Homeland indoor violet (SENPOLIA)

Uzambar violet is popular among lovers and professional flowerflowers. The birthplace of this culture is considered to be Africa, it was here for the first time was discovered. Rules of plant care, features, agricultural area, varieties – about everything more consider in more detail in the article.

Plant Features

The violet is easy to distinguish from other plants by its characteristic features listed in the description of the culture.

SENPOLIA (in common as a Uzambar violet) – Perennial short-distance culture with a height of up to 30 cm with darous leaf plates of oval shape. The sheet of various varieties can acquire an extended or shape, reminiscent of the heart, with a smooth or similar to the closure. Color from light green to dark emerald. Various varieties are painted in light spots over the entire surface of the sheet or by its edge, forming a kaym.

Seatpolia flower terry, simple, petals have a wavy, corrugated form. In diameter reaches up to 4 cm, buds are collected in inflorescences. Color varies from white to dark purple shade, including pink and blue gamma. Violets are multicolored, it means that on one plant in inflorescences there are flowers of different shades.

Rooming violet is a hybrid, a variety of varieties and species is distinguished – more than 30,000 varieties of this culture. To distinguish between varieties among themselves, you need to focus on the characteristics of each flower – the size and shape of the leaves, buds, their color, the presence of fringe, border flower, patterns and other. Violets bloom year-round in the presence of favorable conditions and proper care.

HOME SENPOLIA Practically unpretentious in care.

According to the characteristic sign of the sheet, the violet can be distinguished on the “female” and “male” plant. In the first at the base of the sheet plate there is a bright spot, which is not “male” – their leaves are evenly painted.

Satpolia outlet size is on average about 15-20 cm, there are cultures with a rosette of up to 40 cm, there are also “giant” violets up to 60 cm, babes up to 6 cm, which are called microminiature.

Common varieties

Violets meet on the windowsill Varieties “Smorodine Dessert”, “Bridal Bouquet”, “Yang Menuet” and “Aquamarine”.

  • “Smorodine dessert”. Flowers outwardly like a star, buds are collected in inflorescences, painted in a purple gamut with a bluish sampling. Dark green leaf plate with fringe, socket large. This variety is widely used to decorate various holidays.

  • “The bride’s bouquet”. Culture with white large flowers, the outer surface of which is slightly pork, the tips of the petals wavy. Dark Green Leaf Plate.

  • “Yan Menuet”. Plant with white, pale pink flowers with purple-pink edge. Buds are large, with a diameter of about 12 cm. The leaves of a saturated emerald green shade with a wavy border, darous. “Yan Menuet” – a busty grade. With unsuitable content (hot climate, short luminous day), the plant is drawn up, brown spots are formed on the leaves.
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  • “Aquamarine”. Unique culture with blue tint booths, 3-6 cm flowers diameter, refers to multicolor, petals are painted from light blue to dark blue gamma. Plant is characterized by a developed, strong root system. Socket “Aquamarine” large. Culture blooms abundantly, prefers moderate watering, does not tolerate cold.

Origin

Motherland of Uzambar violet – Eastern territory of Africa. Areal – Terrain Tanzania, Kenya, Ulugur, Uzambar Mountains. Seatpolia Phyalkotsvekova is also found in places near various water sources, prefers fog, water suspension.

The flower was opened with walter background Saint-Pole in 1892. In 1893, the SaintPaulia Ionanta culture was withdrawn from the received Seed Botany German vendland – so began the history of homemade violet called Senpolya (the name of the flower was given in honor of its opener).

The plant from the roast continent first appeared at the flower international exhibition conducted in Gent in 1893. The right to breed culture on a large scale was redeemed by the company. Benari. In 1927, the plant was brought to the USA, where it immediately gained popularity as home culture. In 1949 there were already 100 varieties of violets. To date, the figure passed for tens of thousands, of which domestic varieties are over 2 thousand plants.

Where it grows?

Valca Crowding Area Extended to Australia, Brazil, South Africa. SENPOLIA is bred in other countries with different climatic zones as a room or garden plant. The latter is found in countries with a warm tropical climate. In the CIS regions, the violet is planted in the summer season, and when the temperature is reached in +17 degrees, the culture vases are cleaned into the room.

In natural conditions, the flower is almost in the shade of mountains protecting from the sun, because of which burns are easily formed on the dilated leaves of SENPOLIA, and high temperatures capable of leading to the death of the plant.

Current subtleties

The violet itself is unpretentious, But it is advisable to create her suitable conditions, promoting multiple, long-lasting flowering.

Lighting and temperature regime

Uzambar’s violet is recommended to be stolen from the Sun, the darous leaf plates with long-term exposure of sun rays get burns and covered with brown spots. When growing culture on the south side with the help of paper or tissue curtain, a shadow veil is created in the period from noon to 16 pm, or a container with a plant is located away from the windows.

For SENPOLIA, it is desirable to set 13-14-hour day. The number of hours can be compensated for at night time, putting a plant under the phytosvetile. This option is most suitable for northern and eastern windows.

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It is also worth removing the violet from drafts.

SENPOLIA FLORLING COLLOGY DURATION TO 10 MONTH A YEAR. Culture It is recommended to breed at temperatures from +18 to +24 degrees.

It is desirable that there is no sharp fluctuations in temperature regime.

Most often in room conditions contain ampel varieties of sensipolia, characterized by large outlets, with drooping leaves, stems, outweigh through the vase.

Soil and pots

It is best to plant sensipolia into plastic containers suitable for culture. The planting pot on the form is similar to the plate, bowl. Root system of violet surface, so does not require deep, high pots.

Substrate necessarily loose, moisture and air-permeable. Ready land should be purchased in the stores “Everything for the Garden” or to make independently from:

  • humus;
  • Mixtures of lands (sheet, coniferous, nervous);
  • charcoal;
  • sand (washed).

Mixing proportions – 2: 2: 4: 1: 1: 1. The finished composition must be mixed with 0.5 parts of ash, 2 spoons of superphosphate.

Plant landing in this mixture is made only after the earth was moistened. This is done so that the culture is faster adapted in the new soil and immediately began to consume nutrients.

Important: The violet is located in the new substrate not immediately, but a couple of days later. Once the season is produced with the upper layer of soil to improve air circulation.

Podkord

To preserve the ability to multiple flowering and assistance in this process, sensipolia is recommended to fertilize mineral fertilizers (the frequency depends on the manufacturer’s recommendations). Fertilizer is divorced in water or is added directly to the soil (granulated form), in the last embodiment, the concentration of feeding should be less than the usual.

IMPORTANT: Plant fertilizer process is produced on a wet soil, That is, before the feeding it is necessary to pour the land, and an hour to make fertilizers. This is done to avoid receipt of the root system of chemical burn.

For young violet, nitrogen fertilizers should be added during flowering period – potash-phosphate.

Water treatments

Due to the conditions of growing the SENPOLIA flower, need to constantly maintain optimal air humidity (60-85%). Palki leaves are recommended to regularly wipe from dust. Once every 2 weeks the plant bathe in warm water (33-35 degrees of heat), without affecting the soil. It is recommended every day or after a day (depending on the season) spray the leaves of sensipolia with a spray with a spray gun.

IMPORTANT: When moisture getting and maintaining it on the flower petals, stains are formed, which lower the attractiveness of the blurred bud.

Procedures are held in the morning or evening hours so that Senpolia can dry before putting on the sunlight.

In the winter months it is recommended to install a humidifier or a plate with water near the pot. These methods reduce air dryness, which adversely affects SENPOLIA, causing drying of leaves, buds, provoking the development and growth of insect pests, if the violet was infected.

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Let us dwell on the features of watering. For watering plants, filtered or boiled water is used. It is important that the fluid does not contain a large amount of chlorine or salt. With a constant use of heavy water on the ground and walls, the pot is postponed with a suspension salt plated white.

During the watering of SENPOLIA, the liquid should not get to the point of growth, the outlet. Water stiring will result in the process of rotting. The most convenient way of watering plants – through the pallet. The earth will absorb enough moisture, excess water poured 10-15 minutes after watering. The preservation of fluid in the pallet for a long time leads to an excess of moisture in the substrate, the development of fungus and the ignition of the root system.

IMPORTANT: SENPOLIA can safely transfer the soil drying, so watering soil is better to produce when the ground will dry on a quarter.

Care

It is necessary to regularly remove dead and dry shoots, leaves, flowers. Preventive pruning of plants to improve the growth and formation of a compact form of culture. During flowering, the pot with Saintpolia is not rearranged. Frequent movements can cause stress in the plant, leading to a short blossom or its complete absence, dropping floral strings.

Diseases and pests

In case of small red dots on the leaves, their premature wilt and bad development, the shift of the leaf plate on the yellow color is worth checking the flower for pests. Violets are amazed by fungal diseases, tryps (insects).

  • Puffy dew. It is expressed by the formation of a white fluffy plaque on the leaf plates and the plant stem. The fungus arises due to the incorrect conditions of the content of culture and excess nitrogen in the ground.

  • Botritis (gray rot). Manifests itself in the form of mold and brown spots, easily infects neighboring cultures. Spore fungus are able to penetrate the soil, which leads to the impossibility of its further use. For the development of fungus serve as conditions with high humidity with insufficient lighting, sharp temperatures during this period.

  • Phytoophluorosis. Changing the color sheet plate on brown, loss of turgora. The disease is also caused by fungus and is able to infect the soil. The cause of the occurrence is too wet soil.

Uzambarskaya violet is affected by insects: WLL, ticks, trips, whitefly, Cherver.

To reduce the risk of cancer, It is recommended to periodically perform full check of the plant, follow the conditions of culture content. If the infection occurred, then purchase special preparations in the gardening store and follow the manufacturer’s recommendations.

About how to care for violets bloom and pleased, look in the following video.

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