So that the plants feel good and continued to delight flowering, they need to additionally include phytolamba.
On the market, this equipment is presented in a wide range, the main thing is to know how to choose it correctly and what the lamps differ from each other.
Features of structures
Phytolamba is not just a backlight, they help the plants normally develop, when a sunny day becomes short and photosynthesis process slows down. According to the design and principle of operation, they are the following types:
Sodium lamps are absolutely not suitable for small spaces, because they have a large coverage area and a very bright light that dispels in all directions. Mirror spraying is applied inside. One square meter requires power 100 W.
If you select the advantages of this type of lamps, they possess useful efficiency, can please the user with a long service life and good light output. Their radiation is in the infrared zone, so you can use such equipment during the period when flowers are formed or fruit ripens. If a man is growing in his greenhouse greens, then the power must be at least 200 W.
Another modern type of lamps – induction. According to the principle of operation, they are very similar to fluorescent lamps, only without electrodes inside that do not differ in durability. If you use such a lamp every day no more than ten hours, then its service life will be up to 18 years.
Over time, the light output is not reduced, the ambient temperature does not increase during operation, so the lamp can be placed directly above the plant.
Use equipment in any vegetation period. One of its disadvantages can be called a small power, which is not enough for a large greenhouse, but quite enough for the windowsill with a seedler. Include a lamp through the regulatory equipment. It is important that a separate switch is provided for this.
There is a different type of lighting – fluorescent lamps. Although they were previously considered too cumbersome and uncomfortable, new varieties of this equipment appeared on the market, which are distinguished by user convenience. They are used more often for growing small plants and seedlings.
Halogen lamps produce a blue spectrum of light, useful for the growth of leafy plants. Such lighting allows you to grow wide and compact bushes.
Incandescent lamps are the least expensive option, but may not be as effective as other types. These lamps are better to use as an additional light source for plants that are already getting some sunlight through windows.
LED equipment has become increasingly used, because it can offer not only a wide range of shades, but also spends less energy. Such lamps produce effective light, which up to 90% can be consumed by a plant for its needs, including photosynthesis.
These lamps produce very little heat, reducing the risk of burns of leaves and excessive soil drying. They can be used to grow most plants, including fruits, vegetables, herbs and colors.
From their main advantages can be allocated:
- from 80 to 90% more efficient energy than traditional lighting;
- do not contain mercury, so they are more environmentally friendly;
- use less energy;
- can work at low voltage;
- Do not emit ultraviolet light.
Choice for destination
Phytolampu or lamp for room colors worth choosing based on the area of the room, the need for light and other factors. Artificial lighting from electrical light bulbs Indoors can be used for growing seedlings in spring. During this period, natural light is still not enough, so that the plants do not stretch in length, and they gained strength before landing, it is worth using one of the possible options for creating artificial lighting.
The light may look white, but in fact it consists of waves of different lengths. The easiest example is rainbow. The amount of light in addition to the type and watment of the lamp for plants is regulated by the distance to them.
Fluorescent lamps are not heated, so they can be placed close to seedlings, they are ideal for orchids or strawberries.
For growing high plantations It is worth using LED lamps of daylight, the design of which is fitted for home landing. Reflectors allow you to distribute the light evenly so that it penetrates the thick crown. It is necessary that the equipment includes a blue and red spectrum, since they are vital for seedlings.
Lowable plants, such as lilies, require the use of lamps, the power of 50 to 250 W. Middle height, namely African violets, begonias, you need from 250 to 1000 W. High like orchids – from 1000 W.
Ivy, peperomy, phylogendron and most ferns carry weak light, but not his absence at all. When growing seedlings indoors is required from 16 to 18 hours of continuous light. If it is intense, then you can reduce the glow time until 12-14 hours.
Artificial lighting is useful to start growing seedlings indoors if you want to speed up the process. Studies have shown that the use of proper lighting helps plants faster gaining green mass.
How to choose the right spectrum?
Blue spectrum is in the range of 400-500 nm, it contributes to the growth of roots and intense photosynthesis. Red in the range of 640-720 nm stimulates the growth of stems, flowering and chlorophyll production.
Sunlight contains a full range of colors, although the wavelength will vary depending on the time or year. In the spring it is more purple, encourages the vegetative growth of plants, while in the fall has a warmer color temperature, having favorably affecting fruits and flowers.
When buying an artificial lighting lamp is worth buying a full range, and there are many reasons for it, but about it later. You can use yellow color, but scientists have proven that he does not care in itself, like green.
Red and Blue Plant Uses Energy and Growth. Such a bicolor works very well together, although they may be present separately. Orange and red can be used during flowering and fruiting, but not too intense. If you want seedlings to be thin, but on the contrary, it has grown into width, then it is worth turning lamps with blue light.
For vegetable crops, for example, tomatoes or pepper, the exposure time of artificial lighting is at least 14 hours, the rest period is at least 6 hours every day.
The list of crops that grow beautifully under artificial lighting includes:
- GREEN: Salad, spinach and so on;
- roots – carrots, beets, repa;
On the equipment you can see the mark: “Natural”, “full spectrum” or “balanced” it costs more than ordinary incandescent lamps, which are mainly supplied with red light or cold white, similar to natural.
The device in which the full spectrum is provided usually means that the lamp displays a wide continuous light through most PAR ranges. This is by no means a standard, just choosing a manufacturer.
At the moment, the technology departs from the use of certain ranges, instead, the industry focuses on ensuring the most useful spectrum. This can be noted if you look at the goods of most authoritative companies that refuse to produce pink and purple lighting devices and replace their LEDs with white.
The exact shade or color temperature of white light is determined by the dominant wavelength of the blue LED and the composition of the phosphor. The thickness of the refinement of the referee produces the necessary changes in the color of the diode color.
The perfect light is the one that repeats the range of our Sun, allowing us to regulate the intensity in accordance with the needs of plants.
Rating the best models
In the ranking of the best phytolamps with an attractive power, several.
“Lucky” on 16 W has a full spectrum, the light does not irritate the eyes. You can use it for seedlings and houseplants.
Hanging the lamp is not lower than 800 mm from landing.
Jazzway PPG T8
Jazzway PPG T8 is easy to find on the market because it enjoys great popularity. It has a good ratio of blue and red spectrum, it is 1/5. Weighs little, comes on sale with fasteners, by which several lamps can be installed simultaneously.
SPB-T8-Fito helps even a novice gardener getting a strong and healthy seedlings.
It differs in that it does not highlight heat, so it can be installed at any distance.
Recommendations of professionals
Plants use only part of the spectrum of visible light for photosynthesis. While our eyes are most sensitive in the middle of this range, plants are more sensitive to the ends of the visible spectrum. They contain chlorophyll and other pigments that absorb certain wavelengths of light. By absorbing energy from them they can create their own to turn it into fuel for additional growth.
Professionals give advice on what lamp should be chosen for home:
- If it is assumed that it will help the plant in the residential room, the light should be safe for the eyes;
- For greenhouses and large landing areas, it is best to select lamps with a large scattering of the spectrum;
- If you do not want to spend money twice, the equipment with a full spectrum is the perfect option;
- LED lamps are one of the most durable, so it is better to stop your choice on them.
Before buying equipment, it is worth answering a few questions.
- How large is Square? It is necessary to illuminate the whole room, only its corner or just a place on the table?
- What types of plants are supposed to grow?
- How many plants need to highlight?
It will be necessary to find a way to hang lamps. The best way to equip space is to hang them on the hooks in the ceiling.
No need to keep light included 24 hours a day. Plants need some time to relax and healthy growth. The amount of time to which the decision is made to leave the light on will vary depending on the type of flower and the goal.
Lamps review Look in the following video.