The hemp rope enters the list of the most common cable goods produced from natural raw materials. It is made of fibers of the stem part of technical cannabis. Penka Rope Found Widespread use in various fields of human activity.
What is it and what are being done?
Cannabis fibers are known to mankind for a long time. Of these, they are made moderately soft, but strong hemp rope, as well as ropters with high tensile strength and gap. The material has an increased coefficient of friction, which is why it is widely used in the naval, where knots knit from hemp. From the nature of the fiber coarse to soften them, boiling, flushing and lubricant application are used in production. Hemp fiber is one of the most wear-resistant. To other advantages of hemp ropes include:
resistance to adverse effects of ultraviolet;
When in contact with water, the rope does not lose its strength characteristics;
Hemp does not form static electricity;
The product is absolutely environmentally friendly and safe for humans and the surrounding nature.
Thanks to the lignin contained in the fibers at large concentrations, an increased strength of the material is ensured.
However, the hemp rope has their drawbacks, namely:
predisposition to loading;
When the rope is wetted, the limit load parameter decreases sharply.
However, these minuses do not interfere with the hemp rope are used for packaging goods and performing rigging work. The twine from hemp is widespread in horticultural practice, without ropes of hemp fiber, neither marine or river shipping.
Rope-rope products from hemp include ropes, cords, beeps, twine and ropes. There is no official definition for each of them, but in well-minded practice they are distinguished by the thickness of the product. Consider a few examples.
Verea Usually called products with a diameter of up to 3 mm, in some cases – up to 5 mm.
Under the cord, beep and twine understand the product thicker 3 mm.
Rope – thicker model, its diameter varies in the range from 10 to 96 mm, the most common models of 12, 16 and 20 mm thick.
One of the varieties of hemp ropes is jut. It is also made of cannabis, but another type. Peng received distribution in the West, the jute is more often used in the Eastern and Asian countries.
Mechanical characteristics of both options are similar, but the jute rope is slightly easier, softer and fluffy. In addition, Jute has no typical smell. Hemp before use must be soaked with special conservative oils or fungicidal compositions, especially if it is planned to use it in difficult natural conditions. For example, if the hemp rope is purchased for the needs of shipbuilding, it should be protected from rot in water – for this it is soaked in resins or oils. Jute is more resistant to biological infection, it does not need additional processing.
If you are two rings, you can easily determine which of them jut, and what a hemp with a small dough. You just need to unwind the ends of the rope and slightly glue them with your fingers. Jute fibers are spinning and spinning much faster, but they are less elastic than those made of hemp.
Nevertheless, the other material is widely used in industry, construction and interior design.
Comparison with linen ropes
Large similarities have brazers from hemp and flax. They are similar even outwardly – they are combined with silkiness and a warm color, only the shade of each of them is specific. Both products are made of natural fibers of natural origin, in the production process they pass the soaking procedure and subsequent drying. Prepared fibers are cleaned from bonfires and other flaws, then combed, roll up, separated on strands and twist the ropes. Finished products can have a different number of lived – their thickness and strength depend on it.
Since the composition of the rods are extremely natural fibers, the technical characteristics of the hemp and linen ropes are directly dependent on the features of the composition of cannabis and flax. Both plants are characterized by a high concentration of cellulose – its content exceeds 70%, so the fibers are withstanding increased load on the gap.
There are differences. The hemp contains a lot of lignin – this is a polymer, it accumulates in plants cells and increases their ability to absorb moisture and give it.
In linen fibers, this substance is also present, but in a lesser concentration. Accordingly, the hygroscopicity of linen ropes is much lower. Besides, Lignin makes the hemp rope more durable, although because of this, the microfiber cannabis becomes more brittle and hard.
Flax features high wax and pectin content, so flax ropes are more elastic, soft and flexible, but at the same time less durable than hemp.
These features determine the difference in the use of both options for rope. Pengovaya in demand in aircraft and machine construction, as well as when moving large cargo. Linen is suitable for decorating the interior and cacopa of the crowns.
Distinguish one rope from another possible by shade. Jute is more golden and saturated, linen has a noble ash.
Where are applied?
A wide range of hemp driers allows for the needs of construction companies, transport organizations and industrial enterprises. Cargo slings are made of ropes, they are suitable for rigging. In the oil and gas industry, the rope are used to complete the shock-rope drill plants and for the manufacture of a mounted press feeder.
Conductable fibers are used everywhere in navigation – this is the only natural material that does not lose its operational characteristics when contact with sea water. Hemp harness is widely used when creating fire hoses, from it frequently fly fishing nets.
The hemp bracket is often used to decorate interiors, it is especially popular in wooden houses decorated in ecostel.
Hemp rope use when finishing walls of board houses. They are firmly fixed on the interventional junction, masking all its shortcomings in case of a sinus insulating material laid inactively. Another advantage of the use of hemp is that the rope does not allow the birds to pull the heat-insulating materials, as often happens in the case of pacles.