Fern – culture unpretentious, and therefore often selected for home cultivation. In addition to aesthetic garden landscaping, this plant also copes with air filtration.
Despite the fact that the fern is a forest plant, as a home flower, it has been pretty successful for a long time. Varieties adapted to apartment content, as a rule, impose similar requirements regarding the conditions of placement and care. Room fern need high humidity, but the temperature even in hot time should not exceed +23 degrees Celsius.
It is important that the landing obtained the necessary amount of natural light, but the direct sun rays still did not fall on the surface of the leaflets and stems. In winter, the room fern needed to fall into the hibernation, for which the owner must reduce the temperature in the room.
The fern is a kind of indicator of the state of the atmosphere – if the culture care is ensured correct, but the plant still feels badly, the problem is air condition. It is probably contaminated or smoked, or his humidity is lowered. Despite the fact that in natural conditions, culture is most often developing in the shadow of large trees, In the apartment, the plant will make himself much better if it is regularly under bright, but scattered light. Room fern crepts quite quickly, and if you first be grown on the windowsill or western windows, you have to create a full-fledged stand.
Review of species
For home cultivation, as a rule, the same varieties of ferns are selected.
Nephrolepp in vivo dwells around the world. In the domestic conditions, it is most often used with a decorative purpose, growing or simply in a pot, or an ampel method. Herbal culture has short roots, as well as green leaf outlets. Each sheet reaches a length of 70 centimeters and consists of small segments, the length of which does not exceed 50 millimeters. Sheet plates over time change the green color on yellow, after which they dried and die away.
It should be added that nefrolypto-free shoots covered with scales, depart immediately from the rhizomes.
Asplenium, whose folk name sounds like a bonnet, like nephregepis, can be ground or epiphytic. Widespread culture often selected for home breeding. The plant is characterized by the presence of large sheet plates painted in a light green shade that form a socket. Short creeping roots covered with scales. It should be added that the leaves of the asplenium can have a different form, including triangular, or wavy edges. Spores are attached to the bottom surface of the plate.
The fern reacts poorly to the touch of sheets, but with proper care, it quickly grows in width.
Fern Platizerium looks quite unusual. Sheet plates are reminded by their appearance of a deer rogue, as a result of which the plant is called “deer horn”. Waii can be both sterile and sporing. Sterile – located in the lower part of the ferns and remain green even in the cold season, and the spontaneous turns yellow and dry and dry. The surface of the sporing processes is covered with blessed threads that provide protection from sun rays and moisture preservation.
Fern AdianTum is considered the most popular decorative culture, and he is grown either in the apartment or in the Orange. Perennial has a weak creeping rhizome, the processes of which are covered with matte scales painted in brown or black shade. Green or SIZY sheets are most often located alternately on dark scratched stiffs. The length of the plates is about 25 centimeters. Round or linear sporangies are fixed with on the wrong side of the plates.
This fern has neat sheet plates of different shapes and sizes. Coloring them can be just green or motley. Peris is often grown in the conditions of the apartment, as it is distinguished by unpretentious, but necessarily requires high air humidity.
Therefore, flower products group this culture along with other plants loving moisture.
Pelleya is different from other varieties with no special problems to transfer drought periods. If you leave the plant for a long time without moisturizing, then its sheet plates dried and shut off, but as soon as the moisture returns, the fern will quickly restore. In the height of the home fern reaches about 25 centimeters. The length of one sheet plate can be 30 centimeters, and its width is equal only to one and a half centimeters.
Despite the fact that the vegetative period of Pelley continues all year, the most active culture is developing in the spring and summer months.
Davalia fern is characterized by the presence of openwork sheets composed of gear fragments. Young plates possess a bright green tint, but the old already painted in yellow-green tone. New processes are formed almost until the end of autumn, after which the plant falls into the hibernation. Ferns thick roots are covered with silver fluffs. They develop towards upwards, and therefore after a certain time “get out” from the pot. The length of the roots reaches about 90 centimeters.
Fern Blekhnum has very long leathery sheets stretching almost to one meter. Plates painted in a faded green shade and gather in a thick outlet on the top of the stem. Ripe Plants Blebhnum The trunk grows almost up to 50 centimeters, making a fern look like a small palm tree.
Methods of breeding
The reproduction of the indoor fern is carried out by two main ways. The first is the usual division of shrub, but the second is carried out with the help of seeds, more precisely, the dispute. The dispute method is applied much less frequently than division, as it is more complex. The division of the bush is usually carried out in parallel with a transflection for greater convenience, since in both cases the plant should be taken from the container. In order to directly propagate the fern, it will be necessary to separate the root rosettes from the maternal instance.
Seeding kids on a separate pot, it is better to immediately remove them to a greenhouse or cover with a glass dome. Until ferns, the flower is important to maintain the proper level of humidity and temperature, as well as arrange regular ventilation.
To properly care for the fern at home, it is necessary to remember that it is important for the plant to get the required amount of moisture. Watering the plant should be moderately, but not overflowing and not causing root. Some gardeners prefer all the time to maintain the soil wet, but in this case it is extremely important not to bring to wetlaf. Much more correct still wait to dry the upper layer, and then move to irrigation. Best of all, the plant reacts to the rain and melt water, but the use of a sparkling tap liquid is also appropriate. Water should be soft and slightly warm.
In the summer, irrigation procedure should be twice as often as in the cold months. If you do not cut watering in winter, then the fern will continue to grow and results in too long, but with small leaves.
In addition to irrigation, the room fern necessarily require regular spraying of leaves, contributing to the maintenance of the necessary humidity. A particularly important procedure becomes in winter when heating is connected, and the ventilation becomes less frequent. You can also purchase an air humidifier whether to regularly hang on the radiator wet towel. Water for spraying is recommended to use either rain, or distilled.
From fertilizers for culture is recommended such an organ, as a infusion of a cowboy or bird litter. However, novice gardeners are better to use conventional potash fertilizers used every couple of weeks. Feeding are required in spring and summer, that is, throughout the vegetative period of the plant.
The fern transplantation can be held annually since the fern will grow very quickly. The procedure is quite simple: for the leaves, the shrub is neatly removed from the container, after which the roots can be removed from the ground. Then by transshipment, the fern moves into a larger pot, the diameter of which 2-3 centimeters exceeds the previous one. If the plant is transplanted due to illness, then the roots will have to be able to clean from the infected land, if necessary, the elder. By purchasing fresh soil, preference is better to give acidic soil with a pH from 5 to 7.
It can be done on its own, having combined in equal proportions peat, leafy land and humus, and after adding 0.2 pieces of bone flour to them. The drainage layer is created from the crumple or other suitable material.
About simple caring for indoor ferns.