Houseplants are constant human satellites for many years. Green helpers not only adorn the interior, but also improve the climate and atmosphere in a residential room. On the windowsill, many apartments you can see not only classic plants, but also exotic. One of the unique home flowers is turmeric. This plant was successfully adapted by the selectionaries to household conditions and became highly popular in many flower water. Turmeric not only performs decorative functions, but also is a fragrant spice and drug.
Turmeric – a herbaceous plant that belongs to the family of ginger. Thanks to its unique taste, the plant received the second name – Indian Saffron. In the natural habitat, biologists have more than 35 species of this flower. Homeland Turmeric is India, but a spicy flower can be found in some regions Philippines, China, Japan and Indonesia. The maximum height of the plant can be about 100 cm.
Powerful root system has an orange flesh and brown top layer. Wide leaves of dark green color have long stuffs and smooth edges. Pale flowers are located on long blossoms and have bright bracts. Flowers are collected in inflorescence, the diameter of which can reach more than 20 cm. An adult and a healthy plant during flowering forms several blooms.
The flowering period begins in July and ends in October. Blooming plant looks very effectively and can be decorated with any greenhouse.
Long and painstaking care of breeders made it possible to bring varieties of various color palette and size. The perennial plant is widely used both in medicine and in cooking.
Dried and crushed rhizomes are used as fragrant and bright seasoning, which gives the dish rich color and unique taste. In the food industry, turmeric is used for the manufacture of liqueurs. Many manufacturers add bright powder in the production of chips, cheeses, mustard, margarine and curry.
Turmeric is widely used in medicine. The Indian plant has antibacterial and disinfectant properties, dilutes blood and prevents the formation of blood clots, reduces blood pressure and blood sugar levels, strengthens the walls of the vessels, normalizes the operation of the digestive system, prevents the development of fungal and viral diseases, and also derives toxic substances from the body.
Long laboratory studies have shown that regular use of turmeric prevents the development of oncological diseases.
Simultaneous reception of drugs and orange powder significantly enhances the action of medicines.
Professional cosmetologists recommend adding powder from turmeric in masks and nutritional compositions. In some countries of the world, coloring pigment plants are used as a textile dye, which has a high level of sustainability of sunlight.
What types are suitable for growing?
Despite the large number of curcos varieties as a room plant, only some kinds can be used.
- Aromatic – fragrant appearance that has a fleshy root system of elliptical form. Color Mountain – Yellow. Form of tubers – spindle-shaped. Height of the sheet plate – 60cm, and width – 20 cm. The length of the bracts is 5 cm. This variety is highly popular in the confectionery industry.
- Round – in demand, which has oblong roots. Form of inflorescence Round. Rhizome use for cooking starch.
- Sumatranian – Decorative grade, which was found on the island of Sumatra. This species is disappearing and grown only as a decorative plant.
- Snotter – High plant that has a second name – Siamese tulip. The maximum height of the straight leaves of dark green color is 80 cm. Distinctive feature – the presence of the top leaves near the flowers with white flowers. Color bracts can be pink, purple and white.
- Long (yellow ginger) – fragrant variety that has double row leaves. The diameter of the main rhizome can reach up to 40 mm. Yellow Tubular Three-Blade Form. Chemical composition of rhizomes include curcumin, starch, essential oil, Fellandren and Qingibene.
- Cytan (Cido) – A bright and unusual look, which, with the help of top leaves, creates an unusual funnel near the flower. This composition is very beautiful and unusual, and also has common features with lotus petals. Spiral location of bracts gives a flower non-standard appearance. Porcelain Leaf Form Shaft. Maximum amount of inflorescences – 7 pieces. In room conditions, the plant can grow high to 50 cm. Distinctive feature of the species – the presence of bending at the ends of long and wide leaves.
Before acquiring a favorite plant, it is necessary to learn its distinctive features and rules of care.
Conditions of detention
Turmeric is a heat-loving flower, which negatively refers to direct sunlight. The maximum temperature in the summer should not exceed +27 degrees, and during the winter rest season is in the range from +10 to +15 degrees. Flowers recommended growing turmeric on window sills that come out on the south or oriental side.
Humidity level near the flower should not be below 60%. The flower negatively refers to a sharp temperature difference and the presence of drafts. In a comfortable environment, the flowering period of one bloom can last for more than 2 months, and more than 5 color seals can grow from one root.
After filing colors you need to remove all the inflorescences along with blooms.
Late in the fall, fading the entire aboveground part of the turmeric. During this period, you need to extract the entire root system from the flower pot and put it in the dry sand container. To winter the root system, it is necessary to put a container with sand to the lower shelf of the refrigerator, where the air temperature is +10 degrees. It is not necessary to carry out soil moisturizing.
At the beginning of the spring, it is necessary to land rhizomes into a new pot with a nutritional composition and begin to carry out all standard plant care procedures. The main feature of the flower is a quick set of green mass and color appearance in early July. Botany celebrate the fact that at home the conditions it is very rare to collect from turmeric seed material.
In case of non-compliance with the rules for the care and content of the flower may occur The following problems:
- Low level of illumination – slowdown in the growth and formation of green mass, change in the shade of the sheet plate;
- Low moisture level and late irrigation – yellowing and dying of the ends of the leaves;
- Landing a little root – formation of a small number of color seals;
- Disruption of temperature regime during rest – complete absence of flowering.
The planting process of the plant consists of several stages:
- selection of landing capacity;
- compilation of nutrient mixture;
- Preparation of planting material.
Prepared rhizome processes should be burst into the selected flower pot and pour plentifully.
When growing a plant from seeds, it is necessary to put the planting material on the surface of the earth and sprinkle a little soil. Moisturizing the soil surface should be carried out only from the sprayer. Mandatory condition for rapid and mass germination of seeds – the presence of a film cover that will create a greenhouse effect. Novice gardeners need to not forget to air the pot and maximize the soil in a timely manner. Only after the appearance of germs can be removed. At the formation stage of 2-3 leaves, breeders recommend picing.
Kurkumum can be grown not only at home in pots, but also in the open ground in the country and the household plot. The most favorable climatic conditions for growing turmeric in the open soil have southern regions, where early spring and late autumn. In more severe conditions, the plant in the summer can be simply taken to the balcony or summer terrace. The most favorable time to plant rhizomes – the end of March or the beginning of April.
For planting rhizomes, you need to choose areas with a native, which have loose sandy soil. Before landing, you must definitely switch the site and to dissolve it. In the prepared land, it is necessary to form landing pits with a depth of no more than 20 cm in which 2-3 rhizomes. Mandatory condition – direction when landing a kidney up. The thickness of the earth above the roots should not be less than 2 cm.
Landing Pits should be abundantly shedding water room temperature.
How to care?
Caring for a spicy plant at home consists of the following manipulations:
- soil moisturizing;
- spraying foliage;
- fertilizer making;
In summer, the plant needs to provide timely and regular watering. The frequency of watering depends on the speed of the upper layer of soil. In the fall, the plant does not need frequent moistening of the soil, and in winter it is strictly forbidden to water the flower.
To create a comfortable level of humidity, experienced flowers are recommended to conduct Spraying flower. This procedure will not push the leaves to push, and will also become an obstacle to the appearance of a paustic tick.
Throughout all summer months, it is necessary to feed the plant with mineral and organic fertilizers 1 time in 14 days. In the case of growing turmeric in the open soil, it is necessary to regularly remove dry flowers, Water and giving the plants in a timely manner, as well as delete all weeds.
Transplant and reproduction
Kurkuma refers to a group of plants that need an annual corneum transplantation.
After the rest period at the beginning of the spring, it is necessary to plant rhizome to a new planting container with a nutrient mixture. Earth team should have a loose structure and low acidity. Experienced flowers are recommended for landing Nutritious soil for citrus and mix it with river sand. With independent manufacture of the soil mixture, it is necessary to add peat and deciduous humus to the ground.
To prevent the root system to prevent the root system, it is necessary to put the drainage material on the bottom.
To obtain new plants at home can be used Two breeding methods:
- dividing root system;
In front of the spring landing it is necessary to cut the sharp blade last year’s rhizome into several parts. Each part must have a minimum of one point of growth and more than two side roots.
To prevent infection of parts of rhizoma fungal and viral diseases, it is necessary to sprinkle the location of the cut-off with chopped activated carbon and dry them outdoors. Only the processed parts can be planted into the nutrient ground.
Experts do not recommend separating roots into small parts that will not be able to form a long period of time. The reproduction of the plant with the help of seeds is long and painstaking processes that only experienced breeders in professional nurseries use.
Diseases and pests
When growing an exotic plant, experts recommend paying attention to a number of diseases and some dangerous pests that can not only spoil the appearance of the flower, but also lead to his death.
Among the most dangerous pests, biologists allocate the following insects:
- web tick;
When the first signs of the lesion of the plant, pests need to be treated with special chemicals.
Provoke the development of fungal diseases may violate the conditions of cultivation and care. The most common diseases are rotary system rotary processes. To prevent them, it is necessary to provide a plant with high-quality drainage and moderate irrigation.
For many years, exotic plants are widely popular, which are used not only in landscape design, but also in the design of residential premises. Professional breeders work on the adaptation of such plants to other climatic conditions.
How to transplant turmeric into the ground with zeolite, look in the video below.