Transplanting potted plants means moving them from one container to another, larger in volume. There are a number of reasons for which the Decembrist transplantation may be required. Perhaps the flower grew up and he needs more space to continue to develop properly or he fell ill with root rot and need to immediately change the soil and container immediately.
What do you need a transplant?
After buying a Decembrist (Christmas), placed in a small capacity, a mandatory flower transplant is required, but not immediately, and after some time when the plant can acclimatize. It is important to pay a lot of attention to this process to avoid damage. Often Sygocactus or Slubberger is experiencing excessive stress when it is disturbed by its root system.
So that in the future it grow without problems, it is necessary to give him enough space in the tank, put on a good place, provide regular watering, and with it and high-quality drainage.
The most obvious sign that the plant is time to replant, is the appearance of the roots on the surface of the soil. Sometimes they come out of the drain hole at the bottom of the pot. If the flower ceases to grow or slows down, it is obvious that he has become closely and no more space for development. In this case, it’s time to transplant. After the purchase it is worth the wait for a year before you increase the pot, it is so much time will need a Christmas to get used to the existing conditions.
If the plant brought home from the garden, then give it to adapt to a new environment during a couple of weeks before transplant. At this point it is shocked until it gets used to the new light, temperature and humidity. The young, actively growing indoor plant should transplane the potted pot of larger diameter with a fresh soil mixture once a year. The best time is the beginning of a period of active growth, as a rule, this is spring. Change of the Decembrist, which bloom in winter is carried out at the beginning of autumn, after the rest period.
Adult plants can be resettled every three years, and already large enough, which reached their maximum in growth, – every five years. The specified period is the most secure and provides the best conditions. It is impossible to try to move the plant in summer days.
The best time for this is the end of the day when the sun is not so active.
Is it possible to transplanted during flowering?
With good care, Slubberger will surely bloom in December, hence her other name – “Decembrist”. Regardless of how careful crop, flower at any age is subject to stress during transplantation.
It is impossible to prevent some consequences of the procedure:
- Burn leaves from reduced root system size;
- fading branches;
- Plant can reset the kidneys, buds and flowers.
To minimize the harmful effects, you need to provide good drainage, choose the right place that matches the needs of the flower, consider the amount of the sun. It should be understood that during the flowering period, the Decembrist is especially susceptible to any impacts. His first reaction is exemption from excess load to adapt, respectively, all buds will just fall. If the rabbing is ready to sacrifice with flowers, then there are no restrictions during this period for transfer to a new container, otherwise it is not advised to carry out the procedure.
No need to change the container before blooming, because in this case the Decembrist simply will not score buds. If and do a transplant, then no later than two months before the alleged flowering.
Choosing a pot and soil
When transplanting, you will need to select a new container and use fresh soil, because the old one most likely salted and is not suitable for further cultivation of the Decembrist. The new pot must be no more than 2 centimeters wider than the former and as deeper. This space will be enough for a year so that the flower can actively grow and build the root system. Capacity can be made of plastic or clay, the main thing is to attend drainage holes at the bottom.
Too big container will hold a lot of water, which can cause root rot. In a small Decembrist will stop in growth. Before replanting the plant, it will be necessary to definitely disinfect the pot, Icing it in a solution of 1 part of the chlorine bleach and 9 parts of water. After that, the container must be rinsed well with clean water.
As for the soil, there are special requirements for him: It should be light, nutritious, sour (with pH at 5.5-6). Quality drainage – a prerequisite for the maintenance of most room plants, and the Decembrist did not exception. If the soil is purchased in the finished form, it is best to buy a universal type soft and specialized for cacti, and subsequently mix them in proportions 1: 1. If you use only one type of soil, the flower will taste a lack of nutrients.
The plant is very susceptible to bacterial and fungal defeats, so the soil must be moderately wet, preferably loose. As a drainage, you can use:
- crushed stone;
- Clay workers;
Any of the materials before use must be disinfected. These materials will help not only provide qualitative conditions for the cultivation of the Decembrist, but also to clean the soil from salts.
Polyfoam’s crumb provides additional protection to roots from supercooling, but it cannot be used in large quantities, since it will restrain the water, and not to miss. Additions such as perlite and vermiculitis are equally in demand as drainage. Any drainage should be one third of the volume existing in the capacity.
Soil mixture can be made and independently, there are several recipes for this. Great suits mixed in the same proportions of leaf land, sand large fraction, peat and charcoal. Does not hurt the turf or humus, which will become an excellent nutritional base. In another embodiment, the finest soil is assembled from a part of the fertile soil, the same amount of sand and two peat parts. Plite gives the compost.
How to transplant?
To correctly transplant the flower at home, you should act in the sequence recommended by professionals. In fact, the transplanting of potted plants is a simple process, you only need to very carefully handle the root system, since all its thin hairs are responsible for the absorption of moisture and nutrients.
Step-by-step process looks like this.
- First remove the plant from the pot.
- Check roots. If they are too concentrated in the lower part, damaged by the disease, then it is worth bringing.
- First, the soil is slightly removed with your fingers, then the old soil is wash off under running warm water. Now you can see where the roots are alive and useful plants, and where they are dead.
- After that, they prepare a new container, it should already be disinfected to this stage. Drainage and small ground layer must be present. The plant should sit inside the tank so that the leaves do not touch the soil and were above the edge of the container on a centimeter.
- The soil around the plant is slightly pressed by hand, thus removing air pockets.
- Watering is produced immediately and in large quantities, the capacity is left to the glasses of excess water. The feeding is not made because it will cause an additional load that is harmful to the flower at the time of the test stress.
Feed roots small and gentle, with them you need to treat special caution when transplanting houseplants. They can die if they are exposed to air too long, so a healthy flower is not worth keeping without soil. The state of the plant before the transplantation, including how long it lived at its current place, can have a great influence on his future well-being.
There are 5 key tips for the successful transplantation of the Decembrist.
- The plant should be replant while it is still at rest when the flowers have already faltered either in the fall, when the buds are not yet.
- Need to watch which flower is bought in the nursery. Do not take the patient’s plant, unable to transfer transplant. You can learn about its condition in the color of shoots, lethargy and the presence of uneven color.
- Immediately after the transplantation, there may be a temptation to give the plant a growth amplifier, but it should be careful. If the roots were damaged, they need time to grow and gain strength. If the flower suddenly starts grow faster, it will need more water, at this moment the root system is not well developed to maintain a big bush.
- Some think that the trimming of the flower will benefit, in fact it only worsens the state of the plant, so it is impossible to shine it, inspiring unnecessary shoots, unless they are damaged by the disease, and this procedure is not an extreme measure.
Again, the reasured Decembrist needs great attention, to care for the first time will have more carefully until the flower can cope with stress.
Further concern is the following points.
- You can not expose the flower to the straight rays of the sun at once, because they can destructively affect health and weaken the plant even more.
- The soil must be evenly moistened, but do not keep raw. If it became obvious that the leaves and shoots became sluggish, then the Decembrist is lacking in moisture, if they are yellow – water too much.
- Never ferture a transplanted plant, its roots are damaged and may suffer from burn. It is worth the wait for a month, then the root system will strengthen.
- The ambient temperature where the flower will be located, should be from 16 to 18 ° C in winter, the summer is most comfortable. The range from 23 to 26 ° C. As for humidity, it is better that it be in the range from 50 to 70%. You can spray the plant once a week from the sprayer, he likes such a procedure, but the fluid is necessary to take warm.
- If the Decembrist stands on the window, then it is better to deploy it from time to time to the sun with different sides. The light should not be direct, scattered sun rays are much more useful.
- After passing the procedure, the acclimatization of fertilizer is allowed to be made twice a month, in a smaller dose than indicated on the package. The most suitable – ready-made mixtures that are actively used for cacti. Dry fertilizer is entered exclusively to wet soil, otherwise you can easily burn roots.
How to transplant the Decembrist (Slubbergeru), look in the video below.