Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal – elegant decorative plant, using great popularity in bedroom flowering. Its basic advantages are considered unpretentious, as well as the ability to luxuriously bloom a significant part of the time a year. With the same nuances, the cultivation of zonal pelargonium is conjugate? What conditions are these plants for a comfortable existence?

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Description

To begin with, it should be noted that the pelargonium zonal many flower products are mistakenly called geranium. In fact, a group of plants under this title enters the separate genus of Pelargonium, which, in turn, belongs to the Geranium family. This family applies to the other independent genus – geranium (chewing), which has about 400 varieties of semi-stares and shrubs, visually little similar to the well-known indoor pelargonium. However, without taking into account this fact, most of the flower products are still referring to the zonal pelargonium “geranium”, considering this name is simpler and more convenient.

Zonal Pelargonium is an extensive group of perennial semi-stares, whose trunks with age are decorated and covered with rough beige-brown bark. Depending on the varietal features of the plant, its height can reach 15 centimeters (miniature varieties), and one and a half meters.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Most indoor and garden pelargonium has a reprehensive trunk, branched and strong shoots. Also known and varietal groups whose representatives have crawl escapes and are grown as ampellable plants.

Zonal pelargonium leaves have the right rounded shape, slightly dissected and wavy edges. A characteristic feature of the color of the leaves – the presence on the sheet plate of the zone of a dark brown, yellowish or dark green shade. The saturation of the drawing on the sheet plates depends on the varietal features of the plant, as well as on its conditions of content.

It is observed that pelargoniums experiencing lack of lighting, a zone painted with different color, pale and compared by shade with the rest of the sheet plate.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

To date, breeders are derived by the varieties of pelargoniums with simple, semi-grade and terry flowers. The palette of their pains is unusually wide and diverse. Depending on the variety of painting of pelargonium flowers, there may be a two-color or monophonic (milky-white, gentle or saturated-pink, coral, orange, peach, carminno-red, dark ruby). There are even varieties with the colors of a unique lilac-amethyst colors (“Blue Blood”).

One of the bright features of the zonal pelargonium is their specific tart fragrance. It is noteworthy that most of these plants smell not only leaves, but also flowers. Some varieties of pelargonium possess pleasant fruit and herbaceous flavors.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Sort

According to historical sources, the flower growing described the plant was even at the beginning of the XVIII century. In a few centuries, breeders managed to bring over 10 thousand varieties of pelargoniums of a wide variety of colors and forms. Below are the most popular varieties capable of becoming a decent decoration of any home or garden.

  • “Yu-Foggy” – Very attractive standard grade for amazing decorativeness. The plant has a reprehensive stem, forms a beautiful compact bush. Flowers – dense, roside, saturated coral and pink color.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

  • “Lake” – unpretentious grade, distinguished by abundant and lush flowering. The plant has small sizes, rounded juicy green leaves with a dark brown circular area in the center. Forms numerous flowers with spherical shape infloresions. Flowers – terry, salmon-orange shade.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

  • “Rafaella F1” – grade of modern selection, forming beautiful and compact bushes up to 30 centimeters high. During flowering, numerous spherical inflorescences forms. Flowers – terry, with tightly adjacent to each other petals. The range of colors in this variety includes milk-white, peach-pink, bright orange, purple and scarlet shades.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

  • “BOLD GOLD” – very spectacular abundant grade recommended for cultivation both at home and in open soil. Plant has strong branching stems and light green leaves with a wide brown ring in the center. Flowers – Gustomahrovy, combined in dense spherical inflorescences. Painting of petals varies from orange-peach to salmon-pink shade.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

  • “MINX” – Original miniature grade vesting for spectacular and abundant flowering. Coloring of large terry flowers – carminno-red, successfully contrasting with a saturated emerald tint of foliage.

As evidenced by the reviews of the flower breeders, the pelargonium of this variety will form a compact bush independently, without requiring the quilt or trimming of shoots.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

  • “AINSDALE DUKE” – Standard variety distinguished by unusually magical blossom. The plant forms a neat reprehensive bush with branching shoots that require light fiction. Flowers – very large, combined in dense spherical inflorescences, rich-red shade.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

  • “Colorma” – Standard unpretentious grade suitable for cultivation in opened ground. The plant has well-developed and branching escapes, light-emerald leaves with a wide dark brown ring in the center. Flowers – semi-natural, combined in dense spherical inflorescences. Coloring flowers can be milky white, pink-purple, saturated red, peach.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

  • “Quantum Light Pink” – Very original grade, notable for its unusual appearance. The plant forms a compact bush with a height of about 30 centimeters covered with an intricate palpal foliage. Flowers have a fantasy star-shaped shape, which they give pointed elongated petals. Color painting – gently pink, slightly pale to the center.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

  • “Grand Canyon” – Luxurious grade forming lush spherical inflorescences with a diameter of about 12 centimeters. The plant differs compactness, forms a neat straight bush tall up to 30-35 centimeters high. Flowers – Salmon Pink Coloring, Calm, Dense and Thick.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

  • “Mix” – Interesting variety, differing from traditional varieties of unusual coloring foliage. Plants of this variety have beautiful rounded leaves painted in the central part in a chocolate brown color, smoothly turning into a green routing along the edges. Coloring flowers is presented mainly by light shades, contrasting the colors of foliage.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

  • “MRS. Pollock » – delightful volatile variety, spectacular looking even in the absence of flowering. The coloring of the leaves is represented by a mint-green spot in the central part, a wide brown-burgundy ring zone and a light beige edge along the edges. The plant forms simple, but numerous carmine-red color flowers collected in bulk inflorescences.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

  • “Mirka” – Sort of zonal pelargonium, apparent for large (up to 15 centimeters in diameter) Character inflorescences Scarlet coloring. Flowers – Simple, combined in caps on long bloomrs. A bush is distinguished by compactness, reaching in a height of about 35 centimeters. Leaves – Emerald Green, with a pronounced brown-brown ring zone in the center.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

  • “Cabaret” – Popular unpretentious grade, characterized by largely large (12-15 centimeters in diameter) and bulk inflorescences. Flowers are simple and semi-mounted, tightly adjacent to each other. The paint palette includes milk-white, coral and pink, peach-orange, ruby-red shades. Plants form beautiful low bushes with a height of about 30 centimeters.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

  • “Quantum Salmon” – Unusually spectacular variety of zonal pelargonium, apparent for rich and long blossom, original appearance. The plant has a thick palpal foliage of dark emerald color with a pronounced brown ring zone in the center. Flowers – star, numerous, closely touching with each other. Color painting – Salmon pink, slightly pale on the edges of petals.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Features landing

Zonal Pelargoniums – beautiful plants grown at room content as perennials. In the open soil, they are usually grown in the role of annual decorative culture. Being enough unpretentious plants that are resistant to adverse environmental factors, Pelargoniums feel good in the open air, where they are grown in flower beds, in flower beds, in portable containers and vases.

One of the important aspects in the cultivation of these colors in domestic and street conditions is a competent landing. When performing this procedure, you must pay attention to such requirements as:

  • The optimal composition of the soil;
  • Suitable capacity (when planting a pot);
  • the right choice of space (when landing into open ground);
  • Correct planting technician plants.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargoniums are considered to be plants that do not impose special requirements for the composition of the soil. However, lowland soils are not able to provide them sufficient for growth, development and long flowering potential. Given this circumstance, when landing zonal pelargonium, it is advisable to use a soil that includes such components as:

  • Cherry and leaf land;
  • humus;
  • peat.

In order to improve moisture and air permeability of the soil, it is recommended to make some sand. It is important to trace it to be clean and did not contain clay impurities.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

When landing the pelargonium in a pot is needed to put in advance at the bottom of the tank Layer drainza. Small stones, crushed clayjit, river pebbles can be used as drainage elements.

According to experienced flowers, the best landing capacity for pelargonium is a ceramic pot. Capacity from ceramics protects roots from overheating, due to which the plant feels well even in very hot weather.

It is allowed to use for planting pelargonium and plastic pots. Plastic is quite hygienic and inexpensive material that can be used for many years. However, the minus plastic containers believes that the soil dries quite quickly.

The size of the planting capacity depends on the diameter of the root coma of plants. Plantievodes argue that even for adult pelargoniums is optimally suitable pot, Whose diameter does not exceed 15 centimeters, and height is 12-15 centimeters.

In addition, when choosing a pot of suitable size, it is necessary to take into account that the bloom of the planted plant will be only when its roots will fill all the space of the tank. For this reason, it is undesirable to acquire too large pots.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

When planting a zonal pelargonium to open ground, it is necessary to pay attention to the choice of a suitable place. It must be a plot located in a light half, with loose and well-drained soil.

It is not allowed to plant these plants in wetlands with earth, poorly transmitting moisture. With a high probability, flowers landed in these places will suffer from reinflowing roots and die.

To planting plants in open ground, you should move only after the threat of frosts. An optimally suitable month for this procedure is considered to be June.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

The landing and transplantation of zonal pelargonium should be carried out by a translated method, which provides for plants in the landing pits along with a lump of land on the roots. This method is considered to be the most gentle and least traumatic, so that landfills are quite quickly leaving for a new place.

After the procedure, it is necessary to hide the plants. In hot and excessively sunny weather, Pelargonium is strongly recommended to provide.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Care rules

Care for zonal pelargonium at home is simple, since these plants are particularly unpretentious. They easily tolerate both light half and a bright sun. However, they still need to protect them from direct sunlight so that the flowers do not get burns.

Razbing with experience claim that Zonal Pelargoniums more easily carry a small drought than multiple and unsystematic watering. Willing up the soil in the pot for them is detrimental, so watering of these plants should be moderate.

Flowering instances should be picked up by complex fertilizers about once a month. Such a procedure will allow to extend the flowering and prevent the depletion of plant resources.

It is also important during flowering timely removal of shock and dried umbrellas.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

If the varietal features of Pelargonium provides its tendency to grow, it is necessary to periodically form a plant. So as to get a compact, low and symmetric bush, it is required when landing pinch the tops of the stems.

When growing pelargoniums on the street, it is necessary to provide them with rain protection. These unassuming perennials are painfully transferred excess moisture in the air and in the soil. For the same reason, they do not need spraying and irrigation.

Methods of breeding

Most often, flower products are used for breeding zonal pelargonium seeds and cuttings. The seed method of reproduction is considered to be more laborious and ineffective. Shining is the optimal method of breeding these plants, almost always gives excellent results.

To receive pelargoniums from seeds use a good quality store planting material. Seeds received at home rarely justify the expectations of flower water.

Sowing seeds are carried out in trays filled with loose soil with sand adding. After sowing, the surface of the earth is thoroughly sprayed and closed by a polyethylene film tray. Spraying before the appearance of shoots are carried out regularly, not allowing soil drying.

In compliance with all the sowing rules, shoots usually appear after 2-3 weeks.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

The most light way of reproduction of pelargonium is the rooting of cuttings. To rouded them is allowed both in water and in a loose and wet substrate. That the cuttings managed to develop sufficient root mass, testifies to the emergence of new young leaves on it. Drying cuttings with roots are produced in the usual way.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Diseases and pests

Under the rules of departure, zonal pelargoniums are practically not damaged by pests and rarely suffer from diseases. One of the most common diseases is considered Root rot, developing soil in pot. In this case, the affected plant must be carefully removed from the pot and process its roots (root neck) by the preparation “Hom” or “Fundazoll”.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Wet soil also creates attractive conditions for breeding root worm – pest destroying the root system of plants. In this situation, Pelargonium also needs to be removed from the pot. After that, it is necessary to remove the acute blade affected roots, and then sprinkle the sections of the sections on healthy residues of the roots of activated carbon powder. In cases of severe plants, the plant is required to be treated with the drug “Aktara” or “Aktellik”.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Another dangerous pest, often amazing zonal pelargoniums – Bellenka. Detect these small gray-white butterflies on the inside of the leaves. The drug is also used to destroy parasites “Aktara” – highly efficient insecticide against famous pests of indoor plants.

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

Pelargonium Zonal: varieties, landing rules and care features

The most effective measure of the prevention of diseases and the appearance of pests is to comply with the recommendations for the care of pelargonia. This implies not only the creation of the optimal conditions for the content of these perennials, but also their regular careful inspection, assessment of the general condition and appearance.

About how to grow a pelargonium from seeds, look next.

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