Among domestic gardeners, many are interested in growing exotic plants. This is a kind of “challenge” to yourself, the way to raise a professional level and work out new skills. A good option for such a “training” – the cultivation of pussonia.
This culture is distinguished by unpretentiousness and can be grown without any problems. Often, Pizoney is taken for the ficus, because it is also painted with leaves, but experienced gardeners will easily detect slip. Pizoni intensively branches, but will not be able to grow to the same dimensions like a big ficus.
This is a plant from tropical regions. In nature, it grows in New Zealand, in the Australian Territory and Mauritius. The species received its name by the name of the discoverer – Dutch Botany and Naturalist Piso. It is known before the fifth species of pussy. Epitts of birds and a tree that killing birds is not accidental.
The fruits are gathering a sticky substance that keeps insects and even small feathers.
In the home environment, the flower is best developed in a closed greenhouse or in the winter garden. But it is not necessary to create precisely such conditions, the outdoor pots will also be a good choice. They put them in any office or even in the lobby, the plant at the same time can rise to 2 m in height, and the crown sometimes reaches 1 m.
The development of Pizoni slow: if several leaves appeared for the year, and the increase was 0.03 – 0.04 m, then it is completely normal. In most cases, the umbrella variety of pussy is used for culture. It refers to the number of evergreen species. In the wild conditions, an umbrella plant can rise to 5 m, but at home to calculate it is meaningless.
Soothes from an umbrella look strongly branched. Subneuent foliage is distinguished by a smooth surface, the length of individual leaves can reach 0.25 m. They are painted into a monotonous green color, an important distinguishing feature is a wavy kaym around the perimeter.
In the pots often grown pussy Variagat. This type is more compact (no more than 1 m) and has a dead foliage. Young Variagments Plate Leaf Painted in Dark Green. They are also covered with pink stains fuzzy shape. Gradually, they acquire white or yellow.
How to choose
Care at home for pivision is not too complicated, but basic measures must be observed strictly. Even when choosing a plant for landing, it is completely inspected and check whether there is no pest. IMPORTANT: Maximum attention during inspection is given to the bottom of the sheet.
On the trunk, especially in the surface part, the slightest raids of white or gray shade are unacceptable.
It is necessary to sniffing to the substrate. If it is poor quality, the smell of rot will almost inevitably. Buying pizyo in winter, you must carefully defend it from the cold. The seedling is transported in paper either a newspaper, but it is much better to use a thermal carrying bag.
At home, Pizoney is left alone for 5-8 days and only after that transplanted into a permanent pot. Turning of the soil does not fit categorically. Experienced flowers advise carefully cleaned the substrate from the roots. Only when complying with these conditions, you can count on a good result.
Flower Pizoni with the formation of small inflorescences. They can have yellow, white or pink color. Tubular flowers exude sweet fragrance. To note: the room is almost impossible to achieve flowering. In the conditions of the greenhouse, it happens with old copies. Pretty long fruits are covered with a sticky substance.
Slow growth of the plant allows you to abandon forming trimming. But sometimes to force branching, pinch the tops of the barrel and twigs.
Flower irrigation in the spring and summer months is moderately produced. Before each watering, the upper third of the soil must dry completely. In winter, watering is reduced even more (subject to placement in cold places). Usually pour water then every 10 days. You can no special damage to Pussoni to make an interval for 2 days more or less.
Reduce gaps between irrigation, if the foliage becomes sluggish. Excessive additive of water provokes the rise of the earth and rotting roots.
IMPORTANT: Applying tap water for pussonium is impossible – this culture categorically does not tolerate chlorine. Before watering, the fluid should be carefully defended, as well as to monitor so that it is not overly cold.
Pizoni even in the winter months does not tolerate air cooling less than 18 degrees. And during the active development of both early spring and autumn (when the day is still long), the temperature of 20 degrees must be maintained. However, it should be borne in mind that excessive heat harms culture. Ideal it feels at temperatures of 20-22 degrees. In such circumstances, the plant is as beautiful as possible.
If it becomes too hot, you need to moisten the air. When growing pivision, even small drafts should be avoided. And the simplest ventilation is required to spend most carefully. In strong heat recommended spraying of leaves. Regardless of the weather, very good results gives regular watches and polishing foliage.
Pizthyloy in a universal soil, which should be well passed water and air. When independent preparation of the substrate will have to mix equal parts:
- sand with large grains;
- good peat;
- Sheet land.
According to qualified flower flowers, it is not bad for this mixture for each pot add 0.03 kg of chopped pine bark. The acidity of the soil should not be too large. At the very bottom, the pot is laid out by pieces of clay or brick fragments. Since the roots in young pussy develop very powerfully, the annual transplant is recommended.
Best for this comes the beginning of spring.
Each next pot must be larger than the previous one by 0.02-0.03 m. If the roots are still too long, they are shortened by about 30-50%. After the occurrence of 4 years, it is possible to transplant lysonia. Usually this procedure is carried out in 24-36 months. Exact periods are selected individually.
Diseases and pests
Exotic culture suffers from ordinary pests attacking most indoor plants. The most frequent “aggressor” is a web tick. To reduce the likelihood of its appearance, you can moisten the air. The sign of an insect attack is to change the stains – they acquire a gray brown color. When the web has not yet appeared, the ticks are expelled with abundant watering with water (no need to regret it) with a sponge. If a web originated, you will have to use factory insecticides.
Noticing convex plaques of brown, you can not doubt: it “works” Shield. The affected flowers are maximally distinguished from others, and immediately washed every leaf with soap solution. Then immediately use plant protection products.
The yellowing of foliage starting from the edge indicates a sunny burn. In advanced cases, the pot is rearranged in half. If burns are relatively weak, it is possible to limit the protection against the bright day sun. But the lack of light manifests itself in the foliage and loss of characteristic. To cope with this, Pizoney is rearranged closer to the window.
However, subject to direct sunlight can not be exposed to.
“Birds” can have very contrast patterns. In this case, it is put in the most light places. Experts recommend placing a flower on an eastern or western windowsill, equipping them with scattering screens. However, if there is no alternative, you can keep pussy and on the northern window. It is advisable to try to focus the light on the top of the crown.
About how Pizoni looks like in a natural environment, look in the video below.