Hibiscus – the genus of the plants of the family of Malvic, often referred to as the Chinese rose or the Egyptian rose, although they have nothing to do with rosy. Hibiscuses widely spread as cultivated plants due to their extraordinary colors and unpretentiousness when growing.
The main thing in the cultivation of hibiscus is to choose a suitable container and a place where it will grow. Direct sunlight when placed it is better to avoid.
Caring for this plant is not relieved, it is also important to prevent the soil drying, because this is the inhabitant of wet African rainforest.
Hibiscus is usually blooming in early spring, it blooms long enough. Developed plant even in winter does not lose attractiveness, reminding a small evergreen tree.
Breeding a flower just enough. You can do this with cuttings – cut sprigs. A good result gives a division of a bush, so from one raped hibiscus you can get a few already enough developed copies at once. But the hibiscus is also famous for another one of its peculiarity – the ability to give numerous seeds, even at room cultivation, which for tropical plants that found themselves in such conditions is not typical at all.
What the seeds look like?
Svetzeta, Hibiscus forms rounded pods with seeds. Ripening, they dry and begin to open, throwing out seeds. They are difficult to confuse with seeds of other indoor or garden ornamental cultures. They look quite massive, although the size of the seed usually does not exceed 3 mm. Normally ripe seeds have a dark brown, almost black color. In the form close to the shape of the circle, the seed is slightly pointed in the lower part, where the germ is located, so some flower plates compare it with a symbolic figure of the heart.
The main complexity can not miss the moment of revelation of fruits. Collect the full seeds are not easy. About the maturation of the fetus will say his color. Pods gradually lose the green color, becoming brown. Some flower products offer at this time to fold the plant with revealed paper bags that will capture falling seeds. In this case, maturation will be natural, which will allow you to get more seeds.
It is also possible to collect fruits of pods with their further drying and artificial opening with a knife. Seeds ripen not at the same time, so their painting will be different. In this case, there is a danger that part of the seed will be unworthy. However, this method completely eliminates random losses, the yield of planting material in the end turns out to be almost the same as in the first case. The collected seeds have to sort, sort by hand. This is necessary to eliminate non-seen or damaged copies. Difficult seeds can cause the spread of mold and rot.
Professionals recommend using for landing only the largest seeds, which seems completely justified, as in such a material there is a sufficient supply of nutrients and, as a rule, a healthy embryo.
Beginner flowerflowers often retain all the seeds obtained, the first positive results of the breeding of Chinese roses are expensive. However, practice shows that pity in this case is inappropriate, since poor-quality seed material can cause serious disappointments, since it most often does not justify hopes. And if the plant will still be wonderful, it will be very difficult to grow a weakened sprout.
Pros and cons cultivation
Hibiscus breeding with seeds – the most natural way to reproduce their. Its main advantages can be simplicity. Getting the seeds in the case of hibiscus is absolutely difficult, it will bloom fast enough, already in the first year. Create special conditions of watering, lighting or humidity for this optional. Blooming and fruiting plant grow at home relatively easy. Seed reproduction allows you to stop the distribution of infections that can be infected with a plant and which penetrate all its organs. Therefore, viruses will be present in cuttings, with the help of which you can multiply hibiscus.
There is a seed breeding method and negative sides. To get a similar way a copy of the parent plant will not be able to. With sexual reproduction, hereditary signs are combined randomly, it is a way to increase the variety of forms, very important to preserve the view in a natural habitat. Buying hibiscus seeds, you can encounter a poor quality product, for example, spoiled or not sufficiently mature seeds. There is never enough assurance that a plant will grow out of the purchased planting material precisely with those properties that are indicated in the description.
To grow hibiscus from seeds, it follows to this seriously prepare. Need some equipment. First of all, a wooden or plastic box is required. It takes half the depths to fill the nutrient substrate – specially prepared soil. Also need a container for watering with spraying function (the simplest sprayer or sprayer is suitable). In order to create a greenhouse effect, you need to prepare a suitable glass or a piece of transparent plastic, on the most extreme case of polyethylene.
Before boarding the hibiscus seeds, it is recommended to subjected to the stratification procedure – Premises in the conditions of artificial winter. It is believed that it stimulates the beginning of the development of the embryo. This is done. Prepared seeds are placed in a weak solution of mangartages for about 1 hour. Then in the container with them is placed wet sand, all this follows in the refrigerator. In such conditions, seed material is up to 2 weeks.
During this time, it is necessary to prepare the soil. In the homeland, these plants grow on sour soil. Forming the soil, you need to periodically measure its acidity. Enrich calcium soil. Also, we should not forget about drainage, so the bottom part of the container in which the seeds are planned, it is better to fill with a clay. Fill the container soil mixture follows three quarters.
Seeds prepared by stratification need to germinate. When the soil is ready, you can sow. Before sowing the soil in the pot, it is necessary to moisten, it is better to do this by spraying. Seeds are located on the soil layer, then sprinkled with loose soil of the same composition with a thickness of up to 1.5 cm. The resulting surface again needs to spray.
It is necessary to germinate in a room with an air temperature around 28 ° C. A good result can be obtained if you make a container with germinating seeds on the glazed balcony. When establishing steady hot weather, if you do not open the windows overnight, the temperature may already go to early morning hours reach very high marks. Also on the balcony or loggia is not difficult to create satisfactory lighting conditions. Otherwise, artificial lighting of germinating seeds will have to organize. Otherwise, the sprouts will come out thin and brittle.
The container in which the seeds germinate must be covered with glass or polyethylene. This allows you to create a special microclimate, imitating the conditions of a wet rainforest.
However, at least once a day, it is necessary to carry out a ventilation, pushing the glass (or polyethylene). It is necessary to closely monitor the humidity of the soil, it is impossible to allow drying and convergence. Soil should always remain crumbly. If necessary, moisturize should be used by sprayer.
In the culture, several kindred types of hibiscus. The most popular among the flower water: Hibiscus Changing, Hibiscus Troyak, Hibiscus Syrian (disembodied, usually in open ground) and some other types of Malvic families, sometimes also referred to as hibiscus. The Chinese Rose “Wings of Angel” or “Engel Wings” received quite widespread. This type of hibiscus can be grown both in a pot in the conditions of the apartment and in the open soil. Seeds of such universal species should also be collected, this process is a particular difficulty when growing a plant in the soil. At the first stages of development, the germination of seeds of this hibiscus is no different from others.
The appearance of 2-3 leaves on germinating gibiscus sprouts indicates the need to disperse plants into individual pots. Put plants one by one. By gaining strength, the seedlings will begin to compete with each other not only about water and nutrients, but also in terms of volume, it can seriously affect the shape of shoots and reduce the decorative properties of plants. In order not to damage the developing root system, the sprouts should be pouring on the eve of the searcation in the evening. This is easily allowed and without consequences to extract them from the soil.
Put the seedlings in the pot with the prepared zone is easy. To do this, you need a wand or even a finger to make a deepening in the ground, where it is gently lowering the root. Then, not tamping, sprinkle the hole of the earth. After planting the plant need to pour.
Care after the procedure
Hibiscus – the inhabitant of wet forests. Creating comfortable conditions to him, you need to organize regular irrigation. Especially active plant absorbs water and solutions from the soil during the period of active growth, that is, in summer. Some flower products are recommended to water the seedlings daily, the main thing is to prevent water stagnation.
With a lack of moisture, the plants quickly begin to wither the leaves, this is the first sign of insufficient watering.
To ensure intensive growth and the development of hibiscus to the ground, you need to make fertilizers. They are especially important during flowering and fruiting. At this stage, garden potassium is introduced into the soil. Before flowering and during the “rest” between the flowering of hibiscus can be filled with nitrogen. Despite the fact that this element is necessary for the formation of green organs of the plant (leaves, kidneys and new shoots), overdose of nitrogen can cause burns on the leaves.
In the period of winter peace, fertilizer is better to stop at all. Periodically hibiscus will have to trim. This procedure is especially important after winter peace. It will allow to awaken sleeping kidneys and, thus, rejuvenate a plant.
Yellow leaves may indicate the shortage of some minerals in soil or water. However, the same feature may be due to damage to the roots of fungus. The plant actively picks up a green mass, but blooms badly. One of the most likely reasons may be an abundance of nitrogen in the feeding, the low temperature in the room where the plant is grown, is also equally likely, But most often it can be caused by aging shoots. Solving the problem sometimes helps a simple trimming.
During the occurrence of a summer drought, when the soil dries quickly, in order to avoid defeat by the pawite tick, the hibiscus must be sprayed with water at least 2 times a day. Growing on the balcony or for a time landed in the country area hibiscuses can attract the tool. In order to avoid this, you need to stock special insecticide.