Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Tillandia is a herbaceous plant from the Bromelian family. Currently, about 500 varieties of this unusual plant are known. Of these, I would like to single out a rather interesting view – atmospheric tiltland. The peculiarity of this room pet is the lack of the root system – all the necessary nutrients it receives with spraying through foliage.

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Description

In the natural medium of Tillandia are found in a huge territory: from the US to chili borders in a variety of natural climatic belts. This flower grows in wet tropics, and in conditions of arid savanna, and in semi-desert lands, and even in the mountains. That is why the plant forms differ in many ways, but they are united by one – they are all 100% are epiphyts.

Special attention deserves atmospheric tillandsia – they dwell on the cores and trees, clinging for them with small hooks, At the same time, nutrients and water are obtained directly from the air due to special vehicles on the sheet plates. As a rule, atmospheric tillandsia grow on the highest branches, hanging down. This variety is distinguished by love for bright lighting and coolness.

To date, many varieties of this unusual flower are successfully adapted for growth and development at home.

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Views

Among the most popular varieties of Tilland The following copies are distinguished.

  • Usaineward. In the natural environment inhabited in the tropical forests of America. It has pretty short sophisticated hanging stalks, the leaves of it are shortened, narrowed at the ends, the length varies from 3 to 10 cm, they have a pronounced gray shade. Plants are successfully developed without reference structures, perfectly live in suspension and in most cases they grow a cascade from 0.5 to 2 m. Flowers yellow or blue, blooming usually falls for the summer.

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

  • Philcocelical. It has pretty miniature rosettes with a height of 4-5 cm, rigid leaves, conesoid. Flowers blue-purple, with oblong petals. Flowering falls on the summer months, shortly before the appearance of buds, the inner leaves begin to blush.

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

  • Silver. This variety is from Mexico and Cuba. It is distinguished by elongated leaves, the length of which is 6-10 cm, and the width is 1.5-2 cm. The sheets are expanded at the base, grow in chaotic order, forming a rather tight outlet. Stems shortened. Summer Blossom, Screw Buds and Flowers.

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

  • “Head of Jellyfish”. In their form, this type of atmospheric epiphyte resembles a regular bow, the socket near the base is quite tightly closed and only as the top approaches the top begins to open and bent. Self-deception is very decorative, saturated blue shade, bracts red.

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

  • Tellandia sticking. This species is distinguished by narrow (1-1.5 cm) and elongated (up to 20 cm) triangular leaves, shade – saturated green, sheet plates are covered with gray-haired scales. The bloomout is very short, inflorescences visually remind spikelets. Flowering Summer, Flower Extracted, Tint – Light Pink.

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

  • Three-color. This is perhaps one of the most beautiful varieties of Tillandia, it has a very unusual color: the petals are bright green, in the center – yellow, and below – reddish. Turns out “traffic light” on the contrary. Flower petals shape rhomboid. Leaf plates are collected in a strong outlet.

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

  • Duora. Pretty exotic variety, in the flowering phase, visually resembles a rowan leaf. Listers are narrowed, language-shaped, collected in a strong outlet. Flowers are very small, white-pink.

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

  • Anita. This is a selection of Tillandia type. Pointed leafy plates, pretty narrow, coated with small grayish scales, spikes with bracts distinguishes lilac or pink color, buds and flowers – deep blue shade.

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Home care

So that atmospheric tiltrysia successfully grew and developed, it requires a comfortable habitat. Let us stay in more detail on the individual aspects of the care of this unusual plant.

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Lighting

Epiphet must evolve on the eastern or western windows. These green pets are rather difficult in growing, in most cases they are growing in flurarals, as well as in special decorative bottles. Therefore, when growing from the south side, burns and death of Tildays are possible under the right rays of the Sun.

In additional lighting from November to March, the flowers do not need,They calmly carry shading and a short light day, moreover, for normal operation, it is quite fairly artificial lighting, so you can raise epiphetes not only on the windowsill, but also in the depths of the residential building.

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Temperature

As for the temperature background, the epiphytes belong to fairly hardy plants. In the natural environment, they often face short-term leakage of temperatures, and it does not harm even the decrease in heat level up to 12-13 degrees. This property passed and created artificially varieties intended for cultivation at home.

Atmospheric tillandsia require fresh air inflow, Despite the fact that they are accepted to belong to orangene cultures. Therefore, in the room where they grow, it is necessary to regularly arrange ventilation. At the same time, drafts can destroy the flower, when planning winds, try to carry it into a wind-protected place.

Summer epiphytes can be put on a balcony or terrace, covering from direct sunlight, rain drops and hail. With the onset of cold weather, it is better to put a tillandation back to the house.

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Watering

Separately, it is worth staying on the peculiarities of watering, the point here is that epiphytes get the moisture they need as a result of spraying. But it is very important that the liquid has not accumulated in the substrate, it is impossible to dry the soil in the hot months. Follow the literacy of the irrigation in the appearance of the flower – if it is experiencing a lack of moisture, the leaves will begin to curl.

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Atmospheric tillandsia require quite high humidity – up to 80%, But in the conditions of residential premises, the maintenance of such a parameter is rather problematic and unsafe for tenants, so it should be combined with a multiple spraying with the installation of an air humidifier. For irrigation Only soft water should be used: resistant, spring or passed through filter. Water from the tap contains a lot of chlorine, which leads to diseases of sheet plates. The water temperature should be 5-6 degrees warmer room. In the flowering phase or if the air temperature indoors falls below 15 degrees, spraying must be stopped.

One of the ways of watering atmospheric tillandsia – room in water. To do this, it is necessary very neat, without separating the flower from the support, put it in the vessel with water. Once the base is completely appropriate, the flower must be pulled out, and then give moisture completely drain from the leaves.

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

The soil

In the natural environment, these Tillandsia live on the rehabilitary crust of trees, because for growing in conditions of the house you need to use a soil composed for orchids. If desired, it can be done on their own, for this purpose, in equal proportions connect:

  • pieces of bark of coniferous trees;
  • clay granulate;
  • River pebbles;
  • Fiber coconut.

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

In the usual garden land, the epiphyts should not be planted, because in it a tillandia does not take root, this flower is required High air permeability substrate. However, for epiphytes, it is possible to use the soil at all – to maintain the normal life of the plant, it is absolutely not needed.

When creating a decorative composition, you can take any snag, imitation of the ruins of an old castle or interesting stones – they are used as a support and beneficially emphasize the leaves of Tillandia.

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Subordinate

Epiphyts are developing very slowly, and to speed up this process, one month should carry out lungs – for this buy ready-made preparations for bromellene, which are bred in accordance with the instructions, and then spray sheet plates.

Fertilizer use only in the spring-summer period at the time of the plant activity, In winter, feeding should be stopped, otherwise floral kidneys will not be formed. It is categorically impossible to use organic fertilizers and urea – they contain high nitrogen concentrations, and it is destroyed for atmospheric tillandsius.

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Methods of breeding

Atmospheric tillandsia is breeding vegetatively two main ways: Seeds or children. The first method is quite time-consuming and long, for this, the seeds plant in a special soil, cover the container with glass and polyethylene film. Keep in mind that the seeds of Tillandsius germinate very quickly, but immediately after that the growth slows down sharply – from the moment of the appearance of the first sprouts before flowering, about 10 years.

This method is most often used by breeders for obtaining new varieties, in room conditions, preference is better to give a breeding for children, they appear at the flowering stage. Immediately after drying the rosettes, it is necessary to gently separate and move to the substrate consisting of a mixture of sand and peat. As soon as the roots appear, the plant transplant to a permanent place.

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Diseases and pests

Tillandia is characterized by exceptional resistance to pests. Single insects that can cause damage to this decorative flower is Shields, spider mites and mild worms. If you have noticed the unintelligible guests, you should rinse the leaves as quickly as possible the leaves with a solution of the household soap, and after a while, it’s a warm shower epipitis. If possible, it is necessary to repeat the procedure a week later, and if these measures have not brought the desired getting rid of parasites, it makes sense to resort to special insecticidal drugs. The most effective are “Rogor-C” and “Tax”.

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

Tellandia atmospheric: species, rules of care and methods of breeding

In case of non-compliance with all the necessary conditions of content, the flowers may be susceptible to fungal infections. In this case, it is necessary to remove damaged places, and sections of sections to be treated with complex medicinal preparations.

About how to care for Tillandsia, see the following video.

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