Evergreen succulent for the first time was described by Culture at the beginning of the last century. The name of the culture was taken from the Chinese language. Another name of the culture – Christmas Kalanchoe, is associated with the color of buds, blooming in winter before Christmas. Plant is common as a home flower in many countries.
Kalanchoe Blossfeld Family of Tolstanka. The name culture received from the breeder of Robert Blossfeld. For the first time, the plant was presented in 1932.
Appearance: a reprehensive shrub, an average of a flower height is 30 cm with an abundance of short branching escapes. Large plate plates, green, smooth, curved edges, in some varieties there is a red border. Color-red colors color – bright red.
Calanechoe flowers are small, collected in inflorescences, from 30 to 60 buds. With the help of selection, varieties with a variety of colorful colors of any saturation are derived: white, orange, pink, yellow, peach, light green, two-color, volatile combinations.
In natural conditions, culture is common in Madagascar, home plants are grown due to decorative qualities. The individuals obtained by the seeders have large foliage, the number of petals varies from four to tens. New Kalanchoe groups became referred to as Kalandiv. This variety, unlike Blossfeld, blooms for two and a half months.
Calanchoe is used as a therapeutic plant in folk medicine, its juice is used as a healing means for burns, a variety of damage to the outer leather layers. In modern medicine, this type of culture is practically not used and is officially not recognized by therapeutic agent.
At home, culture is susceptible to slow development. For the formation of a compact plant, getting abundant flowering and preserving the decorativeness of the flower, for the calanchoe should be careful. The main points of care are to comply with the number of hours of the day and regulation of watering plants.
For cultivation of Kalanchoe Blossowlde, South side windows are suitable. When placed on the Western, East and North side of culture, an additional light source will be required. In a dry hot time, the plant needs ventilation and temporary shading from scoring rays.
Changing the duration of the daylight affects the process of laying flower kidney. Calanchoe belongs to the cultures of a short day, so for the formation of the kidney plant a series of long and short days has been necessary throughout the year. Part of the varieties need a small period and vice versa. In the middle flower, it is 10 hours of light per day for a duration of 6 weeks, at the end of the scenery period will be foreseerated. An increase in duration of the day leads to a compact formation of cooks, abundant flowering.
In summer, the flower requires 14 hours of light for 6 weeks. However, the elevated temperature is able to have a negative impact on the plant, including the bookmark of flower kidney.
Suitable for the growth and development of culture The air temperature ranges around 18-24 degrees of heat. Plant at low temperatures joins during rest, stopping the kidney. With prolonged location in a room where the air is heated to +10 degrees, the flower is susceptible to the occurrence of diseases and can even die.
Culture is adapted to dry air, but in preventive purposes it is recommended to carry out wet rubbing of the leaves and the stems of the flower 1-2 times a week.
Kalanchoe Blossfeld calmly transfers dry substrate, like all succulents. Excessive amount of moisture in the soil leads to the development of fungus, reinforce the roots, stalks and necks of the plant. Watering is recommended to produce as the soil grave, at least half or a quarter, in the winter months, with a cold culture of culture, watering plants is rarely produced, only after complete dying of the earth coma.
During the flowering period (from winter to summer), calangean needs to fertilize. Flower feeding is carried out by small doses once a week, special soluble drugs for calangean or succulents are applied. At the time of formation of buds, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are not used, potassium and phosphorus are required.
After the end of the flowering period, you need to remove all the boiled and dry flowers. The cut is produced at the level of the first or second pair of large leaves. Further shoot of escape ends with the formation of flowers, growing out of the sidelines of the side of the side shoots form new topworms.
Old plants require formative citches. Page mainly tops for stimulating bookmarks of flowers, active branching.
Modern varieties of calangean enter the market already formed and do not need such manipulation.
To the loss of the compactness of the bush, decorativeness and elongation of shoots with a disrupting effect leads to a sufficient amount of light. In this case, the cardinal trimming of the culture is performed, the leaves are removed, the shoots are cut on half the length or more. After the procedure, the plant is placed in a bright place, cutting material goes to rooting.
In the industrial scale of the cultivation of calangean to preserve the trade type of the plant, a hencellious drugs are used, overwhelming flower growth, due to which the culture is compact and abundantly. Under normal conditions, the plant becomes tall, the gaps between the leaves are increasing.
The plant transplantation is made after complete braid roots of the soil mixture, as well as in cases of the bay of culture or old scarce soil. With the first version of Calanechoe transplanted by the method of transshipment, that is, without removal of soil. In a new pot, a few centimeters are wider than the old, the nutrient mixture is poured, the landing pit is formed in the center, in which the plant is placed.
In other embodiments, during a crop transplantation, it is also not recommended to wash the substrate and roots if the plant has not been infected with fungus and other diseases. The frequency of transplant depends on the age of calangean and its state, on average, the process of changing the pot happens every 2-3 years.
To multiply a calangean in two ways: seeds and cuttings, taken from a sheet or a plants stem. The second method is faster.
Upper cuttings before landing are placed in the shade for 24 hours. After that, a fragment is immersed in a loose substrate composed of a mixture of peat and sand. Proportions 1: 1. The cuttings and the top layer of the soil should be pulled out with warm water. The finished material is placed in a warm place with a constant temperature of +20 degrees. There may be a deviation for several degrees, the main thing is that there are no sharp leaps of temperature. Roots appear in 2-3 weeks.
Sheet cutlets. The sheet is harvested in an adult plant, a fragment is selected large, juicy, without defects. The blank is placed down in a wet substrate in greenhouse conditions. The appearance of the roots occurs in a few weeks.
Seed reproduction applies to the creation of new varieties and updating old. Calanechoe seeds are small, dried on the prepared earthy mixture by rows without suprassment from above. After sowing, the container with the material is covered with a film or any transparent object to create a greenhouse effect and placed in a lit place, without contact with straight sunshine. The appearance of sprouts takes place on 10 day, after which the greenhouse is cleaned.
IMPORTANT: If the seeds are reproduced in winter or autumn, the future culture is located under the phytosvetites. Seeds should be covered 12 hours a day.
Pests and diseases
Causes of diseases in most cases are associated with incorrect culture care. The content of the flower in the conditions of a short light day or with constant shadow placement leads to the affix of the torment, manifested in the form of a white plaque, similar to grains. Puffy dew – fungus, to fight which culture is treated with liquid soluble drugs – fungicides and send a flower to quarantine.
Stay Calanete cool conditions in a crude room or with a bold soil leads to the appearance of mold, phytophors, reinforcement of the root system. As in the case of malievous dew, the culture is to be treated with a substance containing a fungicide, to fully replace the substrate to a new one, followed by the treatment of affected roots with the use of coal or healing preparations.
Common kelanchete pests:
- torment Chervets;
Shield – a small brown insect feeding by juice plants. In the process of its livelihoods of the flower surface are covered with a sticky transparent raid, and the leaves and shoots are littered with tiny bugs.
The TLL strikes the plant in a warm summer period when the culture is located near the open window or on the balcony. Insects attracts nutritious soil. Signs ofphids:
- The inside of the sheet is covered with small white flying “butterflies”;
- On the sheet plates and shoots are formed “wet” places – traces of feeding Tlim.
Muchly Chervets – insect, externally similar to the shield, but with a white dusty back. I am striking all the land parts of the plant, leaving behind the sugar discharges on which a sage mushroom develops.
Prevention and treatment of the flower from pests lies in a systematic examination of culture for the presence of strange spots, sticky zones moving insects. When detecting the alend of calangean, it is processed by insecticidal drugs in several stages, the earth’s mixture is replaced.
For all therapeutic manipulations, it is recommended to use water-soluble drugs due to the content of substance xylene in the insecticide insecticide, which can adversely affect calangean.
Non-infectious diseases affecting culture. Arises due to the content of a flower in cool conditions with simultaneous revengery of soil. Sheet plates are covered with convex brown spots similar to warts. It is treated with water to the replacement of soil and the placement of culture in warm, bright place. Watering must be adjusted.
Soil latch leads to deformation of young leaves, their bad growth and development, color loss. Earth is to shed soft water with the addition of acidic substances, for example, a few drops of lemon juice per liter of fluid.
Care Tips for Kalanchoe Blossfeld Look in the video below.