Indoor plants with leaves of unusual purple coloring able to organically fit into any interior, becoming its main decoration. Their spectacular appearance, health and well-being in many ways depend on the conditions of content. What types of indoor plants with purple leaves are popular with flower water? What are the features of care for them?
Many novice flower flowers are interested in the reason that explains the origin of purple color of foliage in some types of plants.
This feature is due to high content in their special pigment leaves – Anthocian.
This pigment actively absorbs light in the green part of the spectrum, reflecting the light in violet, red and blue parts. Such a specificity of the light absorption explains the unusual purple-lilac, blue-purple, dark burgundy color of the leaves from individual representatives of the world Flora.
Otherwise, the process of light absorption in plants with green foliage. Their leaves contain chlorophyll – pigment absorbing red, blue and purple light, but reflective light in the green part of the spectrum. This feature determines the green color of the leaves, so habitual human eye.
Experimental rabbing are known to a lot of room textile names with purple leaves. Below are the most popular types of their varieties.
Species of plants that have purple leaves from above
Pricewalls is a grassy indoor plant, which is a representative of the family kisch. Popularity in indoor crop production This unpretentious perennial received due to its unusual foliage.
Oil leaves – Troy, dark purple from above and light purple bottom. Visually, the leaves of the acidic resemble the leaves of the clover-tribal. Many flower products compare acidic leaves with large purple-ink butterflies sitting on thin long stalks.
With the arrival of darkness, the leaves of the plant are in a special way, purchasing the shape of the triangular pyramid.
When growing triangular acids, it is necessary to provide it with the following conditions of detention:
- The optimal temperature regime (in summer is not higher than 25 ° C, in winter – not lower than 13 ° C);
- abundant, but scattered lighting;
- Frequent watering in hot weather, rare watering into cool and cloudy weather;
- making feeding at the beginning of the intensive growth period.
During flowering on the plant, thin pale green or pale lilac flowers with a length of about 15-20 centimeters are formed. Flowers – small, gentle lavender color, five-pack.
Flowers who painted the bottom side
TRONESCTION COVERAGED – Perennial Decorative Facial Plant Commeline. The natural range of its growing is tropical and subtropical forests Mexico, America and the Antille Islands. It is a strong powerful bush with fleshy. Straight stem. Plant height can vary from 30 to 50 centimeters. TRondessaniya’s leafs – glossy, elongated, sword-shaped, reaching 20-30 centimeters in length, tightly sitting at the base. The top side of the leaves is painted in emerald green color, bottom – in burgundy purple. Flowers – small, milky white, hidden in a dark purple compact bract.
One of the most popular decorative varieties of the TRADESCOTIONS bedspread – “Hawaiian Gnome”. Tradestration of this variety forms small beautiful bushes with a height of about 30 centimeters. Leaves – thick, sword-shaped, tightly embracing the base of the bush. Lower side of the leaves painted in bright purple color with purple. The top side of the leaves is emerald green, decorated with pearl-gray longitudinal stripes. The bedspreading tradescation is considered one of the most unpretentious plants having the original color of the leaves.
It easily tolerates and slight shading, and bright light. The most comfortable plant feels in soft scattered lighting.
When growing this amazing exotion, it is important to maintain a comfortable room temperature for it. In the spring-summer period, the air temperature in the room should be about 21-23 ° C, in winter – about 19 ° C.
It is important to take into account that when the temperature falls below 13 ° C, the TRADESCTION can get sick and even die.
Among other requirements, the conditions for the content of this plant should be noted as:
- increased air humidity indoors;
- Regular watering (in summer – 1 time in 2 days, in spring and autumn – 1 time every 3 days, in winter – 1 time in 4-5 days);
- Lack of drafts indoors.
Gemigrafis (Chemigraphis) – Exotic Grassy Perennial Family Akanov. In the wild, the plant is found in Asia, Malaysia, as well as in the Philippines and the island of Java. Depending on the species, the height of the plant may vary from 25 to 60 centimeters. Stems – pinch, creeping or reprehension. Leaves may have an egg-shaped or lanceal form. Coloring sheet plates varies from purple-lilac to burgundy-purple. In some species, the upper part of the leaves is painted in silver-green or pure-purple color, bottom – in a saturated purple. Gemigrafis flowers – small, gentle pink or snow-white color.
Gemigraphs are light-loving plants, painfully carrying shading. In the absence of abundant diffused lighting, these exotes lose their decorativeness and a spectacular appearance. Harm the decorativeness of hemigraphs and straight sun rays.
Growing hemigraphic, it should be borne in mind that it needs such conditions of detention:
- stable temperature regime (in summer – about 24 ° C, in winter – about 18 ° C);
- lack of drafts;
- abundant soft lighting;
- regular spraying;
- Stable indoor air humidity at 60%.
Experienced flowers recommend to water the hemigraphs 1 time in 2 days. It is important to keep drying an earthen coma in a pot, since these exotomots are painfully transferred by the shortage of soil moisture.
Ginur Pletsennaya – Exotic representative of the Astrovy family. The natural area of growing this plant is the territories of East Africa and Asia. At home, the hyper grown most often as an ampel culture. The average length of the rabid stalks of the plant varies from 40 to 60 centimeters. Leaves – elongated, with a pointed top and wavy edges.
The plant is noteworthy not only an interesting form, but also the original colorful velvety foliage. The upper side of the carved sheet plates of the guinea painted in a solid emerald color contrasting with thin purple-lilaccents. At the base of the leaves have a bright purple color. And stems and leaves guinea covered with numerous soft hairs of dark lilac color.
Ginura flowers – small, golden yellow, fluffy. It should be noted that Even in the absence of flowering, this plant looks very attractive and unusual.
Ginuro is a tendency to rapid growth, which causes the need for periodic trimming and quinting.
In addition, this plant requires:
- Regular abundant watering;
- High humidity;
- annual transplants;
- abundant, but scattered lighting;
- Well-drained primer.
For a wicker guinea Stable Temperature Mode. This plant does not tolerate both a sharp decrease and a sudden increase in temperature. The most comfortable for her in the spring-summer period is the interval 21-22 ° C, in winter – 13-14 ° C.
Varieties with stains and stripes
In the collections of experienced flowerflowers, it is often possible to meet such types of houseplants, whose leaves are decorated with intricate patterns, stains and stripes of purple.
Royal Begonia – a very spectacular representative of the Bemponia family, which was widely popular in room crop production. In the wild, this unusual flower is found in the eastern part of India. The plant has strong creeping roots, asymmetrical rounded leaves with heart-shaped base.
Leaf Cubes – Strengthening, Pink-Red, Greenish or Pink-Lilac, Fedded, Fragile and Meaty. The average height of the bush varies within 30-40 centimeters. Coloring of the leaves of royal begonia depends on its species and varietal features. Among the dizzying diversity of species and varieties of royal begonia are also extremely original copies with spotted and striped leaves.
Chocolate Cream – Hybrid Sort of Royal Begonias with Fine Forms and Coloring Leaves. The plant forms a compact bush tall up to 25-30 centimeters. Leaves – rounded, with a pointed vertex, twisted into a flat spiral at the base. List Center, Strangami and Togulated Territories Painted in Bordeaux Purple Color. A wide spiral band passing in the middle of a sheet plate has a silver-green color.
Stained Glass – grade compact royal begonia with asymmetrical elongated leaves. The height of the adult plant varies from 25 to 30 centimeters. The central part of the sheet plate is decorated with a large ruby-purple spot, repeating its outline out the form of a sheet. The stain is surrounded by a wide sizo-green strip with a pearl tump.
Zebrina Purpus – unpretentious many years of indoor plant, which is a representative of the Commeline family. The birthplace of this plant is the tropical regions of North America. Zebrina has long fluttering shoots covered with juicy rounded leaves with a pointed top. The central part of the sheet plate decorates the longitudinal purple-purple strip. Side sides of the sheet painted in pearl green and light purple color. Bottom leaf plate may be gray-greenish or pale pinkish-purple color.
Zebrina Purpus refers to one of the most unpretentious indoor plants. It is capable of stealing a small shading, a short drought, moisture deficiency in the air. However, the maximum decorativeness is a plant acquires in the most comfortable conditions of existence.
- abundant, but scattered lighting (not direct sunlight);
- Regular watering (1 time in 2-3 days);
- periodic spraying of plants;
- loose nutritious soil.
Experienced flowers do not recommend placing this plant under direct sunlight. Bright sunlight can lead to burning bright color of zebrin leaves.
Ires – a decorative perennial plant of the amarantic family. In the wild, this exotion is found in Brazil, Ecuador, Australia, Antille Islands. The plant is a compact multi-section bush covered by large rounded leaves. Coloring of leaves varies from purple-cherry to red-purple. The upper side of the sheet plates decorate bright pink bodies.
Levinine refers to unpretentious plants capable of easy to carry drought, moisture deficit in soil.
So that the plant does not lose their decorativeness as radiating, the flower products are recommended to regularly pinch its stems.
To flower felt comfortable, He should provide a sufficient amount of soft scattered light during the day, a stable temperature at 20 ° C and weekly spraying. Replacing this perennial recommended every 2-3 years.
With the peculiarities of the leather, you can get acquainted in the following video.