flower of VOG variety. The latter have a standard bright green color and characteristic gloss. Inflorescences Externally more similar to a fluffy bunch of colorful flowers.
Bracts are scaly. Coloring of these plants is represented by a rich color palette – from yellow to red shades. Decorative qualities such a rreezia saves for a long time.
A perennial plant, which in height can reach 40 cm. He has a short and dense stem. Lessons usually have gray-green or yellow color, shine. The bottom surface of the leaflets has a purple color.
These elements are collected in the basal outlet. Flowers are usually tubular-like, yellow.
How to plant?
After buying Vrieziai, it is necessary to transplanses it correctly. To do this, you will first need to competently pick up a suitable pot. The vessel must meet the following requirements.
- The height of the capacity should be not very large – not higher than 15 cm. Top must be wide. The volume should be responsible for the sizes of the root system of the sprout.
- In a vessel mustattend Drainage holes.
- Better to take a ceramic pot. Capacity from plastic can turn over the weight of the plant.
- If you bought a pot of plastic, it is desirable to insert it into a pot of ceramics for stability.
The substrate in which you plan to grow flower should be different and high nutrition. Permissible to put into the course already ready to mix with the store shelves, intended exclusively for Bromelia. And you can make a substrate and independently. For this take the following components:
- Cherry land – 2 parts;
- a special peat of a fibrous type – 1 part;
- Sheet land – 1 part;
- Sand of a large fraction – 1/3 of part;
- Solid wood coal.
Preparing all the necessary components, you can go to the direct landing of a tropical bright flower. Need to take into account thatVriezia itself is very “not like” this procedure. After it, the plant will not long be fully developed. The development of the root system will become noticeably slower, that’s why it was already a ripe flower to plant a new place no more than 3-5 years. The transplant is required in 2 basic cases:
- For the purpose of breeding the flower;
- If you have gained a harassment in the transportation soil.
The acquired plant, if it does not bloom, must undergo a period of adaptation, constituting about 2 weeks. After that it will be possible to transplant, because the transportation soil is not the most successful solution for this flower.
Flowering Vriziusia No need to transplant. It is advisable to immediately find a permanent place for her. Wait until the flowering finishes, and the first kids will not show, and then dissolve them.
It is advisable to transplant rreezing during active growth, that is, in spring or at the very beginning of summer. Consider step by step, how to put a rreezing.
- Purify in the purchased pot of drainage (from broken shards and clay) by 1/3. Put the charcoal to it, which will prevent the zaking of the Earth.
- Next floate the soil layer. He must occupy in terms of volume as much as the drainage.
- Maxim as much as possible Vriziya from the old pot. Try not to damage the roots. Place the flower in a new container.
- Install the plant in a new place and pumped there soil.
- So that the ground crushed correctly, Without extra effort, catch a pot on the table. When the ground is falling, it will be possible to plunder.
- You can slightly strip Soil fingers. But it is not necessary to put pressure on not to harm the roots.
- Move the plant in a warm place where there are no drafts, but enough light. Pour the rosette.
About how to transplant Vrienesia, look in the following video.
Growing Vriesia – Not the most difficult task. It is necessary to take care of it, taking into account the following recommendations and rules.
- Provide regular watering plant. The water level should be permanent in the inside of the outlet. Earth in a pot in the summer must necessarily be wet.
- If the flower just threw a bloom, liquid in the power outlet no longer need. Otherwise, she simply rotates.
- Carry out water no less than three times a week. Every three days subjected to replace water in outlets. Old liquid need to be cleaned with a napkin or cotton.
- Winter wateringneed to performas less as possible. Watering the plant in such conditions will be required only at the moment when the top layer of the soil will dry.
- If the room holds a fairly low temperature, In the outlet should not remain water. If the temperature is normal, then it is permissible to leave it on a couple of hours per day, and then clean.
- For watering you need to take soft water, Preferably room temperature. Liquid can be both stupid and rain. In no case should not be lime, otherwise it will come on foliage.
- If after watering In the pallet is recruited, it is required to pour it.
- Optimal summer temperature – 22-30 degrees, winter – 18-22 degrees.
- Air humidity should be within 60-70%.
Consider step by step, how Reproduction of Vrisey Escapes.
- Maternal flower Together with shoots on the side you need to make a maximum of carefully and slowly get out of the pot. Try not to break the rhizomes.
- Also carefully remove with the roots Remains of land. To do this, it is best to rinse the rhizomes under water.
- Take a sharp knife. Cut them shoots from the old landing. But do it in such a way that each process has roots, which will then be able to increase.
- Do not forget to sprinkle Cutting areas of wood coal.
- Processed shoots Be sure to dry out throughout the day.
- In the harvested pot Put the drainage and layer of soil.
- Secure the side escape in the center of the prepared foundation, and then split the remainder of the necessary part of the soil.
Consider: just planned escape of this tropical plant requires heat, so the pot with it is recommended to cover with a small greenhouse or a glass jar. Temperature should persist in the range of 26-28 degrees. A month later, it is permissible to resort to small ventilation. Gradually, the flower stay outside the greenhouse will need to increasingly increase.
To the transplant of a young plant can be started not earlier than in a year. For young veries, it is necessary to take care of the same as for adults.
Consider what frequent errors allow flowerflows when growing this flower.
- Disadvantaged watering. Because of this, leaflets begin to dry. So that there were no such problems, we need to regree. In a leaf funnel, water should be almost always.
- Flower little lighting, moisture and heat. Because of this, flowering plants does not occur. Play a pot with Vriezia in a warm and well lit place. Do not forget to water him.
- Sunburn. On leaves then brownish specks appear. Protect the plant from direct exposure to sunlight – cover the curtain window or transfer the flower to a more suitable place.
- Liquid stood in the pallet or funnel. Then leaves can start rot. Do not forget to remove excess moisture. Do not pour flower without need.
Diseases and pests
Like any other plant, ripenesia is subject to a number of serious diseases and attacks of certain parasites. Get acquainted with their list.
- Shield. If this parasite attacks, brownish bumps are formed on the leaves. Plates become sluggish. It is necessary to wipe the foliage with a napkin moistened in soap solution. If the boards are too much, you should process the flower insecticides.
- Root Cherver. The cervix has an egg laying. Pest devour roots, and then leaves rot. If there is such a problem, you need to ensure that there is no excessive dampness. When the parasite appears, immediately handle the carbofosome flower.
- Mealybug. White lumps are formed in the bosom. Leaves are deformed. Treat the flower with a solution of the “Aktar” agent or “phytodeterm”. After a week, spend the procedure again.
- Red cobweb tick. On the foliage appears a web with white dots. In such cases, the plant must provide a warm shower – thoroughly crushed pests. Spend the processing “AcTelle” or “Decis”.
- Spotted. If this serious illness takes place, then noticeable transparent blisters of small sizes will appear on the plants. A little later on the sheet plate can be seen gray stripes. To solve this problem, you will need to deal with the flower irrigation mode. It is necessary to clean the foliage on both sides, as well as the soil of fungicide.
Even more about the care of Vrieziai will learn from the video below.