Fikuses can very often meet in apartments, offices, stores. This plant is unpretentious in care, in addition, always pleases the eye with its glossy leaves of a saturated color. Wide distribution received a ficus mellite, whose crown with proper care is able to take both classical and unusual forms.
The name “Ficus” translates from Latin as “fig tree”. One of the most common types of ficus – mellite or ficus of Benjamin. It is popular among flowerflowers due to relative ease of care and beautiful appearance: a plant with a correctly formed lush crown will be all year round to delight the owner of green foliage.
Miniature tree with small leaves will complement the interior and a small apartment, and a spacious office. The Chinese believe that the plant brings well-being in the house, and very honored him.
Fikus flowers more often have light shades. Homeland: in Australia, Philippines and South Asia, the plant pleases passersby flowers outside the seasons almost all year. But at home, ficuses bloom much less often and only with scrupulous care. However, this does not cancel the fact that Ficus Benjamin is picturesque and without flowers. Besides His red or orange berries are deceptive – Fruits can not be eaten.
Mulecolastic ficus has many varieties, for example: “Daniel”, “Monic”, “Nicole”, “Safari”, “Baroque”. They are distinguished by color and shape of the leaves, thickness of the branches, the form of the crown.
Milky juice of ficuses is a rather strong allergen. That is why the plant should not grow in the house of allergies.
How to care?
Caring for the molant ficus at home implies the creation of an atmosphere as close as possible to its native environment. With proper care, the plant reaches one and a half – two meters in height and will have bright and dense glossy leaves.
Ficus come from subtropics, so requires good lighting without a scorching sun. The perfect lighting option is scattered. Trevia is desirable to put in the south or east side of the room. With a particularly bright sun, the flower is better to shake so that the small leaves are not dried. In winter, the plant is better to put under special phytolamba, since the light day becomes much shorter.
With the lack of sun, the leaves will become faded.
However, it should not often rearrange the ficus in search of a sun room – you risk losing his chic crown.
Do not be afraid when the ficus still resets the part of the leaves in the fall is a natural process.
If the fountain is not on a sunny place, install the mirror reflecting the sunlight. So the tree will get the necessary lighting and will not get a burn from direct rays.
From time to time, deploy the pot so that the krone does not roll in the illuminated side.
Melted ficus is recommended to water filtered warm water no more than 1-2 times a week. Before watering the plant, make sure the soil is completely dry. So that the soil knew faster, you can periodically loose with its blade or fingers. For better drainage at the bottom, it is necessary to lay a layer of small pebbles. It is necessary to ensure that water does not accumulate in the pallet.
Do not forget to spray small ficus leaves twice a day. Some flowerflowers are sometimes advised to wash the crown of the tree under the warm shower. If there is no such possibility, Try to regularly wipe a wet cloth of a tree leaves from accumulated dust. Of course, the plant will not die without it, but his crown will become more magnificent and healthier.
Guide the following principle: Less temperature – less irrigation. At a temperature of less than 10 degrees, watering and it is worth postponing at all. If you fill the plant, its root system rotates.
Ideal temperature for the plant Summer ranges from 19 to 23 ° C, in winter – between 17 and 20 ° C, but not lower than 15 ° C. At temperatures below 10 ° C Ficus will not survive. Special attention in the cold period is worth paying the roots of the village. They can be copped with air-bubble film and raise on the elevation if the room blows. Draft better avoid at any temperature. This will allow for a short time to keep the life of the village at too low temperatures.
Remember that the ficus cannot be placed near the batteries and heaters, they are dried. Regularly ventilate the room to prevent the appearance and distribution of the fungus on the plant. The signal that talks about the damage to the fungus – gray shade of foliage.
Universal feeding of decorative and deciduous plants are perfect for ficus Benjamin. However, they are worth breeding in a slightly less concentration, rather than declare manufacturers. Also in flower stores Special fertilizers for ficuses that need to be applied according to the instructions. The key component when feeding the ficus – nitrogen, thanks to which the Krone village will grow faster. Therefore, nitrogen is particularly necessary during the growth period of a young ficus.
Ficus requires fertilizer from spring by autumn, winter feeding stops. The average countability frequency in the warm period – 1 time per month. The lack of beneficial substances leads to gradual loss of foliage.
Ficus needs to trim every year. So his crown will have a neat decorated look, will not be overcome. Melo-collar ficus reacts well to pruning. With it, a lot of lateral shoots will appear.
Trimming the melligent ficus does not require special skills: it is necessary to remove the top of the plants together with possible kidneys. If you do not want to infect branches, treat their charcoal. While the plant is very small, limit the september, that is, carefully remove the main points of growth, violate the compact crown.
It is noteworthy that the trunks of several noun fikuses can be intertwined, grow together and form interesting curled compositions. If you want to create such a living design, do not forget to cut the bark in time in the place of contact of the trunks of young plants.
How to multiply?
The period of active growth of foliage and the root system of the melligent ficus falls at the end of the spring – the beginning of summer. Choose this time for breeding the plant.
Consider several of its main ways: with the help of shilling, seeds, grain.
The drawing is the most common breeding option. It is enough to cut off a sharp knife from an adult village a few top stems with one or more leaves, wash off milky juice and put in a water vessel. Cuttings must be in a sunny place. Water must often change.
Please note that the cuttings should be mature. Green stem does not allow roots and quickly rotches in water. As soon as the roots will grow on the cutken, you can start their shrinkage.
To cut the cuttings faster roots, create it greenhouse conditions, that is, cover with a glass jar. The temperature required for the detention of cuttings should not fall below 20 ° C. The term of formation of roots – 2-4 weeks.
This method is especially complicated with home reproduction. Before boarding the melligent ficus, carefully treat the seeds with a stimulant growth and substances against fungal diseases, and then drink them to a wet substrate. The compartment of seeds must be wrapped in a film and put in greenhouse.
The temperature in which the seeds will go up, should be within 25-30 ° C.
You will suit this way if the ficus gives a small amount of young row, but has many wearing stalks. It is necessary to make a ring-shaped cortex (across the entire circumference) on the chosen twig, without affecting the wood. Treat the exposed portion of the growth stimulant and wrap with a sphagnum (natural peat material). The resulting design fasten the film with tape for strength.
As soon as you see the roots under the film, color them and cut the seedling with a sharp knife. Shrinking seedlings are the same as during grip.
From a large number of air roots when shrinking, you can get bonsai.
Among the ways to eliminate the most common pests, Threatening melligent ficus, the following options can be noted:
- If the shield was suggested to the plant, collect her hands in gloves, a plant to disinfect insecticide;
- A soap solution will help from a weak beam on yellowed leaves;
- If the cherry washed on the ficus, rinse it well under the shower, then treat insecticide;
- nematodes or roasting growths are also removed insecticides;
- Custom tick should be destroyed with strong chemicals.
With proper care, the mellite ficus can live at home up to 15 years. The symbol of Bangkok for many years will delight you with a beautiful scattering crown. Also Ficus will serve as a good gift of flowers – in the east, such a gift is considered the wish of long years of life and well-being.
About how to transplant the ficus mellite, look in the following video.