Types and varieties of hibiscus

Hibiscuses grow in almost all corners of our planet in all their variety and splendor. These unusually beautiful flowers of the Malvic family in a natural environment are found in annual and perennial forms, tree, shrub and grassy, ​​widespread room varieties are widespread. According to some estimates, representatives of this family have from 150 to 300 species.

Peculiarities

Hibiscuses are decorative plants from the Malvic family. They are cultivated for flowers, which are distinguished by exceptional beauty and variety of forms, thanks to these qualities, the plant enjoys the special popularity of gardeners. The first mentions of Hibiscus appeared in ancient Greece, there he was known under the name “Malva”, in our days it is often referred to as the “Chinese Rose”. Approximately homeland hibiscus is Malaysia, but there are theories according to which the plant appeared in China, India or Korea.

In the natural environment, hibiscus is represented in most cases a shrub shape, their height is sometimes reaches 3 meters. Stem Hibiscus Gray. The plants are a thick green crown and a lot of large flowers with translucent petals, whose shades can be the most diverse – from disposable to saturated raspberry. Even red varieties are found, and quite recently “Floridian” hibiscuses were derived, a characteristic feature of which are bright blue flowers.

Unfortunately, a century of hibiscus flowers is very short – only a day, however, every morning a miracle happens again when new and new flowers are formed from the buds.

Views

In terms of varieties of hibiscuses relate to the most numerous group of plants in the world: Sabdariff, Sudanese, Chinese rose, schizopetalus, hybrid, troil, redtar, royal – just some of them. Flowers can be leaf fall and evergreen type, perennial and annuals, trees, as well as shrubs. By the nature of growth, herbaceous, tree and varietal hibiscuses are distinguished.

Tree belongs to example, a Syrian rose, which is grown in the form of a small tree. This plant is and branched downwards, and maybe it can look like a single-barreled tree, which in comfortable conditions grows up to 5-6 m. Herbaceous Hibiscus is a low-spirited bush with extensive, very strong shoots, large leafy plates and large flowers, their size in some cases reaches 30-40 cm.

Herbatous plants can be annual either to delight with their bright blossoms of several seasons. Annual forms each autumn die away, but in the spring, with the onset of heat from the roots and lower kidneys, new shoots appear. Perennial hibiscuses are much more attractive, they differ in terrace and multi-layered, however, with uncomfortable conditions, such a plant is quite quickly degenerated into the simplest form.

Shrub hibiscus is a pretty slow-growing deciduous flower with numerous branches. The bloom is very abundant throughout the season, the flowers are large – 25 cm in diameter. Of the most popular varieties of hibiscus also allocate the following.

  • Hibiscus Troych – a low plant whose height is 75-85 cm, light yellow flowers, with an interesting magenta core, diameter – 3-4 cm. Flowering Morning, immediately after noon, buds begin to “fall asleep”. The total duration of flowering is about a month.

  • Hibiscus tree-shaped – very unpretentious type of hibiscus, characterized by resistance to frost and unfavorable natural factors. Depending on the variety, flowers can have different shades, fresh buds are blocked everyday. Most often, the plant is planted in the form of a living hedge, with competent leaving it often reaches 2.5-3 m in height. Blossom continues from June to October.

  • Syrian Rosa – A very beautiful decorative plant, presents the brightest and rich color palette from milk-white to saturated-raspberry, in nature even you can find two-color varieties. In the opened state, the flower diameter is 8-10 cm, while they are terry or simple. However, for the first time, such a plant blooms no earlier than on the third year of life, sometimes even later.

  • Hibiscus changeable – is a spectacular leaf fall-type shrub. The trunk of a reprehension, length in comfortable growing conditions is about 3 meters. The name did the species received due to the impermanence of the bud of the bud – it first has a whiten shade, but gradually goes into pink. Large leaves, padded.

  • Chinese rose – evergreen hibiscus, its feature is the elongated leaves that grow up to 15 cm and the bark of the brown shade. This species includes a large number of varieties, they may differ from each other degree of terrain, color and sizes. Flowering is observed from spring to late autumn.

Sort

Among the Russian gardeners, Lalut, the varietary, “Duke de Brabant”, “Snow Queen”, “Ardens”, and the “Angel wings” are considered the most popular varieties. Among herbaceous hibiscuses, the following are distinguished.

  • “Copper King” – this is a pretty compact bush, grows up to 1.2 m and no more. Krone Roulago. Openwork leaves, remind of their shaped maple, the color is dark green, but depending on the level of illumination and the temperature background changes coloring. Flowering long, the flowers are quite large, each diameter is 25-30 cm, the tone of strawberry mousse – pale pink with darker pink stripes. In the middle of the flower acquires red, almost crimped shade.

The variety is distinguished by the resistance to most of the varietal diseases of the culture.

  • “Krenberry Krash” – Magnificent, ball shrub, green mass starts immediately from the roots, the length is approximately 90-120 cm. Cell foliage, green with severe purple streaks. The diameter of each flower reaches 25 cm, the shade of petals is saturated, burgundy with dark stripes.

  • OLD YELLA – Pretty strong bush with developed shoots. The height of the adult hibiscus varies from 100 to 120 cm, the growth of foliage begins immediately from the roots. The leaves are reminded by maples in their form, with bright lighting acquire a noticeable purple shade. Flowers are large, the size of 30 cm, cream or white shade, the core is usually red, wave-like petals.

Attention! Very loved by gardeners of a variety of yellow herbic hibiscus. Keep in mind that they are only annuals, they need to drain every year to seeds. If the sellers assume you that before you a new hybrid yellow perennial – you are deceived, breeders are trying to bring this hibiscus for several years, but at the moment success did not achieve.

The following varieties can be distinguished from shrub hibiscos.

  • “Ardens” – Fall-type shrub, reaching a length of 2.5-3 m. Forms by analogy with strambed crops. Flowering is quite abundant, long, thick. Petals terry, gently white-pink or lavender color. The flower diameter is 14-15 cm.

  • Blue Satin – Another empty shrub, in comfortable conditions can reach a length of 5-6 m. It is usually formed by the strab, so in the first year of life all unnecessary shoots are removed – it allows you to make a bush a pretty compact tree. Blossom Long, Flowers are large – up to 15 cm, shades of azure or cornflowers, while the color saturation directly depends on the level of lighting – how it is brighter, the deeper the color.

    Draw attention to the fact that Almost all types of hibiscus are adapted to cultivation at home, in which case they retain their decorativeness, but their size is much less.

    General rules of cultivation

    Hibiscus cultivation at home can not be called a simple and easy class – this plant requires maintenance of a special microclimate and permanent feeding. Any violation of the irrigation regime, temperature changes, illumination shortages and even a minor change in the angle of incidence of lighting – all these factors can lead to a dropping of flower kidney.

    That is why care for this plant should be as thorough as possible – only in this case the green pet will delight you with abundant and thick blossom.

    Lighting

    Hibiscus loves light areas, but at the same time direct sunlight does not tolerate. For him, the bright section is chosen, but protected, so that at the midday time it was slightly darkened. In the street conditions, this is assessed by landing near large trees, and in the home you can use the film on the glasses or a small shirma.

    Hibiscus follows the southern, as well as the Western and eastern parties, but the northern direction for this flower is categorically contraindicated.

    House hibiscus in cold times need backlight, they need at least 9 hours of illumination per day, so many breeders use phytolampa – They can be luminescent or LED, preferably the second option, because in this case the air near the flower does not heat up and is not overhanging. You can use conventional lamps, but then they should be disposed of not less than 50-60 cm from the plant.

    Temperature

    For plants grown in indoor conditions in the phase of active life (spring and summer), the optimal temperature will be 22-25 degrees. With the onset of September, it needs to be reduced to 15-16 degrees, and in the winter it is worth creating a temperature background at 13-14 degrees – such a habitat will allow the flower to fully show their decorativeness, and also leads to a bookmark of high-quality flower kidney.

    However, it is not necessary to get involved in a decrease in temperature, if it is cold in the room, then the plant will drop its flowers. During the flowering period for indoor and street forms, a level of 30 degrees is considered comfortable.

    Humidity

    Best hibiscus feels at high humidity – it contributes to a longer, abundant and very magnificent blossom, which is why In the hot season, the basis of the flower care is his spraying. Conduct these events 2 times a day – in the morning, as well as in the evening. In the spring and autumn of spraying can be cut – quite enough one procedure in 2-3 days.

    We also need to take care of the apartment varieties, when the heating season comes – then the level of moisture is sharply reduced in the room, the air becomes overwhelmed, which affects the foliage, it becomes a shrieking and deformed. To avoid this, In addition to spraying, it is necessary to periodically include an air humidifier or room fountain.

    If there is no other, then you can put a water container near the flower. But it’s not worth fighting dryness with the help of excess irrigation – stagnation of water in the soil plant tolerates extremely bad.

    When replanting hibiscus to a pot, it is certainly necessary to ensure good drainage, and the rest of the remaining liquid remains in the pallet should be immediately pouring.

    Watering

    The plant loves water, so in the summer it needs to be watered quite abundantly and often – the lack of moisture leads to fading and falling out of foliage. At the same time, be careful – the convergence causes the soil to fear and often becomes the cause of fungal diseases of the root system, which may even lead to the death of the plant. In winter, the flower watered a little less. Water for irrigation must be mild – spring or rescued, if used water from under the tap, the chlorine contained in it will lead to the yellowing of the leaves.

    Fertilizers and subordinate

    Hibiscus is very demanding on the quality of the soil and the presence of nutrients in it, which is why the plant requires frequent feeding, especially in spring and summer, but in winter fertilizers are not needed. As for the composition – here you can use mineral shopping drugs, alternating them with organic feeders (for example, a strongly diluted with a cowboy).

    Pests and diseases

    Great damage to hibiscus can bring the following diseases.

    • Noncommunication chlorosis – This pathology becomes a consequence of the shortage of nutrient elements, such as iron magnesium and potassium. In this case, the plant ceases to bloom, the leaves are quickly yellow and fall.
    • Infectious chlorosis – due to the defeat by microorganisms and fungi, which leads to the total lethargy of the flower.
    • Burn – It becomes the result of direct ultraviolet rays and is manifested in the formation of large spots on the sheet plates.
    • Vascular wilting – Is a consequence of fungal lesion. This disease is quite difficult to be treated and usually leads to the death of hibiscus.

      As for insect pests, The greatest danger of TLL and the web ticks. They suck out the green parts all life juices, as a result, the plant wrinkles and fades. Tar can be easily noticed with a attentive consideration of the flower, but the spider tick is rather reminiscent of dust and therefore it is often impossible to determine the cause of the death of the plant. To avoid harm caused by parasites, it is necessary to spray the culture and ensure the access of air, as well as to carry out the prophylactic treatment with a solution “Aktellik”.

      Separately, we will dwell on some intricacies of growing garden forms. Unlike room varieties, they require regular molding of crown and shelter to wintering. Every spring perennial hibiscus need to trim. This is important in order to remove all dead branches, as well as for the purpose of molding the crown. So that the bush was as lush as possible, You can trim young shoots down until the occurrence of summer.

      If the trunk is too high, then the trim should be carried out on the height you need, in this case the flower begins to actively produce lateral branches, thereby forming the more thick and decorative look.

      Well, of course, Hibiscus require shelter for the winter, since the cultivation of this plant in the open air is possible only if the soil temperature does not fall below 20 degrees. To avoid the flower freezing, the trunk for the winter is insulated with a sweetheart or build a frame covered with agricultural. However, at the same time, the likelihood that the rodents either will be equipped there or the bark will begin to hide. Experienced gardeners are recommended if the flower is low, in late October, rearrange him into a tub and leave for wintering in the cellar or another cool place.

      Important! I cut off the autumn grassy multi-year hibiscus, or leave the stalk at an altitude of 10-15 cm, or put the tags in order to know where the root system is located. The fact is that the shoots of Hibiscus gives late spring, so the gardener can damage its root when conducting early sowing.

      Additionally about Hibiscus, see the following video.

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