Pricing flowerness is represented by a large variety of plants. And each room flower is unique and unique in its kind. Among this manifold, Ficus Benjamin enjoys well-deserved popularity, they often lame apartments, offices and other public premises.
Varieties and their description
Ficus Benjamin is a representative of the ficus of the family of the tute. It grows in Asian countries (including Southeast) – China, India, as well as in the northern regions of Australia. This is an evergreen perennial plant (shrub or tree) with well-developed roots can in natural growth conditions reach a 25-meter height.
Sometimes it is possible to meet another name – Ficus “Balzamina”, which probably arose due to the similarity of the sound with “Benjamin”. Types and varieties of this plant are calculated by several hundreds. All of them have some differences, but the general description is reduced to the following.
The bark in the trunk can be dark gray or light brown shades. The stem with a lot of branches forms a rich lush crown. His durable shoots possess at the same time high flexibility, which allows them to be bought in the form of a harness, pigtails or spirals. It is such a plant that can often be seen in the wild habitat.
The length of non-strokes (2-6 cm) of fleshy leaves varies in the range of 5-13 cm. They have an oblong shape with a sharp tip. The color of the leaves is somewhat different from its various varieties: from the dark green at the exotic variety to almost white at the Village “Twilight”. Its characteristic of its feature, like other tropical plants, are air roots.
Inedible bright burgundy fruit are round and oval. Flowers have a white or pink color, but blooming at room cultivation occurs very rarely. This plant grows well and looks great when growing at home. It is a natural air filter, absorbing harmful elements and highlighting oxygen.
There are varieties of Benjamin ficus, characterized by the size of the leaves (large, medium and small), as well as their coloring. The types and structure of the barrel differ: there are ficuses with several trunks or solitary, tall or dwarf, as well as in the genre of bonsai, the creation of which is carried out by special cultivation technology. We give the names of the most popular varieties of this ficus and their descriptions.
The variety is considered one of the first varieties of Benjamin ficus. “Exotic” is a fast-growing ficus, but not distinguished by large sizes, it can reach 1.5 m and is rarely above. The plant has small (up to 6 cm) soft leafs of bright green with a shiny smooth surface. A distinctive characteristic is considered to be its unpretentiousness and undepair to lighting, even shady places are not a hindrance for its growth.
Ficus Daniella variety has a saturated green shade leaves with a bright shiny surface and smooth edges. The color of the leaves changes as it grows – a young plant has a light green shade gradually replaced and becomes rich-green in an adult. Length of leaves can reach 8 cm, shape – oval with a pointed end. First, the ficus has a shape of a bustle with growing straight stem and flexible side shoots.
From young and flexible shoots, you can easily form a trunk in the form of pigtails, harness or other type. Plant can quickly grow. Different with uncompromising care.
The variety is distinguished by the originality, which is that its leaves are unlike each other and can have a different color (shades of white, green), as well as spots of different configuration and size. The shape of the leaves is also different: they can have a straight or corrugated edge, with curvatures of one side or twisting spiral. “Kerlya” as it were to contain the whole variety of leaves of ficus Benjamin.
The length of the leaves is 5-7 cm, width – 1.5-3.5 cm. Plant growth occurs slowly, it needs to form a crown. “Kerlya” – a light-headed grade, also reacts poorly to lack of moisture.
“Monic” is distinguished by elegance, since the plant has a thin trunk, and long thin twigs hang down. Large leaves with corrugated edges painted in light green tones, like a young grass. They have an elongated slightly concave form. The variety is characterized by rapid growth.
“Star Light” is deservedly considered one of the most beautiful cells of ficuses with Pestro painted leaves. The variety has an average largest leaves (4-6 cm), and the width is less than a length of almost 3 times. Dark green leaves have a wide edging throughout the edge, it may be so wide that almost the entire surface of the sheet is white.
Motion leaves are slightly concave (like a boat) along the central longitudinal alcohol, and the sharp tip is slow down. Flexible branches and capable of forming the trunk.
This variety is characterized by slow growth (per year adds 5-7 cm), but differs in longevity. “Starlight” – a plant demanding and conditions of illumination, when they are violated, the ficus drops the leaves.
The grade is remembered with its juicy leaves, painted figures and effectively, and a thick lush crown. It is the color palette and the structure of the crown is a feature of this variety. Brilliant and slightly winding leaves have a sufficiently large value: about 7 cm in length and up to 3 cm width. They are painted in a rich green color, But the main longitudinal accommodation and uneven (then wide, then narrow) Kaimka around the edge of the sheet have a light green shade.
This variety can be easily formed as a bustard or a tree, as well as create a decorative shape of the trunk. Ficus has a rapid growth and requires space and scattered lighting, good and correct care.
This ficus is distinguished by its unusual coaching crown, which immediately strides. Small (3-4 cm) Green glossy leaves have smooth, but curved edges. Thanks to the swirling leaves, lush krona and has a curly appearance.
His delicate main trunk has many side shoots, the same thin and weak. Therefore, the Baroque is mainly grown in the form of a busta for several processes in one pot. Grows slowly does not like to change location.
In its form “Natasha” resembles a small church and is considered a dwarf species, the height of which rarely exceeds 30-40 cm. The thin trunk has flexibility, so From it you can create different decorative forms and is excellent for bonsai.
Oval leaflets with a slightly bent tip covered with beautiful gloss. The color of foliage can be different in shades: from dark green to light salad tones. Grade demanding of care.
The name itself suggests that this is one of the varieties of ficuses with a “curly” crown. From the Baroque variety, it is distinguished by a larger size of leaves, reaching 6 cm. The color of the oval leaves of a dark green shade, they are wrapped inside by the main longitudinal branch. Needs regular forming crown crown. Ficus is characterized by whimsical care.
So that Ficus Benjamin is well grew at home, it is necessary for it well and properly care and follow certain rules.
Where to post?
Need to properly place the flower and not change its location, since He loves constancy and reacts negatively to shifts. This is the main condition for successful growth. Since the plant requires a lot of sunlight, especially nourishing ficuses, the flower should be well covered, but only with scattered light. Ficus does not endure direct sunlights that can burn his leaves.
Ficus grows well on the windows (or next to them), east or west. On the southern sunny side of the ficus requires shading. Place the flower on the north side is not recommended because it will not be enough light.
In winter, with insufficient lighting, the ficus requires an additional highlight of the phytolampa. Flower growing in the corner, such a backlight is needed all year round. In the summer, it is permissible to endure the flower on fresh air, but not very often, also protecting it from direct sunlight.
Poorly reflected on the well-being of the flower presence of drafts, close location of the heating devices, as well as air conditioning.
Temperature and humidity
Optimal summer temperature regime is +18 +23 degrees. In winter, the air temperature is allowed +16 degrees, but not lower. The flower perfectly winter with the usual room temperature at this time. Many varieties grow well and at +16 degrees, and some (especially voyage) need higher (up to +30 degrees) temperature. But all the varieties react negatively slowing down growth and dropping foliage at the temperature of +15 and below. No ficus and temperature differences are more than 7 degrees, even if they do not lead to a violation of the permissible upper and lower limits. It is desirable that the air temperature in the room was relatively constant.
Air humidity is also very important. Its optimal level for a comfortable growth of the flower should be 50-70%. Such humidity is created by regular water spraying crown. In the summer months, the spraying can be carried out daily, and in winter it is less.
In summer, you can also conduct water procedures under the shower of times 3 per week. Water should be slightly warm so that the leaves do not fall. After the shower, the ficus needs to be completely dry.
Being a tropical plant, Ficus Benjamin loves moisture. The frequency and abundance of the watering of the flower largely depend on such conditions: the temperature regime of the content, the level of illumination, the age of ficus and the time of year. In the summer, when the plant is intensively growing, the ficus especially needs watering. Watering need regularly (2 times a week) and do not bring to the complete drying of the soil. In the autumn-winter period, watering is less likely – every 7-10 days, but in sufficient quantity.
Excess water is also harmful as the lack of moisture, then the color of the leaves changes, and when the foliage is lacking. When watering should always be focused on the state of the soil. Watering can be produced when the soil in the pot will be dry at a depth of 2-3 cm. Excess water from the pallet need to pour.
For irrigation, it is recommended to use a well-profiled or boiled water.
The growth of plants and its development depends on competent. After winter during intensive growth, the root ficus system needs feeding. At the end of March, you can begin to feed the flower and until the fertilizer must be made once a month. In the period from May to the 2nd decade of June, it is necessary to fertilize 1 time in 3 weeks, and then until October Enough to make feeding times in 2 weeks.
From the second half of November, the feedstocks stop, since the plant competes the time. For fertilizer usually use chicken litter and ash. You can born and ready-made special fertilizers for ficus. Most often, the feeding is carried out together with watering, for this you can simply add fertilizers into the water.
Transplant and reproduction
The root ficus system is constantly developing and grows, the old pot becomes close, and the roots appear in the bottom holes. In this case, it is necessary to transplant the plant in a more spacious pot. Replanting the fountain is needed in early spring. Young plants need an annual transplant within 5 years. Upon reaching this age, the transplant of the adult plant is produced in 2-3 years. but, Every year we need to remove the upper coat of soil in the pot of adult ficus and pour fresh land.
Grow houses bought in the store Ficus only after its transplant. But it is possible to implement it after 2-3 weeks: this time is necessary that the ficus is used to new content conditions. When transplanting, you can use universal, deciduous weakness soil. You can and independently make a soil mixture of such components: deciduous (garden) soil – 2 parts, peat, well-stole compost and sand – 1 parts. For an adult ficus, vermiculite, pine bour and charcoal can be added to this mixture.
For transplanting used ceramic, clay pot. The new container should be more old about 3 cm. It is not recommended to use a very large capacity, as this will lead to excessive development of the root system. Press the ficus is quite easy: the land in the pot is slightly moistened – it is easier to extract the plant. In order not to damage the roots, the ficus must be carefully removed from the pot along with the soil apartment and, without deleting it, put the plant into a new pot. Usually use the method of reverse the plant from the old pot to the new. Then you need to fill the tank fresh soil. Transplanted Ficus can not be watering for 2-3 days, and after watered in normal mode.
Ficus transplant is also made in the presence of fungal or other diseases, as well as during the reproduction of the plant. It is possible to grow a few bushes of ficus by reproduction. There are such methods of breeding ficus.
Ficus can be put in the process – cutlets. This method is the easiest, it can be carried out throughout the year. For cutting cuttings it is better to use the widespread stems. From the top of the stem cut cuttings with a length of 15-20 cm. The largest leaves on them need to be segged. In places, the slice always appears white juice, which must be removed, as it slows down the growth of the roots. It must be washed under running water or hold the cuttings in warm water about 2 hours. After removing the cutting juice, you need to dry well in the air for 2 hours. The drawing can also be carried out in 2 ways: germination in water and in soil. Extension in water do thus.
- Cuttings need to be put in a container with warm water, and the leaves should not touch water. Added 1 Activated Coal Tablet will help avoid the occurrence of rotten roots.
- Hide cuttings with polyethylene to create greenhouse conditions, which will speed up the root growth process.
- Place the cuttings for 2-3 weeks in place with moderate lighting, not allowing direct sunlight.
- As water descends, it needs to be added, and when contamination – replace clean.
- After the appearance of the roots, it is necessary to send cuttings for individual pots into the soil.
Landing of cuttings in the soil is carried out so.
- Prepared cuttings are placed in pots with soil mixture moistened with root growth stimulants.
- The cuttings are covered with polyethylene (can also be cropped plastic bottles or glass).
- Contain them with good lighting and at a temperature of about +25 +30 degrees. Watering and spraying cuttings are carried out if necessary, not allowing the convergence.
- After 3-5 weeks, young processes should grow – it means that there was a root. After a while, these processes need to transplant into individual pots.
Reproduction with chains
This is a more complex method of breeding ficus. On the core of the stem is made of ring incisions. It is then covered slightly moistened moss, and the top is fired with polyethylene, capturing the stalks. This will allow marsh moist. After some time (approximately 2 months) in this section of the stem under the film will appear roots. The stalk is cut off, retreating down from the groove, and then plant in the soil. This method is often used to reject outdated flower.
Reproduction of seeds
Seeds can be bought only in flower specialized stores. First, the seeds are soaked in the growth stimulator solution during the day. This not only increases the germination of seeds, but also increases their resistance to disease. Apply mainly “Epin”, “Gumat”, “Heteroacexin”. Next, seeds can be planted in a container with soil mixture. Sow seeds with an interval of 1.5 cm to a depth of 0.5 cm. Then it is worth pouring the soil and close the container with seeds of the film.
Sowing you need to ventilate daily, removing the film for 10-15 minutes. After the appearance of single sections, ventilation increases to 2 h. After germination of most of the seeds, the film is completely removed. When shoots are well rooted and grow up, they are transplanted into separate containers.
Diseases and treatment
Ficus Benjamin loves attentive and caring care, non-compliance with which can lead to his disease. If the ficus grows poorly, it turns yellow and fall leaves, it means that he is sick. His diseases may have fungal origin or arise due to harmful insects. Here are the most dangerous diseases.
- Root rot. It is incurable and therefore dangerous for ficus. The signs of the root rot is the appearance of sluggish leaves, the rapid change in their color (they are yellow), as well as the presence of unpleasant smell from the soil. Sick flower is better to throw away without removing it out of pot. Avoiding the occurrence of this disease will help compliance with the right area of watering: it is necessary to prevent the convergence and stagnation of water, to pour water from the pallet in time.
- Gray rot – Another fungal infection affecting ficus. Her symptoms are dark color spots that appear on the leaves and on the stem near the roots. The diseased plant needs to remove all the affected leaves, parts of the plant and examine roots. With their defeat, urgently need to transplant the ficus into a new pot and replace the soil. The processing of the plant by fungicidal agents is also effective. Wrong care and excess moisture – the main causes of the disease.
- Senior fungus. If the foliage is covered with a gray bloom, this indicates a damage to a sage fungus. With extensive defeat, the folias need to disrupt and spray a plant with a solution of fungicide. Single foci of a sage fungus are removed with a strong soap solution, which rubbish the leaves.
The most often ficus of Benjamin is attacked by insects such as TLL and Shield. For the presence of TLI indicate the yellowed leaves, rolled up with a tube. The shield is formed on the leaves hard blooms of dark brown. As a result, the leaves are yellow and fall. These insects are successfully removed with thick soap.
TRIPS form small clusters on the inside of the sheet, which gradually becomes yellow-white, fades and dries. It is necessary to deal with them with the help of insecticidal agents. Mute Cherver feeds ficus juice. It can be found in a white bloom resembling cotton wool. In case of this insect, It is necessary to process flower with soap or tobacco solution. Insecticides (for example, “confident”) apply insecticides.
To prevent all these dangerous diseases, it is necessary to regularly carry out preventive inspections of the ficus and correctly care for it.
More about Benjamin ficus you will learn from the following video.