Violet “Grill” does not have a bright coloring, but it pleases velvety flowers, dark foliage and abundant blossom. All this can only be achieved with proper care.
It should be immediately noted that this plant has nothing to do with generally accepted violets. But since such a name is more familiar, this flower is called this flower.
The flower appeared due to the breeder T. Dadoyan. Semi-grade, white with a green fruit flowers do not differ in large size, but can thick foliage. During active flowering, they seem to cover the pot, and the fringe on the edge creates a solemn view. Green framing over time disappears.
The flowering process continues for a long time, while old flowers do not deteriorate. The only drawback – this grade is growing for a long time, and the buds are not immediately dissolved immediately.
Unlike colors, the leaves differ in large sizes and have a bright green shade. Like buds, they have a wavy structure around the edges. The socket is accurate, and the leaves fall exactly.
Uzambar violets love bright, filtered sunlight from spring to autumn. In winter, they fall into the state of rest, if not to provide them with artificial lighting. Eastern side or north window is ideal for these indoor colors.
Natural light is the most important factor for continuing flowering. Place a pot on the windowsill, where in sufficient quantity solar scattered rays fall. Eastern window is the best option, because there the violet meets the morning sun. The thin curtain will be required when placing plants on the southern or western side. In order for the bush to develop symmetrically, it is necessary to regularly rotate it every week.
In the absence of sufficient natural lighting, the plant is allowed to be grown under fluorescent lamps. For this, installations with an extensive spectrum are used. The lamp must stand above the bush at a distance from 7 cm.
The total number of light should reach a maximum of 16 hours a day, but not less than 12.
The room temperature should not fall below 15 degrees. SENPOLIA can be kept in the sleeping phase during the winter. For this, they are placed in a room with a lower temperature for several weeks.
These flowers prefer a high level of humidity, but do not like when water sprayed on the foliage. Instead, it is better to put a pot on a saucer, which should be filled with pebbles with water. This is an important requirement if the bush keep on the windowsill over the battery.
Also, you should delete faded flowers and leaves at the base. This is necessary not only for an attractive form, but also for preventing fungal lesions.
Watering and feeding
The preferred way of watering violets is to install them in a saucer, which should be pre-filled with water. Best use soft water. You can also take the rain option, stretched from under the tap, a melting snow or even well water, but it must be warm.
Plant need to give the opportunity to absorb moisture, But do not keep the pot in the water all the time, as it will cause root rot, and the violet will die.
You can water from above, bottom, use of phytoli or irrigation systems. However, about once a month, the soil should be moisturized from above to wash the accumulated salts after fertilizers – especially it concerns the clay pots.
If water falls on the leaves, it is necessary to remove it with a dry paper towel to prevent the appearance of spotting on foliage.
If watering is produced from above, you always need to check that moisture does not get into the outlet. The soil should be dry before re-producing watering. The biggest mistake of novice crop – keep the ground for a long time too wet. In the pot must be a good drainage system.
Feed violets cost every two weeks weak liquid fertilizer. If too much foliage appears, then you need to reduce the amount of nitrogen. Each time, the feeding is made together with watering, the solution must be four times weaker than the proportion that is specified on the package.
No fertilizer – one of the reasons because of which the violet will not bloom. It is better to use low content of urea, because it is very burning roots.
One of the main advantages of such a plant is a simple reproduction. As a landing material, it is best to use the leaves from the third row in the outlet, because they are the strongest.
As a nutrient medium, some crops take water with the addition of a small amount of growth activator, but this does not always lead to the desired result, since the root system is formed weak. It is better to take pure vermiculite for this purpose, because it restrains moisture, but does not give roots to rot.
Vermikulite is placed in a pot, a sheet with a stem is inserted into it, after which it is necessary to pour water and cover with a film. Keep cuttings need in the sun, but away from direct rays. Temperature should be about 20-25 degrees.
After 4-6 weeks you can see small leaves, which will begin to appear from the base of the stem. After sitting in the ground when the plant is rooted, you need to add some fertilizer. About half a year the plant will bloom.
When transplanting a new primer must be sterilized. The new container is choosing more for several centimeters in diameter, but you do not need to be wider, because then all the forces will be given to the development of roots, and not flowers.
The perfect planting soil contains in equal amounts of sphagnum peat, vermiculitis and perlite. Peresa /) is allowed every 2 years or at a time when the feeling that the bush converts its container. The best time to carry out the procedure – Spring.
It is desirable that the container is made of plastic or clay, But in the second case, the soil is much sues and requires regular processing or replacement.
During transplanting, the flower is carefully removed from the old compost and moves to the new. Roots should be cut, processed with activated carbon solution.
After landing, the land is not taught, but it is better to immediately produce high-quality irrigation and wait until superfluous moisture stalk.
Pests and diseases
There are several common problems for all plant varieties, which will be discussed below.
- No blossom. It is worth checking the amount of fertilizer made, is enough sunlight. Too low temperature may also cause a problem.
- The appearance of rot. It is impossible for water to fall on the leaves and stems even inside the sockets. In this case, it is necessary to reduce the amount of moisture and treat the plant by Fungicide. If it is the root rot, then the soil is changing, the pot, the affected roots are cleaned, then processed with a solution of activated carbon.
- Puffy dew. Be sure to remove patients, check air circulation and humidity level.
- Appearance of insects. Using cotton swab, you need to moisten it in alcohol and rub the flower.
- Bacterial infection. These diseases are not treated, the plant is required to dispose.
Video review Violets of the Grade “Grin” you can see a little lower.