- A bit of history
- In size outlet
- In the form of flowers
- In size flower
- According to the degree of terrace
- In bloom
- On the edge of the petal
- Best varieties and their characteristics
- “Scorching sun”
- “First Beauty”
- “Bronze Horseman”
- Rosie Ruffles
- “Fire Motillas”
- “Arctic Frost”
- “Pearl Nile”
- “Your Majesty”
- “Le Leila”
- “Kiss of an angel”
- “Chernka dessert”
- “Stars Crimea”
- “Dark night”
- How to choose?
Garden and flowerbeds in front of the house almost all seek to decorate with plants. And even those who prefer other design options, usually keep indoor flowers. On one of the varieties of such cultures now and learn.
A bit of history
It is difficult to find a person who would not hear anything about the breeding of indoor violets. However, in the botanical world, the professionals know them under the very different “name” – SENPOLIA. This name is reflected in all special literature and highly specialized publications, plant classifiers. But for simplicity, we will use the title generally accepted among the gardeners. Description of violet requires from the very beginning to mention that breeders have created many varieties of this decorative culture.
It can be one-year and many years, but always has a short stem. It holds foliage sockets, reminiscent of the circle, oval or heart. Varieties vary just the magnitude of the outlet. Pali roots are always thin and spread to a large area. The flowering of this plant lasts 9 months.
Wild ancestors of violets live in Africa. For the first time, the commandant of the German colonial possessions of Walter Saint-Paul (in honor of which the botanical name was given). True SENPOLIA is growing only in the Mountains of Osambara, located in Tanzania. Some subspecies found on Kenyan territory. Plants are concentrated near the waterfalls and in river terraces.
Often there are information that Senpolya can be found in Japan, in South and North America, in southern Africa and even in New Zealand. The truth of these judgments will leave for conscience of their authors, especially since the solid encyclopedic editions are unanimous: the Uzambar violet grows only in certain areas of East Africa. Now let’s go back to how she entered the turnover.
The Commendant mentioned above was not a botany or naturalist – he only performed a walk and accidentally drew attention to flowers growing in a mountain cleft. Sorry this plant, he sent him to his relative, collecting herbarium from rare and exotic species. After some time, in 1893, experts enrolled the find to the Gesnery family and at the first time they first demonstrated to the general public.
In size outlet
As already mentioned, there are many types of violets. Nothing amazing: Gardeners and breeders immediately appreciated the decorative potential of this plant. For its already almost 130 years of history, the Uzambar violet broke up for a number of varieties and species. The smallest diameter of the socket is limited 6 cm. The miniature group highlighted subspecies with a power outlet 6-14 cm.
Next, the division is:
- semi-minimular flowers (15-19 cm);
- standard (20-40 cm);
- Large standard (all that has a diameter of 41 cm or more).
But on this gradation does not end. Part of the violet has several growth points at once. They are customary to call “trailers”. Among such “trailers” additionally isolated bushes and ampel subspecies. So-called chimeras differ very strongly: each petal has a strip that differs from the main one.
An attractive choice in many cases becomes plants with Girl-leaves. The middle veil at the very base is thicker and lighter than on other sites.
The form of leaves may be different:
- a heart;
Sheet plate at violets can be wavy, quilted, remind a spoon. If she has boosts, they talk about tournament species. Another type of leaves – Claus. It is very similar to the leaves of the plantain (at least the location of the middle and lateral veins).
Longifolia type leaves have a big length and resemble narrow straps; The edge of the sheet is also very different in shape:
- smooth surface;
- served border;
- Corrugated surface.
The so-called variety of kayma in foreign sources is called Tommie Lou. The main color in this case is green; On the edges there is a pinkish, white or beige strip. Be sure to meet and stains of the same color on the main part of the sheet.
Such a look has a majority of violets. But it must be borne in mind that the color ratio strongly depends on which conditions contains a flower.
The crown type of spelliness implies mainly salad, yellow and cream tone of foliage. Only occasionally there are pink shades. Praying part collected mainly in the center of sockets. It is there that young leaves develop, and after ripening they are green. As for the rare (mosaic) spelliness, it is also most stable.
The preservation of color does not change even with errors in agrotechnik. Similar plants look beautifully regardless of age. However, rarity violets with mosaic spells caused not by some natural factors. The fact is that they are capricious and develop very poorly. Only a few gardeners have enough patience to do everything right and succeed.
In the form of flowers
His source name SENPOLIA received precisely thanks to the similarity of flowers with a wild analogue from European countries. Two petals located on top of a slightly inferior to three below. This ratio is considered to be classic among violets.
But the “star” has symmetric flowers. The placement of petals around the center is completely uniform, and the sameness matches the size.
“Bells” really resemble the eponymous musical instrument. At the very reason, the petals are tightly connected. Their full disclosure is impossible. Lovers and professionals, however, most appreciate the violet with flowers like “OSA”. Already one of this word is enough to describe their form.
In size flower
There is a simple gradation. The smallest violets are covered with flowers not more than 2 cm. In the middle group, sizes from 2 to 4 cm. Big – all that from 4 to 6 cm. And the largest buds exceeding 6 cm.
According to the degree of terrace
The smallest of this degree in the so-called simple colors. In them, in fact, everything is simple: there are only 5 petals. Plants fall into the crestil group, where there are additionally from 1 to 3 underdeveloped petals. Most semi-grade colors have 7 or 8 petals. But at the same time they can be less or more (and 5, and 10).
Considerable interest is the so-called terry violets. Full-fledged terrain means that the number of petals is much more than 10. Because of them is simply impossible to see the stamens. “Carnations” deserve attention. Who saw the real carnation immediately agree that it looks very similar.
Flowers with monotonous coloring (ruby, pink, yellow, orange and even green) look extremely attractive. The main thing is that they were chosen skillfully and included harmoniously in the surrounding composition.
But most gardeners prefer two-color varieties. Particularly attractive looks violet violet with white border.
Different colors can alternate:
- like rays;
- as shadows;
- as a transition from weak to a thicker color.
On the edge of the petal
It is customary to share violets on this property on:
- with fringe;
- Wavy species.
The number of such varieties of Uzambar violet has already exceeded 500. And breeder efforts do not stop. Similar plants can bloom at least all year round.
Mandatory condition for success will be carefully thought out and selected lighting.
The backlight adapts to the situation depending on whether the flower is growing at height or in the usual position.
Best varieties and their characteristics
With a general description of the varieties of violets, it is quite possible to move on to the characteristics of their individual varieties.
And the first place will be deservedly will take exactly Mac’s Scorching Sun. Name “Falling Sun”given by foreign breeders is not easy. The variety belongs to the semi group. The flowering plant is covered with simple and semi-grade red and coral flowers; Outside on them – a nonsense white kaym.
“Punching Sun” is peculiar to crown spelliness. It looks intriguing in combination with bright greenery toothed leaves. The plant becomes even more beautiful due to golden inclusions inside outlets.
ATTENTION: Gardeners must be prepared for pulling. Also periodically spelling can disappear, but the development of the outlet happens quickly.
Judging by the reviews, Scorching Sun looks like coloring on the autumn forest. To some extent its disadvantage is the excessive length of the coloring. It must be remembered that the plant does not differ much growth rate. Sometimes you have to repeatedly cut down the leaves below, before the result is. But the bookmark of the coloring occurs without problems.
Reigning Beauty – or literally translated “First Beauty” – fully justifying its name variety of violets. The use of this plant in Russia began relatively recently. Blossoms are formed large seminal star-shaped flowers. Highly appreciated Large Ryusha, stretching at the outside edge of petals. The socket looks standard, formed by light green leaves.
Usually foliage grows in two tiers. Each of them includes from 20 to 30 leaves. Therefore, pretty thick bushes are formed. Flower “caps” differ in density, resulting in the middle of sockets. Each socket throws out a lot of buds dropping almost at the same time.
As a result, an indisputable “wavy” tangle is formed. When “First Beauty” blooms, it is covered by purple-reddish stars. At the edges of the petals there is a blue-purple rush. If the plant is delivered in a cool room, the border is changing: it becomes bright salad color. The duration of flowering can reach 3 and even 4 months; At the same time there is intensive development of foliage.
But the variety is capricious. If conditions are at least slightly different from the ideal, the plants grow slower, sometimes dying at all.
It is recommended to put Reigning Beauty on the windows oriented to the west, East. Northeast and North-West orientation are also suitable. Very strong illumination, characteristic of southern windows, can destroy the whole thing.
Recommended air heating ranges from 20 to 25 degrees in spring and summer periods. In the winter months, the range of more narrow – 18 or 19 degrees, not more and no less. Permissible air humidity ranges from 40 to 60%. Otherwise, flowers or get sick from the conjunction, or will begin to discard buds, trying to save water.
Differs from other varieties by a long period of flowering and at the same time simple departure. Everyone needs to easily make even beginner gardeners. The undoubted advantage of the variety is the edging of foliage in the form of greenish waves. The edges of petals become wavy. For all 10 months of blossoms of buds, relatively little, but their value compensates for this deficiency.
Created “Copper Horseman” just recently. He was presented in 2011. The developer of the variety – Elena Lebetskaya – put the goal to create unusually looking flowers that were interested in combined with leaves. Plates of leaves – rounded, with a wavy perimeter and moderate durability. Young shoots light green, and as far as Developed. Foliage painted monotonously, no inclusions on it.
“Copper Horseman” forms on 1 brush from 3 to 5 large buds. In the process of flowering, their size does not change. Petals have a wax surface painted in pink or white tones. Stems differ fragility. In the middle part of the outlet, it is directed upwards, in the ranks – look at the sides.
The root system of “rider” does not boast a lot of power and long, which is important to consider when transplanting.
When they ask experienced breeders about the best varieties of violets, then among others are invariably called Rosie Ruffles. This plant is characterized by tenderness and extraordinarily elegant colors. The violet may refer to a simple or semi-known varietal group. Star flowers painted in the color of light fuchsia, almost reaching a pink shade. At the edges, the flowers are slightly corrugated, which additionally decorates them.
Heart-shaped foliage painted in moderately rich green. A classic variety of varieties recognized plants with painted in fuchsia star-like flowers having a light fringe. Sometimes a green strip appears on the light edge in cool places. The magnitude of the flower can reach 6 cm, it has a corrugated edge. On adult plants formulas with 5 or 6 flowers, looking more attractive for more than a month.
In the first blooming of a large number of flowers not to achieve. Only for the third time a powerful hat is formed. Occasionally bouquets contain 10-12 buds. Since the stems are thin, the blooms are easily bent, and every flower looks at his sides. Gardeners appreciate this variety due to rushes and continuous flowering.
Also an excellent variety of violets. Its name is due to the appearance of the flowering plant. Dark red petals resemble butterflies whipping over green leaves. Symmetrically developing sockets over time do not lose the neat species. On the “fiery moths” form flowers with dark red mid and white edges. Kaima increases with bud.
From the varieties derived by foreign breeders also draws attention to the “Arctic Frost”. During flowering, these plants are covered with gentle white caps, and dark blue kayma is formed on colors. Whites can be simple or semi-marked; Occasionally appear “chimeras”, in the middle of each petal of which there are spectacular looking white stripes.
It is useful to look at this variety. It is derived by the breeder T. Height. Machion flowers are covered with petals resembling a bowl. Flowers with ash rose color have silver shades on the outdoor and brown-green outside. Flowers “Pearl Nile” for a very long time, not interrupted even with a strong heat. Bouquets of this variety can have a variety of color overflows, harmoniously combined with brown-green border. The socket contains the leaves of moderately green; In the size of the “Pearl Nile” refers to the standard group.
Judging by the reviews, this violet can give good help in making a home interior. Gentle rainbow inflorescences decorate the space almost year-round. The tonality of leaves – various shades of green.
What is important, this variety requires only minimal care. It is always planted in loose soil, which easily skips water. You can apply a typical seating mixture for violets.
Violets “Dressing” are distinguished by stability even in bad conditions. They are therefore increasingly use Russian gardeners and lover of indoor plants. Culture introduced into the turnover of efforts to. Maub. Rounded large semi-gravel flowers have some wavy petals. Flowerines are distinguished by durability and rather short. They include 5 or 6 buds with medium-sized flowers.
It should be borne in mind that every year the flowers will be fine. You can soften this by systematic plugging of buds. Will also have to take into account the illumination.
“Le Leila” is not inferior to “dullness”. This variety is presented in 2017. Plants are covered with large pink flowers. The socket has a little long-length foliage. Flower size – standard.
“Kiss of an angel”
This is another grade developed by the breeder of Lebetsk. White sprockets with pinkish roasted look very attractive; Compact socket and includes light green leaves.
Another variety of sea selection. Flowers in this violet can be terry and semi-world, they have a white center. The color of the leaves can be green or dark green, and the petals have a slightly wavy layer. Standard type socket.
You can consider this violet. A feature of the variety is the rooting of a sheet with kids. Flowers painted in blue-purple color have a large size. Oval leaves dark green, which is particularly attractively looking during long flowering.
Very good and seedlings of this type. They have large pinkish flowers released by atypical geometry. The tonality that is pleasant can change due to cultivation conditions. This opens up additional gardener opportunities. And at the same time teaches them better to comply with the basic principles and requirements. “Almond” likes even those who have never tried to grow violets. Star flowers of pink-peach color reaches 8-9 cm.
Interesting and elegant bending of petals. He does not prevent them from maintaining the original form, because the texture is very dense. The large outlet (from 30 to 40 cm) is not less compact. On the edges of rounded leaves you can notice light jar. In the middle of the outlet there are up to 3 buds, at least one of which is constantly dissolved.
Violet “N-Adam” is among semi-minimular varieties. The plant is covered with ash-blue terry-type flowers. From a back side, they are painted in a marsh green tone. The flower looks as if he was made of translucent mineral. Even a very far from the gardening of people, he causes delight.
Returning to the varieties developed by. Lebetskaya, worth noting this variety. This violet has large simple and semi-world flowers. In the midst of white flowers there are peephones of purple-purple color. Peppercut outlet looks impressive.
Lovers of red flowers should be closed to Bethelgeuse. Her terry stars differ density. The socket has smooth edges, but at the same time a rather spawned. The violet is covered with dark green leaves.
In comparison with other red decorative cultures “Bethelgeuse” is distinguished by great puff. There are no purple shades.
Each bloomer has 1 or 2 flower (and then the pairs are rare). But the flowers do not fade for a long time. There is no particular need to illuminate the plant. But when placing in dark corners, you can encounter a drawing.
Complete the review appropriate on this class. Such a violet is covered with large rich colors of spherical shape. They are painted in a dark blue tone, and the edges of petals wave. Looks like a plant brilliantly. The diameter of flowers ranges from 8 to 9 cm (in a mature state).
As you can see, the assortment of violets is very large, and to figure out their advantages is very hard.
How to choose?
For those who are ready for long-term painstaking work, violets are suitable in the form of steps. For less experienced gardeners, so-called kids are suitable, which differ well developed roots and have a minimum of 6 leaves. They can be transplanted without any problems. But if there is no preparation at all, it is worth landing plants by age at least 9 months.
IMPORTANT: To choose the right variety and prevent errors, you need to carefully study the selection director and the AVSA registry.
Smaller gardeners must give preference to proven varieties. New items too often give a lot of negative effects. They are peculiar with capriciousness, smaller decorativeness. Yes, and evaluate a number of properties can only prepared collectors.
Good varieties are different:
- pronounced symmetry;
- parallel arrangement of rows of leaves relative to each other;
- lack of breaks and gaps;
- Dark leaves (they are more contrast and better tolerance);
- lack of web, white raids, plaques;
- Early abundant blossoms that continue as long as possible.
About the most beautiful varieties of violets See the following video.