How at home to multiply orchid phalaenopsis?

Phalaenopsis – one of the most demanding orchids in the world of colors. Rod, consisting of more than 50 species, forms the basis for the development of various hybrid varieties. It grows in a natural medium on the elevation, but you can successfully grow and multiply the plant at home.

Proceedings

In a natural habitat, most types of this orchid grow as epiphytes under the crown of large trees, and some of them are adapted to rocky surfaces. Their internal clocks are focused on optimal conditions for growth, so in reproduction it is important to qualitatively imitate the habitat. Falenopsis orchid beautifully blooms and multiplies at home. The plant prefers to grow in a half, as in the natural habitat. Low light intensity or filtered light is optimal for this variety of flowering plants.

Determine the level of lighting just, It is enough to avoid exposure to direct sunlight and better put a flower on the window sill, where the rays do not fall. If this condition is not respected, burns appear on the leaves. It is necessary to give a lot of natural light, but without direct sunlight from 11 to 16 hours. The best position is East or West. Plants also grow well on the north side.

In winter, keep orchid on the window is not recommended, because low temperature can cause damage to leaves. The window sill on the south side can be used if the windows hang curtains that help dispel straight sun rays.

Orchid loves high humidity in the room where it should be at least 60-70%. Such a requirement is a prerequisite for healthy phalaenopsis growth. If there is a low level of humidity in the room, then you should take marble or decorative stones and put in a small tray, pour water and put an orchid in a pot on the stones. This will help increase moisture, at the same time prevents water absorption by other environments.

The favorable temperature for breeding indoors ranges from 25 to 35 degrees Celsius. To maintain air movement inside, you can install the ceiling fan at low speed for several hours every day. Proper watering is the most important condition for the germination of any planting material. Water flower with warm tap water, the soil should remain slightly humid, But in no way be wet. Excess watering will cause rotting, not germination.

Insufficient irrigation is also harmful, because in this case, nor seeds, nor cuttings will have no moisture for the development of the root system. After landing, it is necessary to create greenhouse conditions, that is, cover the plant with a film. You can then moisten the soil using a spray gun. Take the cuttings for landing best after the end of the flowering period.

How to multiply?

Regardless of the type of breeding type, the tools used during operation must be clean and even sterilized. All sections on the parent plant should be treated with an antiseptic to prevent the possibility of a disease in the future. There is an option to root the cuttings in water, not only in the wet soil, you can use a special activator to accelerate growth.

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Cherenca

The most common type of reproduction of the described orchid variety is shifting. The period is best suited in the early summer or the end of spring. Step-by-step this process looks like this.

  • Before conducting the procedure, it is necessary to remove all the leaves located below.
  • The cuts made are necessarily treated with diluted activated carbon or woodlessness.
  • The plant should be in the most comfortable conditions, including the dose of the required feeding.
  • When new roots appear, cut down below, then transfer the cutlets into the ground.
  • The first two days to water or moisturize in any other way the soil is not necessary. Young sections must dry slightly.
  • After a few months it will be possible to enjoy new plants that will appear with hemp.

Sometimes bloomer appears as a cutter. It is neatly cut and put in a bottle of water and one tablet of activated carbon. The lower part should be constantly in fluid on 5 centimeters. To awaken the kidney, carefully cut off with a clean blade of the flake, which covers it, and lubricate the cytokinine ointment.

Proceed with the composition within a month every week, with the same frequency replaced bottles and water. At the same time, the ambient temperature should be within 25-28 degrees.

To speed up growth, you can add a bit of mineral fertilizer to the bottle, but in the ratio of 1: 4. As soon as the kids appear several leaves, and the roots will reach 3 centimeters, it is possible to land in the ground.

Division bush

At a certain period, the plants may form children, in this case it is possible to reproduce the orchid by simply division of the bush. Separate young shoots perhaps after the end of the flowering phase, while the plant should be older than 1.5 years. Stimulate the kidney growth in early February, for this, orchid is moved to the Western or Eastern side, so that the leaves are in the shade, and sunlight only hit the color. Day temperatures should be at the level of 27 s, at night it is allowed to decrease to 16 s.

Watered during this period the plant is very rare, the feeding is not made until the kidney wakes up. On average, this process takes about a month. Already after irrigation mode is restored, the flower is transferred to a warm place, make fertilizers with an extraxanle method through a pulverizer on foliage. After 6 months, the necessary root system will develop, you can divide the maternal bush, and the baby and put in a separate pot.

Seeding

Plant seeds are not as simple as in the case of most of other indoor plants, this is preceded by a complex and long-term process. Professionals call this method one of the most difficult, so do not advise to use it novice. For the germination of seeds, a lot of effort and time goes, because they are very small, consider them almost impossible.

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The complexity of the germ is associated with the lack of endosperm in the embryos, that is, there is no special fabric that could protect and feed a developing plant. Any negative impact – and the embryo instantly dies. Initially, the crop will have to pollimate the flower on their own, to obtain subsequently planting material.

Use a simple toothpick for this, which is passed on several flowers inside the cavity where stamens are located. If there is an opportunity, you can buy seeds already in sachet.

If pollination passed successfully, the box will soon begin to grow, which matures only in six months. Now it’s time to highlight the planting material. At this stage, a nutrient medium is prepared, to create a agar-agar powder in the amount of 20 grams, as much fructose, glucose, a small amount of orthophosphoric acid and calcium carbonate. Agar-agar is bred in 200 ml of water and waited until it flashes, then overflow in boiling water, the remaining ingredients are added and stirred well to complete dissolution.

If you get these ingredients is difficult, you can use another recipe for which 20 grams of sugar will be required, distilled water in the amount of 400 ml, 100 milliliters of tomato juice. It is also necessary 40 grams of banana, 0.5 ml of special fertilizer for the described flower, activated carbon in the amount of two tablets and 0.5 grams of honey.

Wednesday must be sterile, otherwise the mold will appear in it.

Banks where the solution will be transfused, it is necessary to sterilize well and leave for a few days with a solution to see that there is no infection. With the appearance of mold, it is impossible to use in the future. Seeds will also need to prepare to prepare, for this, they are covered with one-surfactant chlorine solution and leave in such a state for 20 minutes. Several times you will need to sharpen the jar for the specified time.

For convenience, you can take a grid and a saucepan with boiling water, it will be necessary to place containers with a nutrient mixture. Covers should also be nearby so that they can be quickly disinfected. Seeds from chlorine mortar are transferred to the nutrient medium, for this it is easiest to use a sterile syringe. Capacities are well closed and put it in a greenhouse. Open only after 6 months, if everything went successfully, then there will be sprouts inside.

50 ml of water poured, sculpt, the mixture is poured into a wide container and two drops of Furtzene 1% are added. In such a state, seeds are withstanding 15 minutes. With a small soft brush transfer seeds to a nutrient medium, which should be made of moss and bark with soil. Adopted fine charcoal and ferns roots. After 6 months, it will be possible to transplant orchid into the soil for an adult plant.

The lack of the method used is that the plant will bloom no earlier than after 4 years, and sometimes even after 7.

Seawing children

Children This plant is also well multiplied, to do this, separate the processed from the main stem in such a way as not to damage the roots, which should already be 3-6 centimeters long. Sections are treated with coal powder. Transplan each resulting part in the pot and spray with water until the roots will be rooted enough. Subsequent care is no different from what is needed by an adult plant.

You can send any process that already has enough root length, and if they are still small, it is better to leave on the parent plant. Refrigerate a new bush preferably at the beginning of spring so that for the growing season he could be good in the new soil.

Possible problems

When cultivating orchids, problems may arise, spots appear on the trunk and on the stem, and the rabbing does not always understand what happened. It is very important that the roots are in the ground completely, and the straight sun rays did not fall on the leaves. From other problems that you have to face, the following can be distinguished.

  • In reproduction, a patient plant is used immediately, which can be distinguished by unhealthy color of foliage, black roots, which sometimes even have on the surface of the mucus. Such a plant can be multiplied only in water and nothing else to get a healthy orchid.
  • All sections are required to sterilize.

Inside the room is important to observe the conditions necessary for the plant, including the level of humidity, quality of lighting.

Further care

Grow beautiful orchid at home is not so difficult, with the right approach, it will bloom after a year or 2. It is only enough to carry out timely irrigation, correctly trimming also stands at one time. Orchids need a little more feeding when it is actively growing. Feed the flower with nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, can use special complex compositions, in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.

To help the plant in the long run, it is necessary to cut a periodically flower stem up to 5 cm. As a result, such trimming flowers will appear a little earlier. Sometimes the stem is cut slightly above the highest node, where there are no flowers or not yet appeared. Such trimming provokes abundant bloom in the future.

As for processing from pests, the frequent guest is the wave. These tiny green or brown insects, they are not always visible, but it remains on the surface of the leaf white skin, which the insect resets. The best means of struggle – insecticides, but you can simply process the leaves and stem with soap solution.

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Black spots on the leaves are almost always caused by pythium ultimum fungus or phytofluorosis. Mushroom flourishes in wet conditions. Affected leaves can yellow. Damaged shoots will need to remove and process sections. From the crop, it is required in this case to set the scraper chart.

See below.

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