Mirt is an attractive plant with a pleasant aroma. In many countries, it is considered a symbol of morality and pure love. Thanks to beauty and beneficial properties, this culture has gained great popularity among gardeners and decorative greenery lovers. The cultivation of the tree at home has its own nuances, but if you understand this issue, any flower water can settle in this green “pet”.
Mirt – evergreen woody shrub. In the wild, he lives mainly in subtropics. Straight plants straight, branching. Small leaves have a dark green color. They are pretty dense, glossy, have an elongated form, the edges of pointed. Numerous foliage glands are separated into air pairs of essential oils. It is no coincidence that the plant name is translated from Greek as “balsam”.
Myrtle wonderfully looks in rooms and as a separate green decoration, and in the company of other indoor colors. However, aesthetics – not the only dignity of the village. Other characteristics are highly appreciated.
Essential oils of plants contain phytoncides. They can naturally eliminate bacteria in the air. This allows you to create a microclimate preventing viruses. Also, therapeutic pairs increase the performance, soothe. Infusion of flowers and foliage can be used under skin problems. Dried fruits are used in cooking (they are added as a spicy spice). However, in the first place for many, the decorativeness of culture is still.
Flowers usually appear at the beginning of summer and please our beauty a couple of months. However, depending on the variety of culture, flowering time may vary. Flowers beautiful, painted in white or pinkish tones. On the tree they are located either single or brushes. Petals are both ordinary and terry. Blossom is accompanied by a wonderful aroma. The fruits of culture are edible. Usually they have blue or black, although there are other color options.
To the village annually pleased with numerous spectacular colors, it is necessary to remember some nuances. Do not cut the culture in the spring, it is better to trim after flowering. It is also important to regularly ventilate the room so that Mirt will receive a portion of fresh air.
Culture has a huge amount of varieties. Each of them is characterized by individual characteristics: size, color of flowers and fruits, form of leaves. Consider the most famous species.
Ordinary (Myrtus Communis)
This species is also called “Communis” (“room”). This is the most common variety in home flower growing. Culture has a short branching trunk. His bark is painted in a reddish-burgundy shade. Leaves smooth, glossy, have oval shape. The size of each leaflet is about 5 cm.
The plant makes a thin pleasant fragrance. Flowers are usually white (sometimes light pink), single, with a diameter of about 2 cm. Stamps protrude out. Blossom starts in June. It is worth noting that Flower only plants older than three years. Fruits – Dark Red, Almost Black Berries. They ripen in October.
The culture of this species does not differ in winter hardiness. At temperatures below 12 degrees, the plant begins to freeze. The tree loves a light shadow and scattered light. In nature, it reaches 5 meters high, at home above 60 cm it happens rarely.
This is a subspecies of ordinary Mirt. From other varieties, it is distinguished by the mastered foliage. Large elongated leaves have original green with white color. With bad lighting, light specks are pale and disappear. The fragrance of the tree is not as saturated, like an ordinary Mirt.
It’s pretty high. In the wild, it grows up to 25 m. The trunk is branched, has a diameter of about 50 cm. Bark smooth, grayish brown. Young branches are covered with a small fluff. Smooth leaves, have size 5 cm, egg-shaped. Color – Saturated green.
Numerous snow-white flowers are collected in case-shaped inflorescences. They appear in October, and flowering continues until January. Then the fruits are formed – dark purple berries. Ends fruiting in March.
The miniature church looks very beautiful and unusual. Worth such a plant is not cheap. The form of culture varies. The trunk can be swirling and curved, and regular trimming allows you to create any crown.
This elegant variety is also low, thanks to which the success of the flower. Maximum height – 60 cm. Culture is covered with numerous small leaves (up to 2 cm), which makes the bush especially attractive.
This species can grow both in the shape of a bush and in the shape of a tree. Cora has brown color. Dark green leaves, matte. Flowers are traditionally white, pleased with their appearance in the middle or late summer. Fruits painted in a burgundy tone.
This variety is characterized by large leaves. They grow up to 7 cm. The trunk is spinning in the process of culture development, forcing bizarre figures. Large flowers, snow-white. Berries oval, painted black.
If you stop the sheet of this species in the hand, you can feel the saturated aroma of citrus. In some countries, the foliage of the plant is even used as seasonings. Snow-white flowers are gradually darker and become yellowish-cream.
This is a tree with high decorative qualities. It stands out among other unusual white fruits. Foliage thick, flowers small, white, fragrant.
The bush decorate the flowers of the pinkish shade with spectacular light edging. Glossy foliage, textured. Berries have a rich red color.
The variety of cultural variations is not limited to this, but the most popular in flower water remains Myrtus Communis. It is he who is grown in apartments, offices and country houses.
Conditions of detention
Mirtut needs bright light. At the same time, the sun’s rays are better to dispel slightly, especially this concerns the hot season. It is worth remembering that Sufficient illumination affects blossom, because such conditions awaken the culture from sleep.
When growing indoors, the windowsill will be the windowsill, windows overlooking the east or West. On the south side of the leaves may suffer if not to use curtains. Although the draft culture is not afraid, the north will also be not the most successful choice. Here, the flowers will be weak, and the rest period will delay for three months instead of one or two.
Changing the location of the MirTa should occur gradually. The level of lighting will change in a new place, which will cause a small stress in the plant.
So first retire a bit from the window. After some time you can move the flower. So it is faster adapts to change conditions.
Temperature regime should be moderate. Summer favorable is the range from 18 to 21 degrees. In winter, the tree needs to be cooled. Temperature 7-10 degrees above zero will be perfect.
Soil should be as close as possible to the soil from the native places of culture. To do this, you need to take in the same fraction:
Also suitable ready mix from a specialized store. For additional enrichment of soil, nutrients use appropriate drugs.
How to care?
Mirlet care depends on the season. As already mentioned, he appreciates fresh air. In this regard, for the summer, culture can be relocated to the balcony or even in the garden. If the plant is in the room, you need to ventilate the room daily. In winter, you need to provide mygit soft light and moderate coolness. If the foliage is started, it means that the flower is hot. The situation is not critical, it is enough to change the location of the village. As for the lush appearance, it will restore in the spring.
Plant wintering at room temperature is permissible. However, in this case, it is necessary to abundant moisturizing soil and frequent spraying. In the summer it will also need. Mirt loves high humidity, which is explained by its origin. We will not use special devices, moisturizing air.
In the warm period, it is necessary to water the culture regularly, but in moderation. The signal for the procedure is dry of the top layer of the Earth. Winter irrigation should be modest. The main thing is not to bring to dry out all the soil. One watering per week – the optimal solution.
The drying of the soil leads to the yellowing of the foliage and death of the plant. Therefore, if forgetful flower detection discovered such a problem, the lack of humidity urgently fill. In this case, stagnation of water in the ground is also undesirable. It is important to comply with the optimality of the volume of incoming moisture.
For irrigation, only water of good quality is suitable. Watering fluid defend. Great drinking bottled or filtered water.
To grow a healthy and beautiful plant, you need to remember feeding. During the period of activity, Mirt must be fertilized every week. In winter, feeding 1 time in 4 weeks.
If you want a tree to please you with abundant blossom, use compounds containing a large proportion of phosphorus. If you want to get a neat miniature culture, make a choice in favor of nitrogen preparations. Also permissible to use conventional complex fertilizers for home deciduous plants.
In winter, you need to reduce the number of feeding and irrigation. In addition, it is desirable to observe the temperature regime suitable for the plant. Otherwise, care remains the same, nothing special needs to do.
After buying a young plant to think about the transplant flower, there will be no soon. Culture grows pretty slow. It is necessary to transplant it only if necessary (when the plant becomes closely in the container). Usually, With adult copies, this happens every 3 years, and with young – 1 time per year. Optimal Time for Procedure – Winter or Start Spring.
To remove the treeper from the pot, it was lightweight a couple of days before. To get the Mirt should be carefully holding it for the trunk. So that the roots do better in a new place, they are treated with a stimulant. The size of the container is chosen on the basis of the size of the plant itself. The width of the container must be twice as smaller than the crown volume. Overly wide packaging will not benefit culture.
To successfully transplant the green “pet”, the drainage is placed in a new container, then you need to pour land there. After that, the Mirt himself is placed in the pot. Fall asleep soil remnants, smash the surface. Carry out sufficient watering, and landing is completed. Culture is transferred for some time to a darkened place.
Trimming and pinching
Crop myrtes is easy. He calmly perceives this procedure, so you can give Crone any form of your desire. Shoots from the sides touching undesirable, it is explained by the low strength of the trunk.
Trimming spend in spring. If the flower water is in a timely manner of young branches, he will be able to promote the crown thickness. Although you should not forget that with a frequent of this procedure, the size of the tree decreases. Pinch culture as needed (in any season).
Modifying myrtle in 2 ways: cuttings and seeds. Inexperienced home grain lovers are recommended to use the first method. He is also good because it allows you to keep maternal signs.
Breeding culture with cuttings can be maximum 2 times a year. The best time for this is winter. Still permissible to hold an event in the spring or in the second summer month. Cuttings take from below or from the middle of the plant. Optimal length – 6-9 cm. It is recommended to remove the lower sheets. To faster and better rejected myrtle, you can apply a stimulator.
The cutting should be put in the appropriate mixture for this, which includes sand and peat. Permissible to take conventional leafy land and sand. Grow planting material recommended at a temperature of 18 to 21 degrees.
Bright light here is not needed. On the contrary, it is better to create a light shadow. In addition, you should not take a deep container. After landing, you should cover the container with a transparent material, creating greenhouse conditions. Periodically, the young plant should be provided with a flow of fresh air (mini-greenhouse should be opened).
Usually, rooting takes about a month. Then young sprouts can be moved to pots. Preferred container diameter – 7 cm. Blooms can be expected in about 3 years.
If the colorland decided to multiply the culture of seeds, he will have to gain patience, since this method is longer. The procedure starts at the beginning of spring. In this case, the sandy-peat mixture is used.
Seed material lay out over soil. Then it is slightly sprinkled. Capacity is closed with glass or polyethylene, creating a mini-greenhouse. Optimal temperature for cultivation – from 18 to 21 degrees. Periodically, shelter is lifted to give landings “Raise” fresh air. Ground all the time should be moderately humid.
After a couple of weeks, the first changes will be noticeable. After the appearance of four leaves, seedlings move to individual containers. It is worth using the transshipment method.
Subsequent care for a young plant is similar to the procedures used for adult copies. To form a crown, the sprout should be seen. When the roots fill the container, the first transplant. The appearance of colors culture will delight only after 5 years.
Diseases and pests
If the culture care is incorrect, Flower breeding may face a number of problems:
- If the leaves become dull, yellow, collapse, then it says too bright lighting;
- If the stalks are drawn up, and the leaves are minced, we can conclude about the lack of light;
- If foliage falls in winter, this is a sign of dryness of air (for example, from heating radiators);
- The leaves may turn and due to very high temperatures;
- The absence of flowering speaks of too frequent trimming or about a lack of fresh air (with poor ventilating);
- The leaves are withering with the wet of water in the soil;
- Holding roots – a sign of a bad drainage.
However, you should not fall into panic if your green “pet” drops the leaves and cares. It is enough to determine the cause of the ailment of the plant to understand what to do. If myrth frozen or suffers from heat, you should change the location of the pot. If the tree lacks moisture, moderate watering and the irrigation of foliage will be able to revive it.
As for pests, this problem is a bit more serious. Mirt can attack the word and shield. In the conditions of excessive dryness of air threaten the health of the plant can cobwebs. The shield manifests itself on the green part of the culture with dark spots. TLL prefers the bottom side of the leaves, the tick can be identified by a thin cob. When detecting pests are removed with a wet tampon. Then the culture is processed by insecticide.
In conclusion, it is worth saying that the cultivation of this amazing culture can deliver a lot of joy to flower. Beautiful flowers fragrant, filling the house with a delightful aroma, and therapeutic properties of the plant protect its owners from viruses. The main thing is to give a green “pet” a little attention and fulfill uncomplicated care requirements for him.
About the peculiarities of the midship tree are described in detail in the video below.