Hamedoriya is a very interesting and attractive homemade plant, which is difficult to not pay attention. Exotic palm can revive almost any atmosphere, because it looks very attractive and expressive. We’ll figure it out how this plant looks like and how it is necessary to carefully care.
Hamedore is differently called bamboo palm or neanta. It has unpretentiousness and shades. Hamedorius grows very well at home, without requiring a special relationship or expensive care. She grows quickly and looks bright.
Motherland Hamedoria – Mountain Areas of Mexico and Central America. In the natural habitat, it is not very large, but elegant palm trees, the height of which can reach 2 m. The thickness of the stem rarely exceeds 3 cm.
The most widespread Shrub species Plant under consideration. However, they do not end the species diversity of chamedores. There are attractive cultures related to to class Lian, and plants, having only 1 stem.
It should be borne in mind that shrub shapes grow quite slowly. For a year, no more than 1-2 young leaves can add.
Difficult plants have a bright difference in flowers. In male crops, they grow in saturated red and yellow, gather in neat inflorescences. In female copies, flowers are orange or bright red, are solitary.
Currently, the culture under consideration began to be actively grown at home. Thus, flowerflowers create a small tropical corner in their own home. Hamedorius is characterized by high decorativeness than and attracts the attention of many wildlife lovers.
The plant has oblong leaf plates of the right forms. At home Hamedoriya can grow up to 1.5-2 m in height. Such culture of such indicators can achieve, even if no action was taken from the side of the flower. Achieving serious growth values, Plant remains very elegant and attractive. In the diameter of the palm of this species, it is extremely rarely exceeded 60-70 cm.
Blooms the plant under consideration only 1 time per year, while bringing the fruit. A clear temporary gap, which is coming for fruiting, no. This is due to the fact that in natural conditions for chamedores, such stages depend on many factors – the amount of precipitation, the magnitude of the temperature indicators and many other things.
Flower size is only a few millimeters, but they are numerous. It happens that they grows up to several hundred. After some time after flowering, small berries are formed on the trunk, outwardly resembling sea buckthorn, but only black. They can be eaten.
Moreover, these fruits enter the national cuisines of many Latin America countries.
As mentioned above, Chamedoria is divided into many subspecies, each of which has its own appearance and beauty features. We will get acquainted with some common varieties.
This is a beautiful evergreen shrub, which is very often grown in winter garden or greenhouse. Often, the specified variety can be met in offices, halls or ordinary residential rooms. In the height of Hamedori Ernest-Augustus can reach 1.2 m. The plant needs a moderate humidity level of air and watering.
The plant under consideration has beautiful solid green leafy plates. In the upper part, they are divided into 2 blades. Leaves on the plant a little – only 8-10 pieces.
“Elegance” (Chamaedorea Elegans)
Differently this chamedore is called elegant. This shrub variety of a plant having a creeping trunk. From it in not very large quantities grow thin straight stems whose height ranges from 1.5 to 2 m. The width of the latter usually reaches 2.5-3.5 cm.
In the tops of the stalks there are peculiar panicles, which consist of 6 or 7 leaves located very close to each other. Over time, leaves die away, and after that fall. Owing to the surface of the stems there are characteristic ring-shaped marks of the light shade.
Hamedoria Elegant attracts many flowerflowers as Good grows, without requiring complex care. Plant unpretentious, distinguished by beautiful appearance.
It has compact dimensions, which is a plus for people living in small apartments, where there is no excess place for bulky green pets.
Beautiful subspecies from the Palm family. Culture is different The presence of wide leather leather-type leafs with an unusual silver tint. The plant under consideration has only one barrel, which over the years inevitably becomes thicker and weighing. In height, the culture can reach 2 meters.
Metallica sadly transfers shading and can grow perfectly even in the conditions of the room where small windows are present.
Another popular kind of chamedore. Culture usually grows Not too high. Especially comfortable she feels like In the conditions of orangenery. The plant has light green leaf plates of the fusion structure of small sizes. Monochrome chameteda has a reed stem.
Hamedorius feels great, growing at home. The main thing – take care of a comfortable setting for this charming green pet. We will examine on items how to provide chamedorem optimal conditions for growth.
Choosing a place
Indoor palm shows allowed to place even in the shaded corners of the dwelling – in such conditions they feel fine. However, the shading should be moderate. In too dark places, placing a pet is not recommended. Under the right sunlight, it is also not allowed – such conditions will be for the plant destructive.
Lighting must be moderate. Suitable place in half. From the intensity of light will depend on the appearance of palm. Bright ultraviolet rays just burn out the foliage of culture.
Hamedore is divided into many subspecies, but most of them grow large. For such pets, it is advisable to highlight a sufficient place where they will not be too closely. It is recommended to provide for chamedores zone in the corner of the room, it is desirable to close to the window openings. Suitable for this and commonness located between windows. Here the plant will look especially attractive and carefully, and will not interfere with households.
Selecting the optimal space for chamedore, do not forget that Too sharp change of temperature values can be extremely negatively affecting the health of the culture. After buying a palm to accommodate where it does not undergo a destructive effects of drafts. Optimal temperature in summer – +16 … 20 degrees, and in winter – +12 … 15 degrees Celsius.
When the yard costs summer, the corner in which the culture is located, it will be necessary to ventilate. From time to time the plant is permissible to transfer to the balcony or veranda so that it can fit fresh air.
Soil for landing
In the role of a pot for the plant under consideration, you can use any suitable reservoir, characterized by high resistance. Vessel manufacturing material. The main condition concerns precisely sustainability because Hamedoria grows high, and her leaves are not the most empty.
For compact palms, pots are suitable, the diameter of which is 12-15 cm, and for more tallers, it makes sense to select tanks with a diameter of 16-25 cm.
Poster to the plant pot, whose size will correspond to him, can be prepared by the Earth. High-quality soil mix for the palm treated in finished form is sold in a garden store. You can buy a conventional universal composition designed to plant houseplants. Admissible and independent manufacture of a suitable mixture. To do this, you need to combine such compound components like peat, humus, river sand, nervous land. All components are taken in equal parts. At the bottom of the pot it is necessary to place drainage.
Caring for indoor palm, you need to remember the correct watering. We must look at that, so that the earth does not dismiss. But also pour a pet with a huge amount of water is also not allowed – that you will only apply serious damage. Wetlands is the best condition for the formation of dangerous bacteria and aggressive pests.
Earth should always be slightly moistened – in everything you need to observe moderation. Liquid that will accumulate in the pallet, it is necessary to regularly pour. Forget it impossible.
With the onset of the roast summer season, the plant will require more frequent watering. If we are talking about winter, then at this time of the year the process of growth and development of the plant is slowed down, so watering will need to reduce.
Feeding and fertilizer
If you want to accelerate the growth of home palm, it is worth thinking about making suitable fertilizers. Need to keep in mind that Undercores of the culture under consideration are required only at moments to which its active growth has. This period continues from early April and until the end of September. It is at this time that you need to make fertilizer 2 times a month.
The latter must be released specifically for palm trees. Mineral formulations of universal species.
For good growth, some flower products advise to remove flowers in young crops.
There are floweries that are recommended to carry out a chamedor transplant based on its age mark. Young plants this procedure will be needed annually, and adult pets – every 3 years. However, many professionals who have long been engaged in the cultivation of such cultures claim that palm changes must be treated exclusively as needed.
The transplantation may be required in that situation if the pet has become too closely in its pot. Then it will be needed to move to a more spacious capacity. With the age of palm, it may be necessary to land in a barrel or special tub. Adult pet move is much more complicated because it will have a more impressive weight and will be volumetric. In such situations Instead of transplant, it is permissible to update the top layer of soil.
Palmry must be transplanting if it has undergone some disease or many dangerous pests appeared, able to seriously harm the plant. If the soil zaking process takes place, it is also recommended to refer to the chamedor transplant procedure.
The reproduction of the domestic palm treated in question can be carried out in several ways: Seeds, division or process. Humedori’s cuttings do not multiply.
Palm reproduction by the seed method is light and does not take much time. It will be necessary to perform a number of manipulations.
- Before starting landing, seeds need to soak in water (it should leave 100 to 120 hours). It is advisable to enter a couple of drops of special fertilizer complex type.
- Prepare and disinfect small pots. Put a substrate in them designed specifically for palm trees. Place 2-3 seeds in it and gently press them. The substrate is allowed not to resort.
- Each pot gently cover with polyethylene to create a “greenhouse effect”.
- Once every 2-3 days water landed seeds and carry them out once a day.
Shoots will proceed no earlier than 3-6 months later.
With the onset of spring, the rolled palm processes must be taken and gently remove from the pot. Under water jet it is necessary to wash off the earthen com. After that, the bush will need to be divided into several parts.
At least one healthy and formed escape and good roots should be present in each of them. Only, in this case, it turns out to coincide the separated parts and obtain the desired result as a result. Washed and prepared parts searched by pots.
This method of breeding the plant has a lot in common with the division. It is different only to the fact that for this you need to cut and use the root shoots that you subsequently need to be seeded on individual pots.
How to rejuvenate?
Refresh the plant can be at the expense of the apparer roots located on the stem. Nicely screed palm trees can be rejected with air chain.
But remember that the cropped maternity stem can not give lateral shoots and then will die.
Pests and diseases
Hamedorius may suffer from some diseases and parasites.
- Yellow leaves. The problem may arise due to small irrigation. In the summer, the plant should not disappear.
- Brown spots on the leaves. The reason is the mooring of the soil or a sharp decline in temperature. The injured foliage is cleaned, correct past errors in care.
- Black tips of leaves. The reasons are a lot: weak or excessive watering, dry air, effect of direct sun rays. It is worth reconsider the care that you provide the plant and the conditions in which it is.
- Cobed tick. Because of it, the leaves will dry, the white flare may appear on them. Insecticides can help in the fight. The possible reason for the appearance of the problem is low air humidity (optimal – 50%). The drying of the leaves also leads insufficient watering.
- Pale leaves. There can be a lot of reasons: chlorose (lack of iron, it must be under the root), the effect of excess light (it is necessary to remove the palm from the window), it is required to replace the top layer of soil.
- The appearance of the sticky substance and plaques on the foliage. Testifies to the attack of the shield. Insecticides will help in the fight if there are many parasites. If little – you can do the folk remedies.
Examples in the interior
Humedorius will look gorgeous in a large dairy vase against the background of an interior, weathered in snow-white tones.
Several palm trees in the high and narrow pots of brown color placed in a row will look harmonious on the background of beige walls and light flooring coffee with milk.
Bamboo palm tree growing in a wide brown vase will be attractively looking, being in the corner of the bright room next to the window.
Even more about the care of chamedores, see the following video.