Officon: species, landing and care

For decorative design of residential premises and a household plot Florists and landscape designers recommend using such a tropical plant like officeron. The flower has an unusual shape and coloring of the sheet plate, and also quickly adapts to any climatic conditions.

This plant can be used to create an alpine slide, clubs in Japanese and Chinese style, as well as for decorating border zones and sections under the trees. Green compositions will require minimal amounts of attention and physical effort, but to please the beauty of their owners will be throughout the year.

Description

Officon is a beautiful herbaceous plant that has an empty and lush shape and belongs to the family of Lily. The birthplace of this flower are the tropics of the Asia-Pacific region. Officeron has not only botanical names, but also folk – Smerece Room, Llandshnik, Japanese Lily of the Dragon Slant, Monkey Grass, Snake Beard. An unusual tropical plant can be grown both on the street and in flower pots.

The root system has a superficial type and consists of small bulbs.

Distinctive feature of the flower – the presence of a large number of smooth, narrow and long sheets, which are formed from the central outlet. Form of leaves – linear with acute ends. Color gamut leaves is in the range from gently green to dark purple and depends on the variety. The maximum length of one sheet plate can reach 40 cm, and the standard width is 1 cm. The density and number of leaves remain unchanged throughout the entire period of cultivation of the Smeaking Room.

The blossom of the Llandshnik begins in mid-June and ends at the end of September. Challenges in the form of a spoze are formed on a long and fleshy flowers, which has a purple color and a maximum length of 25 cm, and grows from the base of the bush. In one blooming, there are about 6 interconnected tubular colors of purple color. After fading the inflorescences on the flower, dark blue fruits with round and yellow seeds are formed.

Designers use Llandshnik for both decoration of residential premises and zoning open areas of recreation and flower beds and mixing.

Officerhon is not only a decorative plant, but also medicinal. Preparations with the roots of the flower have a positive effect on the central nervous system and increase immunity. The chemical composition of the juice consists of polysaccharides, carbohydrates, mucus, sitosterol, Rusquegenin, Isoflavonoids, vitamins A, B, C, D, calcium, copper, iron, zinc, chromium and sodium. The plant is used by the eastern healers for the treatment of the following ailments:

  • diseases of the upper respiratory tract;
  • inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • tuberculosis;
  • Low immunity.

Like any folk medical agent, drugs with officers have a number of contraindications:

  • The period of tooling the fetus and breastfeeding;
  • Children’s age up to 16 years;
  • Individual intolerance.

Before applying the means, consultation with the doctor is required.

Types and varieties

Biologists allocate more than 20 species of this plant. For growing at home breeders recommend using the following types.

  • “Yabran” – a perennial plant whose height can reach 80 cm. From the central outlet, straight leathery leaves are formed with stupid ends. The top side of the sheet has a dark green shade, and on the bottom you can see the pronounced streak. The inflorescences located on the straight color view can be painted both in white and in a lilac color. The most popular varieties of this species are:
    • “Variagat” – flower, on the edges of the leaf plate of which is a white edging;
    • “White Dragon” – A unique variety, whose white sheet plate has a green vertical strip in the center.

  • Japanese – Popular view, whose leaves have a small bend to the center. Numerous bulbs are formed at the ends of the urine root system. The length of the sheet plate does not exceed 35 cm, and the width is about 2.5 cm. Red-lilac inflorescences are formed on short blur. Biologists recommend paying attention to the following varieties of this type:
    • “Cute Dwarf” – a small plant, the size of the sheet plate of which does not exceed 10 cm;
    • “Silver Dragon” – Beautiful variety that has a white strip in the center of the green leaf plate.

Biologists recommend paying attention to the dwarf varieties of the CDA, Kyoto Dwarf, Nana, which belong to the soil species and have a height of no more than 10 cm. High decorative levels have a grade silver fog and minor.

  • Flatbed – A low and empty view that has dark color leaves. The maximum length of the sheet plate is 40 cm. The color of the inflorescence can be both white and pink. The following varieties are most popular:
    • “Black dragon” – popular lush bush, whose height does not exceed 30 cm. The color of the sheet plate and fruit is black, the plant easily transfers the temperature to -25 degrees;
    • “Niger” – A low frost-resistant plant with black sheet plates, color of inflorescence – gentle-cream.

For growing in flower pots, florists recommend choosing an officeron room, which refers to thermo-loving dwarf varieties. The plant has small shapes and motley leaf plates.

Landing

To land this flower, you can use both the soil mixture and the independently manufactured mixture. To prepare at home the nutritious substrate, which should have a low level of acidity, it is necessary to mix in equal proportions of sheet and dery ground with large-scale sand and peat. To prevent the root system to prevent the root system, it is necessary to make a drainage layer, which can consist of pebbles or clay.

When transplanting it is advisable to use the method of pulling an earthen coma along with intact roots, which will prevent mechanical damage to the root system. In order to plant a new plant, you can take advantage of the following methods of reproduction:

  • Division bush – the simplest and most popular way of reproduction, which even novice flower. During the growing season, the Japanese lily of the Lily of the Lily of the Side Processes that can be used to disperse. This procedure can be carried out in the late spring or early summer. To obtain landing material, it is necessary to extract a plant from the ground and divide it into several parts. Each part must have at least four outlets. A good option for landing is to use a light and nutrient soil mixture into which the plant should be deepened to the root neck.

Regular and timely irrigation – the main factors that affect the level of survival of processes.

  • Reproduction with seeds – time-consuming and long way. For planting seed, experts recommend using a mixture of peat and sand. This process consists of the following events:
    • Seed collection by extracting them from the fruits and separation from the pulp;
    • soaking seed material at least 24 hours;
    • placement of seed material on the surface of the soil (the maximum distance between seeds should be 4 cm);
    • The shelter of planting containers with a polyethylene film;
    • Placing containers indoors with a temperature of no more than + 10Gradusov.

To prevent the seeds You need to regularly venture the containers and carry out moderate watering. Only after the formation of several young leaves, you can conduct a pickup into small planting pots. Plants whose height is at least 10 cm, you can plant an outdoor ground.

When landing of the Japanese Lily of the Lily of the Florals, it is necessary to withstand the distance between the bushes of at least 25 cm.

Care

Correct care – a guarantee of obtaining a healthy and strong plant. Officon is an unpretentious plant that quickly adapts to different climatic conditions. The flower feels comfortable both in conditions of a half, and under the straight sunshine.

The optimal temperature for the growth and development of the flower is + 20 degrees. When placing flower pots on windowsill windows, which come to the southern or northern direction, install artificial lighting sources inexpedient. Starting from the middle of spring Flower pots can be taken out on open loggias and balconies. Zetemeequarteeer is not scary sharp temperature differences, strong wind streams and scorching sun. In regions with a temperate climate, the flower feels well even under the snow.

Zmeuke Room prefers regular and abundant watering. Novice gardes need to ensure that there was no soil fever. In winter, moisturize the soil is only after complete dying of the upper nutritional layer.

For irrigation, it is better to use only the resistant water of room temperature, which contains the minimum amount of chlorine, lime and heavy metals salts.

To prevent drying leaves need to be carried out Regular spraying from the sprayer. The plant feels comfortable near the artificial reservoirs or aquariums, which significantly increase the level of humidity around them.

Plant needs additional supply of nutrients. During the growing season, a complex of mineral fertilizers is made several times, and at the end of the autumn – feeding from the organic. In the autumn period, it is necessary to carry out a sanitary trimming of green mass. In non-compliance with the rules of care, the following problems may arise:

  • yellowing of the sheet plate (excessive soil moisturizing);
  • Fluscy of leaves (low light level);
  • Changes in the color of black leaves (exposure to low temperatures).

Special attention should be paid to the Japanese snakeholder, which is grown in aquariums. In these conditions, the flower can be grown not more than 3 months. With a long stay of a flower in the water, the root system will begin. The first signs of the development of rotary processes are the presence of an unpleasant odor and changing the transparency of water. Specialists recommend growing aquarium view in waterrariums, when only roots are in the water.

As a nutrient soil, optimally use a mixture of river sand, rubble, clay and peat. In unusual conditions, the plant should receive the maximum amount of light for at least 10 hours.

Diseases and pests

Tropical flower is not only an unpretentious plant, but also resistant to various diseases and some dangerous pests. Biologists allocate several of the most dangerous types of pests.

  • Slug Apply irreparable harm to young shoots. For their destruction, the use of special bait traps is suitable, insect collection manually.
  • Tripses – dangerous insects that place their larvae inside the sheet plate. To destroy them will have to treat the plant with special chemicals.
  • Bellenka – Winged pest, whose larvae eat leaves and spoil their aesthetic species. To combat insects, the tincture of garlic or chemical preparations should be used.

The plant has persistent immunity to fungal and viral diseases, but with abundant irrigation, root rot

On how to properly care for officers, look in the following video.

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