Passiflora: types, landing and care at home

Among the flower water and lovers of exotic plants, passiflora uses tremendous. Many it attracts their luxurious flowers and uncomplicated appearance. Interesting fact – the fruits of the plant are very tasty and possess the healing property, we are known to us called Maracuy. Before growing a plant at home, you need to get acquainted with all the subtleties of care.

What it is?

Passiflora is a herbaceous plant. It can also be submitted as an evergoneal shrub with winding lianami. Often you can meet another name – passion. It can be both an annual plant and perennial.

Description of passiflora.

  • Plant shoots have wood structure.
  • Passion leaves painted in a saturated green color. Can take a prayer or solid form.
  • On the stem part of the passiflora flourish large stained flowers. They acquire the shape of a star painted in various bright colors.
  • In diameter, the flower can reach as many as 10 centimeters.
  • Flowers consist of five petals, there are as many of them from the chashelistic. Current sheet has quite large size. The center of the flower consists of a wound with three stigmas. Province of plants surround five stamens who have large anthers.
  • Passiflorian is famous for the wonderful aroma, but most species have a fading relatively quickly. Passion flowering period is July. Plant brings inflorescences until October.
  • Fruits appear immediately after flowering. Their length can be 6 centimeters.

Lianam, having lush flowers, which can be grown in room conditions, is inherent in one very rare feature.

Plant has edible fruits. It’s all the famous tropical maracuy. As it would be surprising or sounded, but it can be easily raised at home.

The size of the fetus is varied, they can reach 15 centimeters in diameter and weigh about 2 kilograms. Some varieties can reach 5 kilograms. Flowers loved passionwood for his unpretentiousness in leaving and beautiful appearance.

Varieties

There are many types of passiflores, We bring to your attention the list of the most popular plants.

  • Passiflora blue. Motherland of this variety of plants is considered South America. In the spring period begins a rouse flowering, which continues until the autumn. The diameter of colors can be from 5 to 10 centimeters. Usually they are painted in blue and less – in white colors. There are also hybrids of this variety of passiflores. Their flowers have a larger size, have purple color. In some cases, they are painted in a cream shade. In height, the plant can reach about 9 meters. Fruits passionless have a yellow color, and in shape resemble a chicken egg.

Many hostesses add them to apple charlotte. In care, such passiflora is rather unpretentious and can adapt to any conditions. Plant advantage – frost resistance.

  • Passiflora edible. The plant arrived in our edges from distant Brazil. Local call him “Granadilla Bagger”. Representatives of this species have winding lianas and naked shoots. Glossy leaves consist of three pieces, in the edges they have a shotch. Flowers are painted in white, and their diameter can be 5-7 centimeters. Stuffing stamens painted in a purple shade. Usually the fruit has a yellowish-green color, in some cases – dark purple. Form Form – Ophid. The plant brings its first fruits for the second year after the embodiment.

  • Passiflora incarnative (meat-red). Natural waters of growth – the central and northern part of South America. In height, the plant grows up to 10 meters. Stalks on the stems have an oblong shape. The stems themselves are smooth, the same can be said about the leaves. Flowers are small, and their color palette can be diverse. In this case, the purple color is dominated. The fruits of the plants have a pleasant taste, and they are painted in yellow color.

  • Passiflora “Royal Star”. Grow representatives of this species pretty quickly. The characteristic distinction of such passion is the persistent fragrance and prolonged flowering plants. They serve as an excellent decorative element for both the garden and home. Flower in most cases painted in white or blue, its diameter can reach 10 centimeters. Fruits have a yellow color, and their form resembles a chicken egg. Such passiflora is unpretentious in care and suitable for growing in pots. The height of the room plant can reach 0.3 meters.

Also the plant is well adapting to cold weather.

  • Passiflora “Maestro”. The plant is considered perennial and grows up to 4 meters long. The shoots are usually very long, having helps a mustache for the support. Leaves differ in their large size and divided by 3-5 shares. Fruit edible and pretty tasty, often this kind of plant is grown as fruit. Maracuy and Granadilla are considered the most popular stability.

  • Passiflora “Alat Red”. The value of this plant is expressed not only in decorative affiliation, but also in the food. Shrub can grow up to 9 meters in height, after which juicy fruits appear on it. Passiflora flowers are residually large, their diameter can be 10 centimeters. Their base is painted in a burgundy color, and the core consisting of a villium has a lilac color.

  • Passiflora “Cassiopeia”. Unlike previous varieties, this passionly has no varieties with edible fruits. They appear after flowering and have a yellow color. Flowers typically have a rich blue shade, and their diameter can reach 12 centimeters. If you want to grow by growing such a flower, then it is best to stock with special high supports, since the lianas passiflora are very long and they need to cling to something. The rusty color falls on the spring and continues until the coldest.

  • Passiflora giant. The habitat of this variety – South America. Liana is an evergreen plant that has a quadruple shape. Pastrality flowers are rather large (in diameter 10 centimeters), have a bell shape. The outdoor side of the flower has a rich red shade. The inner side is usually painted in white. Fruits obliged, painted in yellow color with green sills. This variety can adapt to any conditions.

  • Passiflora tongue. Usually this kind grows in the mountains of the South American continent. Lianen grow very quickly, their maximum length can reach 4 meters. Wide leaves have a smooth surface, their length varies from 7 to 10 centimeters. Flowers also have impressive sizes, they are painted in a pale pink shade. After the period of active flowering, the plant brings small fruits. They have a yellow color. In some cases, there are orange color fruits.

In order to stimulate the growth of the plant, it is necessary to grow it in conditions of high humidity, and the temperature should be at least +18 degrees.

  • Passiflora Edulis. The flower is the same as its many relatives, it is distinguished by the presence of long liana, which grows up to 10 meters in length. There are small flowers that in diameter make up three centimeters, and they are painted in purple. After the plant is fighting, there are edible fruits in the form of a maracuy, which possesses many useful properties.

  • Passiflora “Bat Mouse”. It is considered one of the rarest representatives of passion. Leaves have a shape similar to the wings of a volatile mouse. Little Plant Flowers (up to 3 centimeters in diameter), they painted in yellow color. The plant also has edible fruits, which, by the way, very pleasant to taste. They are painted in a lilac color. Well adapts to room conditions.

Conditions of detention

Passiflora, like many other plants, requires an individual approach by virtue of their features. In order for the passiflower to develop normally, it is necessary to adhere to some rules for its content.

Lighting and accommodation

Passionstick is better to place in the illuminated place, as he loves straight light. It is categorically recommended to grow a plant in the shaded places. It is also necessary to create conditions of sufficient humidity in the soil. The same applies to air. Thus, you can create a favorable microclimate. Best of all, the house is highlighted eastern and western parts, so you need to select windows with this location. Light shadow is permissible for the plant, but in this case, the bloom will not be intense. Ventilation is also useful for the plant.

Summer passiflora is recommended to be taken out into the courtyard or balcony. Place is better to choose warm and sunny. It is important to consider the fact that In the cold period, the plant is experiencing a shortage of sunlight, which in the end gets used to. Therefore, with the onset of heat, the passiflora is better gradually involved in the elevated level of lighting. Otherwise, the plant can get a burn. In winter, plants should be fed by additional light sources, for example, with a table lamp.

Temperature and humidity

From time to time it is recommended to spray passionwood water temperature. In winter, the plant needs such care under warm wintering conditions, as well as in case the air in the house is dry. To increase the level of humidity, special components add to the pot for the pot. It can be any porous material, for example, a wet grains or peat. It is also important that the bottom of the pot has no direct contact with water. If the air is not sufficiently saturated with moisture, it can lead to various diseases. Such a situation can provoke false inflorescence.

In the warm season, it is best to grow a plant at a temperature of +20 to +25 degrees. In winter, the passiflora perfectly adapts to the coolness and the temperature from +13 to +18 degrees is necessary for its content.

Landing

The main advantage of the passiflora is that it is suitable for its landing. Absolutely any soil. To plant a flower, professional flower products usually prepare a special mixture by mixing several types of soil, of which it turns out quite soft and fertile soil:

  • peat;
  • Sheet land;
  • sand;
  • Cherry earth.

In some cases, you can purchase a ready-made special composition designed for begonia.

Heavily off the seedling in the ground is not recommended, because it will slow down the growth of passion. After landing, the seedling should be covered. For this purpose, a small jar will fit perfectly. You can also construct a small greenhouse arch. It should be removed only in a couple of weeks after planting plants. At least once a week the plant is recommended to air. At the bottom of the pot should post drainage, which can be purchased in any specialized store.

In order to grow passionasts, as a perennial plant, it is recommended to make a transplant at least once a year.

The spring period is best. Before transferring a transplant, it is necessary to make a trigger of the shoots of Lian approximately 1/3 of their length.

How to care for?

In the natural environment of the passiflora, prone to very rapid growth, but at home it slows down somewhat. This can be avoided if we carry out competent plant care.

Watering

By virtue of its agricultural area, passionwood loves moisture and needs abundant irrigation. It is also recommended to raise the level of moisture and in the air. Water several times a week the plant is necessary in the warm season. As for the winter season, the amount of irrigation is recommended to reduce. In the evenings, the plant should be sprayed with water, the temperature of which should be room. In the heat you can water the plant shower.

But it is necessary to do this very carefully, since any incorrect movement can with ease to damage stalks of passion.

Podkord

This process is carried out in the period from the beginning of the spring before the beginning of the autumn. Passing the passiflora is recommended at least three times a month. For this, any feeder on the organic basis is ideal. Many gardeners are also often resorted to the use of mineral complexes. Before feeding, water should be water, otherwise dry roots can be amazed by fertilizer.

Trimming

A year after landing passiflora, the plant is already fully formed and will be ready for trimming. This process is mandatory, and should be carried out more than once a year. Spring is considered the most favorable period for trimming passion.

The process of trimming implies a set of mandatory actions.

  • Cannot cut strong shoots.
  • Mandatory pinching of young shoots.
  • Branches are subject to trim, which are at the base of the stem. The same applies to the top branches.
  • Required removal of witty branches.
  • Places that have touched pruning is recommended to be treated with a special means – mangalls are usually used.

Reproduction

Like many other plants, the passiflora can multiply in two ways.

Reproduction with shilling

In the spring period, the passionwort appear new shoots, then they are recommended to trim them. It is necessary to measure five centimeters from the kidney of the plant and cut only medium shoots. It is necessary to choose cuttings that have several small leaves on the surface. Sing of shoots is recommended to be treated with any means designed to effectively form the root system. At the next stage, take a small container and fill it with drainage.

On top of the drainage you can pour a specially prepared soil mixture. It needs to make holes for cuttings. A small number of leaves on the shoot should focus on the same level from the earth. After disembarking, the plant needs to pour and make a small greenhouse for him, covering it with a special film. Every week she takes off to ventilate the plant. The plant is rouded only under the condition of the wet soil and the required temperature (+20 degrees). Greenhouse coverage is removed 30 days after landing. When the root system is completely strengthened, the passiflora can be transferred.

The rooting process can also occur in water. Nothing unusual for this. The cuttings simply fall into the water and lie there until the root system starts to form.

Features of rooting passiflora cuttings at home are given further.

Reproduction with seeds

March is the most suitable time for sowing. Seeds from its own plant I have a very bad germination, so it is recommended to buy them in specialized stores. Before the process of sowing, seeds need scarification. This process disrupts the integrity of the shell, which will continue to allow passionless to faster. To implement this process, you can take sandpaper.

Next it is necessary to take a small container, put the seeds there and pour them with milk. In some cases, you can also use juice orange. The seeds that came to the surface should be thrown out, since they will not germinate anything. After the seeds have absorbed the liquid, they are pressed into the prepared wet soil. After disembarking, the container is covered with any material and put on a well-lit windowel. Optimal temperature for normal germination – + 22-25 degrees. The coating can be removed after the first considerations appeared in the container. To strengthen the plant, it is transplanted into an updated ground.

It should be done after the appearance of the first leaves. This method is considered quite long, as shoots may appear only a year after sowing.

Diseases and pests

Passionly lifestyle loves moisture, but should take into account the fact that if the plant is strongly flooded, it can get sick. In this case, a special danger is a fungal disease for him. It is manifested in the form of appearances on the leaves of plants spots, after which passionette begins to fade. Prevention of treatment is dry content. It is also necessary to process it with a special means based on fungicide.

With incorrect flower moisture, the root begins to rapidly rot. In this case, it is recommended to cut shoots and ready-made cuttings. If the trunk was reloaded, then the remaining healthy parts are better to cut and breed a plant again with a cuticle.

Passiflora is the owner of very juicy leaves. It usually attracts different pests. If the parasites got to the plant, then it begins to fade and lose the victim. To get rid of them to apply a soap solution. Many use insecticide-based preparations.

There are also infectious diseases that are subsequently leading to the death of passionworth, among them allocated:

  • root rot;
  • scab.

In the case of infection from passiflores, it is necessary to get rid of, otherwise other plants may be ill.

If the plant loses its former attractiveness, then this does not always indicate the presence of a disease. Often the plant lacks irrigation or do not fit the temperature conditions. If the buds are not disclosed, then the plant overtook the lack of different nutrients, and in this case the passiflora requires feeding.

About how in the winter to keep the passiflora at home, look next.

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