In nature, you can meet a lot of exotic and incredibly beautiful plants. To their number should include orchids, in particular, Venus Bashma. This culture is highlighted by its high decorative qualities, due to which it is successfully cultivated not only in the open soil, but at home.
Exterior and habitat
Orchids are in nature a large variety of varieties, each of which is unique and gorgeous in their appearance. As for such births orchids, like patiyohedulum, cipriphedium and fragmipadium, then many gardeners and flower flowers converge in the opinion that on the beauty of these types it is quite difficult to compile competition. All of them are combined under the general name of the Venerene shoe. Their beauty is due to the extraordinary view of the flowers themselves, about which there are quite a lot of legends and believes.
Orchid flowers of this species resemble a small shoe, it is this sign that the emergence of the second name of culture is obliged – Venus.
In the natural environment, the flower can be found in the woods, where Culture is actively growing and developing between the trunks and branches of trees, as well as on the stump. Mostly orchid grows in Asian countries, in India and in the Philippines. In the family of this kind, there are about fifty culture species, therefore, it would seem that such a rare plant can be found in Europe and even in the native expanses, although the birthplace of orchids is very far. In Russia, the family of patiopedulum is represented by five species that are mainly growing in Primorye.
It is worth noting that culture refers to a few and rare colors listed in the Red Book.
According to the description of species growing in our country, in nature you can meet orchid, the bloom of which comes no earlier than on the 18-20 year of life. Some representatives of exotic culture identify specific juice with extremely unpleasant aroma.
The large-flowered orchid belongs to the group of perennials, the plants feature is Very well developed and powerful root system. Stem in orchid is a reprehensive, most varieties of flowers reach sizes from 5 to 8 centimeters.
As for the color, it is predominantly purple, with saturated streaks, but this is not the only color in which the orchid flowers will be painted. In nature, there are pink, blue, white and yellow cultures, spotted and cracked orchids.
External features of the structure of the spring itself suggest the presence of three stamens, one of which will be located directly at the “entrance” in the bud. Unusual building allows moisture, which is also bait for insects, accumulate inside. Thanks to the oblong petal orchid is very well pollinated.
In this peculiar lip is nectar, but access to it is possible through the only and very narrow passage. In it, the insect with his body pollinates a flower of pollen from neighboring plants, while at the same time collecting a fresh portion with a stroke, which will take. Thus, culture pollination occurs in a natural environment.
With the arrival of autumn, the above-ground part of the orchid dies, however, the root system at the same time remains fully preserves its viability. Garden crops are usually covered with a layer of mulching for insulation.
After the orchid is pollinated, its bloom will last a few more days. As a rule, the Phase of Blossoms of the Venereic Bashmachka falls on May-June. The fruit in orchid is a box with seeds of very small size and weight, so they can freely move by air. Despite the fact that seeds have a lot of flower, it will germinate from a million no more than 2-3 pieces, subject to entry into a favorable environment. Due to this absence in the seed material of the culture of nutrients for self-development.
In nature, the appearance of a new plant is possible only due to the symbiosis of the seed material with mycelium, located in the soil. If the seed falls into the root system of the mushroom, the plant will begin its development under the soil, which will continue for 4-5 years, after which the sheets will be formed on the culture, and only in almost two decades the plant will reach the age of flowering.
According to different calculations in the family of the Venus, the shoe has from 50 to 80 different types of culture. The classification of plants occurs by the time of flowering and the type of flower. So, today you can meet cultures, the flowering phase of which falls at the beginning of spring, as well as orchids blooming in the summer-autumn season. As for the type of flowers, there are One-metering culture, revealing one or two flower on the flower, and Multi-flowered plants With the number of flowers on inflorescences exceeding three pieces. Also tropical beauty can have “Revolving” type of buds of buds, which involves the development of a new flower only on the spot already.
Today, such species of the Venus Skmachka are especially claimed among the flower water.
Culture stands out with a pleasant aroma from colors that have pastel color. It looks more beautiful than an orchid with a white wedge and pink petals color.
Among the features of this species is worth highlighting Tiger color Budov and characteristic of the flower shape characteristic.
Petals at the blossomed flower take bowl form. At the same time, the color of the cultures of this species is approaching cream-white.
Despite its name, orchid has Saturated Burgundy Petals, who are crowned with a beautiful crown.
The view is highlighted in its sizes, Inflorescences direct, with delicate color and brownish residences on petals.
This plant blooms Purple flowers, At the same time, burgundy shades are dominated in the color of foliage.
Greenish-orange color of flowers in this plant highlights culture among the available varieties. This species throws a color sector containing one flower.
Culture Color large buds, The diameter of which in the open state reaches 30 centimeters. The top petal is painted in a gentle white color, and the cups have red edges, while the swollen lip will be brown-red.
Flowers culture White orchids with pink-raspberry splashes. Spotted foliage, can reach 15 centimeters long.
On the flowers is formed by one flower, The color is close to Purple Red. On the top petal dominant will be white.
Venusian shoes of this species blooms with yellow flowers, the middle of which will be painted in orange. There is a variety with white flowers.
To grow this culture, you will need to pay attention to the root orchid. She is pretty vulnerable, so it is necessary to acquire a plant for growing in pots.
Venus’s blossoms of Venus, the shoe can only on the fifth year of life, so younger seedlings there is no point.
As a rule, cultures for sale are cleared into pots with soil, which will only be suitable for temporary use in the process of transportation. Flowers recommended to transplant orchid as quickly as possible after the acquisition or coincide into the garden.
Orchid ordinary land will not suit, to the choice of soil for the plant should be approached.
Even a fertilous garden chernozem for tropical culture will not suit. The optimal option for the landing of the Venus Bashma will be Neutral acidity soil. As a rule, for garden colors create Special soils from peat, humoring, sand and birch rot.
Plant and care for orchid in the open soil, standing, choosing a swollen area for her, best to be the northern side. Rooting in the ground occurs in the autumn months either in spring, before the phase of active growth. The landing wells should be depth of about 40 centimeters, with width, slightly exceeding the size of the root. It will correct on the bottom of the wells to make drainage from limestone.
After landing, the culture should be pouring and climbing the ground around it. For these purposes, moss are suitable, coniferous needles and foliage from garden trees. Good neighbors for street orchids will be fern and soil colors will be. Also a successful idea will be the creation of a monopalisader in the garden.
As for the cultivation of the Venus Bashchka in the room, the planting of culture after the acquisition is carried out in a special store substrate designed for orchids.
In the future, the plant will need to transplant in a new pot with a complete substitute for the Earth every spring. As a rule, peat, pile of seashells, moss, charcoal are added for productive development. Capacity for growing should be opaque, it is best to stop your choice on plastic options in which the ground will dry slower.
As for the volume of the pot for the Venus Bashka, he should not be big, Otherwise, the culture will let all their strength on the development of the root system, flowering in this case may not come.
Externally, an attractive exotic flower is quite well adapted to growth at home. He pleases its owners long blossom, which, with proper care, can last from one month to the whole year.
But in order to enjoy the attractiveness of orchids, it needs to create a microclimate, which will be like a number of parameters similar to the natural habitat of the plant.
Most of the varieties of the Venus Bashkachka can not be able to transfer low temperature, Therefore, in the house where this flower grows, the temperature regime is maintained in the range of 18-23 ° C in the winter months, 23-27 ° C – in the summer.For views with wide green leaves in winter, it is possible to reduce the air temperature in the room to 16-20 ° C, since in their development it is negatively affected by the heat.
So that the orchid felt well at home, she should create temperature fluctuations at different times of the day, where night thermometer will be below day.
Such changes will be by the way if necessary to help the plant blooming. Typically, the differences are about 5 degrees.
The level of lighting and duration of the daylight is important for such a culture. For orchid Light day year-round should be at least 12-14 hours, Therefore, in winter it is worth organizing additional backlight.
An important nuance relating to the lighting is the presence of a scattered flow of rays. Achieve such a result will be possible in any room.
Direct sunlight on the plant should be avoided, In order not to provoke burns, especially in the summer months. So that it remains healthy, you can place the shading mesh on windows windows.
On the growth and development of orchid Introduction of additional fertilizers affects positively. For the Venus of the Shoe, you can purchase specialized nutritional compositions in liquid form. Flowers Recommended to conduct feeding once a month.
During the use of fertilizers for flowering crops, it is worth strictly controlling the dosage, fertilizing the flower with a smaller amount of useful substances. Venerene Shoe can be additionally feeding with organicha, However, the use of fertilizers of this kind must be not so frequent, since their large amounts can accelerate the decomposition of the substrate in which the orchid is growing.
Garden species of the Venus Bashchka are feeding in the spring, for these purposes they use mulch and mineral liquid complexes.
Regardless of the variety of orchids, It is worth strictly controlling the dosage of used fertilizers, Since the excess of the norm can provoke the death of culture.
Flower requires regular irrigation. This applies to the care of orchids at any time of the year. Use for the flower moisturizing you only need to be dug water, best, so that it is warm, but not hot. In the process of moisturizing it is worth avoiding the contact of the liquid with leaf outlets, which will rot from moisture. All drops from the leaves should be carefully removed absorbing material.
Simple and effective method of moisturizing orchid will be Immersion Pot with flower in the pallet or other large capacity filled with water. For the Venus of the Shop, which was rooted in a peat with a bark, the optimal exposure time in the water will be a quarter of an hour. During this time, the substrate and roots will absorb the necessary moisture.
For a substrate containing large pieces of wood bark, the time of such a “bathing” of the flower is worth extending to half an hour.
Put the plant on the windowsill can only after all moisture holds from it. It is possible to determine the need for watering by the state of the soil in the pot, it should be dry.
Since in the natural medium of Venus, the shoe grows in forests with a rather high level of humidity, with home cultivation it is worth providing him with approximate conditions. To achieve such a result, you can use a household humidifier, especially during the winter months, during the period of centralized heating, which makes the air in the apartment of the Porn. In addition to the operation of this device, Air humidity will be able to increase the potted pot with a culture in a pallet filled with wet moss or a clay.
Moisturizing the Venus Bashchka in the conditions of cultivation in the garden is carried out when dried up the top layer of the Earth. Water flower needed regularly, but not too abundant, because in the deep layers of moisture is delayed much longer, which can provoke rotting rotting.
The plant is multiplied by the way of dividing the bush. This should be done in such a way that on each part, which will later become a new culture, There is at least two sprouts. Such orchid is faster adapted to new conditions, and also bloom. Culture is removed from the substrate and conduct the division procedure.
Typically, the flower spread in the fall. Optimal time for this procedure will be the period from August to October.
Flower separated parts deepen into a similar substrate for orchids. In such a state of the Venerene, the shoe must be overwhelmed. As a rule, new young shoots begin to grow with the arrival of heat from the root.
In the same way, garden culture is multiplied, but to preserve the viability of the separated part, it follows it in autumn Additionally, cover the layer of mulch from dry foliage or foamflast.