Orchids in Water: Growing Features

Orchid is often called a click plant, but many flower arrangements would argue with this statement: not everyone can competently care for the flower, which leads to certain difficulties. It is known that in the natural orchid environment they grow on trees, and soil as such is not required. At home, the flower is planted into the ground and it is necessary to constantly monitor its condition. But there is an alternative – the cultivation of orchids in water.

The essence of the method

So that the plant is constantly pleased with its colors, he needs not ordinary water, but a specially fertilized liquid. All substances that are added to the water are determined strictly by proportions, only this can provide uniformized flower.

Variants of a shipped method:

  • Hydroponic – the plant is grown on water;
  • Airplane – flower develops in the air;
  • Hydroculture – Substrate is added to the cultivation fluid.

It’s not particularly difficult to grow orchid in water, it is dictated by natural flower requests. Initially, it does not require soil, therefore a water cultivation appeared. This method has many advantages, but there are also disadvantages.

Pros and cons

Soil cultivation is inferior to hydroponics and hydroculture for some positions.

Benefits of growing without land.

  • Lack of rot and parasitesIn the soil (Independent item). Orchid roots are initially susceptible to rotting processes. But if you cultivate the method of hydroponics, then in water there will be a large amount of oxygen, it will obstruct the rotting there will be a regular change of liquid.
  • No need for regular transplant, as it happens with soil growth.
  • The flower is not exposed Excessive loads subordinate.
  • Water is constantly enriched nutrients, so flowers grow strong and healthy.
  • Roots will not dry from oxygen deficit.

But the disadvantages will have to mention. So, a water method requires constant control of water temperature – it should remain cool. Also, the flower water is forced to ensure that the water limit marker does not fall below the starting root system. If this happened, the liquid should be addressed.

Feeding should be produced throughout the entire period of growth. This means that care requires regularity.

Algorithm of cultivation

To multiply the flower, you need to make several manipulations. First cut off at the main plant color. Then cook a bottle with a cut-cut 5 cm.

Plant immerse in the water, but the flowerpiece water should cover up a maximum of 5 cm. In the liquid dissolve one tablet of activated carbon. But take water not from under the tap, orchid need rain or pre-purified water.

Then do the following:

  • A sharp blade cut the semicircular flake flower – so free will be closed kidney;
  • Miscellaneous scenes Lubricate a special ointment – cytokinine ointment can be bought in any flower shop;
  • Ointment Apply 1 time in 7 days about a month;
  • change water and the bottle itself recommended once a week.

Fingering the plant is needed throughout the period of growth. Fertilizers should take all the same as used in soil cultivation.

It is important not to guess with a concentration: Divide the feeding in full range from the one that it provides for watering with soil cultivation.

Soil

The plant needs to be adapted to the newly created conditions.

For this:

  • Remove the flower from the soil, clean it with the roots from the pinched elements;
  • Further it is assumed for 2 days to immerse in the water about a third of the length of the roots, after which the water is pouring away, let it dry;
  • A week later, water procedures will increase to 5 days + one day for rest (it is important to give the roots to dry);
  • After that, the roots need to keep in the water all the time, do not forget about the regular change of water, rinse the roots, too, more often;
  • Does the flower need another water, will be clear at the state of the roots – they will become silver.

For this period there are intensive growth of young roots, faders appear on the old roots. If you saw the mold either a whitish flare, you will get a plant from a vase for a day. Then his roots clean the reservoir of hydrogen or a fungicidal composition.

But the green algae on the roots are not worth removing, they improve the flower air intake.

About Substrate

As already noted, the hydroculture is the use of the substrate, and the hydroponics of water only. Many flower products prefer the first option, considering it aesthetically more attractive. How many substrate you need depends on its type.

How to fall asleep substrate:

  • diatomit needs to be alternating with a clay, sleeping it before the starts start;
  • Ceramzit as a monosostav should be filled to the middle, then the flower is put, and the substrate is twisted again;
  • If you decide to apply perlite, then the bottom first rises with a claying layer, then the flower is put, and perlite perlite to a distance of 1 cm to the holes;
  • Greenmix falls asleep, watering with water to drainage holes, after which the plant mixture is poured.

Orchid in a vase with a substrate should stand confident.

By choosing a bulk tool, you can find the image of a flower: strengthen its tenderness or to play in contrast.

Care

The main rule is constant water level monitoring. But other advice should not ignore too.

Care rules:

  • The temperature index in the premises in the winter can not be provided beyond the feature of 25 degrees;
  • To create floral kidney, it is necessary to organize a preparatory period equal to two weeks, during this time the temperature should be below 15 degrees;
  • Good humidity – no more than 75%, it is fundamentally important to comply with this criterion during the growth of sockets, which helps growing in water, because the evaporated moisture increases air humidity;
  • The flowers with a flower put away from the draft, in the summer – to the balcony, so that the straight rays of the sun were injured;
  • Rainwater is used for topping, as an option – water filtered through charcoal (this is important for softness);
  • The leaves of the orchid should not touch the water – it precedes the winding, and if the drops hit the leaflets during watering, they are removed with a soft cloth or a napkin;
  • From time to time, inspect and clean the holes in the vases;
  • Replace the solution every 3 days;
  • rinse the pot monthly, the roots need to wipe and dry 6 minutes, then immerse them again into the solution.

Capacity for growing is preferable transparent. Glass vases, though they seem attractive option, but they will not be useful. Yet this material is cold, and the normal holes should be done in it almost impossible. Therefore, flower seal plastic vases sold in flower shops everywhere.

The holes for the air exchange must be in the vase necessarily.

On tap water

Not very correct – put flower into water from the water pipeline. Great probability that the roots will be rotated. This method is used strictly to strengthen and reproduction of roots. There is only one grade, calmly carrying tap water, “Wanda”. By the way, he can be grown in a glass vase.

If you decide to keep the flower in a vase, constantly change the water, follow the temperature constant.

Sometimes between irrigation let’s dry the roots of orchids.

Suitable varieties

More and more new types of flower appear on sale, but not all are suitable for growing in water. Perfectly get used to the hydroponic phalaenopsis.

Preferred plants that do not have rest periods:

  • Fragmipedium (otherwise it is called sexy shoes) – Right from mountain tropics;
  • Cattleya – he has very large flowers, he loves the conditions warm, but certainly not hot;
  • Dendrobium – in the natural environment grows in a coolness;
  • Mormodes – has stains and dots on petals, couples;
  • Zigopetalum – it is distinguished by an unusual form of petals.

Say that the flower in water is protected from pests, it is impossible. And even though the soil parasites do not get it, but from flying anywhere to hide. If you recorded Butterfly blonde Near orchids, wipe the leaves with a soap solution made in a 1: 6 ratio.

If the flower leaves wrinkled greatly, That is probably the room dry air. No need to soak the flower stronger, air should be moisturized. Do not like orchid and temperature drops: if at night is much colder than the day, the flower “will show character”.

Hydroponic and hydroculture – Methods of growing, which were noticeably added in popularity in recent years. How do flower flower notice, despite the abundance of prescriptions, care cannot be regarded as very complex, labor-intensive. The only truly troublesome moment – requiring accuracy transfer.

If you decide to grow orchid in a substrate with water, take it only in proven stores: it is important that it is well processed and succeeded.

See below.

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