What can be the main attraction of the recreation area on the personal household economy? Of course, the street fireplace! Such a structure will always gather around himself, the people will become a symbol of comfort on the site.
In the fire furnace, you can easily prepare a barbecue and many other dishes that will not leave anyone indifferent.
Before embarking on the construction of a street focus, it is worth choosing a place on the plot. Best if the object is not too close to the house – this will avoid spreading odors in the room. It will also be nice to track the wind rose and lay the fireplace so that the smoke is not sent inside the site or at least in the direction of residential buildings.
Street fireplace should be in sight, not closed tightly plants, fence or buildings. Then he really will decorate the garden and his attraction – everyone will see it and appreciate it, and so it will be possible to control the process of burning almost from any point of the site.
Get rid of the draft will help a live fence, which will not impede a review, but only create a comfort and the necessary microclimate. However, it is not necessary to organize such a landscaped object close to open fire, it will help to avoid fire. It is necessary to clearly execute the rules of fire safety, and if there are doubts, it is better to consult with the fire safety department of the district. Employees will inform relatively accepted norms in the region.
The main criteria for determining the form of the fireplace is its functionality, as well as its mobility, or vice versa, stationarity. Picking for yourself the best option should be taken into account how the focus will be used, as well as how much space on the site such an object can occupy.
There are fireplaces with a fully decorative purpose or with decorative and utilitarian. Exterior foci, designed to serve only the goals of the design and harmony of the soul, can be made in the form of a bowl on wrought-iron legs, laid down a stone in a circle, made in the form of Cuba and other possible forms.
Such models do not assume cooking, maximum, what can be done from such a source of fire – fry marshmallows or sheds.
Such products can be portable, for the winter or in the case of departure, a decorative fireplace can be removed. Wider destination have portable bourgear stoves. In such a model there may be a barbecue that allows you to fry a small amount of meat. Foreign option – Barbecue Mangal.
According to the technology of the device, street fireplaces can be divided into such types:
- Established open fire, decorated in decorative purposes. A kind of fire, which can be given the shape of a stone, brick or any other heat-resistant material (even a special glass).
- Barbecue oven. The design is equipped with chimney and allows you to fry meat on the outdoor and on coals. In addition, you can cook any dishes in a special fireproof dishes. Maybe constant or portable.
- Smokehouse. Make such an object with your own hands is not too difficult. Most importantly, adhere to technology. There are ready-made factory portable street smokers who are very popular.
- Mangal. This is the simplest construction for cooking meat and other dishes on open fire or coals. It happens inpatient and portable. Permanent brand can be built of bricks, portable models are usually metal.
- Street bread or pompsey oven. Suitable for those who love stove pies, homemade bread, cook pizza on the street or pita. In such a structure, the heat is not given corner and non-open fire, but strongly heated inner walls, which are made of heatow-resistant and heat. The arch of the firebox is vaulted, it has only one narrow chimney. This design collects as much heat as possible and does not release it.
With the wide range of the size of the cottage or country estate, you can build an object that several types of street foci will be included. The most popular option is the bake barbecue with smoking. Such combination allows you to prepare several dishes at once.
Street fireplaces can be divided by the type of material from which they are made:
- Brick stove. The most popular material for self-making street fireplaces – brick. It heats up rather quickly, and then he holds the heat for a long time, which allows for a long time to cook and warm next to the oven. In addition, it is easy to work with the material, it is relatively inexpensive and affordable.
There are several brick varieties. They differ among themselves composition, way to produce finished products, and, therefore, characteristics. It is important that the fireplace does not cracked with a strong heating and could easily transfer the temperature of 1000 degrees Celsius.
Directly for masonry furnaces used chamotte brick.
Manufacturers offer not only the classic product shape, but also a wedge-shaped, which is used for laying arched holes.
However, for the facing of the fireplace, such a material is not suitable, as it has the property to expand heavily when heated. For decorative finishes it is better to purchase facial red full-length brick. Smooth homogeneous surface of the product, as well as various forms for laying the arches and portals will form a beautiful and durable object.
- Stone fireplaces. Stone in the manufacture of street furnaces is used only for cladding. It is best to choose natural, not artificial material. So you can avoid the release of toxic elements with a strong heating.
The base, that is, the combustible part of such a structure, lay out chamoten brick, decorative trim in places where the temperature will be over 80 degrees, can be made by dolomite or basalt. Do not choose materials that are not able to easily transfer the heat, for example, but granite.
Stone finish is very well combined with metal, forging, facial brick, can support any style on the site, looks noble and luxurious.
Choosing a design for the future gardening fireplace or fireplace, the design of the facade of a residential building, as well as household buildings in the territory. For harmonious unity on the country site, you can use the same finishing materials that were used even for paving tracks (for example, a natural stone that has heat-resistant characteristics).
Street fire design is very conjugate with its functionality. To create a coziness on its cottage, for the design of the recreation area, as well as maintaining landscape design you can choose a portable street fireplace. Such products are widely popular in creating a special atmosphere in the courtyard of a private house or townhouse within the city with its own small land plot in a couple of acres.
Due to the fact that there are models that do not require firewood firewood, their own home and neighboring buildings will not suffer from the smell of Gary, as well as from caustic smoke.
However, such a fire will not be very warm, but the spectacular element of the landscape design will definitely succeed.
Due to the variety of design, you can perform such a garden focus in any style. Models made of metal and glass will be a good addition to the landscape design and the facade of a residential house in the style of high-tech, bowls with an ornament will complement the classic style, and the shapes of the stone – Provence or country styles.
If, besides visual enjoyment, I want to inhale the fragrance of the burning tree, then it is worth considering a portable fireplace version on firewood. Designer finds echoes with models without wood firebox, but there are also their own features. These include bourgeitous stoves. They look very modern, occupy a little space, some models are equipped with special devices for holding a barbecue grid and skewers.
Portable street fireplaces are good because they do not occupy a lot of space, their location can be changed. But their functionality is small. By and large, except for decorative properties, they no longer possess.
Small focus you can lay out on your own stone or brick. Popular Form – Circle. As a rule, this type can be used for cooking. Equipped fireplace – a great way to warm up cool in the evening at the fire in a friendly company. Monolithic performance – paved recreation area, seats laid out of stone semicircle, the proximity of the Alpine slide or an artificial waterfall with waterfalls or fountain and, of course, the open flame is good components of rest, which are perfectly combined.
Present homemade comfort in the courtyard or on a large country site can be created using an overall stationary street fireplace. Popular styles High-tech and minimalism are considered the main directions in the exterior arrangement in modern small courtyards. Simple geometric shapes, trim heat-resistant tiles of cold tones, minimum decor – embodiment of strict elegance of styles.
Delicate shebbie-chic, a simple country for gardens and yards can be supplemented with a small street stove, plastered and whitewash. As a decor you can lay out a stone of the sixth and arches or leave some bricks, not closeing them with plaster.
Easy performance, and most importantly, harmonious in the exterior Style Rustic – a great option for decoring a recreation area with a fireplace. Rude untreated natural materials fit harmoniously into an ensemble with fruit trees, shrubs and flower beds, and complemented with elegant and elegant elements of decor and garden furniture.
For those who like to cook and collect a large number of guests, it is best to fit the furnace functions performed in a pure Russian style. You can simultaneously cook several dishes at once or change the menu every day. In addition, such a design fits perfectly into the local landscape, nature, combined with the peculiarities of our architecture.
Choosing the option of portable fireplaces, it is worth considering both domestic and foreign manufacturers. In Russia, well-known firms manufacturing portable mangals, stoves, firefights, foci and garden fireplaces, as well as stationary options are:
Products are made of metal predominantly black. For decor serve forging. Thus, the base of the barbecue can be decorated with silhouettes of trees, wild animals, the rear wall of the fireplace is artistically performed by imitation of leaves, running horses, salamander, bonflash bowls can be a round and trapezoidal shape with a geometric ornament or a wild nature and so on. All products for winter can be disassembled.
The company manufactures portable affordable products.
City Manufacturer – Moscow. Unusual in the form and execution of fireplaces are made of bricks, smooth, white plaster applies as a facing material. There are different types of fullness of the product – a barbecue, a Russian oven, a cauldron with a wrought stand, washing, as well as their combinations in the composition of one product. Products of Barbecue LLC – from an extended segment, but also appearance, and material reliable and durable, the more construction is stationary.
Foreign manufacturers offer their own series of portable fireplaces and barbecue. Abroad, just such a segment of foci with flame. Main firms:
American company WEBER creates products for the barbecue since 1952 and is a world famous brand. A distinctive feature of products is a spherical form. Grill housing can be deaf or transparent from glass. There are coal, gas and electrical models. The best barbecue is obtained on the coal grill.
The manufacturer provides a guarantee for its products for 10 years, which indicates the excellent quality of goods.
The German company Radius Design as the preparation of the grill offers special cups of round shape with a round lattice device located directly above the flame. However, in this case, the criterion for choosing such a product is the decorative properties than the ability to prepare on open fire.
By purchasing a portable fireplace, It is necessary to evaluate such characteristics:
- metal thickness;
- base area;
- product weight;
- method of firebox;
- fire safety;
- stability of the product;
- ability to build-disassembly;
With independent erection of a stationary street fireplace, you should take care of a sustainable foundation. It is best to prepare a concrete platform with a large coverage area. To do this, the top layer of the soil is burned on the zone marked, fall asleep with a sandy gravel mixture – form a pillow. Further install formwork from wood, reinforcement bars or reinforced mesh and poured a plot with cement mortar.
Full hardening of the foundation occurs in 5-7 days, then you can remove the formwork and proceed to the construction of the fireplace.
Various types of frying have their own construction technology. The easiest option is an open barbecue, the complicated option has a smoke pipe. It is important that the used bricks for laying the furnaces were the same, since different species have a different expansion coefficient. Do not stucked the inner part of the furnace and chimney – the plaster is not intended for such temperature drops.
Special heat resistant building materials will increase the service life of the construction, will have the best quality cooking qualities.
To build such tools and materials will be needed:
- Rubber tip hammer;
- Master OK;
- Finishing material to choose.
Best of all, in front of direct works, draw the drawing by which you can create a estimate, calculate the required amount of material. The scale of the future fireplace should be indicated in the scheme not only in meters or centimeters, but also in the amount of bricks in one row. For chimney, fireboxes and side attacks, it is better to draw additional detailed drawings.
The process of building the fireplace itself looks like this:
- Divide in a bucket cement mixture.
- It is necessary to clearly follow the scheme when laying out each row. The base is laid out by chimney brick. It is necessary to alternate layers going along and across, so each new row will close the seam of the previous. It should be constantly monitoring the surface with a construction level.
- For fireboxes and combustion chambers, chimney brick are replaced by refractory. The process of forming a furnace deepening with a chimney exit.
- When the arch of the furnace is folded, the statement continues with chimney brick. Immediately chimney can be postponed with bricks on their own, and you can purchase a ready-made chimney-monoblock.
- You can start decorative work.
For the finished object you need to build a canopy so that the water does not get into the chimney. From time to time should be cleaned with the firebox from Gary and Scoot. This can be done by conventional soapy water. Fatically dissolves talc, left for several days in the barbecue area.
Zone with fireplace is not necessarily a separate area in the garden. In order to save space, a summer open veranda can also be equipped with a stove. It is important to observe the stylistic orientation of the entire space, then all the details will look elegantly and harmoniously.
Alternative – Build a gazebo with a fireplace. In this case, you can experiment with the finish and in addition, get rid of the smell of smoke and food in the house.
Read more about this in the following video.