Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

Most often, when choosing a room plant, people prefer the colors that have an interesting color of the leaves or the flowers themselves. Such instances always look very effectively and can even serve as a full interior element.

Many of the types of ktenants look very bright due to interesting contrasting drawings on the leaves. Therefore, many hotel lovers found a place for her in their collections.

Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

Description

Ktenant origin from South America. Flower is an evergreen deciduous bush with beautiful leaves. Habitual habitat for this plant – jungle. Therefore, heat and elevated humidity are best friends of ktenants.

As a room plant, the ktenant passed through compact sizes and relative unpretentiousness. For a flower from warm edges, it has no big list of impossible care requirements. Everything is pretty prose – good watering, warmth, sun and fertilizer.

The main decorative dignity of the flower is the leaves. They have a beautiful drawing. It is he who is distinguished by a chtenham against the background of other deciduous plants. Depending on the type of plant, there are several different patterns and color solutions of leaves from ordinary combinations in green tones to more contrast.

Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

Flowering of ktenants as a room plant – a very rare phenomenon. It still happens that it does not bloom, in general. It does not depend on how well the flower is provided with all necessary conditions for life. But flower products do not consider it a big omission. Flower of ktenants looks pretty nondescript – it’s a little red or white spikelet.

The fact that this domesticated plant is practically not blooming, there are posses. This feature makes it an excellent room flower option for people who have allergies to pollen.

An interesting feature of ktenants is a big mobility of the leaves. They follow the sun throughout the day, turning to it with the entire sheet of sheet. And also the leaves wake up with the sun in the morning: lowered and reveal. By evening, they turn out and rise above. Sometimes this process is accompanied by a gentle rustling.

Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

Varieties

Ktenant has 15 species, but the article will consider only the most popular and names, which can be found in colder latitudes as a decorative plant in the room.

Main difference of species Ktenant – color and form of leaves. But also some of the species swarming their growth. More low-speed views will be the perfect option for those who prefer compact room plants. But some of the keen can reach a meter in height.

Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

Ktenant Oppenheima

Recordsman in popularity among flower water. It is obliged to this with its unusual leaves. On top of green and stand out except that contrast chaotic stripes that can be beige or silver-green. But most interestingly hidden on the bottom surface of the sheet – there it has a rich red tone. Oppenheim Chtenham Leaf Form. The leaves are quite long and are located on thin stalks. In the length, each leaflet can reach up to 40 cm.

Such a flower in vivo does not apply to short and can move in growth with a tree. However, as the indoor plant, Oppenheim’s choleant is a beautiful bush.

Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

Ktenant Lubbers

It looks pretty interesting too. Dark green leaves of this plant are highlighted by an asymmetrical pattern that looks like a lighter shade of green or yellow feathers. Oval and small leaves. From the core to the edges of the sheet pass the ribbed strips, making a leaf on the touch by corrugated.

Flower is a pretty compact room plant. Maximum growth of Lubbers ktenants 80 cm, but the average height fluctuates in the limit of 50 cm.

Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

Setoz

Sometimes read and write as cytoos, also known as the chtenhate. This flower refers to the types of medium height. It can grow to 80 cm in height.

The leaves in the sets are painted in a dark green color and have an oval shape close to the shaped egg.

Distinguish this view from other strokes on the leaves, as if applied to artistic brush. Their color can vary from light green to the SIZO.

Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

Chtenant Berl Marx

Another representative with an interesting color of the leaves. They have a pale green tone and dark green drawing of thin strips. At the same time, strips pass from the sheet core to the edges, where they are connected to the thin edge, the bounding sheet across the area. The reverse side of the sheet has a dark purple shade.

    Berl-Marx’s Kten grows not above 40 cm in height, being one of the most compact species among all kinds of ktenant.

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Compressed ktenanta

    Has almost one-window color leaves. For plants of this kind – this is an exception. In fact, the leaves of compressed ktenants also have a characteristic drawing, but the color of the resistance on the leaves is almost no different from the color of the sheet. It makes them practically imperceptible.

    Of all kinds of compressed ktenant is the most stable and unpretentious. It is quite calm tolerates lack of light or soil dryness.

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Conditions of detention

    In order for the ktenant to feel comfortable as a room plant, she needs to provide certain conditions.

    Temperature and humidity

    In latitudes with a colder climate, it is very important to provide the plant the necessary temperature regime and the level of humidity.

    The plant is very thermalidious. During the year, he needs a temperature at +18.20 ° C, at night, the thermometer can drop to + 16 ° C. Temperature drop below can be critical. In the summer of ktenant, it feels comfortable in the temperature range of +22.25 ° Happy day and +20.22 ° at night.

    Drafts and supercooling can lead to the death of ktenants, like sharp differences of temperature. It is important to ensure not only the air temperature at the desired level, but also ensure that the soil of the plant does not cooled.

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Distinctive feature of tropical jungle – high humidity. There it is 70-90%. At home, Ktenante needs to provide conditions similar to the natural.

    For this you need twice or three times a day spray the plant. It is best to do this from a finely dispersed pulverizer. So the leaves will retain their appearance. If you use a large solverizer, spots from water or divorce may appear on the leaves.

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Another way to keep the level of humidity is to close the plant for the night with polyethylene. You can use a film or a regular package. The main thing is not to drape the ktenant tightly and do not overlap it access to oxygen.

    The humidifier will also help raise the level of humidity in the room. If there is no possibility to buy a moisturizer, you can install any water container next to the flower. Evarable moisture will be assumed with a flower.

    As an additional measure, you can periodically place a pot with a moss in the pallet with a wet moss or pebbles.

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Lighting and location

    With the light the situation is a bit more difficult. Ktenanta does not tolerate the direct sun falling on her leaves, but light requires a lot. Especially dangerous sun rays for the plant in spring and summer, when they become much more intense. Their falling on the leaves can lead to burn.

    Flower loves abundant scattered light. But it is important to keep the golden middle. With a clear excess of brightness, the leaves can change their appearance: to sweat and decrease.

    Light requires a plant for 2/3 days all year round. This need does not change even when the day begins to shrink – in the fall and winter. Therefore, during these seasons, Ktenhant needs additional lighting. To this method you can resort to especially cloudy days. If you do not add to day artificial lighting, the leaves of the plant will begin to change the color and fill out due to lack of light.

    The best places for the pot with ktenatu are windows in the West or East. Important, only the sun falls on the plant.

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    How to care?

    At home, the care of the kten is not limited only to putting a pot with a flower in the right place or provide it moisture and heat. No less important for the full life of the flower and other criteria of care, such as watering, feeding, trimming.

    Watering

    Ensure permanent watering is important so that the plant gets the required amount of moisture. Water before use you need to defend during the day, or you can use filtered water. The main thing is not to water the ktenant with chlorinated water directly from the crane. It can harm her.

    In the warm season, watering should be quite abundant. Periodicity is determined by the supervision of the soil. Between the watering of the soil should have time to evenly dry on top of 1 centimeter in depth.

    In winter and autumn, watering gradually declining and becomes not so heavy. With a decrease in temperature drops the rate of evaporation of moisture from the soil.

    Watering mode for a flower You need to pick up so that the soil does not have time to dry and was not too overwhelmed. Both of these extremes are detrimental and can lead to her death.

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Podkord

    To ensure a ktenant with everything necessary, it must be regularly feeding. This is not a recommendation, but an important component for a comfortable life of the plant. Through fertilizer, the flower will receive all the necessary substances for their growth and development.

    In the warm season, the plant must be picked up more often, in the cold – less. The frequency of feeding in spring and summer is every 2 weeks. In winter, the interval increases to one and a half months.

    For feeding kits, you can use standard fertilizers for deciduous plants. Portion – Half of the dose provided by the fertilizer manufacturer.

    It is more convenient to use liquid fertilizers because they are digested in the soil evenly. It is only important not to perform feeding simultaneously with watering if liquid fertilizer is used. It is better to add it in a couple of days in moderately wet soil.

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Trimming

    If it is time not to trim the ktenant, it begins to grow randomly. Parts of the shoots will not have enough sun for full development, because the other part will grow and overlap them. So floweries advise to remove too long shoots in order not to interfere with growing new leaves. And also remove the filled and yellowed sheets from the plant.

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Transfer

    Like any room plant, ktennet requires a transplant in order to update the exhausted ground. Young plant is needed annually. It is important to provide a flower with everything necessary for healthy growth. The substrate contains a lot of useful elements that the ktenant absorbs in the process of growth. By the end of the year, the soil becomes “empty”, so you need to update it.

    Adult plant needs a transplant no more than once every 3-5 years. However, it also needs at least in partial soil update. It does not need to update the whole. But flowerflowers advise Once a year to plug in a pot with a mounted top layer of fresh soil.

    The most appropriate year for transplantation is the end of spring or summer. In the cold season, the transplant can be carried out only in case of acute necessity.

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Ktenant after purchase also need to transplant, regardless of the year. Before this for 2 weeks, it should be returned to quarantine away from other plants. The reason for the change is that all plants are planted for sale in a semide ground, from which they cannot get almost nothing. This is done in order to slow down the growth of plants. Therefore, it is important to transplant the flower in the fresh soil and at the same time in a new pot.

    The soil for ktenants can be bought, it will free from extra difficulties with the selection of proportions and ingredients. The flower will fit ready-made soils for azaleas or marrine.

    You can prepare the soil yourself. For this you need to mix thoroughly 2 pieces of leaf land and one part of peat and sand. In the substrate you can add a little crushed charcoal, but it is optional.

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    It is important to provide a plant excellent drainage. For this bottom, the pot needs to be covered with drainage material before adding the soil and plant a plant.

    Pots plant loves broad but not very high. Do not fit the chtena too big pots. They will be too much soil, too abundant watering, which ultimately lead to excess liquid and rotting roots.

    With each subsequent transplant, you need to pick a pot on 3-4 cm wide than previous. This is the optimal step to increase the pot in order to avoid water and root problems.

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Reproduction

    To propagate the ktenant in the late spring or summer. This can be done by several most popular and for other plants in ways:

    • stalling;
    • division;
    • Seeds.

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Sensitive is made by a sharp tool. Better than a knife but use scissors are also permissible. Dumb tool can injure the plant.

    For reproduction with stalling, it is necessary to cut a piece of branches of about 8-10 cm. It is important that on the cutting of one or two interstices. Interstown is a skeleton between two knots of leaves. And also on the cutting should be at least 2-3 sheets.

    Cut cutting need to be processed. You can do this or crowded charcoal, or crowded activated carbon. After that, the cuttings dipped into the growth stimulator solution. It may be “Korninn”, “Epin” or “Zircon”.

    To germinate, the stalk is put in water tank. It is important to put a container in a warm place and protect from drafts and temperature drops.

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    When the roots appear and grow about 1 cm, the cuttings need to be put in the ground. For successful rooting, the future plant spray with water and covered in a mini-greenhouse. At the same time in the place where there is a pot with a cutter, the air temperature should be in the range of +22.25 ° C.

    Greenhouse needs to be regularly ventilated. It is also important to ensure that the plant is enough. The soil should be watered so that it does not dry.

    To care for the plant just like behind his adult fellowships, you can start after the first leaf appearance on the draft.

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    To propagate ktenant division easier. But this method is suitable only for adult plants older than 5 years.

    Sharing a bush to a few possible during a planned or emergency transplant. Important condition – the flower must be well developed root system. When divided into several parts of one bustle on each part of the roots should be stems with leaves. Without stem root will not give a new plant.

    When transplanting a bush plants is divided by 2 or more by cutting roots. Do this is important sterile and acute tool: knife or scissors. Coots of roots need to be treated with a crowned coal – activated or wood – or a ground cinnamon. Before falling into the ground, the processed roots must be postponed and give them a bit. For this enough 2-3 hours.

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

    Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

      Separate bushes are planted each in its pot. Plant need to spray and cover with polyethylene. Watering the kten you need in normal mode. A bit of any growth stimulator is added to the water. The solution should be weak. When new leaves begin to appear, you can start watering the plant with ordinary water and care for it as usual.

      Rooting will accelerate high temperature in +25.27 ° С, Lower heated pot and bright scattered lighting.

      Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

      Seed reproduction is used very rarely. This is due to the fact that the ktenant at home almost does not bloom and does not give seeds. The method itself is quite prolonged.

      Seeds are germinated in mini greenhouse. They need to provide Permanent humidity – The wet march is suitable. But also you need to use the bottom heating of the tank, otherwise the plant does not have enough heat for the appearance of roots.

      The first sprouts appear from seeds only in a month. It is possible to transplant them into separate containers only in a month and a half.

      Caring for shoots need to provide the same as the cuttings during the rooting period. When the plant acquires a type of a full-fledged flower, you can translate it to the usual maintenance mode of the ktenant.

      Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

      Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

      Diseases and pests

      Painful state of ktenants is the result of poor care. This or that external manifestation indicates specific errors.

      • Dull, losing color and (or) yellow leaves, turn into a tube – Burn from direct sunlight or lack of moisture. The solution can be a spraying of a plant and timely watering. And maybe you may need to find a new place for a pot with a plant. There it will be protected from the direct impact of the sun, but will get the desired dose of scattered light.
      • The stems fall or twisted, lose stability, their rotting begins, the foliage falls – mooring of the soil and (or) Low room temperature. It is important to provide a ktenant heat throughout the year and carefully water it in order not to arrange a swamp in a pot.
      • Plant slows down growth, leaves begin to dry tips – low humidity. Need to check whether irrigation regime is observed. Several times a day spray the plant with extrasted water.
      • Young leafs grow too small – lack of light. If the plant has not cut and has too high branches with large leaves, they overlap access to the light young shoots. These branches need to trim so that all the plant evenly get light. There is a chance that the pot is in the shade. To solve the problem you need to rearrange it to another place where more scattered light, or provide artificial lighting.

      Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

      Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

      Ktenhant may be subject to the attack of the shield or web tick.

      Shield – pest, very similar to TRU. Despite the miniature sizes (no more than 5 mm), The insect is very dangerous. It gradually sucks juice from the plant. The symptoms of the appearance of the shields on the flower – the leaves are covered with dark spots, dry and eventually fall off.

      The web tick appears when the room becomes too dry. As soon as he settles on the plant, its leaves are covered with a gray cobweb. To prevent the appearance of a spider tick on Kten, it is enough to provide it with the necessary level of humidity.

      If you find any of the insects, you need to do the same. It is necessary to treat insecticide ktenant (for example, “Alelettic”). With too strong infection, the processing must be repeated in 5-7 days.

      Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

      Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

      Ktenant: species, flowering and care at home

      About how to care for the ktenhouse at home, look in the following video.

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