Types and varieties of Balzamine

For many pots with balsamine on the window – this is a painting of a typical Russian village or cottage. However, this rayly blooming handsome man comes from distant subtropics of Asia and Africa. It is worth considering, however he fell in love with domestic flower.

Types and varieties of Balzamine

Peculiarities

Balzamin is not the only name of a well-known many indoor plant. He is known as the “Lady”. This is due to the fact that during the ripening period, the seed boxes of the flower are bursting and scattered from any touch and even wind blowing. During the period of blooming in the evening, many small inflorescences appear on the balsamine. They are white, orange, brightly, But combines all the shades that they seem to give a small glow. This determined another name of Balsamin – “Spark”.

Finally, due to the need for frequent watering, as well as the ability to allocate immediately after it and on the eve of the rain, the sugar dew on the leaves of the plant also referred to as “Vanka wet”. In natural conditions, Balzam is found in the subtropics of India, North America, Africa. The historic homeland is the island of Zanzibar, the territory of Central Asia, Africa. In the XIX century, the plant was brought to Russia. Description Plant necessarily comprises mentioning the unpretentiousness of the plant and its abundant flowering.

Types and varieties of Balzamine

Types and varieties of Balzamine

Types and varieties of Balzamine

Varieties

Balzine has about 500 varieties. Despite the variety, Balzamin can be divided into such 2 large groups as:

  • annuals (usually grown on the flower beds);
  • Perennials (grown as indoor pots).

Types and varieties of Balzamine

    Consider the most popular varieties.

    • Balsam Waller. This variety is distinguished by a high (50 cm) bush, so it is often used in landscape design. Stems upright with the leaves of an oval shape of a green or brownish shade. This variety is warm and light-affilome, what you need to know when choosing a “place of residence” of plants. It blooms abundantly, inflorescences are both monochrome and two-color. Walter’s grade is the basis of numerous hybrid forms of “Ladrog”. These include such varieties as “King Kong”, Bruno.

    However, it is right to note that the type of Waller includes more low-grade varieties that are convenient to grow in room conditions, for example, Orange varieties.

    Types and varieties of Balzamine

    Types and varieties of Balzamine

      • Ampelny varieties. These include the “Tumbler”, “Scarlet”, “Violet”, “Rose SSTAR”, “White”. Combines these varieties compactness size and flexibility of stems. The latter feature allows you to plant plants in suspended chest, from where they hang. Among them – quite a few hybrids that germinate from seeds (Impatience “Acrobat F1”, “Flash”).

      Types and varieties of Balzamine

      Types and varieties of Balzamine

      Types and varieties of Balzamine

      Types and varieties of Balzamine

      Types and varieties of Balzamine

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        • Novoguinsky. This hybrid is easy to find out by major bright inflorescences. It refers to perennials who are unpretentiously growing and blooming both in the room and on the flower bed. Large leaves, dark green with yellow streaks. It has immunity to most of the characteristic diseases and insect pests, resistant tolerates direct sunlight. For blossoms need “shock” portion of light and heat.

        Types and varieties of Balzamine

        Types and varieties of Balzamine

          • “Candy”. This variety appeared relatively recently, but won the hearts of flowerflowers with multicolored exquisite inflorescences and unpretentious care. The bush is pretty compact, up to half a meter. The leaves are “planted” on long stiffs, and they themselves have an oblong pointed shape, color – shades of green. To the touch, velvety inflorescences also have a high flowerwater, which gives the plant exquisite, even an aristocratic appearance.

          Types and varieties of Balzamine

            • “Athena Red Flame” (some manufacturers – “Athena Junon”). This is a terry grade with large bright red inflorescences. Annual who is usually grown as a houseplant. Externally with “Atina”, another terry variety – “Aphrodite”. The latter has bright red and white lush inflorescences.

            Types and varieties of Balzamine

            Types and varieties of Balzamine

              • “Tom Samb Salmon”. This is another terry perennial with lush inflorescences of pink color. It is relatively low (25 cm), it is not bad to transfers light insufficiency.

              Types and varieties of Balzamine

              Types and varieties of Balzamine

                • Orchidaceous. This is an elegant plant with velvety muted green leaves having bright pink or red bodies. Inflorescences have the shape of the shoes and resemble the miniature orchid inflorescences, which determined the features of the name of the variety. Inflorescences White, sometimes around the edge of petals passes a yellowish or orange rim. Variety resistant to the defeat tick.

                Types and varieties of Balzamine

                Types and varieties of Balzamine

                  • “Tom Thumb”. This variety admires abundant flowering and inflorescence. During the flowering, the bush is literally covered with lush terry inflorescences resembling miniature inflorescences of peonies or lush roses. To the touch petals fluffy, velvety. The color of the inflorescence is diverse – from white, dairy, pinkish to brightly and dark burgundy.

                  It needs good lighting, but it can grow and flowers both in one-day and on blackout areas, in such a case the leaves and flowers will simply be smaller. Requires constant humidification.

                  Types and varieties of Balzamine

                  • “Cutie”. This is a dwarf (no more than 20-25 cm in height) a bush with a lush “crown”. Looking at smooth light green leaves and small inflorescences of white or pink color, immediately becomes clear why the grade is called this way. The plant, indeed, looks cute, gentle and does not require great efforts to care. As a room plant, it blooms almost all year round, on the flowerbed will delight the inflorescence all summer.

                  Types and varieties of Balzamine

                  Care rules

                  The main thing is that you need to remember the balsamine – the plant loves light, warm and abundant irrigated. Landing and care do not require special knowledge from the flower. In the room, the light-loving “light” is better to plant in a small pot, which can be put on the windowsill on the south side. You can consider windowsill windows, “looking” to the west and east. In the summer, at nozzled heat plants (especially young) Better to protect against direct sun rays. Blinds, translucent partitions or just a sheet of white paper will help in this.

                  From the location of the “Ladrog” on the windows overlooking the north, or in the depths of the apartment far from the windows it is better to refuse. With a shortage of light, the plant will not bloom. It will change and its appearance – the stem will start stretching and shaking, since the bottom leaves will fall. If you choose a place for Balzamine correctly, it will bloom from the beginning of the spring to late autumn, taking the “time-out” only for the winter months.

                  As already mentioned, the plant requires frequent irrigation. When the upper layer of the soil (at a depth of 1 cm) becomes dry, you should “drink” Balzamin. In the summer it requires more frequent irrigation, in winter, we reduce the amount of irrigation by one third. As a rule, in summer, bushes moisturize daily, in winter – 1 time in 2-3 days.

                  It is important to use the indirect water room temperature. It should be soft, without impurities.

                  Types and varieties of Balzamine

                  The appearance on the soil of the White “Water” speaks about the use of too hard water and, as a result, tillage. In this case, you need to change water, and replace the top layer of the soil. Despite the love of Balzamine to moisture, it is important not to fill the plant. Standing water and liquid in the pallet – no less detached for him than drought. Better watered moderately but often.

                  If, after watering in the pallet, water accumulated – drain it. Otherwise, you can provoke the soil fearing, rotting the roots and death of the cookistic. Competent watering, the presence of a drainage layer and holes in the pot allow you to avoid such problems. “Signal” of the right watering is the appearance of small dries of dew on the leaves immediately after watering. After time, these drops “sugar”. Speaking on the leaves of moisture can only be observed in the warm season. Before watering is desirable break the top layer of the soil, What will ensure the inflow of oxygen to the roots, will avoid moisture stagnation on the soil surface.

                  Watering better from the watering can with a thin nose, trying not to pour water on the leaves, inflorescences and root cake.

                  Types and varieties of Balzamine

                  “Spark” does not endure cold. In the summer it is better to maintain the temperature in + 25- + 28ºС, in winter – not lower than + 18ºС. At the same time, the heating batteries can quickly dry the roots of the plant, and condensate on the windows – watering and cooling the leaves of the plant. Optimal air humidity – 40-60%. If the air is too dry, then the leaves can be folded with a tube and dry.

                  Dry air problem is better prevented, otherwise Balzamine may die. In winter, you can use air humidifiers or placing water containers with water. Heating batteries can be covered with a moistened cloth. The air around the “unwrap” (but not a bush itself) can be sprayed from the sprayer.

                  To the composition of the Earth Balzamin, in general, unpretentious. Suitable universal substrate for indoor plants. If the soil is prepared with their own hands, then mix in equal proportions to the turf, sheet soil, humid and sand, and add a part of the peat.

                  Before use, such a mixture is better to process the disinfecting hard solution of mangalls or warm at a temperature of at least + 200ºС.

                  Types and varieties of Balzamine

                  Types and varieties of Balzamine

                  In addition to choosing the soil, it is important to choose the right pot. The plant loves small capacities to the root system soaring earthlings. Only with this condition the plant will bloom. If you put a “laptop” in an overly big pot, all his forces will go to build roots. And therefore blossoms you will wait long and it will be very scarce. In addition, the likelihood of soil is high in large containers.

                  If not a new pot is used, it is also It is important to pre-deliberate. Make sure that there are holes on the bottom. The first layer falls asleep pebbles of medium sizes, it will be drainage. Then goes the soil layer. It can also add some charcoal having a disinfecting property.

                  Considering that the plant loves frequent watering, but does not tolerate moisture stagnation, it is logical to choose a pot with a high pallet.

                  Types and varieties of Balzamine

                  Types and varieties of Balzamine

                  Since in room conditions, perennials are usually grown, Plant needs a periodic transplant. Young bushes are recommended to transplant annually, choosing a slightly more than the previous pot every time. Pereplain the plant should be carefully without damaging roots. It is more correct to talk about the transshipment method. By the way, if you have only a big pot or vase, you can put several balsamine bushes in it. Cuttings deepen at a distance of 5-7 cm from each other. If you use multi-colored varieties, then during the flowering period you will get a colorful floweruba, pleasing a multitude of shades.

                  Throughout the entire growth period, Balsamin pinch, which allows you to get attractive bushes and abundant flowering. Pinch should be seeded, and the location of the cut is recommended to pouter wood coal. Pinching necessarily to do in spring. However, if at any other period, the plant is actively growing up, without forming side shoots and not gaining buds, it should be seen. It is necessary to regularly delete and dry, yellowed leaves, dried inflorescences. Trimming, along with a periodic smooth turning pot, then one, then the other side to the Sun, allows you to achieve a lush balsamine crown.

                  Types and varieties of Balzamine

                  Types and varieties of Balzamine

                  For a healthy and attractive appearance “Sparkle” need feeding. It is brought in the period From the middle of spring until the middle of autumn. Fit Universal Fertilizers for Indoor Flowers, As a rule, these are phosphoric and potash fertilizers. They contribute every 2-3 weeks or according to the instructions. But with nitrogen fertilizers you need to be more attentive – their excess leads to the “greeding” bush. He increases greens to the detriment of inflorescences.

                  Improper care can provoke a plant disease. Among the most common – cucumber and ring mosaic (a virus that is not amenable to treatment, an infected bush is better to throw away, in order to prevent the rest of the rest), drowning rot (characterized by reducing the roots, thinning and drying of the stem), false mildew (as a rule, occurs when high humidity). Among the pests it is worth highlighting a paustic tick. You can guess about the defeat of Balzamine in its stupid form, the appearance of small points on the leaves, traces from bites and a thin cobweb. Treatment – shower and specialized funds (“Phytoverm”, “Aktellik”)

                  Types and varieties of Balzamine

                  Types and varieties of Balzamine

                  Types and varieties of Balzamine

                  Beautiful examples in landscape design

                  Flowers or Rabata with Balzamin will decorate a nursery. You can choose both higher bushes (a height of 40-50 cm) and miniature (up to 30 cm).

                  Types and varieties of Balzamine

                  Multicolored Balzamin will decorate a boring lawn or smoothly trimmed shrubs, will create additional graphitics in the spirit of English gardens.

                  Types and varieties of Balzamine

                  Love “Wet Vanki” to moisture and puffs of bushes allows it to be used to decorate water bodies and garden springs. The main thing is that the place is not dark and raw.

                  Types and varieties of Balzamine

                  Ampel varieties can be planted in street vases, suspended cheeks or boxes. The latter will decorate the terraces, the outdoor part of the windows, gates.

                  Types and varieties of Balzamine

                    Finally, with the help of annuals, you can organize not traditional, and vertical flower beds.

                    Types and varieties of Balzamine

                    Types and varieties of Balzamine

                    Types and varieties of Balzamine

                    About how to care for balsamine, look next.

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