Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

Ginur came to us from Africa, the people called “blue bird”. The variety of species of this plant is amazing. How to care for this flower at home, and what is his features, consider in the article.

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

Description

This indoor flower, whose homeland is located in Africa and Asia, refers to the Astrov family. Ginurus literally means “girl with tail”. This name of the plant was given in honor of his long and drooping shoots. This is an unpretentious plant that will suit even completely inexperienced gardeners.

In the initial phase of growth, shoots straight. But it is worth growing a flower, they do not stand their own weight and turn down. An interesting feature of the flower is its ability to acquire a given shape when the location is located. Saving shoots, you can get an arch, rectangle and other elements of geometry by type.

When using support, the flower grows up to 1 m long, and without it, it is unlikely to reach 40 cm.

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

With the development of the plant on it develop side processes. They look very organically and attract attention to their decorativeness. Opel leaves on small pets. Depending on the type, they can be triangular or oval. The size of the leaves varies: the lowest – large (up to 20 cm long) located above – gradually shortening. The color of the leaves is simply awesome, often has down. Lilac, purple and SIZY shoots attract the attention of many gardeners to this plant.

Ginur blooms from December to May, and under ideal conditions can bloom year-round. The inflorescences of the panels and bloom either at the ends of the shoots, or in the sinuses of the leaves. Color is the most diverse: orange, yellow, greenish, purple. An interesting feature of the flowers of this plant is repulsive smell of buds. Bloom strongly depletes the plant. Therefore, usually assembled blossoms in the conditions of the apartment, the hyanur is released from buds. If the plant has been poured, then on the site of the buds are formed boxes with seeds.

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

It is important to remember that the ginur is a poisonous plant. When working with it you need to wear garden gloves. In families with children, you need to keep the plant at an inaccessible territory, or to abandon this room flower at all.

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

Views

In nature there are about 50 varieties of “Blue Bird”. However, not all of them can grow in apartments. Consider popular types of indoor guinea, which are successfully cultivated by lovers of home plants.

  • Ginur Open. This species reaches a height of 1 meter and refers to extensive shrubs. Leaves smooth, light green herbal shade. The edges of the sawn, the sheet is pubescent. Flowers orange-yellow, terry.

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

  • Ginura Pletsennaya. The plant also refers to shrubs and reaches 60 cm. Stems ribbed and rigid, and leaves of emerald green and have violet down. Orange flowers and make a sharp unpleasant fragrance.

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

  • Ginur Orange. This variety was found on the island of Java. Shooting shutters. Pilly leaves and have a characteristic dark-lilac color. At the bottom of the bush can reach 20 cm long.

The name of my own yaurura received thanks to the bright orange flowers, but at the moment the varieties are displayed and with purple color of buds.

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

  • Ginur Periston Dresses. Does not grow at home, but remains a popular view due to medicinal value. Grows in vivo in southern China. Long stems steals on the ground, have bright green leaves. Flowers are formed on a long straight shoot.

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

  • Ginur Variabnaya. Popular in homemade species View. Small bush has pointed leaves of gentle pink color covered with purple bulk.

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

The British Master the Ginuru “purple passion”, especially noting the plants with purple leaves and flowers. All kinds of this beautiful plants are good. Each amateur will find for itself suitable in appearance and properties of the Ginur flower.

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

Home care

Care for giner is not too difficult. So that the plant flourished and pleased the eye with its thick foliage, It is necessary to take into account the optimal conditions for growing.

  • Lighting. This flower needs bright lighting. In the summer you need to choose Western or Oriental window sills for him to avoid the scorching sun. And in winter it is better to extend the day with the help of artificial light or rearrange on the southern windows. Without proper lighting, the leaves quickly lose their purple color.
  • Temperature. For this tropical plant, moderate ambient temperature is needed. The optimal mode is +20.25 ° C in summer time and +12.14 ° in winter (but not lower than + 10 ° C) so that the ginur can enter the rest. Since January, it is necessary to gradually increase the temperature so that the flower prepared for the spring. It is better not to leave the plant on the way in strong air flows, arranging draft. During ventilation, you can endure pots to another room.
  • Air humidity. Ginuro does not require high humidity, although it is a tropical plant. She calmly postpone even understated hygrometer readings.
  • Watering. During the period of active growth and flowering, this plant requires abundant irrigation. In winter, the excess moisture is not needed, so watering can be reduced by 2 times. Ginuro needs low pH water and about 30 degrees temperature. It is important to know that water drops that have fallen on the leaves of the guinea leave brown spots. Watering stands on the edge of the pot or put it in a capacity with water for impregnation from below.
  • The soil. Ginuro does not require exotic soil. Quite suitable universal soil.
  • Podkord. In the growing season it is necessary to make a universal fertilizer every month. In winter, the ginur in the dressing does not need.
  • Transfer. This is a growing plant, so it is desirable to carry out a transshipment every spring. If the roots of the guinea swept the whole earth com, then this is an explicit signal to transplant. Good drainage at the bottom of the pot – the key to the health and proper development of the flower.
  • Forming. The plant has a tendency to stretch shoots, so it is important to start the crown in the formation of the crown. End of shoots need to regularly pinch, which will give the opportunity to develop side branches.
  • Garter. Many guineas have long shoots that need to be taught. If you do not have an ampel plant, build a construction to secure the abstract shoots.

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

Methods of breeding

Most often, the giner is multiplied in two ways: With the help of seeds or cuttings. The second method is more preferable, since the positive outcome of almost 100%.

Cherenci Cut from well-minded healthy stems. It is advisable to perform an operation in the spring, but something else time of year. 5-7 cm long cuttings lay in a wet substrate consisting of a mixture of sand and peat. Leave blanks at a temperature of +22.25 ° C.

Ginuru is very quickly rooted. It will take only 1.5-2 weeks, and the sprouted cutlets will need to plant in its own pot. Source is better to choose quite nutritious: humus, peat, leaf and tricky earth with sand. The first shoots are sure to pinch, otherwise the bush will be rare and high. The plant adapts so quickly and grows that after a short period of time, it is possible not only to observe the foliage growth, but also flowering.

In the first time you need to remove flowers, as they are noticeably weakened by hyper.

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

Seeds who received at home rarely give good performance indicators. Therefore, for this method of reproduction it is better to purchase them in a specialized store.

Reproduction seeds are carried out according to certain rules. Produce sowing, slightly pressing seeds in the ground. Topped with river sand and covered with transparent film. Care is only in a neat and frequent watering. When shoots appear, the film must be left only for the night.

When the first 4 real leaves appear, it is necessary to transplant the sprouts into individual cups and fertilize their diluted mortar 1-2 times a month.

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

Families blossom

The period of flowering plants depends on the type and variety. Range is wide: from December to May and at the beginning of the autumn Ginur can please with its boots.

Flowering in the “Blue Bird” on an amateur. Flowers small, terry, collected in a basket. Basically, their color from yellow to Golden Orange. An unpleasant sharp smell scares from admiring this process. Most gardeners breaks off buds because of such a fragrance. Flowering relax hyper and provokes a deterioration in the appearance of the crown.

The decorative qualities of this plant is still in the leaves, so the blossoms are still not recommended.

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

Diseases and pests

Ginuro – Resistant in all senses. Provoke her diseases may improper care. If you do not diligence with watering and airing the room, avoiding the stoles, then the “purple passion” is unlikely to take the disease.

And pests may well get. Common insects that can be chosen in the giner – these are whiteflies, shields, milders, cute ticks and felt. When detecting any hint of pests It is worth immediately proceeding to the processing of leaves insecticides. The outer side of the sheet is sensitive to moisture inhibition and will lose decorativeness when spraying.

Therefore, the best way to combat insect pests will be spraying the bottom of the sheet plate.

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

Ginur: description, varieties, care and reproduction

About how to care for the hynuer at home, see the following video.

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