Succulents – Some of the most popular plants used for housekeeping. They look very stylish and concise, fit into any interior, do not require special care and survive even in grave conditions. Moreover, the reproduction of succulents is easy to implement independently, significantly saving money and time campaign to the store.
The easiest way to buy in the store Ready Swells intended for indoor succulent or cactus. In addition to it, they will need river sand and material for forming a drainage layer, most often clay. The first layer in the pot is laid out drainage, then moisturized soil and, finally, wet sand. Some crops are added to the existing ingredients perlite.
Speaking about the soil, you can not mention the correctly selected container. It is more convenient to take a spacious and flat container where all the sprouts will fit. No need to choose too voluminous packaging, as in this case, the succulents will begin to give all the forces on the formation of the roots, and not on the extension of the green mass. In this case, the development of the plant will slow down. Preferred Potted Materials are clay and plastic.
Regardless of the choice, it is important that a sufficient amount of drainage holes be drilled in the bottom.
Modifying succulents can be three common ways.
Separate succulents are very simple with the help of leaves, besides, this method is the least stressful for the plant itself. Some varieties even dump the sheets themselves, being ready for reproduction. In this case, a discredited fragment is simply inserted into the ground, you can even in the same pot, where an adult succulent grows. Earth must be high quality and loosen.
Somewhere in a couple of weeks, the leaflets will warm their roots, and they can be searched in separate pots. The leaf itself should take strong, healthy, without injury.
It is necessarily cut off with a sharp tool, and not tear off or lazy.
Sometimes the succulent begins the process of reproduction independently. The dropped sheet itself is rooted in the soil and begins to form roots. It is important to track this process in time and disembark the baby away, so that the root systems of both plants are not intertwined. Some succulents, the size sheet is rather large, so it is not a whole sheet to use, but only its part. Single will have to be addicted for several days, and then deepen one centimeter into a qualitatively branded substrate.
Some experts believe that if the sheet is strong and healthy, and the soil used is highly moistened and drained, it will be sufficient to immediately put a sheet in a pot so that the slice looked at the surface. Next, the sheet and will dry, and is rooted independently.
At the stage of rooting, the plant wipes better by spraying.
It is worth mentioning that the variety of succulents “Eonium” multiplies only with cuttings that take up from the top. This suggests that the use of sheets in this case is impossible.
Reproduction sheets is absolutely safe, especially when the leaflet separated independently. In this case, no wound, no stress for an adult plant. This method can be called and economical, because the babe is able to form in the same pot as the mature succulent, which means they don’t have to spend money on the substrate and an additional container. Finally, you practically do not care for your babe.
The disadvantage of this method is the very slow rate of appearance of the material for breeding.
Reproduction with cuttings is no less popular way. The cutlets are separated with the help of a sharp tool and retains drying over for several days. Slices are pre-washed from a poisonous milky juice and processed by rotten coal. Seared on the potted plant can be possible only after the formation of roots. Rooting is carried out either in water or in the sand.
The use of fluid implies the preparation of clean and outstanding water, ideally boiled or filtered. The cutter of the cutter is placed so that its cut does not touch until the bottom. The roots will appear approximately through a couple of weeks, if indoors will persist room temperature and good lighting. To speed up the process, you can create mini-greenhouse, stretching on top of the tank clean polyethylene. Additionally, when lowering in the water, the cuttings should be treated with a growth stimulator.
If the section suddenly starts rot, then the cuttings will need to trim, dry, process the growth stimulant and return to a bowl with clean water.
When rooting a cutlets in the sand, the substrate will predeter to sift and rolling in the oven or packaged in a frying pan. The cuttings itself is processed by the strengthening composition, placed in the sand and watering heated water. Depth of placement in the soil should be from 1.5 to 2.5 centimeters.
Shining has significant advantages compared to other ways. It passes faster than in the case of sheets and seeds. The rooting can be carried out both in water and in the sand, which allows the gardener to choose the most convenient way. Finally, the young ravendice is faster and less often falls. However, the explicit disadvantage of such a method is the harm caused to adult succulent.
The wound, even processed, can attract insects or provoke the appearance of diseases.
Propagate succulents with seeds is considered quite a challenge. First, it takes a large amount of time, and, secondly, it requires constant control and creating quite complex landing conditions. This method is much more suitable for specialists for whom the breeding of succulents is erected into the status of the profession, or experienced gardeners. In this case, appropriate attention will have to pay and choose the seeds themselves, and the design of mini-greenhouses, and landing care. The substrate should not hold moisture, and drainage must be high quality.
The first sheets in this case appear through the gap from the pair of months to six months.
Before starting seeds to dry for a week. Alternative can be soaking over the day in a weak solution of manganese. Having placed sowing material in the ground, it remains to regularly irrigate and fertilize, following the schedule. Raising the roof of the greenhouse is allowed only when the height of the sprouts above the ground is a couple of centimeters. The optimal soil in this situation is the combination of land and sand shoved in the oven, on top of which there is a two-million meter layer of sand.
Greenhouse, by the way, can be both purchased and constitute a conventional polyethylene film. Pication is carried out somewhere in four weeks following the germination of sprouts.
However, seating for permanent residence can be carried out only in six months.
Sukkulente refers to unpretentious plants, so even a rabbing amateur can cope with the care of it at home. The soil irrigation must be regular, but not abundant. The amount and frequency of water use are determined depending on what time it is time. In winter, if the succulent grows at ordinary room temperature, it will be enough to water one or twice a month. Approximately from March, from the beginning of the growing season, irrigation produced once a week or 10 days.
Growing succulent at home is definitely worth feeding the plant, but in small doses. Fertilizers are entered once a month or every two weeks. Comprehensive compositions containing potassium and phosphorus are recommended, but practically not containing nitrogen. The solution should be weak. Making feeding is carried out according to the instructions.
While young sprouts have not yet risen, care for them must be slightly different from the usual. The optimal temperature in this situation ranges from 22 to 30 degrees of heat. The difference between the winter and summer temperature should be smooth.
Lighting should be abundant, even direct rays are allowed, but at noon time for some period, young sprouts should be signed.
Both with sheets and under heavy breeding, it is important to track some moments that can lead to problems and even the death of the succulent. The wrinkles on the landing material are considered the norm, but if the fragments change their color on the brown or soften, then use them is not recommended. The humidity level must be monitored. At the stage of the appearance of roots and germination of excess fluid is able to lead to the appearance of mold and further reinforcement. You can prevent such a situation with high-quality drainage and initial acquisition pot with sufficient holes.
Watering the succulent is worth it, I surely check the condition of the substrate. If he is still wet, then, despite the chart, the procedure will have to postpone.
We must not forget about the importance of sufficient lighting.
About how to propagate Havorti and other succulents by the process, look in the video below.