Types and varieties of asparagus

Unpretentious asparagus can be seen in almost every home. He decorates housing, creating a sense of privacy in a cool corner of the forest, where it is always calm and fresh. What do different types of asparagus look like, how to care for the plant and decorate the interior with it, read in this article.

Short description of the appearance

Asparagus – forever green plant growing in India, Japan, Egypt, USA. This is a branched long-term shrub, whose leaves are not like ordinary. Instead of them in a flower of quarters – modified leaves, narrow, small, scaly, like needles. Many Asparagus resembles the fancy sea algae “Futin” or the usual “Cukushkin Len”, which refers to the family of moss and grows in our forests. In fact, Asparagus – a plant from the Sparazhev family.

Plants are long – from 1.5 m, often bare. Breeding shoots are richly covered with a magnificent decorative greens, for which the plant fans are appreciated. Asparagus is growing not only as a reprehension shrub. There is his ampelovy species – Lianen with spiners for support. Flowers asparagus small, single or collected in the brush. Have white or cream color and a peculiar smell that not everyone loves. Fruits appearing after flowering, red or yellow, poisonous.

Varieties

In nature, there are more than 300 types of asparagus. The most beautiful and unpretentious of them are decorated with our dwellings.

Sorpid or Falcatus

The stalk of the plant is covered with spiners, which are reminded in the form of a sickle – from here Liana received its name. It grows unhindered, climbing with spikes on any surface. The length of the shoots reaches 4 m, height – more than 1 meter. Flowers plant with small gentle cream flowers collected in inflorescences.

Plusus

Other Plants Name – Circular Asparagus. Ends of lush shoots in shape look like luxurious ostrich feathers. Stems, bare in the middle, strongly branched, so the bush is obtained volumetric. Flowers shrub small white flowers having a specific smell.

Shprengera

Branchy creeping Liana cling to stones, trees and soil. Stems plants thin and naked, up to 1.5 m long, bow down. Bundles collected from shoots with short and sharp thin leaves, create a green lush cloud.

Kisteidoid

Easily mastering any obstacles, a spiny flower grows up, and then lowers his shoots with cylinding facilities collected in the form of beams. The inflorescences of pink color are collected in brush, from this got its name this kind of asparagus.

Histocels

The plant creates a lot of downstream shoots up to 50 cm long. Green bright and magnificent, as if the finest needles, forms a very beautiful bush, and the blossom of rarity is abundant and long-term for this culture.

Pyramidal

Pyramidal Asparagus can be easily adopted for juniper. Savages Personal, reach 1.5 m in height, covered with very soft and delicate needles.

Sparazhemoid

This handsome man has large leaves, bright green and shiny. You can confuse it with the usual ivy. Grows like liana, requires support. With it, you can create a whole living fence or phytostine. Flowers Plants smell like orange.

Drug or ordinary

Carefully grown on sites and giving as garden culture. The bush is gorgeous, lush, fluffy, very decorate landscape. Sleeps are soft, with rather long quarters, are used by florists in bouquets, used in food and for making drugs. Reach up to 1.5 m in length.

Setatseus

It has spacious fluffy strongly branching shoots with thin short quarters growing in several tiers. Lightly loves light, so it grows better in suspended porridges on the windows.

Virgatus

This kind of asparagus also love florists for the abundant green mass required to create compositions in rustic, eco and massive style. Needles soft and long, shoots for a long time saved freshness after cutting.

Fine one

This asparagus has long elegant shoots. The grade can be confused with asparagus peristry, but the main difference between asparagus thin – miniature fragile needles. The greens of this flower as if transparent and light green lace.

Umbelatus

This is another favorite designers and florists. The branches of the plant are dense, have beautiful bends, the greens are very thick, assembled into frequent terry bundles, than resembles branches of luxurious Pitsund Pine.

General rules for home care

Tropical resident, asparagus feels great in our apartments. All types of this plant are unpretentious. Seeing in a green handsome man with curly branches, a lover of room flora simply can’t pass by. By purchasing asparagus, the first thing to do is to transplant the plant.

Transfer

Soil in which the plant is sold, intended only for transportation. Upon arrival home, Asparagus needs to be transplant, following this manual:

  • Free the roots of the plant from the old soil;
  • In the pot, pour 1/3 drainage – clay;
  • On the bottom, put the moss – sphagnum;
  • Soil is suitable for decorative and deciduous plants;
  • Push up in a pot on ½ ground and gently place the plant inside;
  • The remaining Earth carefully rinse along the edges of the tank and slightly around the base of the flower;
  • Palten the plant with an accumulated soft water.

Transplant young asparagus every year, as they grow rapidly. Pot need to take a little more than the previous one. Adult copies transplanted 1 time in 3 years. The mixture for the plant can be made independently. To do this, you will need the following ingredients:

  • river sand -1/4 part;
  • Sheet land – 1/4 part;
  • humid – 2/4 parts.

Lighting

At home, asparagus is growing under the colorful crowns of tropical forests, where the sun goes soft and unobtrusively. Straight burning sun rays – a phenomenon for asparagus strangence and unwanted. There are types of asparagus more and less light-minded. The plant will feel good on Eastern and Western windows. Indoors where windows come south, flower can be placed away from the window, in the zone where the light will be scattered. Here the flower will be in the comfort zone and perfectly fit into any interior.

With the onset of winter, the plant begins missing sunlight. The stalk of the plant is drawn up to the light, becomes naked, and on the top of the leaves remain. Plant need to be transferred to a lighter and cool place. If the sun is not hot, the pot can be put on the south window.

Temperature

In the summer, the room temperature should not be higher + 22 + 25 degrees. Otherwise, the plant begins to dry and drops his beautiful fluffy outfit. Asparagus loves fresh air and do not mind spending the summer on an open veranda or on the balcony, in a privided corner, but not on the sun. In the autumn-winter period, when the plant needs rest, it is desirable to cross the asparagus in a sharp place with a temperature not higher than + 15 degrees. This will allow him to relax and save the strength to the beginning of the new season of the growing season.

Important! Keep the plant near the battery can not. The leaves of asparagus will yellow and showered. If it happened, urgently transfer the flower into a cool place, and barbed twigs gently cut. This contributes to the emergence of new shoots.

Watering

Asparagus loves a good watering, the land in the container in the plant should be wet, but in no way wet, which leads to the death of the roots. In the summer, the flower watered at least 3 times a week. Abundant humidity asparagus is not needed, and spraying for the plant is even useful, especially in the summer. It helps to carry the heat and deal with pest advent. In winter and in the fall, the culture of need is: if the earth dried in a pot on a depth of at least 3 cm, the flower is time to pour. In the spring, when the asparagus appears fresh young greens, the amount of irrigation gradually increases.

Important! Be sure to drain excess water from the pallet after watering. It leads to the mooring of the Earth and reducing the roots of the plant.

Fertilizers

Since the beginning of the growing season, the plant ferture more often. Summer feeder can be made once a week. Any liquid balanced fertilizers will be suitable for asparagus. The first years of life, the plant especially needs nitrogen and calcium:

  • Nitrogen stimulates the growth of shoots, helps to increase asparagus gorgeous green mass;
  • Calcium develops the skeleton and strengthens the root system of the plant.

During flowering, it is good to feed the flower with phosphorus-potash fertilizers. Suitable fertilizers for asparagus – fertilizers for decorative plants:

  • “Rainbow”;
  • “Effectton”;
  • “Agrikola”;
  • “Hyacinth”

    .

Reproduction

Modifying the plant can be in the following way:

  • dividing bush;
  • seeds;
  • Cherenca.

Dividing bush

In this way, adult plants over 4 years old have a powerful root system easily. Make it in the spring during plants transplantation. Rhizome is cut into parts, trying hard not to damage. The affected roots and tubers are sprinkled with activated carbon, transplanted into pots.

Seeds

Grow from seed flower easy. Planting at the end of February – early April in warm wet sand or peat. Capacities with crops are kept in a dark place with a temperature not higher than 25 degrees. To maintain humidity, the soil spray. Sprouts will appear on the surface after 3-4 weeks. Boxes with shoots are transferred to light. Young plants planted in separate pots after 4 months, when the sprouts are fixed and their height will be more than 50 cm.

Cherenca

Cuttings cut off at the end of March. Rooted in a wet substrate and placed in greenhouse: a box is covered with a film or glass. Daily need to carry out and spraying plants, otherwise they can be contrary. With proper care after 3 weeks, the plants are rooted. Can be searched in separate containers.

Examples in the interior

After the bustle of the working day, naturally, the desire of each person go home and relax. Indoor Flowers not only adorn the interior, but also help to create a situation that promotes relaxation and relaxation. Luxurious asparagus greens – soft, patterned and lush, it is great for this purpose. Fluffy shoots of the plant can decorate not only windows. They fit perfectly into any environment and allow you to make bright accents in the interior.

  • Very nice and originally, phytostic looks with light sticks of asparagus.

  • In trend, phytocarthines, small corners of wildlife on the usual wall.

  • The atmosphere of the room, which decorates thin elegant shoots.

  • In the bedroom, too, you can create vertical landscaping.

  • Cachepo Unusual Form – Bright Interior Detail.

  • Asparagus will harmoniously fit into the situation on the veranda or balcony.

Put asparagus on book racks, shelves. You can put a volumetric vase with a flower on the floor. In any location, contemplation of this amazing creation of nature will give you pleasure.

About Asparagus: Views, Care and Breeding, Look In the following video.

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